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Here are keyword search results from the Friday, January 07, 2011, headline of New York Post.

"Obama to name Gene Sperling as director of National Economic Council"

Here is the list of searched books:

1920: The Year of the Six Presidents
A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media
An Inconvenient Book
Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One
Attention Deficit Democracy
Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy
Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan
Cheney: The Untold Story of America's Most Powerful and Controversial Vice President
Comeback: Conservatism That Can Win Again
Crazies to the Left of Me, Wimps to the Right: How One Side Lost Its Mind and the Other Lost Its Nerve
Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies
Epicenter 2.0
Glenn Beck's Common Sense: The Case Against an Out-of-Control Government, Inspired by Thomas Paine
God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything
Grace: A Novel
Green to Gold: How Smart Companies Use Environmental Strategy to Innovate, Create Value, and Build Competitive Advantage
Greenspan's Bubbles: The Age of Ignorance at the Federal Reserve
Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America
High Society
Hot, Flat, and Crowded: Why We Need a Green Revolution--and How It Can Renew America
Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy
In Praise of Stay-at-Home Moms
In the Event of My Untimely Demise
Indoctrination U.: The Left's War Against Academic Freedom
Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...
Investing in One Lesson
Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe
Liberal Fascism
Liberty's Best Hope: American Leadership for the 21st Century
Looking For Trouble: Adventures in a Broken World
Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq
Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse
Might As Well Laugh About It Now
Myths, Lies, and Downright Stupidity
New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America
Obama's Challenge
One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy
Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage
Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation
Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow
Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It
Racial Paranoia
Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times
Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me
Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty
Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism
Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements
Start-up Nation: The Story of Israel's Economic Miracle
Stealing Elections: How Voter Fraud Threatens Our Democracy
Take Back Your Family: A Challenge to America's Parents
The Apostle: A Thriller
The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World
The Coming Collapse of China
The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream
The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope
The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower
The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments
The Ethnic Presidency: How Race Decides the Race to the White House
The Forgotten Man: A New History of The Great Depression
The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms
The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012
The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion
The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history
The Last Patriot: A Thriller
The Last Thing I Remember
The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch
The New Cold War: Putin's Russia and the Threat to the West
The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004
The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts
The Pursuit of Happyness
The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life
The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country
The Trouble with Islam Today: A Muslim's Call for Reform in Her Faith
The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House
War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism
We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future
Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work
What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears
What's the Matter with California?: Cultural Rumbles from the Golden State and Why the Rest of Us Should Be Shaking
White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters
Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism


The achievements of Reagan did not make our economy or society a more attractive habitat for 
3 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
A GREAT PRESIDENT OR A FAILED ONE 
 most people, but they nonetheless represented profound change.
	Obama's Challenge

However, I am writing this book not as a cheerleader but as a sober counterweight to a lot 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
of bad advice that he will receive to simply govern as a post
 partisan, pragmatic centrist.
	Obama's Challenge

Progressives who backed Obama rather than John Edwards or Hillary Clinton for the Democratic nomination gave Obama a 
7 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 pass on some of the issues.
	Obama's Challenge

However, both Obama himself, and Furman at Obama's direction, reached out to several other 
9 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 economists whose thinking cannot be characterized as orthodox.
	Obama's Challenge

Even though Obama had the most left-of-center voting record, 
13 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
A GREAT PRESIDENT OR A FAILED ONE 
 John Edwards and Hillary Clinton both offered hotter rhetoric for the Democratic base.
	Obama's Challenge

'Chance, positioning, and managerial strategy-all 
14 
15 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 played a role in Lincoln's victory,' writes Doris Goodwin.
	Obama's Challenge

                               17 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
A GREAT PRESIDENT OR A FAILED ONE 
 • A banking system that will lose between $1 and $2 trillion of capital.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                        18 
19 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
A GREAT PRESIDENT OR A FAILED ONE 
Depressed Economy, Depressed Expectations 
These economic reversals, however, did not produce a politi
 cal counter-revolution-until now.
	Obama's Challenge

                               20 
21 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
A GREAT PRESIDENT OR A FAILED ONE 
 brokers and companies.
	Obama's Challenge

               32 
33 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Notwithstanding the extraordinary achievements of Franklin Roosevelt's First Hundred Days and Lyndon Johnson's stunning Great Society Congress after his landslide victory in 1964, the more typical experience of incoming Democratic presidents has been that of John Kennedy, Jimmy Carter, and Bill Clinton.
	Obama's Challenge

                          The huge 
35 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
HOW TRANSFORMATIVE PRESIDENTS LEAD 
 disadvantage: This was uncharted economic territory and nobody knew what to do.
	Obama's Challenge

In September 1932, campaigning in Sioux City, Iowa, Roosevelt declared, 'I accuse the present adminis
tration of being the greatest spending Administration in peace 
37 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
HOW TRANSFORMATIVE PRESIDENTS LEAD 
 times in all our history.'
	Obama's Challenge

As the omnibus banking reform legislation, later known as the Glass-Steagall Act, was making its way through the Senate, both Roosevelt and Senator Carter Glass were furious to be outmaneuvered by 
39 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
HOW TRANSFORMATIVE PRESIDENTS LEAD 
 Vandenburg, who tacked on a deposit-insurance provision that proved too popular to dislodge.
	Obama's Challenge

In May and June 1963, as chairman of President Kennedy's largely toothless Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity, Vice President Johnson repeatedly warned the president and his brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy, that by splitting the difference between the civil rights movement and the increasingly brutal response of southern governors and sheriffs, the administration was pleasing 
44 
45 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
HOW TRANSFORMATIVE PRESIDENTS LEAD 
 nobody and weakening its own authority and credibility.
	Obama's Challenge

In a meeting on December 9, 1964, with Georgia senator Richard Russell, formerly his mentor 
46 
47 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 and closest ally in the Senate, Johnson declared: 'I'm not going to cavil and I'm not going to compromise.
	Obama's Challenge

This bill will establish a simple, uniform standard 
51 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 which cannot be used, however ingenious the effort, to flout our Constitution.
	Obama's Challenge

               53 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 And somehow you never forget what poverty and hatred can do when you see its scars on the hopeful face of a young child.
	Obama's Challenge

His Treasury secretary and then Federal 
55 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Reserve chairman, G. William Miller, was considered largely ineffectual in a crisis.
	Obama's Challenge

              His 
57 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 foreign policy was competent and occasionally inspired, as in the Camp David Accords and in the Kosovo settlement.
	Obama's Challenge

In Clinton's case, the 'interest group' that 
59 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 he defeated was welfare recipients.
	Obama's Challenge

               61 
u 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Havingheartened radicals with his Emancipation Proclamation, he then set about reassuring conservatives with a plan to restore full constitutional and property rights in former rebel states once 10 percent of voters had taken an oath to support the United States.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             The political scientist Richard Valelly, in his book 
The 
Two Reconstructions, poses the question: Why did the creation of black voting rights and biracial politics prove short-lived in the post-Civil War era of Reconstruction but durable in the 'Second Reconstruction' of Lyndon Johnson? For a generation after the war, blacks held major office throughout the South, but by 1901 
63 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
HOW TRANSFORMATIVE PRESIDENTS LEAD 
 their rights had been wiped away.
	Obama's Challenge

          His own 
65 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 party leaders did not rally to his defense, and the Republicans jumped all over him.
	Obama's Challenge

               67 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 After Roosevelt put all his prestige and powers of persuasion on the line, the House of Representatives approved the Selective Service Act, by a single vote-another huge risk on the eve of an election.
	Obama's Challenge

Roosevelt and his commander, General Eisenhower, repeatedly altered the location and the timing of the Normandy 
68 
69 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 invasion in response to intelligence findings.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                          71 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Leadership and Partnership 
As the Bush presidency sputters to an end, there are paradoxi
 cal implications for the challenge of leadership.
	Obama's Challenge

And the political corollary: 
75 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 5.
	Obama's Challenge

The rather dour projections of the Social Security Trustees, which have been proven overly pessimistic for the past decade, forecast a seventy-five-year shortfall in the Social Security trust funds of 
77 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 less than 1 percent of GDP.
	Obama's Challenge

Under Bush II, the surplus was given away in tax 
79 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 cuts and war-making.
	Obama's Challenge

And if these foundations wanted more social outlay to materialize, about the last place on the planet to look for allies 
81 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 was the Heritage Foundation-a group that would not back expanded social spending no matter what the fate of Social Security and Medicare.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                              83 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
The Aaron-Greenstein expert group released its own report in early July, declaring, 'We agree that the nation faces large, persis
 tent budget deficits that would ultimately risk significant damage to the economy.'
	Obama's Challenge

            'Does 
85 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 the total system need to be reformed? Yes, but it's unlikely to be done in a way that will save costs.
	Obama's Challenge

               We 
87 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 have worked to give the American people a smaller, less bureaucratic government in Washington.
	Obama's Challenge

In his celebrated keynote address to the Democratic National Convention in August 2004, the speech that established him as a potential president even before he had won election to the US Senate, Obama demonstrated how to talk about national unity in a manner that deftly moved the ideological debate onto the Democrats' home court, paving the way for more activist use of government: 
89 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Alongside our famous individualism, there's another ingredient in the American saga: A belief that were all connected as one people.
	Obama's Challenge

It exists to ensure we take care of seniors, and the disabled, and for those who struggle mightily

91 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 whatever the reason.
	Obama's Challenge

It reads in part: 
93 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 They created the internet.
	Obama's Challenge

The tax credits on low-income rental housing come in the form of tax breaks for developers and for investors who buy a share of 
95 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 the artificial tax losses.
	Obama's Challenge

Likewise his proposed credit for homeowners who do 
97 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 not itemize deductions and are thus denied the benefit of the mortgage interest write-off.
	Obama's Challenge

However, there are many 
99 
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OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 things society needs that are not efficiently produced at the right price and quantity by market forces.
	Obama's Challenge

OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Committee on Financial Services.
	Obama's Challenge

However, they put a subtle thumb on the scale in the way they 
103 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 worded the descriptions of the various approaches that were read to focus groups.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                           105 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Playing to Weakness 
Here's how some Democratic use of polling and focus groups rein
 forces equivocation.
	Obama's Challenge

No wonder they sounded like 
109 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 mush.
	Obama's Challenge

Many of Feingold's Democratic colleagues told him how much they admired his principled lead
ership, yet they voted with Bush because polls and pollsters told 
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OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 them that the voters supported the President's defense of the homeland.
	Obama's Challenge

OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 2.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                     OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 In Washington, some have promoted this idea as the Ownership Society, which is a polite way of saying you are on your 
own.
	Obama's Challenge

He also needs to transform prevailing ideo

OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 logical assumptions, so that the practical help attracts wide support and builds public approval for even bolder measures using activist government that will take longer to enact-and to reclaim support for the more fundamental progressive idea that government plays a constructive and necessary role.
	Obama's Challenge

              123 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 That's why I've proposed investing $150 billion over the next ten years in the green energy sector.
	Obama's Challenge

It is a matter of 
125 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 basic macroeconomics that new outlays that are offset by other budget cuts or tax increases provide no net stimulus.
	Obama's Challenge

Legislatively, I am assuming that while an emergency public 
127 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 works program was advancing on one track, a program to repeal the Bush tax cuts would be moving on another.
	Obama's Challenge

The government offered to insure such mortgages so that lenders would accept them, devising the Federal National Mortgage Administration (FNMA) to create a 'secondary market' to purchase mortgages from lenders, turn 
129 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 them into government bonds, and replenish the bank's money so that the banker could make more loans.
	Obama's Challenge

              133 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Thus did the champion of deregulation become the leader of a squad tasked with cleaning up the mess deregulation had made.
	Obama's Challenge

              135 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Second, much of the banks' fee and interest income had been based on underwriting or trading these very same securities, or making other highly leveraged and highly risky deals.
	Obama's Challenge

One of the many abuses of the 1920s had 
137 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 been market manipulation via short selling, known as bear raids.
	Obama's Challenge

We should revisit the old arguments about 
139 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 short selling.
	Obama's Challenge

Obama's administration will need to sort which practices must 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 be prohibited outright as inherently prone to abuse, and which should be subject to exactly what sort of tighter regulation, and by which new or old government agencies.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                              The large, 
143 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
stable corporation is gone forever, as is America's unique economic dominance during a period when Europe was still recovering from war and Asia had not yet joined the modem global econ
 omy.
	Obama's Challenge

Yet the fastest-growing 
145 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 part of the economy is the service sector-most of whose jobs need to remain close to their customers and clients.
	Obama's Challenge

Autoworkers in Mexico use the same production technology as workers in Michigan, but 
147 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 their pay is about $2 an hour.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                           Whereas registered 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
nurses once performed a multiplicity of tasks and became very familiar with each patient, many hospitals have created a plethora of lower-wage occupations-phlebotomists to draw blood, techni
cians to perform tests, nurse-aides to take blood pressures-leav
 ing the RN to cover more patients and do a far narrower range of tasks.
	Obama's Challenge

Second, wages and salaries have been lagging inflation precisely during a period when more young Americans are completing 
153 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 college.
	Obama's Challenge

              155 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 The Danish model squares another circle by reconciling free trade with economic security.
	Obama's Challenge

As Al Gore recently put it, 'We're borrowing money from China to buy oil from the Persian Gulf to bum it in ways that 
159 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 destroy the planet.
	Obama's Challenge

OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 In the past, public policy has taken baby steps in all of these directions.
	Obama's Challenge

                        163 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
REPAIRING A DAMAGED ECONOMY 
 The promise of more reliable energy through new technology appeals to America's can-do spirit.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                As we saw in chap
ter 3, many economists view escalating cost as the system's most 
166 
167 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
REPAIRING A DAMAGED ECONOMY 
 serious problem.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                  168 
169 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
REPAIRING A DAMAGED ECONOMY 
As insurance companies have attempted to constrain costs, primary-care doctors have seen caseloads rise, payments stag
 nate or decline, and allowable time per consultation dwindle.
	Obama's Challenge

One merely bloats existing, inefficient 
170 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 systems and locks them in, making transformational change more difficult.
	Obama's Challenge

              173 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 The debate about 'free trade' versus 'protectionism' is a false one.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                   Yet American 
175 
l 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
and other multinational corporations are delighted to work with the Chinese dictatorship because it provides well-trained, intim
 idated, and docile workers.
	Obama's Challenge

Some would say that the proposed program is not wise 
179 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 policy; or that the crisis is not really that severe; or that it couldn't possibly win enactment; or that Obama, like the early Roosevelt, is a chameleon.
	Obama's Challenge

                       OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Community, Government, and Self-Reliance 
 But wouldn't an expansive use of government spending and regulation undercut Obama's cross-party appeal? Not if it is done right.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                              183 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Yet the book was the object of a very favorable cover story in the flagship conservative magazine 
The Weekly Standard, 
 and got laudatory blurbs from a galaxy of leading conservatives.
	Obama's Challenge

In an era when worries have typically been more directed at inflation, it takes a little historic understanding to appreciate that 
185 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 deflation can also be a grave threat.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                               LBJ relied on moder
ate Republicans to enact civil rights laws over the objection of conservative Democrats, and then turned to racially conservative 
187 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 Dixiecmts in his own party to pass Medicare over the protests of Republicans.
	Obama's Challenge

Bringing Republicans into a progressive policy consensus that Obama leads has been has been an Obama trademark ever since he 
189 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 went to Springfield, Illinois, as a young state senator in 1997.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                                            193 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
The other factor that made the difference in Obama's nomina
 tion victory was his astonishing success in motivating voters and raising small sums of money from a huge number of new donors, using networking techniques pioneered by organizations such as 
MoveOn.org.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                            195 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Geoffrey Nunberg quotes an emblematic passage from the 1940 movie version of John Steinbeck's 
Grapes of Wrath, 
in which Tom Joad and his family, having finally made it to California in their jalopy, come upon a relief camp and are astonished as the caretaker describes what is on offer: 
Tom: You got dances, too? 
	Obama's Challenge

Electoral reform has been blocked in Congress, but a president who believed in expanding and deepening our democracy could 
197 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 preside over an era of democratic renewal.
	Obama's Challenge

When Obama went through his three weeks of midsummer straying to the political center-right, he heard from his supporters, 
198 
199 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 big-time.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                           201 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
AFTERWORD AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
It turned out that Professor Burns was writing about 'transform
 ing' presidential leadership long before I addressed the subject.
	Obama's Challenge

              205 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 65 'The peace-loving nations ...
	Obama's Challenge

                                                  207 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
 128 The Congressional Budget Office estimates that   
www.cbo.gov/ftpdocs/93xx/
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               201 Levy, Frank, 143 
Lewis, John L., 145 Liebman, Jeffrey, 9 Light, Paul, 93 Lincoln, Abraham, 1, 2, 5, 6,15-16, 33, 34,36,44,53,58,59,6M4,66,73, 108, 117, 188, 199 
Lima, Ryan, 15 
Lipsky, Michael, 97, 202 Lovins, Amory, 163 Lykketoft, Mogem, 158 
McCain, John, 25-26, 96, 126, 181, 191 Medicaid, 82, 83, 85, 86, 148, 168, 182 Medicare, 25, 77, 79, 80, 81-87, 98, 103-105,111,148,168,172,178, 188,189 
Messina, Jim, 10 Meyerson, Harold, 202 Miller, G. William, 56 Minow, Newton, 7 Mondale, Walter, 21 Morris, Dick, 62 
NAFTA, 34, 106, 144, 172, 173 Nelson, Ben, 188 
Nelson, Bill, 188 
Nixon, Richard, 55, 72, 78,197 Norquist, Grover, 189 
Norris, Michele, 125 Nunberg, Geoffrey, 89,196 
Chains, Bamck Appointees, 15 Audacity of Hope, 8, 11, 141 Character, 4, 8, 44, 64, 179, 181 Dreams from my Father, 7 Economic program, 25-26, 37, 78, 
115-118,144-145,184-185 Energy policy, 14, 116-117, 122-124, 165-166 
Financial policy, 30-31, 85, 87, 138-142,189 
Foreign policy, 10, 14, 71, 115-118, 189 
Health policy, 165-168,172 History, 12,14 
Leadership, 1, 2, 4-6, 21, 31-33, 35-37,44,71,73,74,75,85-87, 89,103,112,115-118,125,142, 179-180,187-190,199-200 On race, 8, 17, 51 
Partisanship, 4, 9, 12-13, 16, 90, 115-118,179-182,189,193-194 Political skills, 4, 5, 9, 12-13, 15-16, 90,115-118,193-194 Repositioning, 9-11, 31-32 
OBAMA'S CHALLENGE 
Tax policy, 25, 97-98 Trade policy, 173-176 Oliver, Mary, 179 
O'Neill, Thomas P. 'Tip,' 55 
Patrick, Deval, 91 
Paulson, Henry, 74,122, 133-135, 142 Peace Corps, 14, 44 
Pelosi, Nancy, 12 
Penn, Mark, 62, 106, 113 Perle, Richard, 71 Perot, H. Ross, 77 
Peterson, Peter G., 78, 79, 80, 81 Pollsters, 5, 9, 56, 75, 103, 104-111, 113 Powell, Jody, 55 
Pryor, Mark, 188 
Public investment, 24, 28, 38-39, 92, 117-118,122-126,160-161 
Rapaport, Miles, 92, 202 
Reagan, Ronald, 3, 4, 6, 55, 57, 72, 76, 79, 87, 88, 94, 99,101, 108, 110, 114, 184,191 
Beth, James, 49 Reich, Robert, 10, 202 Reischauer, Robert, 82-86 Rendell, Ed, 92 
Republican Party, 24, 110, 114, 180, 181, 183-184,188-189,191-193 
Rich, Frank, 17 Ritter, Bill, 91 Rivlin, Alice, 82, 84 Robinson, Jackie, 17 Roosevelt, Eleanor, 38 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 3, 5, 6, 15, 17,22,31,32,33,34,35-44,45,48, 49,50,53,54,58,59,62,64-70,74, 75, 77, 92, 95, 108, 109, 122, 124, 126, 128,129,130,134,135,137-138,140, 142, 144, 145, 167, 179, 180, 183, 184, 186, 188, 195, 196, 199 
Bank holiday, 36, 39, 40-43 Great Depression, 17, 35-44, 122, 124, 126, 129, 134, 142, 145, 195 Financial regulation, 40-43, 136
138,140-142 
World War II leadership, 64-69, 195 Roosevelt, Theodore, 198, 201 
Rose, Stephen, 113 
212 
Rosenman, Sam, 39, 66 Rouse, Pete, 194 
Rove, Karl, 71, 188, 189, 191, 192 Rubin, Robert, 9, 25, 82, 141 Russell, Richard, 47-48 
Salam, Reihan, 183-184,195 Sawhill, Isabel, 82-85 Scalia, Antonin, 10 Schlesinger, Robert, 70 Schwerner, Michael, 49 
Section 527 organizations, 191-192 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), 135-138 
Service Employees International Union (SEIU), 146, 150 
Shalala, Donna, 59 Short selling, 136-138 Shnrm, Robert, 108 Smith, Adam, 100 
Social Security, 9, 25, 36, 77-87, 98, 167,182 
Solow, Robert, 83 Sorensen, Ted, 46 Speth, James Gustave, 177 Spriggs, William, 10 Steagall, Henry, 39 Steinbeck, John, 196 Stern, Sir Nicholas, 160 Stewatt, Potter, 134 Stimson, Henry, 66 Sullivan, Amy, 108-109 Tamllo, Daniel, 32 
INDEX 
Tax policy, 15, 24-25, 30, 76-79, 82, 85, 92,94,114,115,122,127,161-163, 183 
Taylor, Fredrick Winslow, 151-152 Thomas, Clarence, 17 
Trade policy, 159,172-176,187 Trade unions, see Labor movement Ttuman, Harry S., 109 
213 
Unemployment, 23, 26, 30, 55, 116, 123, 124, 126, 127, 143, 154, 155, 156, 157, 158,186 
UNITE-HERE (union), 153 Urban Institute, 81, 83, 85 
Valelly, Richard, 63-64,201 Vandenberg, Arthur, 39-40 Vietnam War, 6, 72 Volcker, Paul, 32, 56, 132 Voting Rights Act of 1965, 33, 49-54 
Wage insurance, 158 Wagner Act, 144 Waldman, Michael, 89 Walker, David, 79,81 Wall StreetJournal, The, 10, 11 Welfare policy, 58-60 Westen, Drew, 107,109 Wieseltier, Leon, 17 
Willkie, Wendell, 67 Wolfowitz, Paul, 71 Woods, Tiger, 8 
About the Author 
 Robert Kuttner is founding co-editor of The American Prospect and a senior fellow at the think tank Demos.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                         170   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

OBAMA'S MARGIN OF VICTORY: THE MEDIA 
How Barack Obama Could Not Have Won the Democratic Nomination Without ABC, CBS, and NBC 
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 
 It was the closest nomination contest in a generation, with just one-tenth of a percentage point-41,622 votes out of more than 35 million cast-separating Barack Obama from Hillary Clinton when the Democratic primaries ended in June.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                                                      44 
Remember when the Tennessee Republican Party ran a hard
hitting ad in spring 2008 skewering Mrs. Obama's patriotism
impaired remark at a Wisconsin campaign rally ('For the first time in my adult life, I am proud of my country)? The Obamas took to ABC's 
Good Morning America 
 to bemoan the 'low class' and 'detestable' criticisms.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                               And it is no coincidence that the Obamas' water-car
riers in Congress are fighting reasonable proposals to keep the First Lady's public policy-related meetings transparent to the pub
 lic.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Whitaker remains the Obamas' close confidante.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                          Despite her great 'sacri
fices,' the Obamas were able to afford pricy, five-figure private school tuition for both their daughters, and four-day-a-week per
 sonal training sessions for long-suffering mom.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Notice the loaded premise-the culture is not 'majority white' but 'white dominated,' as though in twenty-first-century America there is a determined and largely successful effort to keep the Oprah Winfreys and Toni Morrisons and Barack Obamas and Michael Jacksons and P. Diddys and Denzel Washingtons and Hank Aarons and Shaquille O'Neals from having their day.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      See also specific reporter 
New 
York Tares Book 
Review, 
118 
New 
York Times 
Magazine, 
37, 39, 116 Newland, Martin, 38-39 
Newsweek, 
29, 30, 114, 118, 144145, 162, 184,193,230 
Nexis, 72, 80, 81, 83, 247 
Nightline 
(ABC), 134,151 Nixon, Richard M., 108, 113, 121, 122, 124, 127, 135, 188, 193, 219, 259, 260 
nonquestions, media asking of, 246 North Carolina Republican Party, 87-88 NPR (National Public Radio), 13, 50, 97, 98,134,183 
308 
Index 
Chains, Barack: announcement of presidential candidacy of, 256, 257; and attacks on opposition's family, 140; audacity as major theme of, 87, 226; and Ayers, 22, 23, 26, 78, 89-92, 96, 195, 262; Blitzer questions to, 84, 85; books by, 87; campaign financing for, 226-27; and Glintons, 82, 83; Cohen comment about, 173; comments about Michelle of, 231; death threats against, 256-58, 262; and drugs, 76, 78, 83; experience of, 240; 'Fight the Smears' website of, 93-94, 95, 97; funding for, 178, 239; Gandhi compared with, 250; as half-black celebrity, 7; and Ifill book, 16; Illinois Senate race of, 14038, 181; income/charitable giving of, 234-35, 236, 237; and Iraq, 86; and Jackson, 46; JFK as model for, 120, 232; and Joe the Plumber, 151; Kerry campaign influence on, 97; and kiss
and-tell books, 112; liberalism of, 78; lying by, 109-10; McCain comments about, 174, 181; on magazine covers, 230; and media partisanship, 20, 22-24,26,83-84,93,95-96,123, 218,224-27; media's lack of interest in facts about, 78; and meetings with foreign leaders, 96; and Michelle's 'proud' comment, 138; as Muslim, 74, 75, 94-95, 96; and opposition research, 138; and Palin, 22, 148, 173-74, 175, 176, 240; passport file of, 150-51; polls about, 216, 218; praise for, 224-27; predebate talking points of, 23-24; and race issues, 7, 11-12, 95, 172-73; and Republican Attack Machine, 74-76, 78, 79-80, 8536, 87--88,90-92, 94,95-97; Secret Service protection for, 257; selection as presidential candidate of, 108; and 2008 Democratic primaries, 74-76, 78, 79, 83, 89, 90-91, 154, 176; as victim, 24; Williams interview of, 225; and Wright, 24, 26, 74, 76, 77, 78,87-89, 90, 93, 94, 95, 96, 137, 181, 195, 225, 226 
Obama, Michelle: and Ayers-Obama relationship, 90; charitable giving of, 236; and death threats against Obama, 256--57; Kotecki Vest letter to, 256-57; 
media descriptions of, 228, 230-32, 234; Princeton thesis of, 230; 'proud' comment by, 77, 78, 96, 138-39, 157, 180, 239; public service career of, 234-35; and Republican Attack Machine, 77, 78, 95, 96; and 'strong woman syndrome,' 240; wealth of, 234-35 
O'Donnell, Lawrence, 1023 
Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, U.S., 117, 132-33 Olbermann, Keith, 80, 88, 117, 118, 135, 239,245 
Oliphant, Tom, 253-54 O'Neill, John, 99,102-5, 107 O'Neill, Paul, 130 
opposition research, 137-38, 166 O'Reilly, Bill, 135, 182, 256 Oswald, Lee Harvey, 259-60 out-of-wedlock births, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40-41,43,46,60-67,70 
Palin, Sarah: bravery of, 243; and 'Bush doctrine,' 241; as Christian, 162; experience of, 240; family of, 135-37, 
140,163-64; Fey as, 228; foreign policy knowledge of, 225, 241, 242; Gibson interview of, 240-41; hypocrisy about, 162-64; as liar, 110; as Liberal victim, 2; and lipstick comments, 174-76; and media partisanship, 20-22, 136-37, 219, 225; media research on, 136-37; NYT stories about, 149, 150; and Chains, 22, 148, 173-74, 175, 176, 240; opposition research about, 138; Parker call for withdrawal of, 114; racism of, 22; Republican National Convention speech of, 173, 177-80; and Richter divorce, 148149, 150; and sexism, 240-41, 242, 243; style of, 75; threats/violence against, 256, 263 parental rights, 61-67 
Paul, Ron, 157 Paulson, Henry, 235 PBS, 16, 17, 121 Pearl Jam, 250, 251 pen names, 199 People magazine, 71, 144 Perle, Richard, 129 Petraeus, David, 239 
Philadelphia 
Daily News, 160, 232, 263 Phillips, Stone, 160 
Phone, Valerie, 4, 200 
Pledge of Allegiance, 86, 136, 183 policy proposals, victims as means of launching, 2, 12 
Pollitt, Katha, 163-64 polls, 184, 209-19 popular culture: as anti-Bush, 247-51; and single motherhood, 45-46, 48, 59, 67-71 
poverty, 37, 39, 40, 41, 51 Powell, Colin, 246 pregnancy pact, 42, 68 presidency: and assassinations of 
presidents, 25830, 262-63; biographies of, 123-35; and descriptions of wives of presidents, 22834; lying by candidates for, 109-10; and racism, 11-12; and replacement of U.S. attorneys, 2034 Priest, Dana, 152 
Proposition 209 (California), 218, 219 Purdum, Todd, 82-83, 149, 161, 252 
Quayle, Dan, 45, 46117, 48, 54, 69, 219 
 race/racism; and CCC story, 24-25; and adoption, 44; and Allen maraca comment, 165-72; and assassinations, 260, 261; in colleges and univesities, 8-9, 10-11; and death threats, 257; and Duke lacrosse players, 2, 11, 30; and elections of 2008, 11-12, 22, 88-89, 95, 165-72; and half-black celebrities, 7-8; and McCain, 88-89, 172-73; and media partisanship, 24-25, 31; and Obama, 7, 11-12, 95, 172-73,257; and Obama (Michelle) Princeton thesis, 230; of Palm, 22; and presidency, 11-12; propositions about, 21.8-19;
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

A handful of other names drew votes: Hiram Johnson, Governor Allen, Colonel Henry W. Anderson of Richmond.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                           Five other names, 
lackluster even by vice-presidential standards, were placed in nomina
tion: General Lawrence D. Tyson of Tennessee, Montana Governor Samuel D. Stewart, California oilman Edward L. Doheny, former 
259 
1920 • DAVID PIETRUszA 
 Idaho governor James H. Hawley, and an unknown Oregonian by the name o£ W. T Vaughan.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

See these yellow cards: Louis and I put down on these the names, connections, and addresses of the men I met all over the country on our 1920 swings.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Some of the testimonies in the book come from accounts given to me in person, in which case I say so in the body of the text (though I have changed the names of Palestinian sources); most come from affidavits documented and published by human rights organizations such as B'Tselem, or United Nations agencies (notably the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs), or the Israeli veterans' organization Shovrimshtika (Breaking 
304 
 the Silence), in which case I cite the source of the story in the following notes, again with sources presented in the order in which they appear in the text.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                            From his days in the Wilson administra
tion he remembered the names of obscure Interior Department bureau
 crats who knew a lot about public lands.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

At best, during greetings, known as staged 'passing of the peace' at some churches, people might shake hands but rarely are names exchanged.
	Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It

                                                                                                                                kolkhozy) collective farm
KPD
Communist Party of Germany
Kripo
Criminal Police
kulaks
'rich' peasants
lishentsy
Soviet people 'without rights'
Mensheviks
Minority faction of the RSDLP, founded in
1903
NEP
New Economic Policy (1921-29) introduced
by Lenin
NKVD
Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del
(People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs),
but widely used initials for the secret police
when, from 1934, the GPU-OGPU was
reorganized into the NKVD and named
GUGB NKVD
NSDAP
National Socialist German Workers' Party
(Nazi Party)
OKH
High Command of the German Army
Okhrana
tsarist secret police
OKW
High Command of the German Armed
Forces
Politburo
main committee of the Central Committee
of the Soviet Communist Party
Pravda
main newspaper of the Bolsheviks, and later
the semiofficial paper of the Communist
Party
RSDLP
Russian Social Democratic Labor Party, the
main Marxist party
SA
Sturmabteilung (the Nazi Brownshirts)
SD
Sicherheitsdienst (Security Service of the
Nazi Party)
Sipo
Sicherheitspolizei (security police); founded
in 1936 as the umbrella organization for the
Gestapo and Kripo
Sopade
Executive of the Exile SPD, with headquar
soviet Sovnarkom/SNK 
SPD 
SS Stavka 
vozhd' 
Wehrmacht 
zek 
ters in Prague (1933
-
38), Paris (1938-40), and London (1940) 
Russian for 'council'; in German, 
Rat 
Council of People's Commissars; the government body established by the Russian Revolution 
Social Democratic Party of Germany, briefly fractured into the MSPD (Majority wing) and the USPD (Independent wing) Schutzstaffel; Himmler's Black Corps 
High Command of the Soviet Armed Forces leader 
German Armed Forces 
slang for 
zaklyuchennyi, 
Gulag prisoner 
German Reich 
Powers cooperating with the Axis 
(
   Areas under German occupation 
L   
Italy and areas under its occupation 
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
INTRODUCTION 




 he names of Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler will forever be linked to the tragic course of European history in the first half of the twentieth century.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                23, 74,140,147, 150-2,158,160,168,269,271,273-4, 277,28o 
Bukovina,266,393,4I7 
Bulgaria, 418
-
19,483-4,515,532,554, 555,557,593 
Bulge, Battle ofthe, 557,560
-
2,564, 565 
Burke, Edmund, 501 
Byelorussia, 69,148,358,386,389-90, 395,422
-
4,444,448,551 
Caldwell, Erskine, 476 Cambodia, 594 Canada, 
I 
6o, 363 Canaris, Admiral Wilhelm, 363 Case Yellow, 376,379 
Catherine the Great, Tsarina, 67,511 Catholic Center Party, German, 85, 125,201,286,299-301,338 Catholic Party in Bavaria (BVP), 86, 118,299 
Catholics, 89,205,213,255,295,300, 321,327,334,365,368 
Central Committee (of the Bolshevik, later Communist, Party), 9, 50,131, 138,148,162,18l,346,347,392,58I; and Communist Party purges, 268-71,273,277,28o;and de-Cos
sackization, 70; expansion of, 151; Jews on, 68; and Lenin's illness and death, 
1
5
0
,
 
152; Politburo created by, 146-7; Red Army and, 504; requests for Gulag labor to, 264; Stalin elected to, 30,137; terror practices authorized by,243,245,246,250;and October Revolution, 34-6,139; Trotsky and, 153-4 
Cesarani, David, 322 Chamberlain, Neville, 351, 352, 375 Chancellery of the Filhrer (KdF), 365
-
7 
Chechens,514-19 
676 
INDEX 
Cheka (Soviet secret police), 46-5, 50-53,5',63
-
6,68,71
-
2, 141,144, 162; clergy members arrested by, 248; de-Cossackization by, 70-1; peasant uprisings and, 74; replaced by GPU,145 
Chelmno death camp, 457,46o, 530, 587 
Chetniks, 398 
Chicago Tribune, 
485 China, 347,558; Communist, 
10, 
157, 594 
Christ the Redeemer, Cathedral of (Moscow), 250,258-9 Christianity, 455 
Chuev, Felix, 252 
Churchill, Winston,103, 379, 382, 482, 484,485,492,494,543
-
4,561,568-9; at Casablanca Conference, 526; Moscow missions of, 500-1, 554-6; Stalin warned of German invasion by,407;atTehran Conference, 544-6,548-5o; walkabouts of, 527; and Warsaw uprising, 552-4; at Yalta Conference, 556-9,591-2 Ciano,Galeazzo,424 Citadel, Operation, 530-1 Class, Heinrich, 97 
Cold War, 14, 14,588 collectivization, 168-75,179, 179,227, 235-7,250,266,586 
Columbia University, 213 Combat Technical Group, 137 Comintern, 
see 
Communist International 
Commissar Order, 4z6-8 Commission for the Rehabilitation of the Victims of Political Repression, 479 
Committee for the Constituent Assembly, 64 
Committee for the Struggle Against the Counterrevolution, 33 Communist International (Comintern),85,100,104,109,111, 
144, 190,258,345,403,442,472,591, 593 
Communist Manifesto, The 
(Marx and Engels), 330 
Communist Party, 17, 29, 52, 61, 84, 146,i6i,i65,i8o-1,254,262,265, 442,582; and German invasion, 472, 488-91, 493; and Lenin's testament, 153; assassinations of leaders of, 238; Central Committee of, 
see 
Central Committee; Congresses of, 75,141, 143,145,146,154,157
-
60,163,276, 346,347,355,503;de
-
Cossackization and, 71; dekulakization offensive of, 169-72;disunity in,153-5; drafting of members of, 6o; ethnic groups expelled from, 515,517,518; fellow travelers Of,263;French, 381,466, 472; German, 
see 
Communist Party of Germany (KPD); Greek, 400; in electoral politics,136; Kazakh, 235; Lenin cult in, 156; Machine Tractor Station and, 236; organization of, 135; paramilitary groups of, 
I 
to; peasants terrorized by members of, 230-1;Polish, 255,387-8,536,552-4; Political Bureau of, 
see 
Politburo; purges of,16,145,156,261,267-81, 580; radicals in,167,168; religion 
and, 247-50; Ukrainian, 
228
,
2
3
0
;
 
Yugoslav, 399, 588, 591 Communist Party of Germany (KPD), 86-go, 104, 
IOT 
113, 185, 212,219,296-7,300,585; banning of, 286; concentration camps for mem
bers of,302-3,311,587; dissolution of, 301, 357; in elections, 125,18q, 190,2o4-6,2I7,299;founding of, 86; general strike against reparations called by, 105; and Hitler's appoint
ment as chancellor, 221, 288; Hitler's rhetoric against, 187,193, 533; 'hunger government' protested by, 
201; 
information service of, 191; Jews in, 89, go; linked to assassination 
INDEX 
677 
attempt on Hitler, 376; Nazi violence against, 296; paramilitary group of, 207; peasant recruitment efforts of, 198; persecution of, 3o6; Reichstag fire blamed on, 298,299,3o6-7; street violence between Nazis and, 209-10, 295-6; uprising attempts of, 87,1oo-1,1o6,112 
Communist Youth, 
see 
Komsomol concentration camps, 3,55; German, 
see 
Nazi concentration camps; Soviet,7,46,55-9,72,113,170,171, 235, 236, 243, 
2
49
-
5
0
,255, 256, 259, 46o 
(see also 
Gulag) 
Congress of Peasants' Deputies, 44 Congress of Soviets, 36, 39, 41, 43, 49, 257 
Conquest, Robert, 235 
Constituent Assembly, Russian, 34, 35,37,39,42,43,46,4',580 Constitution, Soviet, 147, 175 Conradstein (Kocborowo), killing center, 366 
Conti, Leonardo, 365,366 Corrective Labor Camps and Labor Settlements, Main Administration Of, 
1
77 
corrective labor colonies (ITK), 263-4 Cossacks, 57,63,64,69-72,230,422 Council for Aid to Jews Among the 
Poles, 537 
Council of People's Commissars, 38; 
see also 
Sovnarkom 
Cripps, Stafford, 357 Croatia, 398, 416, 418 Cuba, colonial, 55 Cultural Revolution, Soviet, 250 Cuno, Wilhelm,104,105 Czechoslovakia, 73,323,381,416,564; Communist Party in, 76,1oo; Jews deported from, 324,325,370,466; Nazi occupation of, 3
1
3
-1
4
,
3
2
4,35 
1, 
35
2
,355; postwar, 592; Soviet prison
ers of war from, 55
-
6,64 
Czerniakow, Adam, 535
-
36 
Dachau concentration camp, 326, 337, 341, 369, 567, 584 
Dagestan,513 Daimler-Benz, 294 Dalstroi, 245 Darlan,Admiral Frangois, 419 Darrd, Walther, 199 
Darwin, Charles, 16,33 
1 
Darwinism, social, 12,16,188,219 Davies,Sarah, 247 
Dawes, Charles, 116 D-day,551 
death camps, 45
2-6
8,530,5
8
7; 
see also names of specific camps 
Defense Ministry, German, 291 Dekanozov, Vladimir, 394 dekulakization,63,167-74,176-9, 
22
7,
22
9
-
3
2
,
2
35
-6
,
2
4
1
,24
2
,
2
63
 
Democrats, German, 86 
Deniken, General A. I., 69,72 Denmark, 379,4o6,415 Diels, Rudolf, 298 
Dimitrov, Georgi, 357,403,472,492-3, 593 
Djilas, Milovan, 556,588 Dolot, Miron, 232-3 Domarus, Max, 288 
Don, Revolutionary Committee of the, 70 
D6nitz, Admiral Karl, 525 Drexler, Anton, 93, 95, 97 Dulles, Allen, 569 Duma, 21-3,135 
Diisseldorf Industrial Club, 219 Dzerzhinsky,Felix,35,46-8,52,59,72, 150,175 
Dzhughashvili, Ekaterina,131-2 Dzhughashvili, Vissarion, 131 
Eberhard, General Kurt, 449, 450 
Ebert,Friedrich,83,87,124-5 Eckart, Dietrich, 97,99 Eher Verlag, 
I 
IS 
678 
INDEX 
Elchmann,Adolf, 322
-
4,326,370, 373,400 
Eicke, Theodor, 353 
Eimann, SS Major Kurt, 366,367 Einsatzgruppen (EGr), 352-3,363, 364,366,370,37
1
,4
1
7,44
1-6
, 449-5I,46o,463,538 
Eisenhower, Dwight D., 567, 568, 594 Eisenstein, Sergei, 38 
Eisner, Kurt, 84, 86, 88, 9o Elser, Georg, 376 
Enabling Law (Germany, 1933), 300-301,316 
Engels, Friedrich, 32, 99, 330 Erickson,John, 502 
Esser, Hermann, 91, 1o4 Estonia, 357,384,392
-
6,444,547 ethnic cleansing, 5,583,592; Nazi, 363-4,367,369
-
74,459,468 
(see also 
Jews, extermination of); Soviet, 254-5,511
-
22,550,59233 
ethnic Germans, 364; deportations of, 391; resettlement of, 372,373,374; in Soviet Union, 253
-
4,51
1-1
3,535, 592-3 
eugenics, 331-4 euthanasia, 365
-
9,444,4
61
 Evian Conference (1938),323 
famines, 74-6, 141, 228-36, 248 
Far Northern Construction Trust, 245 Farben, I. G., chemical concern, 464-5,467 
Fascism, 108,332,358,472,476; Italian, 3,102-4,111,117,190, 216-17,3o6,466-7 
Feder, Gottfried, 91
-
3,95 
'final solution,' 16,274,452
-
68, 537 
Finland, 135,136,149,357,384,413, 418,422,423,511;postwar, 547;SS recruits from, 415; Winter War with, 392
-
3,401,403,405,473,474 Fischer, Ruth, 9o 
'five ears of corn, law on,' 229 
Five-Year Plan, 161-6,169,174,175, 181,228-9,231,235,242,258,263, 268,287 
Flossenbiirg concentration camp, 339
-
41,369,567 
Food Supply, Commissariat of, 63 forced-labor camps, 
see 
concentration camps, Soviet 
Ford, Henry, 164 
Ford Motor Company, 164 Forster, Albert, 366 F6rster,Jurgen,449 
Fortune 
magazine, 334 Fotieva, Lydia, 151 
Foundations of Leninism, The 
(Stalin), 156
-
7 Four-Year Plan, Nazi, 320 France,107,108,321,329,349,350, 405,526,546,557,574;fall Of,266, 38o-2,397,413; and Hitler-Stalin pact, 357; appeasement of Hitler by, 312
-
14,351; Communists in, 358, 466,472; Gulag condemned in, 257; in Berlin Olympics, 320; German invasion of, 348,375,379-80,393; intervention against Bolsheviks by, 66; Jews deported from, 466,587; liberation of, 554; maps of, 4o6; peace offers from Hitler to, 366; Poland and, 347,352,354,361; POWs, 48o; Ruhr invaded by, 1o4-5, 112,116; Soviet friction with, 161; Soviet negotiations for alliance with, 356; Vichy, 419-20,434
-
35,501,509; Wehrmacht volunteers from, 416 Franco, General Francisco, 313,321, 358 
Franco-Prussian War, 
I I I 
Frank, Hans, 457,46
1
 Franz Ferdinand,Archduke of Austria, 82 
Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, 185 
Free Corps, 87,90 
Freedom of Conscience, Decree on, 248 
INDEX 
679 
Freemasonry, log Freiberg, Dov, 462-63 French Revolution, 26,27,301,311, 340 
Frick, Wilhelm,186, 186,285 
Frieschkrler 
(guerrilla), 426 
Front, The 
(play),504 Fuchs, Klaus, 592 
Galen, Clemens August von, 368 Galton, Francis, 331 
Garlinski, J6zef, 465 
gas chambers, 338,452,46o-6,521, 5
2
9
-
30,566,587;mobile, 367,399, 457,460,461,529 
Gdynia (Gotenhafen) killing center, 366 
Getter, Mikhail, 491 Gemlich,Adolf 92 General Congress of Workers' and Soldiers' Councils (Berlin, 1918), 84 General Government 
(General
gouvernement),371,373,374, 
457,461,462,535,537,538 
General Motors, t63 
George V1, King of England, 546 German Combat League (Deutscher Kampfbund), I11-15 
German Earth and Stone Works, 335, 340 
Germanization, 291-2 
German National People's Party (DNVP),196, 206, 216, 217, 285, 294, 299,301 
German Women's Enterprise (Deutscher Frauenwerk), 305 German Workers' Party (DAP), 93-5 Gestapo, 3,274,303,318,363,373,456; asocials arrested by, 335, 338, 339; Einsatzgruppen and, 353,445; gassing operations run by, 369,465; Germans shot for defeatism by, 568; Soviet prisoners executed by, 570 Gibson,Archibald,416 
Globocnik, Odilo, 461-4 
Goebbels,Joseph, 18,126,187,192, 
218
,
2
95-6,467,532,533,563;boy
cott of Jewish businesses advocated by, 315; diaries of, 194, 211-12, 220-2,301,454; on deportation plans for Polish Jews, 371, 372; and elec
tions,196,197,217,299-300; in Hitler's bunker, 575-6; and invasion of Soviet Union, 431, 439,440; on 
Kristallnacht, 
325-6; and extermina
tion of Jews, 445,454-56,458,526, 534,538; propaganda machine of, 190,194, 208; at Reichstag fire, 298; speeches at mass meetings by, 186; suicide of, 577; war plans described 
to press by, 350 Goebbels, Magda, 577 Goglidze, Sergei A., 276 Goldschmidt, Jakob, 213 Gorbach, Grigorii, 245-6 G6ring, Hermann,113, 218, 221, 222, 285, 432,453 
Gorky, Maxim, 8, 48, 76,138,171, 259-60,580 
Gosplan,145 
Gosudarstvennoe Politicheskoe Upravlenie, 
see 
GPU 
GPU,145,150,162,423,540;see also OGPU 
Graf, Ulrich,113 Graziosi, Andrea, 237 Great Britain, 334,348
-
50,384,405, V6,413-I4,457,531,560, 561, 592; in advance on Germany, 554,568; air battles over, 266; appeasement of Hitler by, 3
1
3
-
14,351; in armistice negotiations with Ger
many, 568-7o; in Berlin Olympics, 319-20; Communist Party in, 76, 358; and fall ofFrance, 379
-
81,393; and German invasion of Soviet Union, 407
-
8,455,484; Greece and, 397-8; Gulag condemned in, 257; Hess in, 494; Hitler's attitude toward, 126,321,329,564; 
68o 
INDEX 
Great Britain 
(continued) 
Hitler's plans for invasion of, 382-3, 402,413; House of Commons, 352; and Hitler-Stalin pact, 357; Indian Army, 433; intervention against Bolsheviks by, 66; interviews with Hitler published in, io9, It o; Japan
ese capture of soldiers of, 492; and Jewish refugees, 323,447; lend-lease agreement with, 485; linked to assassination attempt on Hitler, 376; Nazi radio broadcasts to, 532; in negotiations with US and USSR, 500-1,544
-
50,552-9,589;in North African campaign, 509,525; peace offers from Hitler to, 366,375; Poland and, 347,352,354,361; POWs, 48o; reparations and, io4, 112; Soviet negotiations for alliance with, 356; Soviet support for strikers in, 
AI; 
suicide rate in, 202; uncondi
tional surrender demanded by, 526, 589; unemployment in, 2o4; War Cabinet, 482 
Great Depression, 76,194,197,200, 201,293,305 
Great Terror (Soviet), 241, 244-6, 251-2,264-5,278,347,396,540; against national minorities, 253-6; purges in, 281; religious persecution Of, 250,255 
Greece, 397-8,400-1,406,414,433, 441, 515; Jews deported from, 466, 587;postwar, 555,591 
Greens (Russian peasant armies), 66 Greiser, Gauleiter Arthur, 367, 461, 464 
Gross, Jan, 364 
Grossman, Vasily,233-4,273-4,573 Gross-Rosen concentration camp, 340,341 
 Grynszpan, Herschel, 325 Guchkov,Aleksandr 1.,
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  386,409 
Milchakov, Aleksandr, 584 Military Revolutionary Committee (MRC), 35
-
8,46, 139 
Miliukov, P A. (Kadet Party leader), 22 
Ministerial Defense Council, Ger
man, 369 
Mittlebau-Dora concentration camp, 341 
Mogilev death camp, 457 M6hl, General Arnold von, 91 Moiseyev, General Mikhail A., 585 Moldavia, 395,483 
Moldenhauer, Paul, 203 
686 
INDEX 
Molotov, Vyacheslav M.,144, 152, 153,162,229,381,401-2,413,556, 575; appointed commissar of foreign affairs, 356; dekulakization cam
paign of, 170, I71; and famines, 167, 228, 232, 248; and forced labor for canal projects, 177, 257; and Ger
man invasion, 407,409,47
1-
4, 482,483,492; and invasion of Poland, 385; 
non-aggression pact negotiated by, 356
-
8 and occupation of Baltic States, 392-4; and purges, 273,278; terror defended by, 251-2; war
crimes trials proposed by, 547 Mommsen, Hans, 213, 307 Montgomery, Field Marshal Bernard, 561,568 
Morell, Theo, 365 Morgenthau, Henry, 559 Moscow, battle for, 487-90, 492-6, 498 
Moscow Club of the Nobility, 02 Moscow Committee 
of Public Safety, 45 Moscow Declaration, 548 Moscow University, 488 Moscow-Volga Canal (Dmitrovsky Canal), 256-7 
Moskalenko, Marshal Kirill S., 483 Mtihsam, Erich, 9o 
Miiller, General Eugen, 425-6 Miiller, Heinrich, 373, 445 Miiller, Hermann, 200 Muller, Hermann J., 332 Muffler, Joseph, 289 
Muller, Karl Alexander von, 91, 114 Munich conference, 314, 324, 351 Muslims, 513-i6 
Mussolini, Benito, 
too, 
117, 123, 216, 354, 531
-
2, 534; death of, 576; fall of, 466-7;Franco supported by, 359; Greece invaded by, 397; at Munich conference, 351; rise to power of, 102-3,110-13,118,212,217 
Napoleon, Emperor of France, 259, 290,430,476,535
-
6 
Nashkoyev, Murad, 517-18 National Socialist Doctors' Union, 195 
National Socialist German University Student Group,192 
National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP), 
see 
Nazi Party National Socialist Women's Group (NS-Frauenschaft),195, 304-5 Navy, Soviet, 476 
Nazi concentration camps, 113, 113,319, 337-41,353,360,521,529,574,584, 589;asocialsin,335,338-9,587 evacuation Of, 565-7; gassings in, 367
-
9,399,529; Jews in,326,335, 338, 339, 399, 587 
(see also 
death camps); political prisoners in, 302-3, 311,36o, 541, 587; Poles in, 339, 364, 370; 
see also names of specific camps 
Nazi Party, 104-10,117,1ill, 124-27, 185
-
97,297,309,443,527,532, 540-1, 582,585; 'actions' against Jews by, 315-18,324,326; agricul
tural program of,198-2oo;annual commemorations of, 325, 376, 459, 508,526; anti-Semitism and anti
Bolshevism of,98-1o1,1o8,Ir8-19; aristocratic support for, 293; attempted putsch 0£,110-15,124; charities of, 327; doctors in, 293-4; drumhead courts of, 573-4; eco
nomic policy of, 293; in elections, 196,201-6,214,217,287,295, 299-3oo; escalation of actions against Jews of, 269; financing of, 186-7; foundation Of, 93-4;Fuhrer cult in, 123; Himmler's speech on extermination of Jews to, 540-2; justice system purged by, 307-8; Ludendorff as candidate for, 125; Nuremberg rallies of, 192, 194
-
5, 313,320,333,338;organizational structure of,188-9,191,194;para- 
INDEX 
687 
military groups of, 
see 
SA; SS; platform of, 95-8; police and justice system of, 335; popular support for, 303-5,308,312; propaganda of, 189, 193-4; publishing house of, 118; and Reichstag fire, 298; purge of, 16; removal of ban on, 124; rise to powerof,118,124,211-12,216-i9, 285 
(see also 
Hitler, Adolf, appointed chancellor); speakers' school of,I9o-1;Strength through Joy program Of, 3o5-6;suborganiza
tions of, 195; text of, 
see Mein Kampf, 
torture cellars of, 303 Nazi-Soviet pact, 348,354-9,361, 384, 392,415,471 
Nebe, Arthur, 373,45
1
 
Netherlands, 378-So, 4o
6
,574
-
5; Jews from, 4
66
,534
,
587; SS recruits from, 415 
Neuadel aus Blut and Boden 
(Dam), 199 
Neuengamme concentration camp, 341,369 
Nevsky, Alexander, 503 
New Economic Policy (NEP), 75, 76, 143-6,I54,I58,i6o,16i,i65,i68 
New YorkAmerican, 
196 
New York Times, The, 
t 11, 
476, 525, 
530,552;Magazine, 
164 Nicholas 11,Tsar,21-3,99,136,271 Niekisch, Ernst, 88 
'night of the long knives,' 2
1
9,3 
10 
Nikolaenko,Polia,278-9 NKVD,46-7,238-9,243,266,271, 
2
74,4
0
3,450,483,502,540; in Baltic states, 394-6; in Byelorussia, 391; camps administered by, 58, 59,177, 
2
6
2
,
2
64,479,589; during German invasion, 478-9,489,490,493;estab
lishment of, 46; ethnic cleansing by, 51
2
,5N,50-i8; in Great Terror, 245-7,253-6,261; OGPU incorpo
rated into, 237-8; in Poland, 386,388; purges and, 275,276,278;reorgani

zation Of, 529;in Ukraine, 245,261, 391 
Nolte, Ernst,13 Normandy invasion, 551 North Africa campaign, 433, 438, 509, 525 
North Caucasus, Revolutionary Committee of the, 71 Norway, 379, 415, 587 
Noske, Gustav, 87 
'November criminals,' 83, 105, 202-3 
Nuremberg Laws (I935),318-z9,324, 419 
Nuremberg trials, 354,556 
October 
(film), 38 
October Manifesto (1905),135 October Revolution, 7,24,29,34-40, 49,74,180,274,441,583;anniver
sary Of,59,1o6,112,159,165,394-5, 402,491,494; consolidation of Bolshevik power in, 41-3; creation of Red Army following, 6o; distribu
tion of land to peasants during, 136; events leading to,29-33;French Revolution as inspiration for, 301; resistance to, 44-6; Stalin during, 138 
OGPU,173-7,227,229,234,236-8, 242 
Okhrana (Tsarist secret police), 24, 48,540 
OKW, 
see 
Wehrmacht, High Com
mand of 
Old Bolsheviks, 261, 280 Olyanov, Alexander, 24 Olympic Games, 319-20 Omsk troika, 245 
'On the Protection of the Property of the State Enterprises, Collective Farms, and Cooperatives and the Strengthening of Public (Socialist) Ownership' (1932 law), 229 
688 
INDEX 
Operation Barbarossa, 407,4 
10, 
415, 421,424,425,429
-
40,453,481,494, 530,585; slaughter of Jews during, 44I
-
51,459
-
6o 
Operation Blue, 499 Operation Citadel, 530-1 Operation Harvest Festival, 539-40 Operation Marita, 397-8 Operation Overlord, 545,550 Operation Reinhard, 462 Operation Torch, 5o8 
Operation Typhoon, 435 Operation Uranus, 507 Ordzhonikidze,Serge, 71,163,270, 273 
Orgburo (Organization Bureau), 146-8 
Orth, Karin, 303 
Orthodox Church, 16, 248, 249, 263, 419,532 
Orwell, George, 17 Ossietzky, Carl von, 297 Oster, General Hans, 340 Ostroumova-Lebedeva, Anna Petrovna, 492 
Oumansky, Constantine, 485 
Palace of Soviets (Moscow), 258 Pale of Settlement, 67 
Panther tanks, 530 Papen,Franz von,205,209,210, 212-13,219-23,286-8,296,298,300, 309 
Paris Commune, 27, 28, 248 Pasternak, Boris, 273 
Paul, Prince of Yugoslavia, 397-8 Paulus, Field Marshal Friedrich, 509, 525 
Pavlov, General Dmitri G., 473
-
4, 478 
People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs, see NKVD 
People's Commissariat for State Security (NKGB), 529 
People's Court, German, 340,585 
Perekovka (newspaper), 257 Petacci, Clara, 576 PEtain,Philippe, 419,420,501 Peter the Great, Tsar, 163 Peters, I. K., 56 
Petrovsky, G.1, 57 
Philippines, American concentration camps in, 55 
Pilsudski, Marshal J6zef, 73 Podlubny,Stepan,243 pogroms, 6,69; Nazi, 325
-
9,398
-
9; postwar, 390 
Pohl, Oswald, 340 Poincar6, Raymond, 104 Poland, 43,337,339,355;efforts to export Bolshevism to, 73, 75,100, 149,345; ethnic cleansing in, 363-4, 3
6
7,3
6
9
-
74,459,468,585,587; Frontier Defense Corps (KOP) of, 385; German invasion and occupa
tion of, 348,351-6,360-39 377, 381, 384,421,430,433,441,443,444,446, 461, 465,513,551-4 (See also Gen
eral Government); liberation of, 557, 558,564;postwar, 546-7,552
-
4,558, 592-3; Soviet zone of occupation in, 357,358,364,371,373,384
-
91,394, 395,401, 450,501,511,532 
Poles: Nazi annihilation policies against, 339,36o,363
-
4,367,369, 373
-
4,395,553
-
4; Soviet terror against, 254-5,3649385-91 Polish Home Army, 552-4 
Polish Military Organization (POV), 254 
Politburo, 9,131,146-5o,152,157,158, r8o,182,238,581,593;canal projects approved by, 256,259; cleansing in occupied territories authorized by, 386; Commission for Judicial Affairs of, 280; concentration and forced
labor camps created by, 59,175-7; creation of, 146-7; in dekulakization campaign, 171; grain shortages and policies of,167-9,228,234,239; and German invasion, 410,472-4; Jewish 
INDEX 
689 
members of, 68; juvenile delin
quency policies of, 243; KPD and, lo6;at Lenin's death, 155;national minorities persecuted by, 253-6; secret police and, 145, 239; purges approved by,275,276;terror prac
tices of, 245, 248, 279 
Poniatowa death camp, 539 Popular Enlightenment and Propa
ganda, German Ministry of, 300 Posen concentration camp, 367 Poskrebyshev,Aleksandr N.,473 Potsdam Conference, 590,592 Pozdnyakova, Yulia, 565 
Pravda, 
28, 46, 49,156,165,181,19o, 229,503,594 
Prevention of Defective Offspring, Law for (Germany, 1933), 302, 333 
Prosveshchenie 
(journal), 138 Protection of German Blood and German Honor, Law for, 
see 
Nuremberg Laws 
Protocols 
of 
the Elders 
of 
Zion, 
The, 68,99,534 
Provisional All-Russian Government, 64 Prussian Political Police, 298 Pyatakov, Georgy L., 151, 159, 270-3 
Quebec Conference, 559 
racial hygiene, 332-4 
Radek, Karl, 84, 86,1o6,159, 1o6,159,270,272 Radio Moscow, 552,553 
Raeder, Admiral Erich, 290,379 Rasch, Otto, 449 
Rath, Ernst vom, 325,327 Ravensbriick concentration camp, 34
1
,369 
Red Army, 6o,1o7-8,155,234,272-3, 345,405-6,417,583; advance on Germany of, 557, 558, 561, 563-65, 568,571,577;anniversary of found
ing of, 567; atrocities committed by, 
570-3; in Baltic states, 395,401; casualties Of, 432,433,435,440,491, 498--9; in civil war, 6o, 64-6,261; commissars of, 504; concentration camps liberated by, 565, 589; Cos
sacks and, 70; counteroffensive against Germans of, 438-4o, 498-9, 502
-
3,543
-
45;dekulakization carried out by, 
1
7
2
;
 
deserters from, 6o, 480-1; disciplinary measures imposed on,487-8,5o5;establish
ment of, 46,6o; expulsion of mem
bers of ethnic groups from, 514-16; Finland invaded by, 392
-
3,401; and German invasion, 409, 410, 420, 429, 43
0
,43
2-
40,442,449
-
50,484,495; Gulag prisoners as volunteers in, 519; at Kursk, 530-1; Main Political Directorate of, 478,48o; Nazi propa
ganda against, 214; pogroms carried out by, 68; Poland attacked by, 362, 385,388,401; prisoners of war from, 432
-
34,436,473,480,505,588-90; Propaganda Department of, 477; purges Of, 275-6,349,404,533,540; rallying of support for, 476,505; reinforcements from Siberia for, 416,437; at Stalingrad,5o6-8,526, 528; tanks Of, 475,477,498,530-1; territories liberated from Nazis by, 521, 529,535,555,591; and Warsaw uprising, 551-4 
Reder, Rudolf, 462 Red Guards, 37, 42, 65 
Red Star, 
503,504 Red terror, 56-9,65 Reed, John, 39,43 
Reich Committee for the Scientific Registration of Serious Hereditarily and Congenitally Based Illnesses, 365 
Reichenau, Field Marshal Walther von, 289, 291,445 Reichsbank,200 
Reichsbanner Schwarz, Rot, Gold (Reichflag Black, Red, Gold), 207 
690 
INDEX 
Reich Security Main Office, 408,454 Reichslandbund (Reich Agrarian League), 294 Reichstag,83,186,200,201,205,212, 215,219,220; captured by Red Army, 57 r; decline of legislative power Of, 206; elections of members of,I18,189--90,204,214,217,312; enabling law in, 286, 287, 300
-
 
1; 
fire in, 298
-
300,304,3o6
-
7; Hitler's speeches to,320,371,375;Versailles Treaty opposed by, 105 
Reichswehr, 
110, 
289; Bavarian, 112, 114 
Reinhardt, Fritz, igo-91 Remnick, David, 584 Reparations Commission, 104 Republicans, Spanish, 313 Restoration of a Professional Civil Service, Law for (Germany, 1933), 30'7 
Revolutionary War Council of the Republic, 65 
Revolutionary Workers' Council, 86 Riabtsev, K. L, 45 
Ribbentrop,Joachim von,356-7,413, 445,468,508
-
9 
Ritter, Robert, 334,337 
Ritter von Lech, Field Marshal Wilhelm, 438 
Rittersporn, Gabor Tamas, 521 Robespierre, Maximilien de, 159 Rodichev, F. I, (Kadet Party leader), 22 
Rodzianko, Mikhail V, 23 
R6hm, Captain Ernst, 97,110, 
111, 
113,187-8,2o8,3O9,3IO Rokossovsky Marshal Konstantin K., 551-3,590 
Roma, 
see 
Gypsies 
Romania, 73,89,100,373,393,431, 587; mass killings of Jews in, 416-18, 441; postwar, 555,592; Soviet coun
teroffensive against, 509,532,554 ROmanOVS, 22, 23, 27, 28, 65, 68, 99 R6meris, Mykolas, 395 
Rommel, Field Marshal Erwin, 16, 438,509 
Roosevelt, Eleanor, 594 Roosevelt, Elliott, 548 Roosevelt, Franklin D, 439, 484
-
7, 526,543-8,550,552
-
9,569,591; death o$ 570,592 
Roosevelt, Theodore, 331 Rosenberg, Alfred, 99,432 Rosenberg, Arthur, 84-5 Rotefrontkampferbund (Red Veter

ans' League), 207 Royal Air Force, 500 Rudin, Ernst, 333 Rudnev, V. V., 45 Rundstedt, General Gerd von, 379, 38o,438 
Russian Civil War, 3,6o, 62-77,140-2, 148,171,172,261; de-Cossackization in, 70-2; famine during, 74-6; pogroms in, 6,69 
Russian Federation, 148,149,177,241, 249 
Russian General Staff, 36,37 Russian Revolution, 3-5,7,85,88,99, 102,120, 141, 148,308,311; export of, 68,73; factionalism and, 126; neces
sity of repression to maintain, 252; Of1905,26-7,48,135; of October, 1917, 
see 
October Revolution Russian Social Democratic Labor Party (RSDLP), 23,26,29,132,137; All-Russian Conference of, 136; factions of, 
see 
Bolsheviks; Menshe
viks
;
 'Unity Congress' o$ 27 Russo-Japanese War, 135 Rykov,AlekseiL,269,273,274,581 
SA (Sturmabteilung; Brownshirts), 107,110,187-8,193, 207, 216, 220, 291,3o4;banned by Hindenburg, 209; in Beer Hall Putsch, 114; clashes between Communists and, 195, 209-11,292,295,303;deputy police from ranks Of, 296; founding of, 187; 
INDEX 
691 
funerals of leaders of, 295-6,532; and Hitler's appointment as chan
cellor, 222; Jews attacked by, 215, 315,316,324,326; purge Of, 309-10; rebellion against Nazi Party by, 207-8 
Saarland, return to Germany of, 311-12 
Sachsenhausen concentration camp, 326,338,341 
St. Petersburg University, 24,25 Sapir, Boris, 59 
Savior in the Wood, Church of (Moscow), 258 
Schacht, Hjalmar, 200 Schaeffer, Fritz, 289 Scheidemann, Philipp, 83, 87, 94 Scheubner-Richter, Max Erwin von, 99,111,113,115 Schirach,Baldurvon,192,534 Schirach, Henriette von, 534 Schleicher, Kurt von, 204-5, 209, 211, 
212,219,220,310 Schr6der, Kurt von, 2I9 Schr6der, Ludwig von, 399 Schulenburg,Friedrich Werner Graf von der, 471 
Schutzformationen (Schufos;Protec
tive Formations), 207 
Schwarz, Franz Xaver, 187 Schwede-Coburg,Franz,366 Schwerin von Krosigk, Lutz Graf, 221 Scott, John, 263 
SD (Sicherheitsdienst),324,326-8, 352,353,363,369,374,398,421-2, 467 
Sebastian, Mihail, 416-17 
secret police: Nazi, 
see 
Gestapo; Soviet, 161,172,175,249(see also Cheka; GPU; NKVD; OGPU) Seeckt, General Hans von, 
I12 
Seifert, Gustav, 188 
Seisser,Hans Ritter von, 
112-14 
Semlin concentration camp, 399 Serbia, 398,399,415 Serebriakov, Leonid, 270,272 
Serebrovsky, A. S., 331-2 Seytmuratova,Ayshe,516 Shaposhnikov, Marshal Boris, 401, 492 Sharypina, Yelizaveta, 491 
Shaw, George Bernard, 260 Shchastny,Admiral A. M., 51 Shcherbakov,Aleksandr,493 Sholokhov, Mikhail, 234,273 show trials, 145,
1
61
-
2,269-76,279, 347 
Shtemenko, General S. M, 504 Shulgin, Vasily, 22 
Simonov, Konstantin, 590 Sinta,see Gypsies Slovakia, 415,466 SMERSH, 529 
Smolensk City Party Committee, 268 Smolny Institute, 32, 36, 37, 41 Sobibor death camp, 457, 460, 462, 539,587 
Sobolev, Party Secretary, 254 
Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD),104,113,124,219,2961-7,312; banning of, 301,357; in elections, 125,18q,t9o,196,204,2o6,217,299; Enabling Law opposed by, 301; and Hitler's appointment as chancellor, 221; 'hunger government' protested by, 201; information service of, t91; Nazi violence against, 296; Nazi propaganda against, 214; paramili
tary groups of, 
1
95, 207; persecution of, 306; Reichstag fire and, 298,299; trade union allies of 105,187 
Socialism in one country, 157-8 'Socialist Fatherland in Danger' decree,50 
Socialists, 5,17,26-30,32,40,43,49, 54,61,293,301,302,585;agrarian, 25; anti-Bolshevik, 56; anti-Semitism and, 67,328,329; Communist oppo
sition to, 190; fundamental tenets of, 142; Hitler's view of, loo, 1o9; Ital
ian, 1o3; nationalism debated among, 138; paramilitary groups of, Ito;peasantry and, 143;Polish, 255; 
692 
INDEX 
Socialists 
(continued) 
in post-World War I Germany, 84-5, 90,92; propaganda against, 91;in resistance to October revolution, 46; underground, in Nazi Germany, 310-14,323,325,329,376
-
7; 
see also specific parties 
Social Revolutionary Party, Russian, 33, 34, 39, 42,44, 45, 72 Sokolnikov, Grigory, 35, 270, 272 Solovetski Monastery, 249 
Solovki concentration camps, 59,176, 259 
Solzhenitsyn, Aleksandr, 251, 259, 519-21,583-4 
Sonnenstein killing center, 369 Sorge,Richard,4o8 
South Africa, 55 
Soviet Academy of Sciences, 488 Soviet Writers' Congress, 258 Sovnarkom (SNK), 42-3,47,49,62, 64,147-8,182,581;capital punish
ment approved by, 51; civil liberties curtailed by, 43-4; concentration camps created by, 56,176; national
ization of banks by, 45; OGPU and, 175; Stalin on, 152, i8o; terror decree of, 57; Trotsky and, 154 
Spain, 416; civil war in, 313, 321, 359 Spanish-American War, 55 Spartacusgroup, 84,86-7 
Special Action 1005, 463 
Speer, Albert, 336, 341, 381-82,419, 526, 540, 541, 559, 574 
Spellman, Francis, 547 
Squadre d'Azioni, 
see 
Blackshirts SS (Schutzstaffel),2o7-8,216,220, 354, 362, 400, 532, 540, 566, 569; at Auschwitz-Birkenau,465,466; banned by Hindenburg, 209; brutal
ity toward Jewish women of, 534; Death's Head Units, 353,355; deputy police from ranks of, 296; doctors in,369;founding of, 
18
 7; ghettos destroyed by, 537; Himmler appointed leader of.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

The list contained the names of those Christian leaders who had already been murdered and a list of names of pastors who had not yet been killed.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

NOTE: 
 Names have been changed to protect the innocent or myself.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

Names would filter up to the governor's office, where they would be vetted by Bush's innermost circle; Rove would come by to talk to the potential candidate and, perhaps, acquire the candidate as a client for the election.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

They have assembled a gigantic genealogical data
 base at a huge repository in Utah, and are busy filling it with the names of all people whose births, marriages, and deaths have been tabulated since records began.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Every week, at special cer
 emonies in Mormon temples, the congregations meet and are given a certain quota of names of the departed to 'pray in' to their church.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

                                                                                                          Calvin may seem like a far-off 
234   GOD IS NOT GREAT 
figure to us, but those who used to grab and use power in his name are still among us and go by the softer names of Presbyterians and Bap
 tists.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

The war in Iraq that was instigated by U.S. citizen Israel-firsters and their evangelical Christian allies-whose names one day 
will 
be found heading the list of signatures on Israel's death 
xnr 
Introduction to the Paperback Edition 
warrant-has not only failed to create 
a 
secular democracy in Iraq, it has created a 
well-armed,
-
 anti-Israel Shia state that is unable and probably unwilling to control the al-Qaeda and mujahedin bleed-through across Iraq's western border into the Levant states, a process that has been under way since 2003.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

The Man Who Owns the News 1 
137 
The Wall 
Street Journal, 
along with the 
New York Times, 
 has stayed safe, in part, because people fear having their good names compromised if they go after it.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Here's a random selection of the names that pepper a few hours of conversation with her-people she's talking to, visiting with, or with whom she's discussing business opportunities: Larry Page 
Edward Tian Zhang Ziyi Sergey and Anne Brin Tony Blair 
David Geffen Barack Obama Mark Zuckerberg and Priscilla Chan Torn Perkins 
Tom and Kathy Freston Graydon Carter 
Barry Diller Michael Bloomberg John McCain Anna Wintour George W Bush Mick Jagger 
Bono 
The Man Who Owns the News 1 
335 
Christian Louboutin Diane Von Furstenberg Natalia (the Russian model) Justin Portman 
Brad Pitt 
Gordon and Sarah Brown David Cameron 
Pan Shiyi Robin Li Jiang Zemin Jiang Mianhang Steve Bing Cherie Blair Hamilton South Michelle Obama Karl Lagerfeld Mike Milken Silvio Berlusconi Richard and Lisa Perry 
It's a marked, odd, and possibly transformative shift for Murdoch: He's become an official member of the glamour estab
 lishment.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

'Bush Names Longtime Friend to Head Economic Council.'
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

They would have invoked names like Sacco and Vanzetti, Tom Mooney, and Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, 
44 • Coming of Age 
 martyrs of their progressive cause.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                                         The inti
macy which is contracted in infancy, and the friendship which is 
 religious dispositions would want matter for probation; and on this liberal principle, I look on the various denominations among us, to be like children of the same family, differing only, in what is called their Christian names.
	Glenn Beck's Common Sense: The Case Against an Out-of-Control Government, Inspired by Thomas Paine

Some of the names you'll recognize.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The evidence is clear: the Locke campaign received $5,000 in cash from a source that still has not been documented and used it to buy checks made out in the names of Buddhist monks.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

list grows as more departments change their names from crinilnaljustice to justice Studies.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

Street names, intersections, sections of town, or any mention of longitude or latitude is like a foreign language to me.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

He knew the names of most of the crew at every venue, from the security guard to the spotlight operator.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

ing to the Oneida company was the NRAs official report forms,' which, the officers complained, now 'require[d] the listing of our customers names....
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                         Constitutional Limits 
CHAPTER SEVEN 
Judicial Review of Federal Laws: The Meaning of the Necessary 
and Proper Clause   153 
CHAPTER EIGHT 
Judicial Review of State Laws: The Meaning of the Privileges 
or Immunities Clause   191 
CHAPTER NINE 
The Mandate of the Ninth Amendment: Why Footnote Four is Wrong 
224 
viii • Contents 
CHAPTER TEN
The Presumption of Liberty: Protecting Rights without
Listing Them
253
PART 
N Constitutional Powers
CHAPTER ELEVEN
The Proper 
Scope 
of Federal Power: The Meaning of the
Commerce Clause
274
CHAPTER TWELVE
The Proper Scope of State Power: Construing the 'Police Power'
319
CHAPTER THIRTEEN
Showing Necessity: Judicial Doctrines and Application to Cases
335
CONCLUSION
Restoring the Lost Constitution
354
Index of Cases
359
Index of Names
360
General Index
363
Preface 


GROWING 
up, I was like most Americans in my reverence for the Constitu
 tion.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                                                                                              Index of Names 


Ackerman, Bruce, 13, 14n, 92, 108-9, 115,357 
Adair, Douglass, 295-96 Amar, Akhil Reed, 93n, 115 Antieau, Chester, 63 
Aquinas, Thomas, 50-51n, 83
Ashurst, Henry, 352
Davie, William, 136, 285-86, 294n
Dawes, Thomas, 282
Balkin, Jack, 110n
Dickenson,John, 134,296
Barnwell, Robert, 68, 69
Douglas, William O, 230-32
Bedford, Gunning, 155, 167
Dworkin, Ronald, 92, 93-94,115,126
Benson, Egbert, 58
Berger, Raoul, 250, 257
Easterbrook, Frank, ix
Bernstein, David, 216n
Elsworth, Oliver, 131, 136, 283
Rester, Arthur, 309n
Ely, John, 244
Biden,Joseph, 79
Engdahl, David, 316
Bingham,John,61,193-94
Epstein, Richard, 265n, 279, 302n, 354n
Bismarck, Otto von, 204
Blackstone, William, 56, 61
Field, Stephen, 198-99
Bork, Robert, ix-x, 79, 90, 92, 233-34,
Fleming, James E., 91
242,253-55,257,325n
Franklin, Benjamin, 72, 290
Bowdoin, James, 282, 293n
Friedman, Barry, 268
Bradley, Joseph, 191, 195-96, 199-201,
Fuller, Lon, 42, 101
331
Fuller, Melville, 294-95
Brandeis, Louis, 218, 225, 228
Brest, Paul, 90, 94-96, 110, 114, 115
Gardbaum, Stephen, 183-84, 227-28
Breyer, Stephen, 342
Gerry, Elbridge, 34
Brilmaye, Lea, 18
Ghorum, Nicholas, 274-75
Brown, Benjamin, 215
Giles, William, 164-65
Burke, Edmund, 56
Gillman, Howard, 222-23, 231, 331-33
Burnley, Hardin, 250-51
Goldberg, Arthur, ix, 232
Butler, Pierce, 274
Goodrich, Elizu, 81-82
Cabell, Joseph Carrington, 308
Graglia, Lino, 269n
Calabresi, Steven G, 100n
Grange, Patricia, 173, 186
Calamari, John, 101
Grayson, William, 137, 287, 288, 292n
Caplan, Russell, 234n, 242-43, 245
Grey, Thomas C., 102-3
Cass, Ronald A, 95n
Gunther, Gerald, 343
Chase, Samuel, 126, 331
Hamilton, Alexander, 129, 140-42, 158,
Chemerinsky, Edwin, 343
Clinton, George, 283
166-68,176,280,283-84,295-96,
Clinton, Robert M., 98n, 123-27
297-99,304n,322,327,336-37
Conrad, Clay S., 266
Hamilton, Walton, 226, 295-96
Cooley, Thomas M., 323-25
Harlan,John, 217-18,228,329
Corbin, Francis, 287, 294n
Hatt, H.L.A., 23
Costigan, Edward, 352
Henry, Patrick, 136-37
Cox, Tench, 295 
Crosskey, William, 296-97, 300 Currie, David, 177-78, 183 Curtis, Michael Kent, 61 Cushman, Barry, 228-29 
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, Jr., 210, 214-18, 310 
Hoover, Herbert, 228 Howard, Jacob, 65, 194 Hummel, Jeffrey, 205 Hyneman, Charles S., 131-32, 139 
Innes, James, 287 
Iredell, James, 53, 57, 294n 
Jackson, Andrew, 97 Jackson, James, 164 Jay, John, 305n Jefferson, Thomas, 125, 128, 137-38, 158, 165-66,296,308,316 
Johnson, Andrew, 64, 192 
Kay, Richard, 114 
Kennedy, Anthony M., 339-42 King, Rufus, 12 
Knight, Frank H., 41 
Lansing, John, 299 Lawrence, William, 64-65 Lawson, Gary, 173, 186 Lee, Richard Henry, 287 Levinson, Sanford, 354, 355 Liggio, Leonard, 143n Livingston, Robert, 284n Locke, John, 69n, 70-71, 73-74, 75, 325
28 
Lofgren, Charles A., 98n 
Lynch, Joseph, 115, 156-57, 179 
Macedo, Steven, 269 Maclaine, William, 156n Madison, James, x, xii; on acquiescence, 23-24; on bills of rights, 138; on censor
ship, 241; on commerce, 280, 287, 289; and the Commerce Clause, 298, 305, 308-9; on constitutionality of a national bank, 158-64, 171-72, 240, 245-46, 265-66; on faction, the problem of, 33
34; and freedom of speech, 258n; on the interconnected economy, 31,5; on inter
pretation, 97-100, 158-60; on judging one's own case, 266-67; on judicial re
view/nullification, 133, 134, 137-39, 222; on majoritarianism, 32, 34, 37; on 
 McCullocb v.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                                                                                                              Maryland, 
171-72, 180
81, 184; on natural rights, 55n, 81, 238, 247; on the Necessary and Proper 
Index 
of 
Names   •   361 
Clause, 153, 155n, 156-66, 175-76, 180-81, 185-86, 187, 239, 336-37; on the Ninth Amendment, 59-60, 163-64, 224, 235-43, 245-46, 249-52; on popu
larly elected House, 35; on 'retained' rights, 54-55; on private rights and jus
tice, 70; on the Senate, 36; on slavery, 34, 38; on the Tenth Amendment, 163-64, 240; on the vagueness of commerce, 118 Marshall, John, 1, 126, 129, 135-36, 139, 168-78, 183-85, 187, 189, 287, 294, 297,301-2,323,336 
Martin, Luther, 133, 136 
Mason, George, 35, 133, 174-75, 292n McAffee, Thomas B., 108n, 244-52 McConnell, Michael, 13, 19, 119 McReynolds, James, 208-11 
Meese, Edwin, is, 90 Mercer, John, 134 Meyer, David N., 147n Millet' Samuel, 196-98, 201 M'Kean, Thomas, 156 Monroe, James, 294n 
Morgan, Edmund S, 11, 22-23, 32-33 Morris, Christopher, 13n 
Morris, Gouverneur, 35, 36, 133, 134, 275 
Nasson, Samuel, 74 
Nelson, Grant S., 284n, 289n, 313 Newsom, Kevin, 201-2 Nicholas, George, 155-56, 180 Nozick, Robert, 26,44 
O'Connor, Sandra Day, 228 
Page, John, 59, 60, 248-49 Peckham, Rufus, 212-14 Pendleton, Edmund, 156, 288 Penington, Jc, Isaac, 37, 89, 103-, Perillo, Joseph, 101 
Perry Michael, 123 Phillips, Wendell, 112n Pinckney, Charles, 57, 155n, 284n, 286 Powell, H. Jefferson, 90-91, 96-99, 106, 113, 126n 
Pushaw, Robert, Jr., 284n, 289n, 313 
Rakove, Jack N., 38, 91 
Randolph, Edmond, 35-36, 92-93,158, 165,250-51,275,287,293,307 Rawle, William, 104 
362   •   Index of Names 
Rawls, John: on just constitutions, 52; on the duty of fair play, 25n 
Bar, Joseph, 49 Reed, Stanley, 246 Rehnquist, William, 315 Reiman, Jeffrey, 21-22, 267 Roosevelt, Franklin, 109, 219 Rosen, Jeffrey, 257-58 Rothbard, Murray, 246 Rutledge, John, 275, 292 
Scalia, Antonin, 92 Schauer, Frederick, 23, 125 Sedgwick, Theodore, 58-59, 248-49 Shapiro, Martin, 332 
Sherman, John, 66-67 
Sherman, Roger, 35, 55, 57, 60, 133, 243, 246-47, 258n, 275 
Simmons, John, 26-27 Smith, George, 82o Smith, Melancton, 284 Smith, William, 181 Solum, Lawrence B., 120n Spencer, Herbert, 215 Spooner, Lysander, vii-viii, xi-xii, 29-30, 99n,105,106n,112n,126n 
Stevens, John Paul, 151, 344, 345 Stone, Harlan Fiske, 229 
Stone, Michael, 164, 181 Sutherland, George, 295 Swayne, Noah, 202 
Taylor, John, 172-73 Thayer, James, 224-25 Thomas, Clarence, 151, 321, 343 Tiedeman, Christopher, 210n, 319, 328-31 
Tighman, William, 225 Tribe, Laurence, 323 Trumbell, Lyman, 63-64 Tucker, St. George, 102, 181-83, 188, 241-43,249,258n,300,323 Turner, Charles, 282, 293n 
Waismann, Frederich, 118 Warren, Earl, 262 Washington, Bushrod, 62, 65, 66, 74, 151, 194,196,198-99,202 
Washington, George, 13, 165, 168, 250, 298 
West, Robin, 49 
Whittington, Keith, 119-23, 125 Williams, John, 155 Williamson, Hugh, 134 
Wilson, James, 56, 133, 134-35, 156,256,259,275, 
285 
Wilson, James F., 64 Woodbridge, Frederick, 66 
Yoo, John Choon, 243-44 
Zywicki, Todd, 206 
General Index 


agency theory of government, 72-73, 187 aggregate affects principle, 314-15 Alien and Sedition Acts, 158n, 182n amendments: Ackerman's theory of unwrit
ten, 108-9, 357; importance of requiring written, 106-7, 351-53 
among the several states, original meaning of, 297-302, 313-14 
Anti-Federalists, 36, 38, 243 
 Bedford proposal, 155, 157, 167-68 benefits received.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

They impart a sly charm with model names like 'The Barber Shop,' which had a starting price of $169,000.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

Even today, the Americans and the Israelis don't know the names of Hezbollah's field commanders.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

The list contains generalized names and aliases (for instance, 'Mohammad Zia' and 'Abdullah Ahmed') that are shared by tens of thousands of persons worldwide.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

All that matters is that you are good at surviving and reproducing your genes.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

                                                  We know our species is surviving just fine without our help, that kill
ing someone will sit heavy on our conscience and probably land us in jail, that throwing poo is never the answer to our 
In the Event of My Untimely Demise 
problems, and that monogamy-though seemingly in de
 fiance of Hugh Hefner's entire existence and our genes' desire that we shower the world with semen-is actually quite a nice thing.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

Her hair is auburn, her eyes are blue, and she's got a winning, boisterous personality that she attributes to her Irish Catholic genes.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                                                                              See ERs Emotional Brain, The (LeDoux), 217 emotions and the brain, 208-10, 216-20 empathy, as survival tool, 322 
Eny, 213 
ERs (emergency rooms), 85-110 heart attacks and, 108-10 probability of survival, 92-96 survival formula, 96-101 Estonia, 31-34, 41-44, 46, 47-48 evacuation during plane crashes, 64-77 Explorers Club, 120-21 
FAA (Federal Aviation Administration), 64-65,70-75,80,327 Fairchild Air Force Base, 128 
faith, 130-60 
Anne Hjelle and, 130-34, 150-51 the Believer, as Survivor Type, 309 benefits for longevity, 139-46 'fear no evil,' 134-36, 214 
God Helmet and, 158-60 miracles and, 151-57 Mount Everest and Pasang and, 123-24 Resilience Prescription and, 271 
role of prayers, 146-51 survival formula and, 99-100 
as 
survival tool, 317 
fear, 208-32 
Baskerville effect and, 224-27 brain and the emotions, 208-10, 216-20 
lost person behavior and, 228-32 role of faith, 134-36, 214 
smell of, 220-24 
switching off and channeling into action, 210-15 
fear conditioning, 216-20 'fear no evil,' 134-36 Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), 64-65,70-75,80,327 
Index 377 
feline high-rise syndrome, 341113 Field Manual for Survival (US Army), 235-36 
Fighter, the, 308 fighting spirit, 23611 fight-or-flight response, 209-10, 226 fish oil, 270 
5-HTT gene, 263-65, 271 Five Row Rule, 78-79 flight attendants, profiling by, 63-65 flow, as survival tool, 325 fludarabine, 240111 
formula for luck, 191-94 formula for survival, 96-101 factor one: you, 97, 107 factor two: circumstances, 97-99, 107 factor three: intangibles, 99-100, 107-8 
Fortuna, 190 
four, number, 224-26, 225n Frankl, Viktor, 168, 168n, 319 free falling, 82-84, 341-43 Freud, Sigmund, 199-200 Friedlander, Henry, 172-73 friendly-fire syndrome, 79-80 
Gales, Ed, 78-80 
Garcia, Jose Alonso, 241-43 Garvey, Michael, 342 gender 
longevity and, 139, 206 
plane evacuation times and, 64-65 generosity, 333-34 
 genes (genetic factors).
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

The issue of 'genetic discrimination' in the United States was discussed on page Al of the May 2, 2008 issue of the 
New York 
 Times in an article titled 'Congress Clears Bill to Bar Bias Based on Genes.'
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Why was I different? Too many male genes 
 rro open: love, sex, .~,,,/
	Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage

Each was caused by an antigen shift, by radical changes in either the hemagglutinin or the neuraminidase antigens, or both, or by changes in some other gene or genes.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                               Hellman, Samuel, 27n hemagglutinin,103, 104, 109, 110, 111, 114,247 
Hemingway, Ernest, 393 
hemolytic streptococci, 284, 285, 290, 413,418 
Hemophiius influenzae, see Bacillus influenzae 
Henle, Jacob, 28,51 
Henry Phipps Institute, 2, 428, 429, 430,431,442,444 
Herter, 
Christian, 72, 73, 388 
Hippoc ates, Hippocratic methods, 6, 16,17-19,22,23,25,26,49 Hitler, Adolf, 388 HIV,99,105,106,246,450,452 Hollows, Alfred, 333 
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 31,124 Holt, L. Emmett, 72, 73,165 homeopathy, 29,72,86,353-54 Hong Kong flu (1968),115 
Hong Kong flu (1997),111-12,114, 250,380,456 
Hoover, Herbert, 126,205,384--85, 388 
Hoover, Irwin,383,385 Hoover, J. Edgar, 206   - Hopkins, 
see 
Johns Hopkins University Hopkins,Johns, 33 
House, Edward, 126,381,382,384 Howe, Louis, 304 
Howell, W H., 62 Hume, David, 20 humours, bodily, 17,18, 49 Hunter, John, 20-21,28,30,107 Huxley, Thomas H., 11, 12-14,34, 264,421 
Hylan,John, 268-69 hypothalamus, 248 
Illinois, 337 
immune system, 17,59,107-9,146, 154-55,24617,248 influenza and, 104,106,109-11, 114,247-50,256,257,363, 398 
Galen,17-19,22,25,26,49
335,351
Gallwitz, Max von, 303
Gregory, Thomas, 123
gangrene, 139,145,146
Griffith, Fred, 421-22
Gardner, Augustus Peabody,150
Grist, Roy, 187,188
Gates, Frederick, 72, 75, 76, 77, 80
Guam, 363,364
genes, 24,28,99,100,103,104,105,
 Gunnison,Colo.,345-46,359
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

Jammed in the well of the House, Waldman and Sperling high-fived each other.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

A major speech would start with Baer or Waldman writ
 ing an outline and then sitting around the computer with Sperling and Reed filling in the details.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                                                                  Jesse, III Karpinksi, Gene 
Klain, Ronald Krupp, Fred Kunin, Madeline Leahy, Senator Patrick Matthews, Chris Mazzoli, Ron Mintzberg, Eliot Nagourney, Adam Norquist, Grover Ornstein, Norman Reed, Bruce 
Romero, Anthony Ross, Kim Rubenstein, David Scowerof , Admiral Brent 
(Navy, retired) Shipley, George Shirley, Craig 
252   NOTES 
Sloan, Cliff   Trippi, Joe 
Smith, James Allen   Valenti, Jack 
Sperling, Gene   Wilcove, David 
Sununu, Senator John   Williams, Brian 
NEWSWEEK 
INTERVIEWS 
In addition to interviews listed above, specifically conducted for this book, I rely on quo
tations from interviews I have done over the years in the course of reporting stories for 
 Newsweek.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                               See also Russia Speakes, Larry, 173 
special interests, 231 Specter, Arlen, 59, 122, 123 Sperling, Gene, 19r-92, 193 Springfield, Illinois 
Lincoln speech in, 2t, 22, 23, 29 Obama speech in, 21, 22-23 stare decisis principle, 114, 116 Start, Kenneth, 1o9 
State 
as force for domination, r8 
and foreign relations, 198, 201, 
zoo, 
207-8 
See also federalism 
State Department, U.S., 89, 202 states' rights, 14, 144, 
1
49, 
1
54, 
1
55 Steinbeck, John, 217 
stem-cell research, 15-16, 59-6o, 73, 122, 
1
54
-
55 
 Stone, Geoffrey R., 82, 86 'Straight Talk Express,' 229 strip mining, 219, 221-23, 225 Sullivan, New York Times v.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

An expert on the 1920s, Pietrusza has served on the Board of Directors of the Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

They are nominated by regional 
4 
Declaration of Independence 
The Political Economy 
of Central Banking 
37 
38 
BERNANKE'SBACKDROP 
 boards of directors and approved by the Fed's board of governors.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Having agreed on conver
 sion prices for the annuities and other debt instruments, the directors of the South Sea Company stood to profit if they could get the existing holders of government annuities to accept South Sea shares at a high market price, since this would leave the directors with surplus shares to sell to the public.'
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

I do believe that my honestly being able to say to 
246   
Chris Gardner 
 the BART board of directors, 'Look, I know this system better than any of these guys from Merrill Lynch or Solomon Brothers because I used to live on BART' made the difference.
	The Pursuit of Happyness

a board of directors) to meet regularly, over
 see the company's operation, and issue annual reports on the company's progress.
	Investing in One Lesson

Rubber-stamp directors who rarely buck the chairman 
 or challenge the CEO are unfortunately all too common.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                                              See also specific banks 
Bank for International Settlement (BIS), 114 
Bank holding companies, 147 Banking industry: 
during Great Depression, 27 historical perspectives, 15-17 loans to, 32 
regulation of, 17, 119 TARP, 12, 17
5
-176, 178 Banking regulators, 238-239 Banking sector, 223, 264 Banknotes, 16-17 
Bank of America (BoA): 
bailout money to, 223-224, 227, 274 failure of, 6, 12, 145, 176, 178, 200-201, 218-222,273,281 
Merrill Lynch acquisition, 203-204 Bank of England, 19 
Bank of New York Mellon, 222 Bank runs, 17, 29, 80 Bankruptcy: 
economic impact of, 200, 208, 290 largest in U.S. history, 
see 
Lehman Brothers 
protection strategies, 277 rate of, 31-32 reorganization, 40-41 Barclays, 191, 219, 281 Bargain hunters, 83 Bear market, 246 Bear Stearns: 
failure of 6, 12, 15, 72, 132, 136-137, 141,144,151,153-154,176-177, 185-193,195,204,206-207,211, 232,249,252-253,255-256,273 lessons from, 192-193 
senior management compensation, 199 
'Bear Stearns rule,' 144 Berkshire Hathaway, 154-155 Bernanke, Ben, 5, 16, 32, 93, 129, 147-148,177,179-180,190,203, 208-209,216,219,232,234-235, 296 
Bethlehem Steel, 25 Bildt, Carl, 275 Bipartisanship, 260 Black Monday, 54-56 
Index 
317 
Blame for economic conditions: misplaced, 251-261 
targets for, 226, 231-249 Blankfein, Lloyd, 200 Blinder, Alan S., 138 Bloomberg, Michael, 296 Blow-off tops, 81-82 Blue chips: 
corporate bonds, 109 stocks, 61-62 Boards of directors, 199 Bond fund management, 106-109 Bondholders, 275, 277 
Bond insurance, 156 
Bond market, 17, 71, 107, 112 Bond-rating agencies, 246 
Bonds, types of, 29, 32, 71, 109, 111, 156, 178, 186, 204, 275 
Bond traders, 65 
Bonuses, see Incentive programs with bailout money, 223, 275 stock options, 197 
 Boockvar, Peter, 277-278, 295 Boom-and-bust cycles, 17, 19, 23.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                              to a foreign publishing conglomerate controlled by a man whose journalistic 
The Man Who Owns the News 1 
157 
approach appears alien to us and whose commitment to our city is untested,' declare 'the editors, writers, artists, and photographers' of 
New York 
 magazine in a letter to the board of directors.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

(The irony here is that Buffett has invested heav
 ily in Dow Jones after the announcement of Murdoch's proposed deal and is actively calling directors and urging them to sell.)
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                    And as the New Mexico GOP documented in 
22   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

March 2007, Richardson's role in the bankruptcy and securities fraud scandal of fraud-ridden software company, Peregrine Sys
tems, had been widely publicized: 
Richardson served on the board of directors of Peregrine Sys
 tems from February 2001 to June of 2002, during a period when the company was covering up accounting fraud to the tune of $509 million in overstated profits and $2.6
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Special thanks to the members of the HS Dent Financial Advisors Network and its board of directors: Bill and Phyllis Nelson, Mike Robertson, Beth Blecker, Joe Clark, Don Creech, and Daryl LePage.
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              3,1910-1920 
Rhode Island 
Historical Society Charles Chapin papers 
Rockefeller University 
Archives Paul Lewis papers 
Reports to the Board 
of 
Scientific Directors 
Sterling Library, 
Yale University Gordon Auchincloss papers Arthur Bliss Lane papers Vance C. McCormick papers Frederic Collin Walcott papers Charles-Edward Winslow papers 
Temple University 
Special 
Collections 
Thomas Whitehead papers 
Temple University 
Urban 
Archives Carson College for Orphan Girls Children's Hospital, Bainbridge Clinton Street Boarding Home Housing Association of Delaware Valley papers Rabbi Joseph Krauskopfpapers 
Pennsylvania Hospital 
Pennsylvania Society to Protect Children from Cruelty Philadelphia Association of Day Nurseries Whosoever Gospel Mission of Germantown 
Young Women's Boarding Home Association of Philadelphia 
Report of the Hospital of the Women's Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1919 
Tennessee 
Historical Society Oswald Avery papers 
University 
of North 
Carolina, Chapel Hill Milton Rosenau papers 
509 
510 
University of Pennsylvania Archives George Wharton Pepper papers 
Secondary Sources 
NEWSPAPERS 
Arizona Gazette Arizona Republican Boston Globe Chicago Tribune London Times Los Angeles Times New Orleans Item New Orleans Times-Picayune New York Times Philadelphia Inquirer Philadelphia North American Philadelphia Public Ledger Providence journal 
San Francisco Chronicle Santa Fe Monitor (Kansas) Seattle Post-Intelligencer Seattle Times 
Washington Post   ' Washington Star 
ARTICLES 
 Advertisements in the Laryngoscope.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

Russian emigr€s were not allowed to join, nor were Czech nationals.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Russian dmigrds were not allowed to join, nor were Czech nationals.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Because the British had always 
186 
 held these jobs, keeping nationals in the less-skilled jobs, few Iranians had the skills necessary to fully run the oil apparatus.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

                                                                         And what Gal
lagher and Hoyt referred to as 'partying,' Harvath saw as most likely developing rela
 tionships with non-Canadian nationals and gathering intel.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

                                                                                                                                                               For the slave masters who had to discern the cloaked 
CHAPTER 
The Birth of Political Correctness and the White Man's Newest Burden 


W
 hile it was economics that drew Europeans to Africa in search of inexpensive overseas labor power for their expanding global empire, labor they used in their colonies to produce cheaper raw materials for the con
 sumer products demanded by their growing populations back home, slavery also rested on religious foundations.
	Racial Paranoia

The Downside of Greenspan's Chairmanship
Acknowledgments 
 Why Bernanke? I've always thought I had 'a book in me'; that is, that I could bring serious economics to a broad audience.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Jan 2004   Aug 2004   Mar 2005   Nov 2005   Jun 2006   Jan 2007   Sep 2007 
34 
BERNANKE'SBACKDROP 
SUPPLY-SIDE ECONOMICS 
Up to this point we have focused on how the Fed trades off infla
 tion and unemployment.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Instead, the transcripts offer-to quote William Greider-'the dry and cautious language of economics, technical talk that was not very quotable.'Z°
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

After decades of research on monetary economics and several years as a Fed governor, he had developed a clear agenda.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

With this proposal he also introduced a new tongue twister to the economics literature: the optimal long-run inflation rate, or OLIR.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

No doubt this will rival the NAIRU (nonaccelerating inflation rate of unemployment) as one of the hardest-to-remember acronyms in economics.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

If you want to impress your friends, drop this double dose of economics jargon at your next dinner party: 'Of course if the Fed is able to keep the unemployment rate near NAIRU they should be able to achieve their OLIR.'
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                                           
REARRANGING THE ECONOMICS TOOLKIT 
Over the years a widening gap has developed between academic re
 search and what business economists and policy makers do.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

By contrast, business and policy economics remains decidedly low tech: most of the interesting ques
 tions need to be answered quickly and are not easily modeled.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

There is a growing economics literature on this topic, including several studies 
200   
BERNANKE'S BEGINNING FIGURE 15-4 
U.S. PCE shares, 2006 
Core services 57% 

 Source: Department of Commerce; International Trade Commission.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                                                                                                                                                 Joseph L. Mankiewicz, All 
About 
Eve, screenplay 
Index 

Abate, Joe, 89 Abe, Kenji, 192 Abel, Andrew B., 21 Akerlof, George, 21 Andrews, Edmund, 198 Andrews, Mark, 46 Asian financial crisis, 70 asset bubbles 
asymmetric approach to, 148-151 identification of, 149-150, 152-153 lags with, 150 
policy response to, 87-90, 147-158,207-208 popping of, 150 asymmetric risk management, 148-151 
Baker, Dean, 182-183 Baker, Howard, 46 banking crisis, 22-25, 170-171, 176, 177 
Bank of England, 87, 98 Bank of Japan (BOJ), 98, 120, 121-122 
bank runs, 179 Bartiromo, Maria, 190 Bentsen, Lloyd, 49 Bernanke, Ben 
agenda of, 8, 93-94 appointment of, 1-2 asymmetric market management approach of, 149-151 
communication by, 105-108, 141-145,189-194 criticism of, 165, 181-183 
on deflation, 115-116, 119-124 democratic style of, 109-110, 132-136 
economic conditions inherited by, 3-5,168-179 
on economic forecasting, 128-132 
on fiscal policy issues, 145 future outlook for, 203-210 Great Depression studies of, 113-119 
Greenspan's implicit criticism of, 171-172 
inflation target push by, 95-112, 134 
on Japanese deflation, 119-123 nonpartisanship of, 198-199 performance ratings for, 9-10, 181-201 
reappointment of, 204-205 risk-management approach of, 159-164,177-179 
Wall Street reaction to appoint
ment of, 2-3 
Black Monday, 69 Blinder, Alan, 2, 74, 76 Bouey, Gerald, 97 
budget balance, 77, 78-79, 209 Bunning, Jim, 1, 45 
230 
INDEX 
Burns, Arthur communication style of, 52 as Fed chairman, 2 
policy performance of, 38-39, 64, 200-201,203-204 
Bush, George H. W, 44, 47-48 Bush, George W, 1, 44, 49, 77, 204 Byrd, Robert, 46 
capital markets crisis 
Fed response to, 2, 177, 182-183 lack of prediction of, 183-185 Central Bank of Norway, 98 China, 67, 75, 172, 196, 197, 199 classical economics, 5, 15 Classical-Keynesian synthesis frame
work, 5-6, 15-17, 25-26 Clinton, Bill, 44, 48-49, 77, 204 commodity prices, 65-66, 185-186 communication 
under Bemanke, 105-108, 141-145,189-194 by Fed, 6, 9, 51-58 
under Greenspan,80-82 Congressional Budget Office, 79, 196 congressional oversight, 43, 44 Conrad, Kent, 79 
constructive ambiguity, 51-56, 80-82,100,141-145 consumer expectations, 187 consumer prices, 4, 38, 175, 186 consumer spending, home values and, 22-23, 31 
Council of Economic Advisers (CEA), 56, 61, 195 Cramer, Jim, 25 
credit markets 
bail out of, by Fed, 187 crisis in, 4, 22 monetary policy and, 21 tightening of, 23-24, 191, 193 
Darda, Michael, 182 Darman, Dick, 48 DeConcini, Dennis, 46 deflation 
 during Great Depression, 113-114,116 injapan,114,119-123,175 problem of, 14, 115-116, 174-175 ways to combat, 123-124, 173 Depression.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                                                                                                         See 
also 
federal funds rate 
changes in,4,177,178,182 deflation and, 175 discount rate, 29 
economic logic of, 41 
impact of, on consumer spending, 31 
inflation premium on, 41 International Monetary Fund (IMF), 196 
Ip, Greg, 83 
Japan 
deflation in, 114, 119-123, 175 land prices in, 122 
Joint Economic Committee of Con
gress, 43 
Kemp, Jack, 46 
Keynesian economics, 5, 15 King, Mervyn, 52, 166, 171 Kohn, Donald, 98-99, 135, 137, 149 Krugman, Paul, 195 
Kuttner, Ken, 192 
labor market, demographic changes in, 20 
lending rules, 21, 23-24, 31 liquid assets, of Fed, 178-179 liquidationist thesis, 117, 158 long-term capital management, col
lapse of, 70 
 MacAvoy, Paul, 56 macroeconomic forecasting, 5-6.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Mr. Harris has a PhD in eco
 nomics from Columbia University and a BA in economics from Clark University.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Ballantne, for his part, was more arch: 'As I watched [his] ex   
11   
there were times when I wished 
266 
JONATHAN ALTER 
THE HUNDRED DAYS 
267 
Franklin Roosevelt had managed to 
spend 
more time in college on some of our excellent instruction 
in 
 economics and government.'
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

This time the focus was on economics and the domestic scene.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

The combination of ideology, racism, economics, and raw ambition had deadly consequences for untold thousands who eventually slaved in SS camps.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                         104 11 INSIDE THE REVOLUTION 
school, he enrolled at King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, ostensibly to study management and economics but also to find and make com
 mon cause with like-minded jihadists.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                                                                        Bulls and Bears 
On 
16 
October 
1929 
Yale University economics professor Irving Fisher declared that US stock prices had `reached what looks 
157 
THE ASCENT OF MONEY 
 like a permanently high plateau'.'
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

                                                                                                                                                                His book 
315 
THE ASCENT OF MONEY 
The Alchemy of Finance 
(1987) begins with a bold critique of the fundamental assumptions of economics as a subject, reflecting the influence on his early intellectual development of the philos
 opher Karl Popper.'
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

                                        Davis, Jefferson 93 Dawkins, Richard 356 Dearborn 242 
death, causes of 183-4 debt/debts: 
debtors' prisons 6o 
debt vs. income balance 281 moratoria 301 
mountain image 71 origins of 
see 
credit securitization 
see 
securitization transferability (pay the bearer) 30 unreliability and hostility of 
debtors 2, 37-8, 59-61 decimal system 32 
defence 
see 
arms 
deficits, government I18, 307, 30
-
9,3
11
,3
1
3 deflation Io6, 164, 296 Defoe, Daniel 145-6 
Delane, John 95 Delors, Jacques 312 democracies 
see 
property-owning democracies; representative governments 
Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) x66-7 
deposit insurance 57 depreciation 263 depressions 163 absence of after Second World War 164-6 
Depression economics 313 
see 
also financial crises; Great Depression 
Derenberg & Co. 299 derivatives 4-5, zz7-8, 353 dangers of 228, 353 
,
over-the-counter' (OTC) 4-5, 228, 353 
 surge in 2.28,
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Politically, I came to realize, they were harbingers of the new era, in which 'cultural politics' would be, or would seem, as important as the economics-based 
THE ROLE OF FAITH   69 
 politics that traced its roots to the New Deal.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Washington loves gurus, and in the 196os and 1970s, the reigning one in economics was a long-dead Englishman named John Maynard Keynes.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                                                                 In the spring 
102 - GREENSPAN S BUBBLES 

of 2000, Grant publicized a study by Robert J. Gordon, a Northwestern University economics professor, who had prepared for the Congressional Budget Office a paper with a shocking revelation: 
There has been no productivity growth acceleration in the 99% of the economy located outside the sec
 tor which manufactures computer hardware....
	Greenspan's Bubbles: The Age of Ignorance at the Federal Reserve

I've written columns and guest articles for numerous publications, including the 
Wall Street Journal, Forbes, 
my own newsletter 
Forecasts & Strategies, 
and an e-letter for Investment U. Relying on my background and expert
 ise in 'Austrian' economics (I'm one of only a handful of financial economists who use the business cycle model of Ludwig von Mixes and Friedrich Hayek), I've made some good predictions, as well as a few blunders.
	Investing in One Lesson

And Robert Shiller, an economics professor at Yale University, published his bestseller, 
Irra
tional Exuberance, 
 displaying a chart of the S&P 500 Index at a point 'far higher than the historical average' and predicting that stocks would likely decline sharply.
	Investing in One Lesson

                 Burton G. Malkiel, a professor of economics at Princeton Uni
versity, sums up the efficient market theory as follows in his classic book, 
A Random Walk Down Wall Street: 
The Strategy   
97 
 It means that short-run changes in stock prices cannot be predicted.
	Investing in One Lesson

As Adam Smith, the father of market economics, once declared, 'Little else is required to carry a state to the highest degree of opulence from the lowest level of barbarism, but peace, easy taxes, and a tolerable administration of justice.'
	Investing in One Lesson

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            OTHER BOOKS 
BY MARK SKOUSEN 


The Complete Guide to Financial Privacy 
High Finance on a Low Budget, 
co-authored with Jo Ann Skousen 
Tax Free 
Scrooge Investing 
The Making 
of 
Modem Economics The Power 
of 
Economic Thinking The Big Three in Economics 
The Compleated Autobiography by Benjamin Franklin, 
compiler 
and editor 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 


The lesson 
of this book is derived from the relatively new science of 'behavioral economics,' and I wish to thank in particular Jeremy Siegel at the Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania, whose research has been invaluable, as well as Robert Shiller at Yale Univer
 sity and Richard Thaler at the University of Chicago.
	Investing in One Lesson

                                                                                                                                    See also 
contrarians 
Barnes & Noble, 23 
Barron's, 
56 
Baruch, Bernard, 46, 76, 141 Batra, Ravi, 61 
bear markets, 3, 53, 61, 68-69,81,90,94,123 
166 

Beating the Dow (Michael O'Higgins and John Downs), 105 
Beating the Street (Peter Lynch), 72 
behavioral economics, 65-66, 163 
Berkshire Hathaway, 129 Bernhard, Arnold, 17, 31, 81, 123 
Biddle, Nicholas, 127 'Big Blue' (International Business Machines), 71-72 
'Big Oil' (Standard Oil or ExxonMobil), 71-72 Bogle, John, 145 
bonds, 100, 127-34 'book' valuation, 31-32 Borders, 23 
Brandywine Realty Trust (BRT), 108 
brokers, 120-21, 143 Browne, Harry, 12, 115, 123-24 
bubbles, 23, 40, 63, 69, 77, 90 
Buffett, Warren, 18, 23, 54, 95,97,128-30,145 Building Wealth One House at a Time (John Schaub), 138 
bull markets, 23, 26, 53, 68, 80-81,90,122 
burning match, 27, 92 business development compa
nies (BDCs), 101, 106-7, 115 
business fundamentals, 41, 141-43 
Business Week, 49 
buy/sell recommendations, 42-43,76,97,123-24, 133-34,142 
buybacks, 98-99 
C 
call options, 112-14 Canadian Oil & Gas Trusts, 110 
capital market, 53-54 capital, raising, 23-25 cap-weighted stocks, 68-69 cash dividends, 87-100 caution, 79-80 
Charter Mac (CHC), 108 CEO departures/hirings, 46 chartists (see also technical 
analysis), 43, 56-64 Chrysler, 67-68 
Cisco Systems, 25, 92, 93 Citigroup, 66, 99 Clason, George, 119 Coca-Cola, 66, 104 Colgate-Palmolive, 104 commodity stocks, 101, 109-12, 115 
Index 
index
Common Stocks and Uncom
diversified portfolios, 52,
101-3,115-16,122-25,
mon Profits (Philip Fisher),
144
49,86
competition, 43
dividend growth stocks, 100,
confidence, 79-80
103-5
conservative investors, 116,
Dividend Leaders Fund
143-44
(FDL), 105
consumption, 53-54
dividend-paying stocks, 91-92,
 contrarians, 75-83, 105.
	Investing in One Lesson

Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Prize-winning professor o£ economics at Columbia University, called it a 'system failure'-not merely one bad decision, but a cascade of many decisions that produced tragic results.'
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                                               276   
BAILOUT NATION 
The former professor at the Stockholm School of Economics sees the United States as having two options: go Swedish or turn Japanese: 
 Banks all over the world are in deep trouble.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

The Mao Who Owes the News 1 
321 
The 
Journal 
 allows as how, at the California State campus, she is regarded as one of the most talented students to pass through the school's economics department.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Conservative Los 
Angeles Times 
 columnist Max Boot has called him the most conservative Democrat in the White House since Grover Cleveland-which is saying a lot, since Cleveland was more conservative on economics than most Republican presidents.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      302 
Frenze, Christopher, 164 Friedman, Milton, 105, 146, 155, 160-61,165-66,167 Friedman, Stephen, 30, 31 Frum, David, 26-27 
Fund, John, 14,205 Furchtgott-Roth, Diana, 187 
Galbraith, John Kenneth, 46, 154, 181 
Galloway, Lowell, 164 Gasoline tax, 162 Gattuso, James, 109, 119 General Accounting Office (GAO), 101 
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), 83 
General Electric, 94, 115, 162 General Motors, 78 
George, Henry, 190 George, Robert, 13 Gephardt, Richard, 178, 199 Gigot, Paul, 9, 50 Gingrich, Newt, 74,172 Gleckman, Howard, 74,77 Global Crossing, 109 Global warming, 38,106 Goldberg, Jonah, 195 
Gold standard, 146 Goldstein, Amy, 69, 76 Goode, Virgil, 65 Gore, Al, 8, 129 Government, role of Bush's 'big government conservatism,' 2, 8, 10-11, 14, 15, 17, 92, 132, 208 
Clinton Administration and, 129-30 
conservative view of, 1, 2 liberal view of, 1, 2 
INDEX 
Government Accountability Office, U.S., 167, 173 
Government Printing Office, 22 Graham, John D., 106, 107 Graham, Lindsey, 76 
Gramm, Phil, 113 Great Depression, 82 Greenberg, Hank, 115 Greenspan, Alan, 34, 36, 161, 165, 172 
Gridlock, government spending and, 127,134,140,196-99,200 Guatemala, trade with, 96 Gutierrez, Carlos, 39-40 
Haig-Simons definition of income, 176 
Hale, David, 37 Hall, Robert, 177 Hall-Rabushka flat tax proposal, 177 
Hamilton, Alexander, 86-87 Hart-Teeter poll, 197 Hassett, Kevin, 62, 138, 173 Hastert, Dennis, 95-96 Hastings, Doc, 64 
Health Savings Accounts, 201 Highway bill of 2005, 138, 139, 199,205 
Highway Revenue Act of 1982, 162 Hoekstra, Pete, 66 
Honduras, trade with, 96 Hook, Janet, 134 Hoover, Herbert, 82 Hostile corporate takeovers, 111 House, Christopher, 55 Howard, John, 97 
Howard, John L., Jr., 40 
'How Uncurbed Entitlements Will Force Large Tax Increases,' 170 
INDEX 
Hubbard, R. Glenn, 25, 31, 34-35, 61 
Hufbauer, Gary, 90, 98 
Human Events, 
5 Humphrey, Hubert, 193 
IBM, 56 
Ignatius, David, 115-16 Immigration policy, 9, 14, 15, 16, 107,205-7 
Income tax, comprehensive, 
see 
Comprehensive income tax Indian gambling interests, 17 Inflation, 45, 47, 126, 162 indexing of Social Security benefits to, 149-50 duringjohnsonAdniinistration, 148 during Nixon Administration, 146, 147 
Inside Politics, 
75 
Interest rates, 62, 102, 126 Internal Revenue Service, 33, 181 'tax gap' estimate, 184 International Monetary Fund, 33, 94, 184 
International Trade Commission, U.S. (ITC), 86, 88, 90, 101 Investment Tax Credit, 148, 149 Iraq, invasion and occupation of, 1, 2, 10, 17, 18, 142, 156, 205 conservative criticism of, 13, 207-8 interagency coordination and, 37 Lindsey's cost estimate for, 30 neoconservatives and, 10 supplemental appropriation requests for, 135 
WMDs, failure to find, 11, 207-8 Ireland, VAT in, 187 
Isakson, Johnny, 66 Israel, trade with, 96 
303 
Issues andAnswers, 
73 Istook, Ernest, 65, 66 
Jacoby,Jeff 138 Jacoby, Neil, 158-59 Japan, VAT in, 187 Jenkins, Holman, 165, 199 Jepsen, Roger, 119 
John Birch Society, 154-55 John Deere, 78 
Johnson, Lyndon B., and Johnson Administration, 46, 84, 135, 148 Joint Committee on Taxation, 45, 63 
Jordan, trade with, 96 Junk bonds, 110-11 
Kadlec, Daniel, 198 
Kasten, Robert Walter, Jr., 178 Katrina, Hurricane, 38, 40, 80, 139, 204-5 
Keating, Dave, 199 Kemp, Jack, 160, 178 Kemp-Roth tax bill, 160, 162 Kennedy, Edward, 8, 74-75 Kennedy, John E, 144, 148, 160 tax cut of 1963, 45-46, 158-59 trade policy, 83-84 
Kennedy, Mark, 66 
Kerry, John, 13, 14, 36, 62, 77, 136, 137, 196 
Keynes, John Maynard, and Keynesian economics, 45, 46, 48, 51-52,58,148,155-56,177 King, Steve, 66 
Kline, John, 65 Kristol, Irving, 161 Krugman, Paul, 102 Kutmer, Bob, 81 Kyoto Treaty, 106, 107 
304
INDEX
INDEX
Laffer Curve, 160, 161, 203
McTague, Jim, 130
Modigliani, Franco, 53
Lame, Hugh, 124
Means, Gardiner, 110
Moffit, Robert, 70
Lay, Ken, 117
Medicare, 72, 189
Moore, Steve, 59, 133
Lazear, Edward P, 165
trustees, annual reports of, 70,
Morgenthau, Henry, 27
Leaks, 4-5
71-72,168
Morocco, trade with, 97
Leavitt, Michael, 79
unfunded liability for, 70-72,
Morris, Dick, 197, 202-3
Lesotho, trade with, 97
168-69,202
'Murder board,' 42
Lewinsky, Monica, 147, 168
'Medicare: A Ticking Time Bomb
Muris, Tim, 106
Liberal view of role of government,
for Tax Increases,' 170
Murphy, Kevin M., 165
1,2
Medicare Prescription Drug,
Murphy, Tim, 66
Lichtenberg, Frank, 73-74
Improvement, and
Murray, Alan, 37, 106, 120, 143, 170
Lichtman, Allan, 17
Modernization Act of 2003, 13,
Myrick, Sue, 66
Light, Paul, 39
16,36,64-81,143,174,192,
Limbaugh, Rush, 142-43
200, 201, 202
NAFTA, 84, 85, 96
Lindsey, Larry, 24-25, 29-31, 35,
corporations, benefits for, 77-78
Namibia, trade with, 97
49, 50, 51
costs of, 17, 65, 67-72, 80
National Conference of State
Lockheed Corporation, bailout of, 154
future tax increases and, 
see 
Tax
Legislatures, 120
Long, Michael, 11
increases, future
National debt, 50, 102
Los Angeles Times, 
70
House vote on, 64-66
interest on, 127-28
Lowry, Richard, 76
political backlash, 75-77, 80
National Economic Council (NEC),
Loyalty, Bush Administration
political rationale for, 73-74, 156
23-25,29-31,35
demands for, 3, 18, 30, 31, 39-40
unfunded liability for, 4, 11, 71,
under Rubin, 24, 31, 126
79,168
National Educational Association, 138
Macomber, Shawn, 58
Meese, Ed, 119
National Review, 11, 
29
'Mad cow' disease, 109
Melloan, George, 135, 138
National Security Council, 24
Maggs, John, 137-38
Mexico, trade with, 96
National Taxjournal, 
187
Mallaby, Sebastian, 52
Meyerson, Harold, 77
National Taxpayers Union, 138
Managers, corporate, 109-11
Milbank, Dana, 143
Neoconservatives, 10
Manchester Union Leader, 
7, 50
Milken, Michael, 111
Neugebauer, Randy, 65
Mandates on the states, unfunded
Mill, John Stuart, 87, 208
Newmark, Kathryn, 138
federal, 120
Miller, Jeff, 65
Newsweek, 
160-61
Mankiw, N. Gregory, 35-36, 95, 96
Milliken, Roger, 93
NewYork Post, 
134
Manzullo, Donald, 66, 89
Minimum tax, 149
New York Times, 
5, 40, 60, 74, 78, 93,
Mars, manned mission to, 136
Miniter, Brendan, 203
96, 98, 109, 124, 130, 132, 170
Marshall, Jim, 65
Miniter, Richard, 7
Nicaragua, trade with, 96
Marshall Plan, 83
Missile defense, 38
Nicholson,Jim,15
Martin, William McChesney, 145-46
Mitchell, Dan, 170
Niskanen, William, 166, 198
McCain, John, 80, 199
Modern Corporation and Private
Nixon, Richard M., and Nixon
McKinnon, Mark, 3
Property, The 
(Berle and Means),
Administration, 84, 121, 135,
McNealy, Scott, 114
110
141-56,193
305 
balanced federal budget and, 159 Bush compared to, 1, 19, 141-44, 153,156,194 
federal spending under, 149-51 government regulation under, 151-54,155,156 
'industrial policy,' 154-55 presidential campaigns, 144-45, 147, 149, 155, 156, 194 Social Security spending and, 149-50,151,155,156 
tax policy, 148-49, 159, 189 
wage and price controls, 146, 147, 152,155 
Watergate scandal, 147, 193 Nock, Albert Jay, 11 Nofziger, Lyn, 12, 14 Noonan, Peggy, 15 
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 84, 85, 96 Novak, Robert, 3, 11, 16, 30, 40, 50,76-77,117,201 
Nunes, Devin, 66 
Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA), 151-52, t53,155,156 
Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives, 25 Office of Management and Budget (OMB), 24, 106, 107, 108 powers of, 21-22 
Office of Policy Development (OPD), 22, 23, 24 
Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act of1987,163 
O'Neill, Paul, 27-29, 30, 53, 59, 61, 102 
Organisation for Economic Co
operation and Development, 83 
3o6 
Otter, Butch, 65, 66
Powell, Cohn,132,193
Outsourcing, 90, 94-96, 115
Presidential elections
Overseas Private Investment
1960,144-45,156
Corporation, 117
1968, 145, 194
Oxley, Michael, 113, 117
1972, 142, 147, 155, 193
1976, 12, 149, 159, 196
Panagariya, Arvind, 97
1980, 12, 195, 209
Panetta, Leon, 126, 181
1992,12,23,48,122-23,124-25,
Parker, Mike, 3
156
Payroll taxes, 128, 163, 183
1996,49
Penn Central Railroad, bailout of,
2000, 8, 42, 51
154
2004,12-14,36,62,77,119,136,
Perot, Ross, 23, 49, 84, 122
137, 144, 194, 196, 206
Perotti, Roberto, 172
2008, 19, 140, 193, 194, 195, 196,
Personal income tax, 60-61
208-9
VAT to replace, 184-85
Press, Bush and the, 41-42, 143
Peru, trade with, 97
Price controls
Peterson, Pete, 167
on drugs, 78-79
'Philadelphia Plan,' 154
under Nixon, 146, 147, 152, 155
Pierce, Kenneth, 87
Price of Loyalty, The 
(Suskind), 28
Pinkerton, Jim, 142
Productivity, regulation and, 152-53
Pitts, Joe, 65
Progress and Poverty 
(George), 190
Podhoretz, John, 3, 11, 134, 200
Progressive tax rates, 177, 180
Policy development process, 20-43
Proposition 13 in California, 160-61
Bush Administration and, 18, 20,
Protectionism, 84, 156
24-43,200-201
agricultural subsidies, 19, 86, 91-92
historically, 20-23
antidumping statutes, 98-100, 101
National Economic Council and,
bilateral trade agreements and,
23-25,29-31
96,97
Politicization of policy analysis, 30,
Chinese textiles, restrictions on
38-40
imports of, 93-94
economic policy, 37
dangers of, 82-83, 100, 101
science policy, 38
history of U.S., 82-83, 86-87
Pollock, Ron, 75-76
for infant industries, 86-87
Pollution abatement and control,
Nixon and, 153-54, 156
expenditures for, 152-53
steel tariffs, 9, 11, 19, 35, 8591, 101
Ponnuru, Ramesh,42-43
Pork barrel spending, 11, 98,
Rabushka, Alvin, 177
131-32,138-39,167,199,203,
Roach, Jonathan, 144, 198
205, 208, 213
Rawls, John, 181
INDEX 
INDEX 
Rayburn, Sam, 82-83 Reagan, Ronald, and Reagan Administration, 76, 120 discretionary spending under, 133, 135,138-39,161 
on foreign aid, 132-33 leaks, tolerance of, 4-5 Nixon's policies and, 19 outside advisors, 41 presidential election of 1980, 12, 195,209 
supply-side economics, 48, 157 tax policy, 23, 48, 60-61, 161-64, 173, 186, 214 
trade policy, 84 
Regulation, government, 103-9, 112-17,119 -20,129,151-54, 156 
Reich, Robert, 96, 118, 128 Reinhardt, Uwe, 52 Reston, James, 155 
Retail sales tax, 177, 181 Revenue sharing, 149, 155 Reynolds, Alan, 55, 62 Ribstein, Larry, 112-13 Rice, Condoleezza, 193 Richards, Ann, 117 Riedl, Brian, 169 
Right Man, The 
(Frum), 26-27 Roach, Stephen, 123 Rockefeller, Nelson, 193 Romano, Roberta, 113-14 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 27, 83, 193,205 
Rosen, Harvey, 36 Roth, Bill, 160 Rove, Karl, 15, 142, 143 Rubin, Robert 
National Economic Council headed by, 24, 31, 126 
307 
as Secretary of the Treasury, 24, 28-29,31 
'Safe harbor leasing,' 162 Safire, William, 141-42 Sager, Ryan, 137 
Sales tax, retail, 177, 181 Samuelson, Robert, 123, 142 Santorum, Rick, 165 Sarbanes-OxleyAct (SOX), 113-17, 156, 199 
Sawicky, Max, 169-70 Scarborough, Joe, 136-37 Schatz, Tom, 167 Scheiber, Noam, 144 Schiavo, Terri, 1 Schlesinger, Arthur, 27 Schmitz, John, 155 Schultze, Charles, 136 Schwab, Charles, 59-60 Science policy, 38 
Scott, David, 65 Scowcroft, Brent, 41 Scully, Tom, 69, 70 Securities and Exchange 
Commission, 110, 114-15 September 11, 2001 conservatives' criticism of Bush and, 9, 14 
new regulations after, 107 subsidies to big business after, 118-20 
Shapiro, Matthew, 55 Shareholders, corporate, 110-11 Shapiro, Dan, 171 
Shlaes, Amity, 170 Simon, Bill, 105-6 Simons, Henry, 178 Singapore, trade with, 96 Slaughter, Matthew, 36 
308 
Slovakia, VAT in, 187 
Small Business Administration, 108 Smith, Adam, 103-4, 110 
Smith, Brad, 66 Smith, Chris, 15 Smith, Howard K., 155 Smith, Nick, 66 Smith, Vernon L., 59 Smoot-Hawley Tariff, 82, 83 Snow, John, 31-34 Socialism, 154 
Social Security 
Clinton Administration efforts to save, 167-68 
indexing of benefits to inflation, 149-50 
1983 changes to,162-63,189 Nixon and, 149-50, 151, 155, 156 payroll taxes, 163, 183 
unfunded liability for, 71, 79, 169,202 
Social Security reform, 15, 16, 18, 79-80,200,202-3 
policy development for, 32, 200-201 
raising the wage cap, 172 Social Security trust fund, 32 Soros, George, 14 
Souder, Mark, 66 
South Africa, trade with, 97 Starve-the-beast theory of taxation, 157,159-61,164-67 
State Department, U.S., 24 Statement of Administration Policy (SAP), 22 
Steel tariffs, 9, 11, 19, 35, 85-91, 101 
Stein, Herb, 146, 152, 161 Steindel, Charles, 53 Stem cell research, 38 
INDEX 
Stevens, Ted, 167 Stigler, George, 105 Stiglitz, Joseph, 34, 128, 129-30 Stockfisch, J. A., 187 Stockman, David, 72-73 Strine, Leo, 113 
Stuttaford, Andrew, 7-8 Successor to George W Bush, 193-94 
Sullivan, Andrew, 137 Summers, Lawrence, 34 SuperfundAmendments of 1986, 163 
Supersonic jet aircraft, 154, 155 Supply-side economics, 48, 52, 59, 157 
Surrey, Stanley, 47 
Suskind, Ron, 26, 28, 40-41 Swaziland, trade with, 97 
Tampa Tribune, 13 Tancredo, Tom, 206 Tanenhaus, Sam, 10 Tariffs, see Protectionism Tax brackets, 180 
'bracket creep,' 47-48, 128, 173 changes in the, 49, 50, 53, 54-55, 56,126,178-79,188 progressive, 177, 178 
tax reform and, 178-79, 188 Tax credits, 57-58 
child credit, 57, 175, 179 Investment Tax Credit, 148, 149 Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982 (TEFRA), 162 
Tax increases, future, 157,168-91 economists predicting, 169-70 inevitability of, 168-70, 189 Republican Party antipathy for, 170-71 
INDEX 
tax reform to achieve, 176-91 trigger for, 18, 171-72, 188, 192 Tax policy 
 Bush, Jr. See Tax policy, Bush Administration.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

I had seen him with a Marxist economics tutor at the LSE.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

Forty years of Marxist economics had reduced it to the abysmal poverty of a Third World state.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                See also Marxism 
Marx and 
Modern 
Economics (Horowitz), 121,135 
Marxism: in American universities, 405-7; of Black Panthers, 161; DH's disillusionment with, 280, 284, 337, 358-59, 375; of George Jackson, 221-22; influence on DH, 49, 50, 89, 101-2; influence on Philip Horowitz, 8, 25, 49, 68, 87; and Jewish diaspom, 227-28; and nationalism, 142; of pro
gressive Left, 44; racism in, 278; and remaking of the world, 55, 102, 337; of SDS, 106; UC Berkeley seminar on, 274 
Marzani, Carl, 124 Masses Pr Mainstream, 79 Max (Comell student and Party cell leader), 301 
May 19 Communist Organization, 334, 335,385 
May Day demonstrations (1971), 189, 195 
Mayhew, Alice, 293 
May 2nd Movement, 131 McCain, John, 376 
460 • Index 
McCarthy, Joseph R., 68, 107, 271, 336, 393,395-96,406 
McCarthyism, 68-72, 271, 394, 395-96 'McCarthy's Ghost' (Collier and Horowitz), 394 
McDonell, Terry, 402 McGee, Willie, 79, 146, 260 McGovern, George, 166 McIntire, Mark, 429 
Media Alliance, 319, 321 MediaFile, 320 
Medved, Michael, 413 Medvedev, Roy, 193 Meeropol, Michael, 78 Meeropol, Robert ('Robbie'), 78 Meisner, Sandy, 428 
Mel (friend of Ellen Sparer), 260-61 Melanson, Richard A., 350 
Mellen, Jim, 335-36, 382 Mercarder,Jacson, 76 Middle of 
theJourney, The 
(Trilling), 90 Mikhoels, Solomon, 74 
Milhous 
(film), 336 Miliband, Marian, 134 Miliband, Ralph, 133-34, 142, 398-99, 401 
Milk, Harvey, 339 Miller, James, 104-5 Mills, C. Wright, 114 Mills, John, 387 Milton, Joyce, 301 Mindzenty, Cardinal Josef, 41 Mingus, Charlie, 103 Mitchell, Fred, 179 
Mitford, Jessica, 320-21 Mitford, Unity, 321 
Moe's Books (Berkeley), 279-80 Moiseyev dance troupe, 81 Mondale, Walter, 377 Monkees, 223 
Monopoly Capital (Baran and Sweezy), 136 
Monroe, Marilyn, 331 
Montrose, Miss (ninth-grade English 
teacher), 80 Mooney, Tom, 43 
Moore, Larry, 188 
Moorman, Sam (Countess Crespi), 355-56 
Morgenthau, Robert, 353 Mossad, 83 
Mother jones magazine, 238, 257 Mowinckel, Luggen, 121-22 
Much 
Ado About Nothing (Shakespeare), 136 
multiculturalism, 406, 408 Mumford, Lewis, 37 
My Lai, 189 
Myth 
of 
Heterosexual AIDS, The (Fu
mento), 343 
'My Vietnam Lessons' (Horowitz), 358-59,360 
Nagel, Ernest, 16 
Nation, The (magazine), 305, 393 National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People (NAACP), 108 
National Council of Churches, 194 National Forum Foundation, 404 National Guardian, 59, 116 nationalism, 278 
National Lawyers Guild, 69, 314, 315 National Liberation Front (NLF), 146, 147,149,160,196,200,376 National Mobilization of End the War in Vietnam, 167 
National Organization of Women, 171 National 
Review, 
393, 395, 429 National Security Agency (NSA), 198-99 National Students Association, 159 Nation of Islam, 161 
Nazism, 29 
Nazi-Soviet Pact, 29, 63 Nechaiev, Sergei, 82 Nehru, Jawaharlal, 131 neoconservatism,379,392-401 Nesson, Charles, 200 
New American Movement, 274 
 New Haven Seven trial, 188, 225, 241, 377, 385, 387.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

While the young Wilson had entered Hopkins as a devotee of classical economics, the influence of Ely and others led him subsequently to embrace the role of 'positive governmental action in the interests of soci
 ety.'s'
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

While she climbed the corporate ladder, she hired two 
30 
 nannies and a personal assistant to manage affairs at home, where her economics professor husband and two children lived.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                    HIGH SOCIETY 
1981, the Journal of Law and Economics published a study demonstrating that a 10 percent rise in the price of cigarettes leads to a 12 percent de
 cline in consumption among twelve- to seventeen-year-olds.
	High Society

                (ist and 2nd Choice Combined) 
TOTAL
AGES r8-29
37°%
35%
Math
32%
20%
American History/Government
29%
yo%
Writing
28%
22%
Economics
23%
20%
Science
19%
19%
World History
rr%
17%
A Foreign Language
8%
12%
The Arts (Including Music, Theater, and Visual
Arts)
7%
Ir%
Public Speaking
3%
3%
Physical Education and Athletics
2%
2%
Geography
 Everyone agrees that math is important.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                                                279 
280 
TOTAL
1ST
2ND
37%
17%
20% Math
32%
19%
13%
American History/Government
29%
17%
12%
Writing
28%
16%
12%
Economics
23%
9%
13%
Science
19%
8%
11%
World History
11%
5%
6%
A Foreign Language
8%
3%
5%
The Arts (Including Music, Theater, and Visual Arts)
7%
3%
4%
Public Speaking
3%
1%
2%
Physical Education and Athletics
2%
1%
1%
Geography
~~
y}
 
y
a
yq
t~
p
~~
p 
 i/~,a}43 4mYa.;
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

Beck (2000, 20) sees globalization taking place when 'borders become markedly less relevant to everyday behaviour in the various dimensions of economics, information, ecology, technology, cross-cultural conflict, and civil society.'
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

           APPLIED ECONOMICS 


Thinking Beyond Stage One 





THOMAS SOWELL 

Revised and Enlarged Edition 

BASIC 
13 
BOOKS 
 A Member of the Perseus Books Group rT,...,
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

        ISBN-13:978-0-465-00345-7 LCCN: 2008932670 
109876543 
CONTENTS 


1 Politics versus Economics
1
2 Free and Unfree Labor
20
3 The Economics of Medical Care
53
4 The Economics of Housing
95
5 Risky Business
133
6 The Economics of Immigration
171
7 The Economics of Discrimination
207
8 The Economic Development of Nations
238
Sources
275
Index
319
PREFACE 


T
his is the revised and expanded edition ofllpplied 
 Economics.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

         Many, if 
Applied Economics 

 not most, of those facts were gathered for me by my extraordinary research assistants, Na Liu and Elizabeth Costa.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                     
THOMAS SOWELL The Hoover Institution Stanford University 
Chapter 1 

Politics versus Economics 


I don't give a good goddamn 
what 
 Milton Friedman says.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                There are 
Applied Economics 
Politics versus Economics 

 protection' policies, 'public interest' law firms, 'profit-making' businesses, and so forth.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Political thinking tends to conceive of policies, institutions, or programs 
in 
terms of their 
hoped 
for results- 'drug prevention' programs, 'gun control' laws, 'environmental 
Applied Economics 

 see economic issues.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Other changes are negative, as when financial markets adjusted to widespread defaults on risky mortgage loans in 2007 by forcing 
Applied Economics 
Politics versus Economics 
 many borrowers and lenders of these loans into bankruptcy, and produced a tightening up on credit requirements for people who were trying to get new loans.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Often there is a belief that 
Applied Economics 

 government intervention is necessary, even if the specific form of that intervention may have to be determined in a trial-and-error process.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                  Applied Economics 

the-problems-accumulate, Calvin Coolidge act of the 
1980s' 
and was denounced in the 
New York Times 
 for having 'squandered the opportunity' to take action.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Yet such choices were verfectlv rational from 
Applied Economics 

 the standpoint of the self-interest of elected officials, given the political incentives and constraints in stage one.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Back around the time of the First World War, a young black American named Paul Williams decided to become an architect- a virtually unheard of occupation for someone of his race at that time- and turned down the only paying job he was offered at an architectural firm, in order to go to work as an office boy without pay in a more prominent architectural firm, 
Applied Economics 

 from which he expected to gain more valuable knowledge and experience.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 take a teaching post at a lesser institution where they would receive higher pay than they get from their fellowship.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Confusing the transient position of individuals in the current income stream with an enduring class 
Applied Economics 

 wealth, though one is rich only when one has accumulated wealth, not just because one has a high current income.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Nor can we assume that criminals as a whole have much higher IQs than those who are caught, since most of the serious crime committed is accounted for by those who pass through the criminal justice 
Applied Economics 

 system, and there is not enough additional serious crime unaccounted for to indicate a large number of additional criminals.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The graphs for England and 
Applied Economics 

 Wales, New Zealand, and the United States are very similar.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The asymmetrical effects of gun control laws on criminals and law-abiding citizens have been reflected in the fact that, as gun-control laws tightened in late twentieth century Britain, rates of murder and armed robbery increased, which is consistent with the 
Applied Economics 

 fact that such criminal activities became safer when there was more assurance that potential victims were unarmed.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 
 The same reasoning that would lead us to prefer competitive producers, when what is being produced is what people want, would lead us to prefer monopolistic producers- organized crime- when what is being produced is an activity that most people do not want.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Where they were expensive and not easily replaced, as in the American antebellum South, the need to preserve the existing slaves often led their owners to hire Irish immigrants to do work 
Applied Economics 

 considered too dangerous for slaves.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Despite the long hours of work and inadequate food, clothing, housing, and medical care that contributed to staggering death 
Applied Economics 

 rates, the forced labor of the inmates still did not cover the costs of the Gulags.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

As a general pattern, the more highly skilled, the more intellectually demanding, and the more responsible the roles filled by slaves, the less they 
Applied Economics 

 were treated with the brutality and contempt inflicted on slaves doing arduous manual labor.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 
 both buyer and seller in free market economies have financial incentives to weigh the productivity of the labor in alternative uses.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In the Ottoman Empire, eunuchs were in 
Applied Economics 
 great demand to work in the harems of the wealthy and, because most of the slaves who were castrated died as a result, the price of the survivors had to cover all the costs incurred capturing and transporting those who did not survive, so eunuchs were the highest priced slaves of all.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In the Western Hemisphere, brotherhoods of ex-slaves would sometimes 
Applied Economics 
 advance the money required to purchase the freedom of someone who would later pay them back.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In other words, medical conditions which neither the doctor nor the patient previously thought serious enough to require an office visit, before price controls, now took up more time by both the patient (in 
Applied Economics 

 travel time) and the doctor (in the office), thereby reducing the time available to people who had more serious conditions.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

While such things help protect the careers of medical care 
Applied Economics 

 bureaucrats, the time and resources they use up tend to reduce the care of patients.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 China has subsequently moved away from government-provided medical care.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

More than one-third of the doctors in Britain, for example, were not trained in British medical schools but have been imported from many other countries, 
The Economics of Medical Care 
Applied Economics 
 including Third World countries where the training may not be up to the standards of British medical schools.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Even in the absence of the price-control factor, having medicines or medical care paid for by third parties changes the way individuals use 
Applied Economics 

 medical care.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Even so, these are not the only financial costs created by medical malpractice lawsuits, nor are financial costs the only costs or 
Applied Economics 
 thereby reduce risks to patients.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                                                               PHARMACEUTICAL DRUGS 

The high prices of pharmaceutical drugs have been a contentious issue, though they are a relatively small part of total spending on medical care in 
Applied Economics 

 the United States- about ten percent, according to data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

When a government agency in Canada buys vast quantities of medicines for its comprehensive, government-run medical care system, and offers an American pharmaceutical company a price which covers the incremental costs of manufacturing a particular drug, but not the vast costs of developing 
Applied Economics 
 that drug in the first place, the pharmaceutical company's alternatives are (1) to lose millions of dollars in sales by not accepting the offer or (2) earn whatever money it can by accepting the offer, since the past costs have already been paid and are irrelevant to current decision-making.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

While advocates of price controls on pharmaceutical drugs refer to this as 'bringing down the cost' of these drugs, it is in fact simply refusing to pay those costs- and ignoring the consequences of that refusal, especially when 
77 
Applied Economics 
The Economics of Medical Care 

 practical effect on patients is concerned, advertising can save lives, just as creation of a new medication can.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

    As far as the 
Applied Economics 

 deaths from heart attacks.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 
question of 
how safe 
and 
how effective, 
 and at what cost, must be considered as regards the years of tests and trials prescribed by the FDAs drug approval process.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 The United States is by no means unique in either the presence or the degree of delay in approving new pharmaceutical drugs.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Conversely, delays in getting a transplant can cost the patient suffering and debilitation, and entail large medical costs for such things as kidney dialysis or other expensive treatments for other malfunctioning organs, as 
85 
Applied Economics 

 well as causing a general physical deterioration that increases the dangers of a transplant operation, if and when an organ eventually does become available.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

On the other hand, the prices 
Applied Economics 
The Economics ofMedical Care 

 waiting for organ transplants.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

While it is reasonable to expect the supply of organs to be transplanted to increase if payments to donors would become legal, that still leaves the question of 
bow much 
would the supply increase- and how much would it have to increase in order to make a dent in the huge backlog of people 
Applied Economics 

 procurement costs, even when the organ is donated without charge- but also the cost of the operation and the subsequent medical costs for both the donor and the recipient after the operation, including continuing costs for medications for the recipient to protect the donated organ from being attacked by the recipient's immune system.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 pay little or no attention to the actual cost of creating pharmaceutical drugs, training medical students, or building and equipping hospitals.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Various organized groups in a position to bargain for lower medical charges or lower drug prices- government agencies, health insurance companies, or large health maintenance organizations, for example- may receive preferential prices but the total costs do not go away and have to be 
Applied Economics 

 paid by somebody.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In addition to outright prohibitions on building anything- so-called 'open space' laws- there are planning commissions with arbitrary powers to limit 
Applied Economics 

 building permits, or to make the issuance of such permits contingent on carrying out whatever designs or ancillary amenities the planning commission members choose to impose.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Dana Yates, 'Track Battle Gets Another Day in Court,' 
The Daily journal 
(San Mateo), September 
5, 2007, 
Applied Economics 

 price of the remaining land is much higher than in places without such severe restrictions on land use.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Obviously there would be more buyers- and therefore higher prices and more profits available for those 
Applied Economics 

 existing landowners who were prepared to sell- when developers were free to determine how many houses they would build per acre than when such decisions are restricted by law.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 by policies which make 'inclusionary zoning' a cosmetic solution to a very real and very serious problem.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In the San Francisco Bay Area, the black population has moved outward over the decades, from the most expensive to the 
1?CC Pl'T1Pr1C17(N orison   
cn-- 
Applied Economics 
The Economics ofHousing 

 to compensate for the risks of breaking the law.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Among the consequences of price controls in general have been (1) a shortage, as the quantity demanded increases while the quantity supplied decreases, both in response to artificially lower prices, (2) a decline in quality, as the shortage makes it unnecessary for the sellers to maintain high quality in order to sell, and (3) a black market, when the difference between the legal price and the price people are willing to pay becomes large enough 
Applied Economics 

 Usually, rent control laws do not apply to office buildings, so there may be surplus office space, with high vacancy rates, in the same city where there is a housing shortage with virtually no vacancies available in rent-controlled apartment buildings.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 example, conventional 30-year mortgage loans charged about 8 percent interest in 1973, and that rose to about 18 percent by 1983, and then fell gradually, with small scale ups and downs, to about 6 percent by 2005.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 All of this is based on an assumption of rising home prices.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

           Among first-time 
120 
Apartments and Condominiums 
Applied Economics 

 home buyers in California, such mortgages were 40 percent of all mortgages.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Pretty talk about 'open space' can lead to some very ugly economic realities overlooked by those who do not 
Applied Economics 

 think beyond stage one.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

However, all this activity, expense, and disruptions of lives are based on the crucial- and unsubstantiated- assumption that third parties who pay no 
124 
Applied Economics 
The Economics ofHousing 

 a low-income ghetto for other groups a hundred years later.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

When the lower east side of Manhattan was a predominantly Jewish slum, it contained three times as many people per square mile as it did when it was 
Applied Economics 

 not so visible to third-party observers.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

However, even within Harlem, there were further clusterings of people voluntarily, according to their incomes, education, and times of arrival from the South, 
Applied Economics 

 the more fortunate blacks living on the outer regions of Harlem and leading the expansion of that community into surrounding white neighborhoods.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Indeed, some black middle-class communities have bitterly resisted the transplanting into 
130 
 The economics of housing is very different from the politics of housing.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The economics of housing can only make us aware of the costs of our goals
 and that these costs are inescapable, whether or not we acknowledge their existence or assess their magnitude.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Nor are economists who point out that connection likely to be as popular with them as politicians who are ready to offer solutions to rescue these motorists from their current 
Applied Economics 

 problems, using the same kind of one-stage thinking that created those problems in the first place.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Just one such dishonest employer cost Banco Popular $66,000 in cashed paychecks that could not be redeemed at the bank where the employer's account had been closed before 
Applied Economics 

 he skipped town.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Thus government emergency programs to help people struck by floods, hurricanes, and other natural disasters make it 
Applied Economics 

 easier for people whose homes have been destroyed to rebuild at the same locations, in areas where such disasters recur regularly over the years.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 up anger among elderly voters by requiring tests of physical vitality for people over a given age.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                                                                 Ownership Sharing 
As already noted, back in the days when the danger of a ship's sinking was higher than today, investors protected themselves by owning shares of a 
Applied Economics 
Risky Business 

 companies, they must collect the money needed to support themselves from lawsuits, donations, or taxes.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Since these organizations do not charge directly for their services like mutual aid societies or insurance 
Applied Economics 

 or newspaper, not to mention paper towels, stationery, notebooks and Kleenex.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

While it was true, as Nader claimed, that automobile accidents were rising, it was also true that the population of the country was rising, the numbers of cars on the road 
147 
Applied Economics 

 were rising and the miles they were traveling were rising.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Private insurance companies must either charge enough to cover the cost of dangerous situations or impose requirements to reduce those dangers, while political decision-makers can base their decisions on what will make them look compassionate- and hence more re-electable-while leaving the costs 
Applied Economics 

 crusader than denouncing the company that produced an 'unsafe' vaccine or medicine, without telling the television viewers that there are no other kinds of vaccines or medications- or anything else.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Another way of saying the same thing is that the cost of setting aside resources to cover the losses is less for an insurance company than the total of all the resources required to be set aside by each of the insured individuals to produce the same probability of being able to cover 
Applied Economics 

 the same costs.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 its submarines was trapped under the ocean, leading to the loss of the lives of all those on board.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Obvious as such considerations may seem, or even be demonstrable in hard data collected by statisticians, 
Applied Economics 

 most people are not statisticians and their sense of what is fair or unfair, whether logical or not, carries political weight in government agencies regulating insurance companies.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Because it is not possible to predict the ratio of women to men who will choose to buy any particular insurance company's life insurance or annuities, 
157 
Applied Economics 

 there is a larger penumbra of uncertainty surrounding calculations of costs, meaning that there are more risks than if each sex paid only the costs calculated on their own life expectancies.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The net effect, with other kinds of insurance as 
159 
Applied Economics 

 well, is to have those with lower risks subsidize those with higher risks, leading to higher insurance costs over all and more risky behavior, whose consequences can cause both financial losses and losses of life and limb to third parties.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Applied Economics 

 number of fatalities, political outcries for more subway safety may well cause the authorities to order the trains slowed down, fewer cars to be attached to each train, and greater distances maintained between trains.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

While the general pattern of international migrations today, as in the past, has largely been from poorer countries to more prosperous countries, it has by no means always been the poorest 
Applied Economics 
 people in a country who immigrate, since migration itself costs money.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

   Among European 
Applied Economics 

 immigrants to the United States, for example, the most numerous were from Ireland in 1850, Germany in 1880, and Italy in 1930.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Over a period of half a century, more than 90 Percent of the immigrants to Australia from 
snuthem F„rnne r~-o 
Applied Economics 

 via the chain migration process.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The decade of the 1880s was the last decade in which 
Applied Economics 

 most immigrants to the United States came from northern and western Europe.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Latin America has been characterized as a place 'where society is not only mixed in origin but mixed in culture as well; different cultures are accepted as being on the same level and capable of contributing something to the common stock' This is essentially the 'multiculturalism' philosophy which has in more relent times become a 
Applied Economics 

 major, if not dominant, philosophy in most of the English-speaking countries as well.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Diseases which had spread across the Eurasian landmass in previous centuries proved to be far more devastating to the native populations of the 
The Economics oflmmigration 
186 
 Western Hemisphere than the diseases peculiar to the Western Hemisphere were to the European invaders.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                                                                                                                                               ECONOMICS 
Economics affects both the decision to emigrate and the decision of the receiving country to accept immigrants, just as it affected the origins and destinations of European immigrants before and after the change from 
Applied Economics 

 sailing ships to steamships.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                   Such views- and the condescending and peremptory tone in which they were expressed

Applied Economics 

have become fairly typical of elite opinion across the political spectrum, from liberal or radical publications like 
The Nation 
magazine to conservative publications like the 
 Wall StreetJournal.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The second and later generations of these immigrant 
199 
Applied Economics 

 families were as prone to disaffection as the second generations of some other immigrants have been in other lands around the world.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

  Along with this 
201 
Applied Economics 

 philosophical shift, there has been a growing desire of employers to get workers for low-skilled jobs whose pay scales were not always sufficient to attract an adequate supply from the native-born population in prosperous countries with generous welfare-state benefits that made not working at all a viable option.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Not only do people differ from goods and services, people differ from other people, and any policy- on immigration or anything else- which insists on ignoring such differences among people risks discovering that ideas which sounded good 
Applied Economics 

 in stage one can turn out to be disastrous in later stages, when those ignored differences produce 'unintended consequences.'
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Before getting into the economics behind such things, it is first necessary to be clear as to just what is and is not defined as discrimination, 
Applied Economics 
The Economics of Discrimination 

prejudice which causes 
black 
taxi drivers in New York to avoid picking up black male passengers at night? 
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Were the organized crime activities of the Chinese tongs in various countries in Southeast Asia mere 'perceptions'? Was the Maharashtrian majority in Bombay simply prejudiced against other Maharashtrians when they preferred to buy from businesses run by people from South India, rather than businesses run by their own compatriots? Is it just racial 
Applied Economics 

 would make very little immediate difference in the economic condition of most blacks.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

To the extent that organized labor succeeds in raising pay levels above where they would be under supply and demand in a free market, they provide incentives for employers to hire fewer workers because labor is now more costly, both absolutely and relative to the cost of 
218 
Applied Economics 

 capital that may be substituted for it.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                          Competition in a free market simply made discrimination 
221 
Applied Economics 

too expensive for many, even though violating the apartheid laws also cost money) 
 The expansion of black residential areas into white residential areas has been even more common in the United States.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

As of 1989, black, white, and Hispanic Americans o£ the same 
The Economics ofDiscrimination 
Applied Economics 

age 
(29) 
and with the same IQ(100) all averaged between 
$25,000 
and 
$26,000 
 in income when they worked year around.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Gross statistical differences between the 'representation' of different groups in particular occupations, institutions, or income levels are likewise usually considered sufficient for concluding that the 'under-represented' groups were 'excluded' by discriminatory policies or by individual or 
229 
Applied Economics 

 institutional biases or prejudices, however subtle, covert or unconscious these might be.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Since racial or ethnic groups tend to differ in their particular skills and experience, it is 
233 
Applied Economics 

 unlikely that the qualifications of members of different groups in a given location will be the same- the only way to have both non-discriminatory hiring and a demographically representative workforce at the same time.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                     235 
Applied Economics 
SUMMARY AND IMPLICATIONS 
 Much discussion of discrimination fails to allow people with opposing views to confront their substantive differences- much less confront evidence- because so many of the words used have ambiguous and shifting meanings.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Concentrations of populations gave agricultural societies decisive advantages over hunter-gatherer societies when they contended for the same 
239 
Applied Economics 

 land.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Ancient China was so far in advance of Europe that, while there was a great demand among Europeans for silk, chinaware (the name is significant) and other exotic products, the Europeans produced little 
241 
Applied Economics 

 or nothing comparable to trade, and so had to pay in gold for what they bought from China.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

In various other parts of the world as well, during the period of European imperialism, vast numbers of immigrants from China, India, and Lebanon migrated to lands under the protection of imperial law, establishing many enterprises 
243 
Applied Economics 

 and creating whole industries that helped bring these societies into the modern world.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Even African rivers that are navigable may be navigable for some limited distances between cascades or waterfalls, or by boats of limited size, or for some 
Applied Economics 

 limited times during the rainy seasons.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                               254 
Applied Economics 
The Economic Development ofNations 

 in other lands, often producing very different economic and social outcomes.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

It might seem that natural resources would be a major factor in a 
267 
Applied Economics 

 country's prosperity or poverty but there are too many high-income countries with meager natural resources- Switzerland and Japan, for example- and too many low-income countries with rich resources, such as Chile and South Africa.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

With nations, as with 
269 
Applied Economics 

 individuals, not all have had the same opportunities and not all have taken equal advantages of what opportunities they did have.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

            Dated 
271 
Applied Economics 

 anecdotes from the earlier period might continue to be repeated for many years afterward, but the only current exploitation they demonstrate is exploitation of the gullibility of those who are led to believe that this represents a serious explanation of international economic differences.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                               273 
S 0 U R C E S 
CHAPTER 1: POLITICS VERSUS ECONOMICS 
The epigraph is from page 47 of the January/February 2007 issue of 
Stanford 
 magazine in an article titled 'A Capital Thinker.'
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Criticisms of President Reagan following the 1987 stock market crash are from 'A Capital City Out of Sync' on page A2 of the November 6, 1987 issue of the 
Washington Post, 
and also in a column titled 'It's Morning Again' from page A35 of the 
New York Times of 
October 22, 
278 
Applied Economics 

 1987.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The data on burglaries in occupied and unoccupied homes in the United States, Britain, Canada, and the Netherlands are from page 140 of Point 
Blank 
by Gary Kleck, and the dramatic decline in burglaries in Kennesaw, Georgia, after each household 
279 
280 
Applied Economics 

was required to have a firearm is reported on page 136 
of 
 the same book.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The wait times in different provinces just to get a referral to a 
Applied Economics 
Sources 
285 
 specialist from a general practitioner are shown on a chart on page 24 of the same study.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Statistics on the decline of the black population in various California communities between the 1990 and 2000 censuses are from the following U.S. Bureau of the Census publications: 1990 
Census of 
Applied Economics 
Sources 
293 
Population: General Population Characteristics California, 
1990 CP-1-6, Section 1 of 3, pages 29, 31, 76, 82, 100, 250, 620; 
Profiles of General Demographic Characteristics 2000 
 (2000 Census of Population and Housing: California), Table DP-1, pages 22, 42, 619, 689, 903 (from the website of the U.S. Census Bureau: 
http://wwwcensus.gov/prod/cen2000/dpl/2khO6.pdf).
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The projected decrease in the white population in the Central Valley of California is from page G8 of the previously mentioned article 
294 
Applied Economics 
Sources 

incomes of $100,000 or more is from page 24 of the previously mentioned study 
 San Francisco Housing DataBook.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Data on the continuing segregation of the 
297 
298 
Applied Economics 
 descendants of northern and southern Europeans in the United States are from page 154 ofAffirmative Discrimination by Nathan Glazer.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                           The fact 
299 
Applied Economics 

that American life insurance companies transfer risk through reinsurance is discussed on page 55 of 
Life Insurers Fact Book 
 2007, published by the American Council of Life Insurers.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Information on New Jersey's experience under state regulation of automobile insurance is from page 24 of 
The Economics of Life 
 by Gary Becker and Guity Nashat Becker.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The changes in the country origins of European immigrants in various decades of the 19th 
301 
Applied Economics 

century are from page 13 of the US Census Bureau's 
Current Population Reports, 
 P23-206 published in 2001.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                              The increased levels 
of rr;mr 
304 
Applied Economics 

among the children 
of 
Mexican immigrants to the United States was reported on page 68 of 
The Immigration Solution 
 by Heather Mac Donald, Victor Davis Hanson, and Steven Malanga.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

              The surge in emigration among poor southern Italians in the wake 
of 
higher wage levels brought on by earlier migrations is discussed on Da8es 98-1 
nn 
Applied Economics 

 and the rising wage levels in Sweden during the decades from 1870-1910 are noted on page 198, while the decline in the real wage gap between the Old World and the New World during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is discussed on page 211 of the same book.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The assimilation of the Irish, the Jewish, and the Lebanese immigrants into American culture during their periods o£ immigration have been discussed, respectively, in pages 101-102 of 
TbeIrish 
307 
Applied Economics 

in America 
by Carl Wittke; pages 229-235 of 
World ofOur Fathers 
by Irving Howe; and pages 154-155 of 
The Lebanese in the World, 
 edited by Albert Hourani and Nadim Shehadi.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                                                            The great over
representation of people of German ancestry in the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences was discussed on page 195 of 
The Volga Germans 
by Fred C. Koch; and the over-representation of southern Nigerians in the professions in northern Nigeria was shown on pages 40 and 41 of 
Northern Nivvria:t 
Applied Economics 

Statistical Yearbook 1965, 
 published by the Ministry of Economic Planning in Kaduna.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The dearth of navigable rivers in Spain was mentioned on page 365 of 
An Economic Historv of SLain 
by Iaime Viccns Vivcs and the dearth of rainfall 
Applied Economics 
Sources 
in Sicily was mentioned on page 35 of 
 The Sting ofChange.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Historian Ulrich Bonnell Phillips' quote can be found on page 269 of his 
The Slave Economy 
Applied Economics 
Sources 
of the Old South: Selected Essays in Economic and Social History, 
 edited by Eugene D. Genovese.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              317 
DC 
W 
A Z 
Advertising, 78-80 
Affirmative Action, 230, 234, 235 
Africa and Africans, 37,41,47-48,51,87,172,173,175,178,179,180,183, 186-187, 188, 200, 214, 218, 221, 222, 239, 243, 247, 248, 249, 250, 251,252,254,255,259,260,265,266-267,268,270,271,273 
Age, 22-23, 67,141-142, 192, 197 Agriculture, 101, 102-103, 205, 253, 257-258 AIDS, 76,140 
Argentina, 152, 174, 178, 180, 181, 182, 190, 193, 240, 241, 256, 264, 265, 269 
Asia, 47, 127, 174, 175, 178, 179, 188, 190, 191, 194, 208, 241, 248, 252, 255, 259, 265, 267, 270, 272 
Asian Americans, 229 Aspirin, 79-88 Atlanta, 31,106, 206 Atlantic Ocean, 44, 47, 124, 174, 175, 176, 177, 178, 191, 247, 250, 255, 259, 260, 268 
Australia, 31, 58, 69,113,152,172,175,179,180,182,188-189,190,191, 194, 196, 256,257 
Automobiles, 134, 135, 140, 141-142, 143, 145-149, 151 insurance: 134,135,151, 158 
safety: 134, 135, 143, 146-149,151 

Balkans, 47, 189, 209, 250, 251, 253, 255 Banco Popular, 137 
Banks, 165-167, 245 Barbary Coast, 37, 41,173 Baseball, 219-220 
Basic Economics, 
5n Becker, Gary, 89, 90 Bias, 211, 212-214, 215, 236 Black Markets, 62, 87, 113, 114 Blacks, 23-24, 93, 125, 126, 129-130 
322 
Applied Economics 

Boston, 110, 128,177 
Brazil, 48, 50, 127, 174, 178, 181, 182, 190 
Britain, 31, 32, 33, 46, 49, 56, 58, 59, 60, 61, 63, 68, 93, 160, 172, 174, 183, 187,191, 196, 197, 201, 202, 238, 242, 243, 250, 263, 264, 269 
crime: 29, 31, 32-34 
immigration: 172, 174, 183, 186-187, 191, 196, 197, 201, 202 medical care: 56-59, 60-61, 63-64, 68, 85, 92 
Broadway, 207,219 Brooklyn Dodgers, 219-220 Burglars, 31 

Caesarean-section Births, 69, 70 
California, 3, 29, 60, 68, 71, 88, 96, 97-99, 100, 101, 103, 105, 107, 109, 111-112,116,117,118-120,130,131,136,203,235,238,261 Canary Islands, 243, 248 
Caribbean, 44, 47, 178, 202 Check-cashing Agencies, 136-138 Chicago, 16, 99, 110, 224, 249 China, 44-45, 53, 60, 62, 88, 152, 153, 171, 174, 178, 183, 184, 193, 238, 241-242,243,247,248,253,258,265,267 
Chinese, 37, 44-45, 62, 127, 175, 178, 180, 181, 202, 208, 213, 228, 236, 264-265 
Civil War, 50, 52, 126, 164, 200 Climate, 178, 239, 251, 253, 255-260 Coastal Plains, 252, 255 
Constraints (see Incentives and Constraints) Corvair, 146-149 
Costa, Elizabeth, viii 
Crime and Violence, 29-36, 197, 200-201, 203,208 burglary: 31 
guns: 32-34 
organized crime: 30, 34-36 punishment: 31-32, 33 
Index 

rationality: 30-33 
Culture, 33,128,171,174-175,179-184,185,188,189,190,195,196-197, 198, 199, 201-203, 204, 213, 231-232, 236-237, 240, 241, 247-248, 251,252-253,254,255,259,268-269,272-273 

Decisions, categorical: 3 incremental: 3, 74 
surrogate decision-makers: 67-68, 77, 89, 163-164 turnover among decision-makers: 219 Discrimination, 207-237,265 
affirmative action: 215, 220, 228, 230, 231, 234, 235 anti-discrimination laws: 207, 230-235 
antipathy: 212, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 223, 224, 257, 265 bias: 211, 212-214, 215, 229-230, 236 
comparability: 210, 225-230 competition: 219-222, 223-224 costs to discriminators: 207, 215-224, 230, 232 
employment discrimination: 207, 209-210, 221, 223-224, 226-227, 231,232-234,236-237 
genetic discrimination: 160-161 labor unions: 217-218, 224 lending discrimination: 229 life chances: 224-225, 226 'perceptions': 208-209 
prejudice: 208-212,215, 229-230, 257 
racial and ethnic discrimination: 207, 209-210, 215 sex discrimination: 210-211, 215, 226 
sorting devices: 211-212 
statistical disparities: 210, 211, 212, 213, 215, 218, 224-225, 227-228, 229-230,232 
Doctors (see Medical Care) Dogs, 156-157 
323 
Du Bois, W.E.B., 209-210 

Economic Development, 189,238-273 agriculture: 239-240 
animals: 254, 258 
cities: 239, 240, 243, 248, 249-250, 251, 252, 253n, 269 climate: 178, 239, 251, 253, 255-260 
cultural universe: 243, 247-248, 251, 252-253, 254, 255, 258-259, 268-269 
'developing countries': 238 
differences in development: 238, 241-247, 248,270-272, 273 food: 239,245,261-262 
foreign aid: 246, 266-267 
foreign investment: 244, 263-267, 270 geographic factors: 241, 247-260, 272 government: 243-244 
national differences: 238 
natural resources: 189, 240, 241, 247, 255, 261, 267-268, 271, 272 navigable waterways: 247, 248-255, 256 
population: 238, 260-263, 267 property rights: 244-247 
rates of development: 207, 238-239, 240-241 retrogression: 238-239, 243 
sub-Saharan Africa: 249, 250, 251-252, 254, 260, 267, 268 technology: 239, 241, 250, 263, 268, 273 
underground economy: 244, 245 Economics, 12,130-131,203 
The Economist, 11, 
56, 69, 87, 88, 89,110, 110,153, 160, 172, 176, 190, 196,197, 200, 201, 202, 245, 268 
Education, 63, 127-128, 129, 181, 228, 230, 234-235 Egypt, 162, 238, 244, 247, 251 
Elmira, New York, 96, 97 Employment, 13-14, 17, 200, 218 
Applied Economics 
Index 

'menial' jobs: 26 outsourcing: 16-17 Eurasian Landmass, 185, 248, 258 
Europe and the Europeans, 37, 41, 47, 51, 78, 83, 85, 114, 124, 125, 127, 
171,
172,
173,
175,
176-178, 179, 181, 182,
185,
186,
190-191,
193,
194,
196,
197,
198,
199, 201, 202-203, 207,
209,
222,
241-242,
243,
245,
247,
248,
249,
250-251, 252, 254-256,
257,
258,
259, 260,
261,
262,263-264,265,268,269,270,271 European Union, 84, 167, 168, 170 

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, 138, 166, 167 Federal Reserve System, 13, 115, 118 
First World War, 23, 154, 182, 261, 262, 264 
Food and Drug Administration, 72, 75, 77, 79, 81, 83 Forced Labor, 20, 37, 39-41 
Foreign Aid (see Economic Development) 
France, 18, 56, 59, 157, 172, 183-184, 191, 192, 193, 199, 200-201, 240, 250,255 
Friedman, Milton, 1, 9 

Genetic Risks, 160-161 Geography, 
climate: 178, 239, 251, 253, 255-260 coastal plains: 252, 255 
flora and fauna: 258-259 Gulf Stream: 255 
navigable waterways: 247, 248-255, 256 rainfall: 258 
Germans and Germany, 56, 119, 174, 180, 181, 182, 190, 193, 197, 199, 201, 209, 214, 238, 240, 250, 255, 257, 261, 263, 269, 271, 272 
325 
326 
Applied Economics 

Government (see also Politics), 10-11,12,13, 53-54, 55, 56, 60, 64, 81-84, 92, 99-109, 123-126, 129, 139-143, 154-161, 166-171, 216-217, 218-219,220,221,243,244,266 
bureaucracy: 244 discrimination: 216-218, 220 'do something' policies: 7-14 property rights: 245 
regulation: 150,154-161, 165-167, 218-219, 220-221 Great Depression of the 1930s, 10-11, 12, 23, 166, 167 Gulags, 37,39-40 

Harlem, 109,127-128 Harvard, 6, 12, 235 Health Care (see Medical Care) Hispanics, 189, 225, 226, 228 Hoover, Herbert, 10-11 Housing, 59, 95-132 affordability: 95, 98 106,107-109,110-111, 115,124 apartments: 98, 114, 120-124 
circulation: 105, 108-109 commuting: 111, 131-132 condominiums: 122-123 developers: 103-104,106 financing: 115-120 
height restrictions: 130-131 home ownership: 98 housing quality: 95-98, 99 land: 98-106, 107 mortgages: 115-120 
price disparities: 96-98 prices: 95-123 property rights: 102, 103, 104 rent control: 5, 112-115, 223 
Index 

restrictions: 97, 99-104 
segregation: 125-130, 221, 222-223 slums: 123, 124 
urban renewal: 123 zoning: 107 Houston, 96, 106 Hudson River, the, 249, 251 Huguenots, 192-193, 263 Human Capital, 22-27, 47, 254, 265, 266, 272 

Immigration, 171-206,254-255 
admissions criteria: 190-191, 194, 195, 201 
assimilation: 174, 179-181,182, 183, 201, 202-203, 204, 257 benefits: 188, 191,192-197, 198, 263-264 
causes of migration: 172-173 chain migration: 174-176 citizenship: 201 
costs: 171-172,175,176-178,185-187,191,192,197-203,204,205 crime and violence: 183-184, 196 
cultures: 171,179-184, 185, 195, 197, 199-200, 202, 203, 204 diseases: 185-187, 203 
education: 172, 180, 188, 194-195, 201, 256-257 elite opinion: 195-197 
expellees: 171 
'guest workers': 195, 197, 199-200, 203 history: 172-187 
income: 171-172, 177, 191-192, 195, 197-198, 256, 257 
language: 171,172,174-175,182,183,188,189,190,202,203,257 numbers of migrants: 171, 173-174, 178-179, 184-185, 194 origins and destinations: 171, 173-179, 180, 186, 194, 203 
past and present: 189-190, 192, 204 political loyalty: 182-184 recruitment: 209 
Applied Economics 

refugees: 171,185,186,192-193 remittances: 124, 176, 266 return migration: 184-185, 190 second generation: 183-184,199-200, 201, 204, 205 skills: 172, 189, 194, 256,257,263-264 
sojourners: 171, 178, 180 
transportation technology: 171, 176-179 Incentives and Constraints, 89, 226, 232 economic: 13-14, 17-19, 32, 38-39, 48-49, 66, 67, 71, 76, 80, 108, 150-151,154,155,207,215-224,226-227,232 
political: 57-58, 71, 75, 76, 82-83, 112, 140-142, 145, 150-151, 153-154,155,156-157,158,160,161,162-164,217,221,222-223 Income, 27-29,115,229 
age: 21, 22 
changes over time: 28-29 earnings: 26,28-29 family income: 23 versus wealth: 27-28 Incremental Decisions, 3, 74 Indentured Labor, 44-45 India, 21,44,45,143,153,164,165,171,178,184-185,193,208,213,227, 228, 238, 241, 242, 243, 247, 262, 263, 264, 265, 266, 267, 269 Insurance, 53, 64-65, 67, 68-71, 150-161 
adverse selection: 154-155, 160 annuities: 157 
automobile insurance: 134, 135, 151, 158 coverage: 156-158 
economic consequences: 151-153 fairness vs. risk: 155-157,158, 159, 161 genetics: 160-161 
government-provided insurance: 150,167 government regulation: 150,154-161 moral hazard: 135, 139-140,154-155 re-insurance: 152-153, 154 
Index 

risk: 133, 134, 138-162 social insurance': 167,170 the uninsured: 157, 160 Ireland and the Irish, 37-38, 124, 128-129, 171, 174, 175, 177, 185, 186, 191-192,202 
Italy and the Italians, 125, 171, 173, 174, 178, 181, 184, 185, 192, 197, 254, 256, 257, 272 

Japan and the Japanese, 37, 55, 62, 153, 163, 170, 178, 182-183, 190, 193, 205, 214, 233, 238, 242, 249, 260, 264, 265, 268, 270, 271 
Jews, 124-125, 127, 128, 171, 174, 175, 178, 183, 185, 193, 202, 209, 216-217,218,222-223,224,228,263,26S 
Juries, 36-37, 38-39 

Killing the Goose that Lays the Golden Egg, 16, 75, 76, 78 

Labor, 
child labor: 21 
forced labor: 20, 37, 39-41 free labor: 20,'21-27 human capital: 22-27 indentured labor: 44-45 labor unions: 21 
'menial' labor: 26 
minimum wage laws: 2, 26, 30, 224 productivity: 37-41, 42-43 
unfree labor: 20, 21, 36-52 unions: 217-218 
unpaid labor: 23-26 Las Vegas, 70, 106 
Latin America, 179, 190, 191, 194, 265, 267, 268, 279 
Applied Economics 

Lebanon and the Lebanese, 174, 175, 179, 180, 193, 202, 243, 265 Liu, Na, viii 
London, 29, 33, 57, 153, 160, 190, 193, 249, 254, 255, 264 Los Angeles, 16, 24,106, 112, 141, 184, 250 
Loudoun County, Virginia, 103-104,187 

Malaysia and the Malays, 180, 181, 213, 228, 230, 247, 264, 265 Manhattan, 99, 105, 124,127 
Mantle, Mickey, 89 Marx, Karl, 12 McDonald's, 26,245 Medical Care, 53-94,172,203 
costs: 53-54,56,60,61-63,64,66-67,68-69,70-71,72,73,74,77
-
78, 80,86-88,89-90,9t-92,93-94 
defensive medicine: 69, 70 
doctors: 54, 55-56, 60, 61-62, 63-64, 66, 80, 92, 216-217 health care vs. medical care: 58, 92-93 
hospitals: 56-57, 75, 92 
insurance: 53, 64-65, 67, 68-71, 88, 90 
international comparisons: 58-59, 60-62, 73-74, 76-77, 93 lawsuits: 69-70, 84 
medical malpractice: 68-71 medical technology: 59, 92 mortality rates: 93 
organ transplants: vii, 68, 84-91 pharmaceutical drugs: 71-84, 92, 149-150 price control: 54-64, 65-66, 76, 84-85, 90, 92, 94 quality: 54-59, 61 
vaccines: 149-150 
waiting times: 55, 58-59, 60-61, 68 Mexican Americans, 93, 184 
Mexico, 184, 188, 190, 194, 203, 209, 238,255 Middle East, 50, 51, 242, 247, 248, 270 
Index 

Mill, John Stuart, 260 
Minimum Wage Laws, 25, 26, 30, 224 Mohawk Indians, 209 
Muslims, 184, 201, 202 Mutual Aid Societies, 133, 144 

Nader, Ralph, 146, 147, 148, 149 Natural Disasters, 164-165 Natural Resources, 189, 240, 247, 255, 261, 267-268, 271, 272 
New York City, 5, 16, 17, 25, 33, 35, 99, 110, 113, 114, 115, 123, 125, 128, 177, 209, 249, 250, 255 
New York State, 24, 33, 96 
New York 
Times, 7, 12, 35, 63, 91, 110, 117, 118, 119, 161, 184, 233 New Zealand, 32, 58, 69, 182 
Nigeria, 21, 127, 213, 230, 243, 265 Nixon, Richard M., 1, 6, 8-9 

Oakland, 110, 136 
One-Stage Thinking, iii, vii, 6-7,18-19, 69, 70, 71, 74, 78-79, 92, 99,112, 121-122, 131-132, 151, 157, 158, 160, 164, 201, 202, 203, 205-206, 223,227,230,231,232,237,239,245-246 
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 58, 59 Ottoman Empire, 41, 47, 193, 249, 265 

Pakistan, 85, 165, 193 
Palo Alto, California, 96-97,98,107-108, 110 Pennsylvania, 69, 70, 81, 89, 250 
Peru and the Peruvians, 44, 45, 244, 246 Pharmaceutial Drugs, 71-84 advertising: 78-81 
development: 72-74, 75-77 
Applied Economics 

Food and Drug Administration: 72, 75, 77, 79-80, 81-83 generic equivalents: 73, 74-75, 78, 81 
prices: 71-72, 73, 76 
Poland and the Poles, 190, 215, 217, 218, 224 Police, 107,110 
Politics, 1-19, 75, 130, 136, 195, 264, 273 'art of the possible': 3 
categorical decisions: 3 demonization: 9, 73 
'do something' policies: 7-14 experimental policies: 10-12 hoped-for results: 4-5, 101 killing the goose that lays the golden egg: 16, 75, 76, 78 package deal decisions: 2-3 
politicians: vii, 4-6,141-142,158, 159, 159,203 time horizon: 4 
versus economics: 1-6, 7, 8-9,159,163-167, 205 voters: 2-4, 99 
Ponzi, Charles, 168-169 Population, 260-263, 267 Posterity, 102-103, 105-106 Prejudice, 208-212, 215, 229-230, 257 Price Control, 7, 8-9, 112-113 Productivity, 37-41, 42-43 
Property Rights, 102, 103, 104 

Rationality (see also Incentives and Constraints), 30-33, 57, 158, 211-212, 227 
Reagan, Ronald, 9 Rent Control, 5 Risk, 70, 86, 87, 91, 133-170, 239 adverse selection: 154-155, 160 age: 140-142 
Index 

banking: 137-138,165-167 
comparisons of risks: 142-144, 145, 146, 148-150 economics of risk: 161-167 
financial risks: 137-139, 142, 150-151, 165-167 genetic risks: 160-161 
government: 139-143,154-161,162-163 insurance: 133, 138, 139, 150-161 
moral hazard: 135,139-140,154-155 risk assessment: 133, 134, 151, 170 risk-reduction: 133-134, 139-162 risk transfer: 133, 138-139, 151-153 risk versus fairness: 155-157, 158, 159, 161 safety movements: 144-150 
'social insurance': 167-170, 197 trade-offs: 81-84, 149, 161-167 wealth: 164-165 
Robinson, Jackie, 219 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 10, 11 Roosevelt, Theodore, 105 Russia, 40, 180, 181, 185, 193, 209, 230, 238, 254, 257 'Rust Belt,' 17 

Safety, 79, 82, 144-150, 151 Safety Movements, 144-150 Samarkand, 249 Samuelson, Paul, 169 
San Francisco, 5, 97, 99, 101-102, 110, 111-112, 113, 115, 118, 119, 120, 121-122,154,248 
San Jose, 96, 98, 106, 121, 122 
San Mateo County, California, 97, 100, 101, 102, 107, 110, 112, 116, 119, 121 
Schultz, Dutch, 35 
Scots and Scotland, 181, 182, 188-189, 193, 256 
Applied Economics 
Second World War, 31, 33, 37, 65, 113, 131, 154, 163, 169, 182, 183, 190, 216, 220, 257, 262, 271 
Singapore, 249, 260, 270 
Slavery, 20, 21, 36, 37-38, 41-43, 46-52, 126,173 efficiency: 42-43 
ending: 46 occupations: 41-42 origins: 20 
race: 41 
treatment of slaves: 41-42 Smith, Adam, 18 
Smithies, Arthur, iii, 6 'Social Insurance,' 167-170 Social Security, 168, 169, 170,197 South Africa, 87, 172, 214, 218, 221, 222, 247, 268 South Korea, 266, 267 
Spain and the Spaniards, 176, 181, 209, 243, 256, 269, 270,271 Sri Lanka, 113, 228 
Stage-One Thinking, iii, viii, 4,6-7, 70,72-73,101,137,164,203 Stalin, Josef, 43, 53, 262 
Stanford University, 81, 96, 235 Stein, Herbert, 6, 8, 9 
Stock Market, 11 Subways, 162, 163-164 Swiss Re-insurance Company, 152-153, 154 Switzerland, 152, 193, 268, 271 
Taxes, 14-16 Taxi Drivers, 209 Telephone Industry, 218-219, 220, 268 
Third Parties, 26, 53, 65, 66-67, 87, 89, 91, 102, 123-124, 145, 149, 160, 163 
Third World, 16, 64, 75, 92, 142, 164, 192, 197, 242, 244-245, 246, 262-263,266,267,271 
Time, 154, 219, 232, 239 delay: 100, 108,153-154 posterity: 102-103, 105-106 promptness: 154 
Transportation, 189, 245, 248-249, 250 
Unsafe atAny Speed, 
146-148 
Vaccines, 149-150 Vioxx, 84 
Volga River, 253 
Wall Street,Journal, 
36, 72, 84, 96, 119, 122, 123, 138, 150, 156, 196 War, 240-241, 260 
First World War: 23, 154, 182, 261, 262, 264 
Second World War: 31, 33, 37, 65, 113, 131, 154, 163, 169, 182, 183, 190, 216, 220, 257, 262, 271 
Washington, 110, 118,215 
Washington Post, 11, 
103, 184, 201 Wealth, 27-28,47,50,95,108,114,164-165,168-169,170,173,174,240, 242,244,245-246,256,266,268,270-271,272 
Williams, Paul, 23-24,26 Williams, Walter E., 221 Woolworth, Frank Winfield, 24-26 
Yangtze River, 152, 215 Yemen, 197,271 
Index 
336 
Applied Economics 
Zaire River, 251 Zimbabwe, 7 
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

                     According to Fred Garlock, writing about the situation in Iowa for the 
Journal of Land & Public Utility Economics 
in 1926, 'caution was thrown to the wind by both bankers and their customers, speculation be
 came rife, an enormous burden of debt was contracted, and economy was lost in a swirl of extravagance.'
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                       162 
MELTDOWN 
APPENDIX 
For economics in general, there is still no better introduction than   great historical struggle, the decisive battle into which our epoch 
Henry Hazlitt's classic 
 Economics in One Lesson.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

The great treasure trove of knowledge when it comes to the Austrian 
 School of economics is Mises.org,
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                  (All the books I recommend above, with the exception of 
Economics in One Lesson, 
are available there for free online reading, and three of them can be down
 loaded in audiobook format.)
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                           See Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now adjustable-rate mortgages, 22-24, 30 affirmative action, 17-21 
affordable housing, 15, 16, 58 AIG, 39-40, 177n1 
American Bankers Association, 115, 153 American CityVista, 20 
American Economic 
Review, 
138 American Revolution, 112 America's Great 
Depression 
(Rothbard), 139n,161,175n27 
Anderson, Benjamin, 95, 98 antitrust, 100 
Asians, 17 
Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN), 21 Austrian school of economics, x, 94; busi
ness cycle and, x, 26, 35, 72-76, 80, 82, 84, 86, 90-91, 170n5; financial crisis 
1 
na 
(2008) and, 8, 156, 157-58; Great De
pression and, x, 86, 88, 96-97, 99-100; housing bubble and, 8, 30; stimulus spending and, 144 
The Austrian 
Theory 
of the Trade 
Cycle 
and 
Other 
Essays, 161 
B 
bailouts: AIG and, 39-40, 52, 177n1; bailouts and, 48; bankruptcy and, 47, 59, 147-48; Bear Stearns and, 37-38, 169n24; Big Three automakers and, 40, 56; Bush administration and, 50; compe
tition and, 47, 48; Congress and, 38, 40, 50; costs of, 57-61; deposit insurance and, 45-46,47; deregulation and, 46-49; Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and, 41-43; Fannie Mae and, 38
39; FDIC and, 45-46; Federal Reserve and, 14, 37-38, 38-39, 51, 52, 55-58, 124, 176n1; financial crisis (2008) and, 49-50, 142, 149-50; Freddie Mac and, 
bailouts (continued) 
 38-39; government and, 4-7; Lehman Brothers and, 39, 41; leveraging and, 56; media and, 50; Mexican peso and, 31; money and, xi; moral hazard and, 39, 57, 90, 124; risk and, 56-57, 176-77,1; 'too big to fail' mentality and, 40-41, 47, 56; Troubled Assets Relief Program and, 43; Wall Street and, 56.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  See also money 
dot-corn boom and bust, 26, 32, 48, 73
74,79-82 
Dow Jones Industrial Average, 50, 51, 63 
E 
Economic Intelligence Unit, 83 economics: Austrian school of, x, 8, 26, 30, 35, 72-76, 80, 82, 84, 86, 88, 90
91, 94, 96-97, 99-100, 144, 156, 157
58, 170,5; Crusoe, 126-27; education in, xi; Keynesian, ix-x, 84-85, 95, 102; laissez-faire, 87, 99, 115-16, 150; main
stream, 172,27 
Economics 
in One Lesson (Hazlitt), 162 economy: barter, 111, 112, 127; Federal Reserve intervention in, 8-9; free-mar

ket, ix; global, 37; government interven
-
 
185 
186 
INDEX 
INDEX 
187 
economy (continued) 
tion in, 1, 2-3, 7; money, 111; Obama administration and, ix, x, 7; planned, 95 Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008, 41-43; banking system, national
ization of and, 51-55; buying up bad as
sets and, 6, 51, 53-54; Congress and, 50; consumer credit and, 6-7, 54-55; costs of, 58-61; debt and, 7; Federal Reserve and, 51; House of Representatives, U.S. and, 5, 50; interbank lending and, 6; media and, 6; money creation and, 7; mortgage-backed securities and, 6, 53
54; public response to, 5; Senate, U.S. and, 5-6, 50; stock market and, 50-51; taxation and, 6; U.S. Treasury and, 51
 52; Wall Street and, 6, 51.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    See 
also Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Associa
tion); Freddie Mac (Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation) 
Grant, James, 4 
Great Depression, 51; Austrian school of economics and, x, 86, 88, 96-97, 99
100; background of, 96-98; deflation and, 138-39, 139;; Federal Reserve and, 88, 96, 107, 175;27; financial crisis (2008) and, 4-5, 106-7; government spending and, 102-6, 149-50; Hoover, Herbert and, 87-88, 98-100, 100-101; inflation and, 175;27; money supply and, 102; New Deal and, 87-88,98-99, 100-102, 103; prices and, 100; public works spending and, 100,102,103,107; stock market and, 96-97, 98; taxation and, 100; unemployment and, 102-3; wage controls and, 77; World War II and, 98, 103-6, 176;41 
The 
Great 
Depression 
(Robbins), 66, 139; 
greed, 2, 13, 64, 91 
Greenspan, Alan, 52, 60; adjustable-rate mortgages and, 22, 30; dot-com boom and bust and, 81; housing bubble and, 34; interest rates, artificial manipulation of and, 26, 34; myths about, 87-88; New Economy and, 80, 81; 'too big to fail' mentality and, 31-32 
Greenspan put, 32, 32n, 152 
Gross Domestic Product (GDP), 80, 84, 104,143 
growth deflation, 135-36 
H 
Haberler, Gottfried von, 100, 144 Hayek, E A., 161, 174n25; business cycle and, 60, 65-66, 71-72, 88; financial cri
sis (2008)and, 8; money and, 154-55 Hazlitt, Henry, 9, 134, 162 
 Higgs, Robert, 78, 103 Hilton, Paris, 38 Hispanics, 17 homebuying.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               See housing bubble 
Hoover, Herbert, 87-88, 98-100, 100
101 
House Financial Services Committee, 16
17 
house flipping, 23-24, 82 
House of Representatives, U.S.. See Con
gress 
housing, affordable, 15, 16, 58 
housing bubble: adjustable-rate mortgages and, 22-24, 30; affordable housing and, 15, 16, 58; Austrian school of economics and, 8, 30; beginning of, 11-12; Bush administration and, 33; business cycle and, 75; causes of, 12-13, 58; cheap credit and, 25-29; Community Reinvest
ment Act (CRA) and, 17-21; Congress and, 33; deregulation and, 29; down
payment requirement and, 29-30; Fan
nie Mae and, 12, 13-17; Federal Reserve and, 8,21,22,25-29, 31; financial crisis (2008) and, 2; foreclosures and, 13, 22, 23-24; Freddie Mac and, 13-17; gov
ernment and, 11-35; interest rates and, 22, 34; in Japan, 11; lending standards and, 17-21, 24, 26-27, 30; mortgage
backed securities and, 12-13, 14, 18, 39; 
Obama administration and, 33; prices and, 16, 22, 23-24, 27, 30, 58; regula
tion and, 20, 29-31; solution to, 33-35; speculation and, 21-24, 27-28; sub
prime mortgages and, 21-23; taxation and, 24-25; 'too big to fail' mentality and, 31-33; Treasury, U.S. and, 34; Wall Street and, 37-38 
 HUD.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

The obstacles to development-dictatorships that keep the power and economic gains to a tiny fraction; lack of stable fi

176 
How Our Research Is a New Science in Economics for Longer-Term Trends 
Spanning over twenty years now, our research has proved increasingly ef
fective for predicting major shifts in economic growth and slowing in de
 veloped countries (DCs).
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

Trickle-down economics does work.
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

It was created by Michael Hardt, a Duke professor of comparative literature who has made his mark attempting-with
out training in economics or any other relevant field-to 
resur
rect 
 Marxism as a theory of the contemporary world.
	Indoctrination U.: The Left's War Against Academic Freedom

Economics dictated marriage and living arrangements.
	Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage

Folsom has produced a highly readable book and has done a yeomarisjob in exposing the New Deal:' 
-Walter E. Williams, John M. Olin Distinguished Professor of Economics, George Mason University 

This title is also available as an eBook 
-Barron's 
Urban Capitalists The Mytb of the Robber Barons The Industrial Revolution and Free Trade 
10 
THRESHOLD EDITIONS 
New York London Toronto Sydney 
Threshold Editions 
A Division of Simon & Schuster, Inc. 1230 Avenue of the Americas 
New York, NY 10020 
Copyright © 2008 by Burton Folsom 
 All rights reserved, including the right to reproduce this book or portions thereof in any form whatsoever.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

Dozens of Roosevelt's peers had received Ns in economics classes; dozens more were suc
 cessful lawyers and corporate executives.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

Perhaps, therefore, it is not surprising that its strongest advocates were not actually trained in economics.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                                                                                    - 
LAURENCE KOTLIKOFF 
Professor of Economics, Boston University 
Coauthor of 
Spend 'Tit the End: The Revolutionary Guide to Raising Your Living Standard-Today and When You Retire 
The 
CUL
-
D&SAC 
Syndrome 
Also by 
John F Wasik 
The Audacity of Help: Obama's Economic Plan and the Remaking of America 
Also available 
from 
Bloomberg Press 
Aqua Shock: The Water Crisis in America 
by Susan J. Marks 
 Collateral Damaged.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                                   2009002103 
Contents 



Preface xi 
Introduction: The 
Foundation 
Cracks   1 
PART 1   A Dream Gone Bad   
15 
1   False Economics: American Dreamers in the Sunshine State   17 2   Origins of a Dream   27 
3   How Debt Addiction Fed a Housing Crisis   39 
4   Cul-de-Sac Nation: Symptoms of a Syndrome   55 
5   
The Spurbing of National Health   67 
PART 2   Reinventing Home and Community   
75 
6   Toward Sustainable Dreams   77 
7   
Building Smarter   93 
B   The Near Death of a Suburb   111 
9   Reclaiming the Inner City   123 
10   Sustainability and Development: Bridging the Gap   139 
11   The Bill Comes Due: Which Places Will Prosper?   153 
Epilogue: Cleaning Up, Moving On   171 Notes 175 
Index 194 
Preface 



How 
DID THE UNITED STATES 
 succumb to one of the most devastating housing recessions since the 1930s? Weren't homes supposed to be the safest investments on the planet? Ultimately, the housing bust may turn out to be one of the biggest financial blowups in history, rivaling the Great Depression with more than $4 trillion in wealth evaporating.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                 PART 
1 

CHAPTER 
False Economics 
American Dreamers 
in the Sunshine State 



IT IS ALL of 
 seven degrees and snow is dancing around me like devilish ice pixies as I assemble the bike rack for our family van.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

For baby boomers, it's the place we may loathe and the place where we might end up, a parental state that 
A DREAM GONE BAD 
FALSE ECONOMICS: AMERICAN DREAMERS IN THE 
SUNSHINE 
STATE   19 
 nurtures with its abundant warmth and scorns with its violent tropical temperament.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                        20 
A DREAM GONE BAD 
FALSE ECONOMICS: AMERICAN DREAMERS IN THE SUNSHINE STATE   
21 
 When I did my Florida research, I stayed in one of the five homes they had bought.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                        They cut the Bonita home's listing 
22 
A DREAM GONE BAD 
FALSE ECONOMICS: AMERICAN DREAMERS IN THE SUNSHINE STATE   
23 
 owed.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

They spent $25,000 remodeling the duplex, and it was worth $50,000 less than what they 
24 
A DREAM GONE BAD 
FALSE ECONOMICS: AMERICAN DREAMERS IN THE SUNSHINE STATE   
25 
 Sudden wealth grants the power to reinvent one's persona.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                        Why, then, is it housed under the 
English 
Department rather than the departments of Economics, Sociology, or History, where study of a theory of his
tory and social organization would be appropriate? This odd place
 ment reflects the unscholarly nature of the program.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

SAVING FREEDOM 
 Since the law organizes justice, socialists assume it should also be used to organize labor, management, economics, education, health care, charity, families, and even religion.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

   -Friedrich Hayek 
SAVING FREEDOM 
Friedrich Hayek and 
The Road to Serfdom 
Friedrich Hayek 
(1899-1992) 
 was born in Austria, taught economics at the University of London, the University of Chicago, and the University of Freiburg in Germany.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

                                                                                                      Sanford, 
189 'due process of law,' 84-85 
E 
early American, 
college curriculum, 16; education, 16; legal thought, 19 
economic, 
mobility and diversity of the mar
ketplace, 73-74; prosperity, 67 economics of the colonies, 12 education, 
Founders', 15-18; Founders' view of, 146-49; modern, 222-24; popu
lar, 224-26; progressive view of, 206-7;reform, 234 
Eighth Amendment: prohibitions for criminals, 113 
Eighteenth Amendment: prohibition, 114-15 
Eleventh Amendment: federal judi
ciary and suits against states, 114 Elizabeth 1, 18 
Elkins, Stanley, 246 Ellsworth, Oliver, 95 Emperor Frederick 11, 54 England's Glorious Revolution, 87 English, 
Bill of Rights, 22, 31; common 
law, 88; constitutional thought, 83; republican tradition, 41; Whig thought, 40 
Enlightenment, the, 19-23 American, 21-23 equal, 
'all men are created equal,' 30, 40-41, 64; before the law, 85; dis
tribution of property, 73; equality, 40-41; natural rights, 30; rights, 8, 42-44, 49,60 
Filer, Edward J., 71 
Essay in Human Understanding, 
23 establishment of religious freedom, 55-57 
Establishment Clause, 62 Europeanization of America, 221 evolutionary theory, 196 'excommunication,' 54 
'ex post facto laws,' 85-86 
F 
faction, 91-92 faith, role of, 12-15 and freedom, 52; and liberty, 64-65 
family, the, 156-59 
and marriage, 157-58, 232 
Farmer Refuted, The, 
35 Farrand, Max, 244 
federal, 
advocates of the Constitution, 138; bill of rights, 97; Court system, 107 government, 4; governments' pow
ers, 104; judges, 108 
federal agencies, 198-99 
 'Federal Farmer,' 96.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                                              Appearing on NBC's 
Meet the Press, 
Kahn was asked by economics correspondent Irving R. Levine how he intended to take on inflation: 
All this is good material for finalists on 
Last Comic Standing, 
 not so good for a troubled economy.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

188   THE DOLLAR MELTDOWN 

Priced in Dollars 
 The purchasing power of the dollar is a central concern of this book, just as it is central to energy economics.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

In short, your Uncle Sam is not practicing sound economics.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Index 






Adams, John, 49 Agriculture exchange-traded funds (ETFs), 200, 202, 208 
exchange-traded notes (ETNs), 205 Alexis Comnenus, Byzantine emperor, 61-62 Ancient Greece, coinage of, 46-47 Ancient Rome 
coinage debasement, impact of, 61 price controls, 128 
Assignats, 64-65 
Australian dollar ETF (FXA), 225 Australian kangaroo, 150 Austrian economics, 142, 234 
El-Badri, Abdalla, 118,188 Bailouts, 6-7,11-20 under Bush, 11-16 combined with stagilation, impact of, 99 negative view of, 16-17,19-20 
Bank of America, 12-13 Banks 
bank failures, 12, 15 
deposits, structuring crime, 133-34 nationalization, 122-23 
Base metals, 201-4 
exchange-traded funds (ETFs), 200-202, 210 
exchange-traded notes (ETNs), 206 Baytex Energy Trust (BTE), 194-95 Bear Stearns, 12, 14 
Bernanke, Ben 
and bailout, 13-14, 18, 20, 24, 94-95 
on Chinese and saving, 4 on deflation, 92-93 
on housing bubble, 80 on inflation, 57 
and interest rate cuts, 21 on 
wage-price 
spiral, 101 Bezant,47 
Bid-ask spread, precious metals, 152 Bilmes, Linda, 115 
Bonds as investment, 219-21 and interest rates, 219-20 mutual funds, 220-21 shorting bonds, 219-20 Bonner, Bill, 233 
Brazilian Real ETF (BZF), 225 
Bretton Woods agreement, 107, 114, 118, 146,180 
British pound ETF (FXB), 225 Brown, Gordon, 57 
Browne, Harry, 146 Bryce, Robert, 179 Bundchen, Gisele, 117,118 Burns, Arthur, 98 
Bush, George H. W., 98 Bush, George W. bailouts under, 11-16 debt ceiling increase, 5 on inflation, 56 
Iraq war, 54,114-16 
Medicare prescription drug bill, 36-38 Byzantine Empire 
coinage debasement, impact of, 61-62 gold bezant, 47 
242 
Index 
Canada, energy trusts, recommendations, 193-95 
Canadian dollar ETF (FXC), 225 Canadian Gold Maple Leaf, 150, 154, 161, 164 
Canadian Royalty Trusts, 193-95 Canadian Silver Maple Leaf, 175,176 Carter, Jimmy 
and energy independence, 177-78 and inflation, 57-58, 102, 142-43 Celente, Gerald, 234 
Cheney, Dick, 125 Chiang Kai-shek, 128 China 
American dollars, flow to, 108-10 caloric intake, increase in,197-98 disinvestment in U.S., threat of, 112-14 economy, growth of, 109-10, 122 energy interdependence, 179-80 exchange rate, U.S. conflict, 110-14 gold, increasing reserves, 119, 224 price controls, 128 
-Russia alliance, 116,118 stimulus package, 110 trade surplus, 109 
U.S. debt instruments held by, 109, 112-14 
Chinese yuan ETF (CYB), 225 Chirac,Jacques,54 
Clay, Lucius, General, 127 Coinage 
devaluation and inflation, 61-62 
 gold or silver.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

                                                                                               See Hyperinflation Federal Reserve, creation of, 74-75 historical view, 60-70 inflationary recession, 96, 99 
and malinvestment, 82-83 
as monetary phenomenon, 58-61 official explanations of, 57-58 persistence of, 56-57, 88, 100 and price ceilings, 130 
and price increases, 59, 74 as remedy to debt, 89-90 as remedy to inflation, 96 and stagflation, 95-96 
as theft, 101 Interest rate cuts economic impact of, 21-22, 76, 94 and housing crisis, 21-24 
to stimulate economy, 74 Interest rates 
and bond prices, 219-20 raising, to cool economy, 74 and stagilation, 96-97 Investment recommendations bonds, 219-21 commodities, 200-210 foreign currencies, 222-29 gold, 148-65 
gold/silver ratio, 171-73 information/resources for investors, 233-36 
oil, 190-95 silver, 166-76 Iran, oil, pricing in euros, 118 Iraq war 
cost of, 115 
and global rejection of America, 115-16 nonsupporting countries, 54 
IRS 
bank transactions, reporting to, 133-34 
financial behavior, reporting to, 132-34 
See also Taxation Isaac, William, 26-27 
Index 
iShares COMEX Gold Trust (IAU), 159,165 
iShares Silver Trust (SLV), 175, 176 Israel, hyperinflation, 100 
James It, King of England, 62 Japan 
Fannie and Freddie holdings, 114 yen payable Treasuries, call for, 117 Japanese yen ETF (FXY), 225 Johnson, Chalmers, 115-16 Johnson, Lyndon B., 52-53,135 Johnson Matthey, 151, 175, 176 Johnson, Paul, 68 
JPMorgan Chase, 12 
Kahn, Alfred, 58 
Keynesian economics, 96, 101 Khrushchev, Nikita, 116 Kiyosaki, Robert, 143 Kublai Khan, 60 
Kyl, Jon, 7-8 
Legal tender, meaning of, 63 Lehman Brothers, 13,105 Leveraged funds, ETFs, 157-58 Levine, Irving R., 58 
Liquidation only trading, silver, 134, 170-71 
McCain, John, 79 Madoff, Bernard, 214 Malinvestment, causes of, 82-83 Mao Zedong, 116 
Martin, William McChesney, 98 Marx, Karl, 76,142 
Maybury, Richard, 233 
Al Mazroui, Mohammed, 190 Medicare, 11-12 
Part D, negative view of, 36-38 as unfunded liability, 35 
Merrill Lynch, Elements ETNs, 205-6 Metals 
 base.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

Economics trumped politics.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Light, Paul, 159 
Lira, Elvin, 15, 231 Lincoln, Abraham, 231 
Lindh, John Walker, 119, 147 Lindorff, Dave, 119 Lippman, Walter, 12 Lithuania, 199 
Lobe, Jim, 266 
London School 
of 
Economics, 212-13 
Lot Angeles Timer, 90, 99, 118-19, 127, 159 Loa, Trent, 13, 113 
Louis XIV, 177 
Luggage thefts ITSA), 39-40 Luntz, Frank, 47 
Lynch, Jessica, 146 
Macaulay, Thomas, 200 Mackenzie, G. Calvin, 159-660 MacKuen, Michael, 15-16 Maddox, Lester, 243 Madison, James, 116, 199 Madrid, Spain, 34, 
Mansfield, Edward, 192, 194-95 Marciello, Michael, 134 Marcus, George, 15-16 
Marx, Karl, 203 Massachusetts, 41 Mathews, Chris, 45 Mattis, James, 145 May, Clifford, 220 McCain, John, 61, 87, 138 McClellan, Scott, 65, 128 McConnell, Mitch, 175 McDougall, Walter, 75,212 McKinley, William, 50 McNamara, Robert, 54,153 McNaughton, John, 54 McVeigh, Timothy, 211 
Media, 76-77, 89, 91-96, 109, 112, 137, 146-48, 169,221-22,239,248 
Medical journals (torture exemption), 115 Medicare, 28-29,33, 184, 
Mediscare ad, 33 
Meet the Nen, 44, 88, 89 Mehlman, Ken, 46 Mellman, Mark, 43 Mermaid, Louis, 14 Mencken, H.L., 32-33, 183, 232 
Menstrual blood (interrogation method), 142 Meow Mix television ad, 109, 130 Messianic democracy, 6, 49-75 
Mexico, 50-51, 77-78, 191 Meyer, Dick, 240 
Miami, 183-84 Miami Herald 79 Middle Ages, 7, 178, 200 Middle East Television Network, 236 
INNEX   
287 
Middle Tennessee State University, 16 
Mikolashek, Paul, 121 
Milbank, Dana, 87, 93, 265, 273 Military draft, 180-81 
Military tribunals, 26, Mill, John Stuart, 206-07 Miller, Geoffrey, 125 Miller, Zell, 45 
Milosevic, Slobodan, 82-84 Milton, John, 240-41 Minnesota, 17 
Miracle of aggregation, 16 Missouri, 125 
Mitchell, Greg, 94, 256 
Mock executions (interrogation method), 129, 134 Monarchy, 2-3, 
Money laundering, 39, 56, 71-72 Montesquieu, 32, 
Moon, Sun Myung, 213-14 Moronocracy, 24-25 Mosul, 67-68, 138 MSNBC, 45, 
Mueller, John, 16 Mueller, Robert, 36, 125 Muslims, 79-80, 145, 147, 220, 235 Mussolini, Benito, 210 
Myers, Richard, 110, 141-42 Mysticism, 171 
Nagasaki, 197 Naim, Moises, 34 Napalm, 219 Napoleon, 201-02 
Nation, 
63 
National Defense University, 32 
National Democratic Institute, 57, 62, 69 National Election Survey, 13, 
National Endowment for Democrary, 56-75, 201 National Endowment for the Arts, 14 
National 
Geographic, 18 
National Inter-University Union (France), 58 National Public Radio, 21 
National Rifle Association, 176 National Security Archive, 163 National Security Council, 69 National Wolf Awareness Week, 43 NATO, 22, 29, 82, 
Nazarbayev, Nursultan, 235 
 Nazism, 52, 107, 165, 195.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

Instead of the Germans passing orders directly to the Jews, all instructions were to be channeled through these councils, whose members were to be held 'fully responsible' for carrying them out.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                GERMAN RACIAL PERSECUTION BEGINS IN POLAND   
371 
A particularly diabolical aspect to the plans Heydrich mentioned on this day pertained to the formation of 'Jewish councils' 
(Judendltesten
rdte) 
 in Poland.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              363,364,367,369
-
71,373,374,421, 441
-
4,453
-
5,457,462 
Hierl, Konstantin,198 Hilberg, Raul, 468 
Hilfspolizei 
('deputy police'), 296 Himmler, Heinrich, 18g, 207, 337, 421, 442,540
-
1,553
-
4;concentration camp system expanded by, 338-40, 464-6; deportations of Jews organ- 
INDEX 
681 
ized by,323,324,424;and euthanasia program of, 366-9; evacuation of concentration camps ordered by, 565; extermination of Jews carried outby,369,399,443
-
5,451
-
8,461, 4
6
3,46
6
,467,534-9,541-42,566; propaganda techniques of,190,193, 194; recruitment of Germanic SS volunteers by, 415; resettlement plans Of,373,424-5,464; shoot-to
kill order against Polish insurgents issued by, 363; Speer and, 336,341 Hindenburg, Oskar von, 204,220 Hindenburg,Paulvon,125-6,2oo, 201,204-5,2o8,217,286,289-90; death of, 310; elected president of Germany, 125; emergency decrees issued by, 206; Hitler appointed chancellor by, 126,211-12,218, 220-2; Jews and, 307,317 Hitler,Adol$ 3,6-7, 10-16, i0-i6,253,271, 444
-
5,532
-
3,582
-
7; agricultural program of,198-200,287;annihila
tion of Jews as essential aim of, 414, 447,45
2-
9,5
2
6
--
7,533
-
5,538,542, 562,573,576-7; anti-Semitism as obsession ol;12-14,18,81-2,96-7, 98-ioi, 
1
0
7,213; appeasement of, 3
1
3
-
14,351,352; appointed chancel
lor,126,191,201-2,206,211-12, 216-18,220-3;Ardennes offensive of, 56o-2; aristocratic support for, 293; 'asocial' campaign of, 334-6, 338; assassination attempts on, 37
6-
7,55t; autobiography 
ofsee Mein Kampf; 
Balkan offensive of, 397
-
9,4o6; birth of, 
I1, 
81; cabinet 
Of, 
285-7; collaborators with, 416-19; concentration camp expansion approved by,340,341;conscription reintroduced by,312;consensus dictatorship of,r5,120-1,223, 
2
9
8-
3
1
4,5
82
;
 
consolidation of power of, 
2
99-30
2
,304; economic policies Of, 305-6; and elections, 193-4,203, 
205,2o8,220,297;eugenics policies of, 331-3; euthanasia program of, 365-9; final days of, 575-7; first wave of terror under, 302-3; and founding and growth of Nazi Party, 95-8,124, T88-go; and French invasion of Ruhr, 105; industrialists and, t86-7, 219-20,292-3; interviewed by British and American reporters, 1og-io,196-7, 208; 'Jewish Bolshe
vism' deplored by,1o8-9,121,122, 217,320-1,329-30,381, 442,526-7, 53
2,
453
,
5
6
4
,
573,575,583; during last months of war, 562-4,568, 573-5; law and order measures of, 307-8; leader cult of, 123; marriage of, 576; and 'moderates' in Nazi Party, 126-7; during Munich upris
ing, go; Mussolini and, 103, 
1
03,4
6
7, 531-2, 534; nationalism 
of, 
11-13,94, 96-7, 196; nonaggression pact with Hitler, 
see 
Nazi-Soviet pact; and North African losses, 508,509,525; officer corps support for, 289-92, 427-8; Poland invaded and occupied by, 352
-
5, 361
-
4,366,369-72, 377; popular support for, 293-5,304, 376-7; populist view of, 15; prewar persecution of Jews by, 315-20, 325-6; prison sentence of, 115,117, 123; purges carried out by, 2074, 219, 310, 308-ro; putsch attempt of, 104,io8,I1o-15,124,325,5o8;radio speeches of, 
28
7
-
8,31
1
,526-7; rallies addressed by,191-3,194-6,202-4, 209, 323, 338; and Reichstag fire, 298-9; right-wing politics 
of, 
g1-4, 124-5; show trials and accusations of conspiracy with, 275; Soviet cam
paign 0082
-
3,397,40I,4M-to, 4
1
3
-
i
6,
4
201
73
,
4
2
9
,
43
1-
40
,
47
1
,472, 4
81-
4
,
4
88,
49
0,
494
,
495,499
--
5
0
0,
 502,506
-
11,527,530-1,540; suicide of, 577; Vichy France and, 419-20; violence sanctioned by, 210; 
682 
INDEX 
Hitler, Adolf 
(continued) 
and war crimes trials, 549; and Warsaw uprising, 553; as 'weak dictator,' 348; Western Europe attacked by,375-82,401,4o6,413; and Winter War, 392; worldview and foreign policy of, 348-5o; in World War 1, 
11, 
82, 84; youth of, 81, 118 Hitler Youth, 532 
Hoepner, General Erich, 427-8 Hoffmann, Heinrich, 4o6-7 Hoffmann, Johannes, 88,89 Holland, 
see 
Netherlands Holocaust, 4; 
see 
also Jews, annihilation of 
homosexuals, persecution of, A, 336 Hoover, Herbert, 76 
Horthy, Admiral Mikl6s, 418,467-8, 532,533 
Hoss, Commandant Rudolf 464,466 Hossbach, Colonel Friedrich, 350 Hugenberg, Alfred, 196, 217, 221, 285
-
6,294 
Hull, Cordell, 407,559 
Hungary, 73,415,418,533,557,5
6
4; Communist revolution in, 88, 89, Ioo,149, 321; Jews deported from, 339,467-8,532,587;P0stwar,555, 592 
Illustrierter Beobachter 
(magazine), 191 
Independent Social Democratic Party of Germany (USPD), 83-8 India,4I4 
Ingush,514,5I8 
Interior, German Ministry of, 285, 333,335,337 
Internal Affairs, Commissariat of, 57,58 
International Automobile and Motor
cycle Exhibition (Berlin, 1933), 294 International Olympic Committee, 319 
Iskra(newspaper),132-3,135 Israel, 593,594 
Italy, 123,126,219,347,354,402,424, 509,531-2,569; Communist Party in, 76, too; fall of Fascist regime in, 466-7; Fascist rise to power in, 3, 102-4,1[[,117,190,216-I7,3o6; Greece invaded and occupied by, 397,400; Jews in, 534; Olympics awarded to, 319; in Tripartite Pact with Germany and Japan, 413,419 Ivan the Terrible, Tsar, 474,58o 
Izvestia, 
49 
Jacobins,26 
Japan, 347, 394, 402, 416, 548, 554, 557, 558,592; China and, 359; Intelli
gence Service, 272; intervention against Bolsheviks by, 66; surrender of English soldiers to, 492; in Tripar
tite Pact with Germany and Italy, 413, 419; United States attacked by, 439
-
40,457 
Jehovah's Witnesses, 334 
'Jewish Bolshevism,' 12, 90,126,36 
1, 
441, 582, 587; Hitler's diatribes against, to',121,122,217,320-1, 329
-
30,381,414,453,526-7,53
2
, 564,573,575,583; invasion of Soviet Union to destroy, 350, 383, 397, 414, 415,417,421-3,425-
-
8,435-6,439, 44i-5o, 481; in Poland, 387 
Jews, 15-17,104,167,195,209,223, 304,390,512-13,574; agriculture and, 198; anti-Communist, 307; Aryanization of businesses of, 322, 324; in Baltic states, 395; blamed for World War 1, 83,56o, 583; in Bolshe
vik leadership, 67-8,go,155,248--9, 593; boycott of business of, 315-18; in Bulgaria, 419;in Byelorussia, 390;in concentration camps, 326, 335, 338-9,369; curtailment of rights of, 16,118,216,293-4,318-19,329,338; 
INDEX 
683 
on death marches, 566, 567; deporta
tions of,3
2
2
-
5,337,369-71,373
-
4, 387,389,400,420,535-6; escalation of Nazi radicalism against, 369
-
72; expropriation of property of, 18q, 199; extermination of,36, I I, r6, 363,367,368,398
-
401,417,423,433, 44
1-6
8,4
81
,495,529
-
30,532-42,549, 587,593; in France, 42o;and German invasion of Soviet Union, 433,435; in ghettos, 369,372,424,535-40;in Greece, 400-1; Hitler's vow to destroy, 414,526-7,533
-
5,562,573, 
576-7;Kristallnacht 
attacks on, 325
-
9; in Lenin's ancestry, 24; linked to assassination attempt on Hitler, 376; pogroms against, 68-9; in Poland, 352,353,36o,363,364,387, 389; prewar Nazi persecution of, 307
-
9,315
-
30,584; in radical move
ments, 88-91; in Romania, 416-17; in Soviet ruling elite, 248-9,356; street violence against, 209,210,215;in Ukraine, 167, 390; Wehrmacht propaganda on, 353-4; in Yugoslavia, 398
-
4oo; 
see also 
anti-Semitism 
Jodl, General Alfred, 382,42 1 Jogiches, Leo, 9o 
Judendltestenrate 
(Jewish councils), 371,535 
Junge,Traudl,576 
Justice, Commissariat of, 54
-
5, 57, 173,249 
Kadet (Constitutional Democratic) Party, 21,46,49 
 Kaganovich, Lazar M.,167,171, 228-30,234,268-7o, 278,28o Kahr, Gustav von,112-14 Kalinin, Mikhail 1.,
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

But the Obama backers saw in him the raw material of transforming leadership, even of greatness.
	Obama's Challenge

But Obama won.
	Obama's Challenge

Though conditions today are not as dire as in 1933, Obama's challenge will be to give public definition to what Americans have been experiencing as largely private struggles, and restore a sense of collective possibility.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                
Kennedy and Johnson: From Impasse to Transformation 
 Obama at his best has a gift common to Lincoln, Roosevelt, and the Lyndon Johnson whom I prefer to remember-the man who redeemed Lincoln's vision rather than the one who ruined his presidency with a needless war.
	Obama's Challenge

After Obama announced his emergency anti-recession program on July 31, he gave an interview to NPR's usually intelligent Michele Norris.
	Obama's Challenge

And along the way, he needs to rely on his gift as a teacher-as Roosevelt did in the banking crisis of 1933, and Obama himself did so brilliantly in his Cooper Union address.
	Obama's Challenge

These are the very people whose daily struggles Obama listened to while he was a community organizer on the South Side of Chicago, and when he developed an early political alliance with the SEIU.
	Obama's Challenge

By expanding coverage without addressing the fundamental drivers of escalating cost, Obama (or his successor) risks a draconian cut in services later on.
	Obama's Challenge

For exam
 ple, Barack Obama has included as part of his proposed health reform universal coverage of children.
	Obama's Challenge

Obama just kept working until he had built a consen
 sus, and he did this during a period when the Democrats were the minority party in the state senate.
	Obama's Challenge

Coming out of nowhere, Obama quickly matched and then surpassed her money advantage.
	Obama's Challenge

Obama, let's recall, got his start in politics as a community orga
 nizer.
	Obama's Challenge

Obama honed this natural talent around the kitchen tables of Chicago's South Side.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                24
 Fortuitously for the liberal Weisberg, Obama also happened to be 
12   ANN COULTER 
 the most left-wing person ever to run for president in the United States on a major-party ticket.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Hillary supporter Lisa Caputo explained that Hillary was talking about Obama's racist loon pastor, Jeremiah Wright, because 'these are the kind of attacks that the Republicans are going to throw at Senator Obama.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Former Clinton White House assistant deputy fellatio apologist 
76   ANN COULTER 
 Ann Lewis defended Hillary's attacks on Obama by warning that 'in the fall election the Republicans are going to come after us with everything they've got.''
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

If only McCain had come at Obama with everything he had! Or even with everything I had.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                As if anticipating Bill Clinton, Al Gore, and Obama, an op-ed in the 
Washington Post 
concluded, 'A Demo
cratic president could successfully name a former marijuana smoker to the court-indeed, a Democratic president could be a former mari
 juana smoker.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                            82 
But then Obama emerged from the clouds, and at long last, liber
 als were finished with the Clintons-which was as close to actual mainstream thinking as they'd been in years.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                   Instead of asking the beloved Obama any tough 
questions, the media asked the Golden Boy to comment on Republi- 
84   
ANN COULTER 
 cans' attacks-imagined attacks that hadn't materialized yet.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Referring to Obama's admitted past drug use, Tom Brokaw's question to Obama was 'Aren't the Republicans going to come after you on that?' (Obama: 'You know, they already have.')'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

86   ANN COULTER 
 Obama supporter Steven Cohen, public administration professor at Columbia University, warned, 'It's clear how the Republicans are going to attack....
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

The ad noted that two North Carolina Demo
 crats had endorsed Obama for president and concluded, 'Too extreme for North Carolina.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                                                       are considering running an advertisement against Mr. Obama that highlights his ties to contro
versial figures like his former pastor, the Rev. Jeremiah A. Wright Jr. That ad could have the effect of adding a racially divisive element to that Southern state's primary' ne North Carolina Republican Party ad 
Bg   ANN COULTER 
 showed Obama's pastor Jeremiah Wright screaming one of his classics: 'God damn America!'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

94   ANN COULTER 
 Needless to say, the only smears debunked on Obama's website had already been thoroughly shredded, day in and day out, throughout the media.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               I don't think he's a Muslim, but I do think he said 'I would' to the 
96   ANN COULTER 
question 'Would you be willing to meet separately, without precondition, during the first year of your administration, in Washington or anywhere else, with the leaders of Iran, Syria, Venezuela, Cuba, and North Korea, in order to bridge the gap that divides our countries?' Obama didn't even hesitate or 'do nuance'-as he did in response to pastor Rick War
 ren's question about when life begins.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

One example was an Obama spokesman referring to 'another flat-out lie from a dishonorable cam
 paign.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

By coddling the Democrats, the media have turned them into a 
110   ANN COULTER 
 Times said in the fall of 2008, 'when aides to the Democratic nominee, Barack Obama, do not accuse the Republican ticket-John McCain, Sarah Palin, or both--0f lies and lying.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

But instead of marking the end of this gentlemanly custom with regret, the Times was tickled pink by the refreshing honesty of the Obama campaign.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                              Creating a coherent energy policy
Republicans: FOR 
Democrats: FOR 
When Sarah Palin's daughter came under attack soon after Palin was chosen as McCain's vice presidential choice, Obama again mag
nanimously announced, 'I think people's families are off-limits and peo
 ple's children are especially off-limits.''
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                                                                      '' Long before Obama needed an opponent destroyed in the 2004 Senate 
146   
ANN COULTER 
race, California's family court-which was responsible for the Ryans' divorce case-was described in a California newspaper as 'a place where discovering the truth and punishing the guilty are not the high
 est priorities.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

      148   
ANN COULTER 
 In the few days before Ryan dropped out of the race, Obama nobly proclaimed that voters were more interested in the issues than in Ryan's divorce-though his comments were negated, to some degree, by the plastic 'Mr.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

'And so,' Obama said, 'it's just not something that we've emphasized or we're planning to comment on.'
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                   McCain Running Mate's Rallying Cry' 
-Daily Record 
(Glasgow, Scotland), September 5, 2008 
'Sarah Palin: A Pit Bull with Lipstick' 
-Fresno Bee 
(California), September 5, 2008 
'Enter the Pit Bull with Lipstick' -Media General Washington Bureau, September 5, 2008 
'Sarah Barracuda: Pitbull in Lipstick' 
-Democratic Daily, 
September 6, 2008 
'The Difference Between Palin and Bush? Lipstick' 
-Moderate Voice, 
September 6, 2008 
'Pitbull in Lipstick: Palin Rips Obama' 
-Daily News 
(New York), September 4, 2008 
176 
 So there did seem to be some vague connection between Sarah Palin and lipstick in the public consciousness when Obama made his remarks on September 9.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

           When 
Washington Post 
 columnist Howard Kurtz sneered: 'Does anyone seriously believe that Barack Obama was calling Sarah Palin a pig?'-perhaps he should have addressed that question to his fellow journalists writing endless headlines about Palin and lipstick.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Republicans have turned themselves into such doormats that a major Obama fundraiser felt free to sneak into the Republican National Convention 
178   
ANN COULTER 
 to disrupt Sarah Palin's speech-and then portray herself as a victim of the Republicans for being asked to leave.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

It seemed only a matter of time before Obama would slip and tell a crowd what a special dad it had always been to him.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                    Most notable are Barack Obama's close connec
tions to Weathermen Bill Ayers and Bernardine Dohrn, who were di
 rectly involved in bombing the Pentagon and the Capitol.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

And, of course, Obama held his first political coming-out party at the home of Ayers and Dohrn.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Told the Obama campaign office was up the street, they began yelling and cursing, and accused the office workers, two married couples 
264   
ANN COULTER 
 in their seventies, of stealing Obama yard signs.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Michael Barone, 'Democrat Protectionism: It Won't Win Elections or Help the Economy,' Washington Post, September 29, 1985; Clarence Page, 'Obama Hurdle Called `Bubba,'' Chicago Tribune, September 24, 2008; 'Emerging Democratic Majority After 40 Years of Decline,' 
Denver 
Post, Au
 gust 24, 2008.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

And I had an amazing time work
 ing with young people in my district on many campaigns, including the Obama for President campaign, which thanks in large part to the young people's active involvement, turned out 62 percent for Barack in my congressional district on Super Tuesday 2008.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

Obama (D-IL) campaign in California I also attended several debates-the Howard University debate on issues important to the African American community, the George Washington University debate with the topic of faith and politics, and also the Congressional Black Caucus Institute's debate in South Carolina and the California Democratic Party debate in Los Angeles.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                  Obama's Western Re
gional co-chair, and on his behalf I participated in rallies, phone 
162   +   Chapter Eight 
 banking, and behind-the-scene advising on issues and politics.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

Ted Kennedy (D-MA), Cong. Patrick Kennedy (D-RI), and Caroline Kennedy all publically endorsed Senator Obama (D-IL).
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                             I share Senator Obama's vision and active commitment to 
166   +   Chapter Eight 
building a society based on activism, progressive values and a keen sense that we must act now and outside of the usual bounds of par
 tisanship and expediency.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                See also 
North Korea; South Korea 
Kucinich, Dennis, 205 Ku Klux Klan (KKK), 79 Kyoto Protocol, 194 
Lantos, Tom, 171, 176, 177 Lautenberg, Frank R., 38 Leach, Jim, 113 Lebanon,36 
LeClaire, Danielle, 167 Legorreta, Ricardo, 200 Lee Amendment, 145 Lee, Angela, 200 
Lee, Barbara, 157; and abortion, 106, 107, 108; and AIDS, 113-17; birth of, 3; Black Panther Party, involvement in, 
216 - Index 
46, 50 51, 54-62, 148; and Black Student Union (BSU), 148, 149; bloodline of, 4; candidacy of, 155; Catholicism, conversion to, 28; as cheerleader, 29, 83, 84, 104; childhood of, 5, 6, 8, 10, 17-19, 25; and Shirley Chisholm, xiii, 87-91, 151; criticism of, 179; death threats against, 156, 178; divorce of, 21, 45, 46; domestic violence, as victim of, 134-37; education of, 26-28, 45-46, 80-81,108-9,148-51;in England, 84; family tree of, as confusing, 19-20; Florida vote, protest toward, 159; and 'food stamp challenge,' 203; in Ghana, 35, 197-198; and global warming, 193, 194; in Grenada, 36; in Israel, 35; marriages of, 20,30,31,84,104-6,130-33, 136; mentoring, importance of to, 89; at Mills College, 148-51; miscarriage of, 31, 104; Nobel Peace Prize nomination of, 193; Barack Obama, endorsement of, 162, 165, 166; and peace movement, 204, 205; pregnancy of, 29, 30, 104, 105; as radical, accusations of, 155-56; and religion, 25, 26; role models of, 77; at San Fernando High School, 29, 83, 
84; as self-conscious, 27; self
esteem of, 86; self-image of, 11, 12; September 11 attacks, reaction to, 170-75, 181; September 11 resolution, vote against, xiii-xiv, 34, 36, 66, 92-93,156,176-77,184-85, 187; as sexually active, 29; sexual awakening of, 102, 103; shame, feelings of, 82; at St. Joseph's, 26, 27, 28; support of, 182-85; as un-American, accusations of, 180 
Lee, Carl (Barbara Lee's first husband), 20, 21, 29, 30, 31, 84, 104-6, 128-30; as good
natured, 131, 132, 137 
Lee, Carl (Carl Lee's father), 45 Lee, Carl Anthony (Tony), 10, 45, 128, 200, 204 
Lee, Craig, 45, 128, 135, 200, 204 Lee, Memuna, 200, 204 
Lee, Peggy (Carl Lee's mother), 45 Lee, Sheila Jackson, 167 
Lessons from Before Roe: Will 
Past 
Be Prologue? 
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                                                                                    Less vio
lence in Iraq, the leadership in Tehran hoped, might help the presidential campaign of Barack Obama, who was advocating a speedy withdrawal 
a 
MAKING WAY FOR THE MARDI 11 105 
 of U.S. troops.*
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                                                        HIVIAV IAOI 9NlH3ffffols V 
A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 
The Zlrue (and Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media 




BY BERNARD GOLDBERG 

Sfnre 19
,
47 
REGNERY 
PUBLISHING, INC. 
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Chapter Eighteen   
 Ten Questions for Barack Obama ..........143
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Obama is your friend.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

During his campaign, Obama may indeed have been a man with an air of detachment, that rare politician who 
A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 
INTRODUCTION 
 always seems to exude coolness.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

An NBC News correspondent even admitted that 'it's almost hard to remain objective' when covering such a towering presence as Barack Obama.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

After Obama won, Dick Morris, the political commenta
tor who used to work for 
Bill 
Clinton, told me, 'In 2004 the 
10 
 mainstream media did a bad job of being impartial.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                  
If you didn't notice the pro-Obama bias during the cam
 paign, you were either dead or in a coma.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

There also was all that inconvenient stuff a lot of the big, mainstream media didn't find all that interesting-the sto
 ries about associations and alliances between Obama and some pretty shady characters, including his anti-American, racist minister, an unrepentant domestic terrorist, and as the Washington Post belatedly noted, an associate charged with influence-peddling.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

    Another survey found that 
20   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 late-night comics told seven times more jokes skewering the McCain-Palin ticket than they did the Obama-Biden ticket.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

And before Matthews was done for the night, he morphed right before our eyes from Mr. Hardball into Ms. Winfrey, 
26   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 telling Leno, 'If you're in [a room] with Obama, you feel the spirit moving.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

During the six weeks between early September and mid
 October, 73 percent of all the stories on MSNBC about McCain were negative; only 14 percent of the stories about Obama were negative.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                        32   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

Keith Olbermann would 'love to find something to criti
 cize' about Obama's speech? I don't think so.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

But Matthews upped the ante, taking his praise of Obama into a Biblical realm: 'You know, I've been criticized for saying he [Obama] inspires me, and to hell with my critics! ...
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

So if McCain had won, what would the message have been to both America and the outside world that was watching? That a Republican beat a Democrat? That a (sort of) con
servative beat a liberal? That more Americans liked McCain's policies than Obama's? No, no, and no. The message would 
40   
A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 have been that Obama lost because racism continues to hang over our country like a poisonous cloud.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                       44   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

That's why journalists could be moved by Obama's elec
 tion in a way they could never be moved when a black man named Clarence Thomas made it from poverty all the way to the Supreme Court of the United States.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Trust me, if Condi were a liberal Democrat, she would be on the cover of Time every other week, which was about as often as the magazine put Obama on its cover during the 2008 campaign.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

The New Media was not motivated in support of McCain
 but rather in opposition to Obama.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

This is why the specifics of who Obama is, are irrelevant to them.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

The Drive Bys determined that this election was about 
them 
 as much as Obama.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

And it helped immensely that Obama had no real opposition in McCain.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Both the title of Obama's second book, 
The Audacity of Hope, 
 and the theme for his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in 2004 come from Wright's sermons.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                                                                                                                                       'This is as 
70   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

openly radical a background as any significant American political figure has ever emerged from,' the magazine reported, 'as much Malcolm X as Martin Luther King Jr. Wright is not an incidental figure in Obama's life, or his pol
 itics.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

72   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 Just a few years earlier virtually no one outside of Chicago politics knew anything about Obama.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

It examined Obama's relationship with Wright in greater depth, and this time it made a number of references to Wright's radicalism, 
74   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 including a passing mention of his now infamous post-9/11 sermon.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                         The author, Janny Scott, proclaimed that Obama's speech 'may be the most significant public discus
sion of race in decades'; that 'many historians said [it] could be likened only to speeches by presidents Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. Kennedy and Abraham Lincoln'; that it 
78   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 was 'hopeful, patriotic, quintessentially American'; that Obama 'confronted race head-on'; and that 'historians and others described the speech's candidness on race as almost without precedent.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                                           Indeed, the Wright story became a kind of template
both for the Obama campaign and the media-for how to handle virtually any story potentially damaging to Obama: minimize it, praise Obama for his candor, claim all questions 
80   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 have been asked and answered, and attack those who persist in asking questions as over-the-top partisans.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                             On February 19, 2008, the story appeared in the United States in the now-defunct conservative paper, the 
New York Sun: 
92   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

Senator Obama's ties to a former leader of the violent left-wing activist group the Weather Underground are drawing new scrutiny as he battles Senator Clinton for the Democratic pres
 idential nomination.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                             94   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

George Stephanopoulos, a co-moderator of the debate, said to Obama, '[Ayers] never apologized for [the bomb
 ings].
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Then, after noting that Obama's campaign had described Obama's relationship with Ayers as 'friendly,' Stephanopoulos pulled the pin on the grenade.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

They finally began digging deep into the story-not the story of the Obama-Ayers relationship, but the story of who was behind the dastardly campaign to publicize this connection.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

'The conservative group running advertisements that highlight Senator Barack Obama's association with the 1960s radical William Ayers is being financed by a Texas bil
 lionaire who has raised money for Senator John McCain and who also helped finance the Swift Boat Veterans for Truth campaign against Senator John Kerry in 2004.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                      The best journalism on why the 
100   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

Obama-Ayers connection mattered was not even coming from a full-time working journalist, but from a guy whose field of expertise was 
 anthropology.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

 Journalists weren't biased for 
conflict, 
they 
110   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

were biased for 
Obama, 
because he was a Democrat, a lib
 eral, and an African-American.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                            9Iu, 
v 
PLANE-GATE 







ust a few days before the election, the Obama cam
 paign threw three newspaper reporters under the bus, or more accurately, off the plane-the Obama press plane.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

What made the Obama campaign's explanation look especially lame was that it booted real journalists off the plane to make zoom not just for reporters from the 
Chicago 
120   - A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

Tribune 
and 
Chicago Sun-Times, 
 but for writers from glossies that run celebrity crap.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

It was Obama's jet, after all, and he could let any
 one he wanted on it, and kick anyone he wanted off it.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Remember when, during the campaign, Brian Williams, Katie Couric, and Charlie Gibson went to Europe with 
130   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 Obama? You could make a case that their very presence gave the candidate more stature than he otherwise would have had.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

             133 
NOW THEY TELL US 







T
  1 he day after the election, two heavy hitters from the media world went on the Charlie Rose show to inform us that Barack Obama is a slightly creepy, deeply manipulative guy.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                           Meacham, Thomas, and Brokaw are newsmen, right? It is their job to tell us who this Barack Obama is, right-and not 
138   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

run interference for him? It is their job to tell us how he thinks, what drives him, what he really believes in, right
and not hide their fears and suspicions until after they got him elected? And they wait almost until Election Day-or in the case of Meacham and Thomas, until 
after 
Election Day
to go on national television and tell us that Barack Obama is a creature created by Barack Obama who is not 'neces
sarily a real person'? 
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Charlie Cook, a well-respected, long-time journalist who specializes in election forecasts and political trends, told the audience, 'I think a lot of people in the news media were too young to cover Camelot and John Kennedy, they were too 
140   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 young in most cases to cover Bobby Kennedy and so I think they were star struck by this Obama phenomenon.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

TEN QUESTIONS FOR BARACK OBAMA 





 was trained as a reporter in the old school, the school of Murrow, if you want to call it that, which liberals profess to admire.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

If I had still been at CBS News dur
 ing the campaign and had landed an interview with Barack Obama, I would have questioned him the old school way.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

   It also published a commemorative issue, 'Obama's Ameri
can Dream,' which was 'filled with so many iconic images 
152   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

and such stirring prose it could have been campaign litera
ture,' as Howard Kurtz put it in the 
 Washington Post.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Others, like the mainstream media, will fall into Obama's toilet and splash around like it's holy water.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

The problem with any such relationship is always that, one day, the spell wears off, and you start get
ting annoyed at little things like your soul mate (in this case, 
154   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 Barack Obama-America's soul mate) leaving the toilet seat up.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

156   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 Yes, there will be mainstream media reporters looking to establish themselves as 'honest brokers' of the Obama presidency.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

But I think the reporting on President Obama will unfold in a special, protective context.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

164   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 When they broke the number down, Pew found that 90 percent of Republicans thought most journalists wanted Obama to win.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

         There's no need to inflate journalists' egos, which are already the size of Mars, but we have to be aware of the dan
ger when a nation no longer has trustworthy sources of infor
mation, when every media outlet is peddling a line, selling a candidate, promoting an ideology, acting as press officers for 
168   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 the favored (like Obama) and inquisitors of the unfavored (like Palin).
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Obama's margin among elected delegates was almost as thin, just 51 to 48 percent.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

172   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 While Obama's worst media coverage came during the weeks leading up to the Pennsylvania primary on April 22, even then the networks offered two positive stories for every one that carried a negative spin (21% to 9%).
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Obama's best press of the year came after he won the North Carolina primary on May 6-after that, 43 percent of stories were favor
 able to Obama, compared to just one percent that were critical.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                                      INDEX 
A 
ABC News, 19, 20, 21, 69, 75, 84, 93, 96-97, 123, 129-30, 151, 155,170,171 
ACORN, 8, 40, 57, 59-60, 84 Air America, 132 
Al Qaeda, 30 
A 
Manifesto 
for 
Media Freedom, 
130-31 
American University, 1, 2, 10,167 Anderson, Brian C., 130-32, 176 Anderson, Pamela, 46 
'A Nixonesque Move by Team Obama,' 119 
AP, (see Associated Press) Associated Press, The (AP), 83, 85-88 
Astaire, Fred, 42 Atlantic, The, 15-16, 48 Axelrod, David, 114 
Ayers, Bill, 9, 40, 59-61, 84, 87, 88,89-103,144 
B 
Babington, Charles, 87 'Bamalot,' 10, 151-57 Barbour, Haley, 149 Barnes, Fred, 164 Barnicle, Mike, 5, 44 Baskin-Robbins, 17 
BDS, (see Bush Derangement Syndrome) 
Beale, Howard, 29 Beam, Alex, 67 Beck, Glenn, 128 Bellantoni, Christina, 118 Bercovici, Jeff, 34 Beyonce,120 
Bias, 1, 2,176 Biden, Jill, 119 
180 
A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 
Biden, Joe, 20, 58-59, 118-119 bin Laden, Osama, 9 Blackwell, Kenneth, 43 Bloomberg, 84 
Boston Globe, 
67 Boyer, Peter, 27 Braxton, Toni, 120 Brokaw, Tom, 13, 34-35, 101-2, 106,136-37 
Burton, William, 92 
Bush Administration, 52-53 Bush Derangement Syndrome (BIDS), 45 
Bush Doctrine, 20-21 Bush, George H.W, 107 Bush, George W., 54, 148, 154 
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid, 
35 
C 
Caddell, Pat, 165, 176 
Canadian Broadcasting Com
pany, 48 
Capitol Hill, 24 Captain Renault, 18 Capus,Steve, 33-35 Carter, Jimmy, 107 
Casablanca, 
18 
CBS Evening News, 
69,171 
CBS Morning News, 
17 
CBS News, 1, 2, 16, 17, 19, 28, 41, 69, 71, 86, 123, 129-30, 143, 165,170-71 
Center for Media and Public Affairs, 19 
Chafee, Lincoln, 46 Chavez, Hugo, 102 Chicago Annenberg Challenge, The, 61,99 
Chicago Sun Times, 
40, 100, 120 
City Joumal, 101 
Clinton, Bill, 9, 64, 75, 95, 107, 110, 119, 156, 164 
Clinton, Hillary, 4, 39, 65, 74, 92, 
94-95,170 CNN, 17, 55, 59 
Colbert, Stephen, 12 Cole, Juan, 47 Colmes, Alan, 30 
Columbia Joumalism Review, 
13 Contract with America, 108 Cook, Charlie, 21, 139-40 Cornell, 29 
Countdown, 
30 Comic, Katie, 106, 129 Cowan, Lee, 15 C-SPAN, 139 Cronkite, Walter, 8 Crouse, Timothy, 86 Curl, Joseph, 118 
D 
Dallas Morning News, 
118, 120 Daley, Richard, 92 
Daniel, Douglass K., 87-88 Davis, Sammy, Jr., 42 
Democrat-Gazette, 
92 Democratic National Convention, 39, 70, 100 
Dionne, E. J., 47 Doniger, Wendy, 47 Dohrn, Bernardine, 87, 91, 93, 102 
 Dowd, Maureen, 47 Down Syndrome, 49.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                        It was there, he knew, that another Illinois legisla
tor, Abraham Lincoln, had asked a question that ultimately led to the deadliest, most profound argument in American history: Is everyone, in
cluding a black man, a person? And it was there, in Springfield, that Obama hoped to begin a quest that would answer the question emphati
 cally by making him the first African American to win the White House.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

In a personal sense, Obama's trip to Springfield was a political home
 coming.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

As far as Senator Barack Obama of Illinois was concerned, the temperature did not matter.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

His wife, Michelle Robinson, was a Princeton-educated pride of the neigh
 borhood and, like Obama, a graduate of Harvard Law School.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

In zoo8, Senator Barack Obama made his bid to dominate the 
YouTube 
 era with Web-based fund-raising prowess and vivid, easily sound-bite-able speeches.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                  Senate), 75, 117,122 
Justice Department, U.S., 76, 77, 85, 86, 170 
Kammen, Michael, 
1o 
Karpinski, Gene, 216 Keating, Charles, 228 Kemp, Jack, 103,107 Kennedy, Edward 'Ted,' 117, 161, 186,239 Kennedy, John E, 66-67, 134, 172, 179, 210,224 
Kennedy, Robert F., 222-23, 238 Kentucky 
coal industry in, 6, 221-23, 225-26 federal versus local authority in, 7, 149, 156 
Fineman's journalistic career in, 5-6 as frontier, 5-6 
religion in, 68-69 
strip mining in, 221-23, 225-26 
INDEX 
297 
Kerry, John, 105, 236 
Keynes, John Maynard,127,134 Khrushchev, Nikita, 72 
King, Larry, 191 
King, Martin Luther, Jr., 93, 107 King, Martin Luther, Sr., 69 Kissinger, Henry, 207 
Klain, Ron, 117 
Knights of Labor, 234, 235 Know-Nothings, 6, 244 Kosciuszko, Thaddeus, 206 Kunin, Madeline, 42 
La Citadel restaurant (Hazard, Kentucky), 221, 222, 223, 226 
labor unions 
and campaign reform, 239 decline in membership in, 36 and elections, 179, 189 
and elites, 234-35 and free speech, 85 and Gore, 179 
and immigration, 47,49 
Jackson's Washington Mall speech to, 35
-
3
6
,37 
in Kentucky, 6 
and trade, 179, 186, 187, 189-go and who is a person, 35-36 
See also speck union 
Land, Richard, 58-59,60,61 land 
and environment, 212-26 leasing of public, 219 settlement of frontier, 214, 215-16 
worship of, 216-17 
See also 
environment 
Larry King Give 
(CNN-TV), 191, 192 Latinos, as immigrants, 13, 42, 48, 49, 55
,2
4
2
 
leadership 
characteristics of great, 244
-
45 importance of searching for, 243-44 
U.S. role in global, 242-43 League of Conservation Voters, 216 League of Nations, 169, 203 Leahy, Pat, 157-58 
legal system 
as American Argument, 7, 108-24 and Constitution, 111-16, 120, 121 and Founders, 111-13, 118 
and politics, 
111, 
112, 115-16, it7-18 power of, 115 
in Texas, 118-20 
and 'We the People,' 111-12, 113 
See also 
judges; Supreme Court, U.S. Lewis, Bernard, 208, 2oq 
Lieberman, Donna, 9o Limbaugh,Rush, 122,236 'The Limits of Growth' manifesto, 217 Lincoln, Abraham 
in Bauer campaign ads, 33 books about, 171 
and economic issues, 132 and elections of t86o, 148 and free speech, 84, 86 Gettysburg Address of, 30, 144 as great president, 244-45 
as Illinois legislator, 22 
and local vs. federal authority, 144, 148 and media, 172 
and 'more perfect union,' 7 Obama compared with, 22 and presidential power, 167-68, 176 and slavery, 22, 29-30 
Springfield speech of, 21, 22, 23, 29 views about Declaration of Independence Of, 29-30 
and who is a person, 21, 22, 23, 29-30 Lippmann, Walter, 169, 170 
lobbyists, Washington, 240-41 Locke,John, 64,79 Louisiana, 141, 142, 143, 155 Louisiana Purchase, 55, 166, 167, 191, 204 Louisville, Kentucky 
Carter visit to, 160 fundamentalism in, 68-69 Love Park (Philadelphia), rally 
in, 
52 Luce, Henry, 169 
Lynch,John,107 
'macaca' incident, 38-41 
McCain, John S., 52, 73-74, Io6-7, 227-30 
McCarthy, Joseph, 203-4, 244 McCullough, David, 196 McDougall, Walter, 201 McKinley, William, 47,133 Madison, James, 
1o, 
63-64, 144, 146, 
1
4
8,2
3
2 
 Madison, Marbury v.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                      Sullivan (1964), 84 Newsweek magazine, 169 
Newton, Isaac, 
1o 
Nightly News (NBC-TV), 141 Nixon, Richard 
and 'Deep Throat,' 69 and elections of 1972, 218 and environment, 218 and free speech, 86 
and presidential power, 159, 160, 170-71 recruitment of academics by, 
101 
'Southern Strategy' Of, 70, 71 
and Soviet Union, 218 and Watergate, 160 
'No Child Left Behind Act' (2001), 2-53 Norquist, Grover, 
101, 
102-3, 104 
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), 179, 19'2, 193 
Obama, Barack Jr. education of, 21, 30 and Edwards' reform theme, 241 and evolution, 62 
health care plan of, 97 and immigration, 52 Lincoln compared with, 22 and media, 172 
national unity theme of, 22 
as new generation black man, 36, 37 
personal and professional background of, 21 
presidential campaign of, 21-23, 36, 97, 
2
37,
2
41 
Springfield speech of, 21, 22-23 and who is a person, 21-23, 26 Obama, Michelle Robinson, 21, 23 O'Connor, Sandra Day, 109, 
110 
oil, 139, 213, 217, 220-21, 225, 243 Olympics (1976), 218 
one America,' and who is a person, 26,27 
O'Neill, Thomas P. 'Tip,' 134, 172-73 101st Airborne, Bush speech to, 174-75 open doors, and immigration, 41, 42, 44
,
4
8
 
opportunity, freedom of, 232 optimism, as national faith, 242 O'Reilly, Bill, 14,157 Ornstein, Norman J., 173-74 
Paine, Thomas, 9, 81, 164, 181 Palestinians, 195, 243 'Palmer Raids,' 85,244 Patriot Act, 87, 153 
patterns, seeing, 13-14 Paul, Ron, 237 
Pearl, Danny, 76 Pelosi, Nancy, 24, 25 Penn, William, 41,44,45,52,145-46, 164,214 
Pennsylvania 
elections of 1948 in, 206 environmental views in, 214 evolution vs. intelligent design in, 6o immigrants in, 44, 45, 51, 53, 214 
and local vs. federal authority, 145-46 religion in, 6o, 67-68 
Pentagon Papers, 75, 86 
Peoria, Illinois, Lincoln speech in, 29, 30 Perot, H. Ross, 179, 191-92 
person 
as American Argument, 7,21-37 creation of, 32 
'death' of, 32 
and Declaration of Independence, 7 and expansion of meaning of personhood,35 
judicial decisions about, 116 Pew Hispanic Center, 51 
300 
INDEX 
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and colonial models, 12 design of, 214 
and founding of America, 63 immigrants in, 44, 5
2
 53 labor unions in, 234 
Love Park rally in, 52-53 Old State House in, 29 Phillips, Tom, 
1 
tq Pilgrims, 9, 12, coo Pinchot, Gifford, 216 
 Pledge of Allegiance, 67, 73, 151 political campaigns, 6, 227-41, 243 political parties, 17, 24.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Among other things, the campaigns of some of the entrants, in particular Barack Obama (who in a somewhat syrupy, non-ideological fashion refused to play the hate game at all), Ron Paul (who tried to unite voters on both sides against the aggrandizement of fed
eral power), and John Edwards (who tried to focus public anger in the general direction of its proper target, the conspiracy of business interests in Washington) all attempted to capitalize to some degree on the exhaustion the public must be feeling at be
 ing asked all the time to hate other ordinary Americans.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

With their wild charges of sexism and media conspiracy and their accusations of various shocking crimes on the part of Obama (running an ad accusing Obama of favoring explicit sex ed for kindergarteners, when in fact the program was designed to help children recognize and avoid child molesters), the McCain strategists finally turned the campaign of two traditionally middle-of-the-road, milquetoast politicians into an all-out Holy War of cross-cultural idiocies.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

Compounding all of this was the re-emergence of Karl Rove and his proteges (Rove charge Steve Schmidt is running McCain's campaign), who rallied the so-called 'Republican base'-in fact a repeatedly fucked-over segment of lower-to- 
316   THE GREAT DERANGEMENT 
middle-class white America that has seen most ofitsjobs and its savings pissed away in the last eight years of Republican rule
against Obama with their canny choice of Palin and their nut
 cutting makeover of John McCain.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

Barack Obama was able to navigate his way through the long history of political corruption in Illinois while Rod Blagojevich was caught up in corrupt schemes seem
 ingly far worse than his predecessors had ever attempted.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                    Obama told the Washing
ton Post he regretted his actions, saying the purchase cre
 ated the appearance that Tony Rezko did him a favor by selling him the lot.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Obama admitted, 'There's no doubt that this was a mistake on my part.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Obama also donated to charity 
$11,500 
that Rezko had contrib
 uted to his campaign.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Roland Burris in an expansive mood on December 
30, 
 2oo8,just after Governor Blagojevich announced that Burris was his choice to fill the vacant Senate seat of Barack Obama.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

While Obama stood before 84,000 cheering supporters packed into the Invesco Field football stadium, a bitterly disappointed Blagojevich was back in Chicago.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

He showed up on the third day of the convention and put in a two-hour appear
 ance on the convention floor to vote for the nomination of Barack Obama for president.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

His staff wanted him to stay for Obama's acceptance speech the following night, but Blagojevich had had enough.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

On the day before the presidential 
Pay to Play 
 election, the governor spoke with his chief of staff John Harris, Deputy Governor Bob Greenlee, and his leading outside adviser, Doug Scofield, about what Blagojevich could get in return for the Senate seat from Obama if he appointed Jarrett.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

On the day of the presidential election, Blagojevich talked with Harris, Scofield, and Greenlee about the best way to negotiate with Obama for the seat.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

But he said his consultants were telling him he had to 'suck it up for two years-and do noth
 ing and give this motherfucker [Obama] his senator.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

After the governor's arrest, some observers speculated that those contacts would engulf Emanuel-and even Obama-in the Senate-for-sale scan
 dal.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Now he was a trusted Obama adviser.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

President-elect Obama thereupon asked his incoming VAiite House counsel to investigate the contacts that any
 one associated with Obama had had with Blagojevich and come back with a detailed report.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

         





179 
14 


Quid Pro Quo 


THE ATTEMPT 
 to put President-elect Barack Obama's vacant Senate seat up for sale was the most heinous of U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald's criminal charges against Governor Rod Blagojevich.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Still, for the moment Obama continued to support the Democratic Caucus in its determination to keep Burris from taking Obama's former Senate seat.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Genson introduced into evidence the report by incoming White House counsel Greg Craig, which exonerated Emanuel and Jarrett of being involved in any 
209 
Pay to Play 
 quid pro quo discussions with regard to 'selling' Obama's Senate seat.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                                               See also Paris Thompson 
Obama, Barack, x, 6, 8, 17, 24, 69, 82, 124, 146-147, 159, 201, 203; Rod Blagojevich, distancing from, 165; nomination of, 166; and Tony Rezko, 91-92; Senate seat, appointment of, 192
1
93,195
-
197,199
-
200,202, 221, 235; Senate seat, selling of, 137, 167-168, 171-176, 178, 207, 210, 225; Senate seat, and special election, 193, 196 
Ohio, 141 
 Operation Board Games, 9i, 96, 100, 113-114, 134, 154, 161.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          
HealthPoint Capital, m6, 1o8, No 
Hendon, Rickey, 228-230 Hines, Dan, 123 
Hoffman, Jay, 66-68, 81, 84, 93-94, 2
,
14 
Horse-racing industry: and casino gambling, 185; and corruption, 22 
Hurtgen, Nicholas, 99-too, 161 Hyde Park, 17 
'If' (Kipling), 40 
Illinois: corruption in, roots of, 16; Democrats in, internal squabble among, 117; and flu vaccine, 141-142; health
care coverage in, 139-40, 145-146; hone racing in, 22; low-cost prescription drugs, availability of in, 142-144; and patronage system, 15-16; pay-to-play politics in, 113
I14; weak campaign finance laws in, 156 
Illinois Campaign for Political Reform, 87 
Illinois Covered, 146-147, 149-151 
Illinois Department of Health and Human Services, 151-152 
Illinois Finance Authority (IFA), 94
-
96,180
-
182,207,213 Illinois Health Facilities Planning Board, 97-103, 113, 154-155, 213 
Illinois State Board of Investments (ISBI), 11o Impeachment trials: as rare, 
zoo 
Independent Precinct Organization, 14 
Iraq War, 41 
I-Save-Rx program, 144, 210 
Jackson, Jesse, 82 
Jackson, Rev. Jesse: and Serbian trip, 74
-
79 
Jackson, Jesse, Jr., 75, 82, 168, 172, 2o1; and Obama Senate seat, 177-179; and Peotone airport, 177-178 
Jagger, Mick, 40 
Jarrett, Valerie, 24, 209-210, 221; and Obama Senate seat, 171-177 
J. E. Roberts, 110-112 
Jesse White Tumbling Team, 122 
Johnston, Johnny, 185-186 Joint Committee on Administrative Rules UCAR), 151-153, 210 Jones, Emil, Jr., 147, 155, 201, 219, 229; as old school, 146 Jones, Emil III, 219 
Kansas, 141, 143 Kaszak, Nancy, 69, 71 Keane, Thomas, 18, 37 Kelly, Christopher, 86-87, 92
-
93,96, 1o8-1 to, 112, 129-131, 133, 138; indictment of, 114; as 
Index 
Individual B, 155; Dick Mell, accusations of toward, 134 Kelly, Ed, 65 
Kelly, R., 194, 224 
Kenna, Michael 'Hinky Dink,' 13
-
14 
Kennelly, Martin J., 1G Kenney, Crane, 182 Kemer, Otto, 22, 83 Kerrey, Bob, too Kerry, John, 1o6 Kiferbaum,Jacob, loo-1o2; 
indictment of, 113 Kipling, Rudyard, 40, 195 Knapp, Bill, 83, 164-165 Kosovo: ethnic cleansing in, 74 
Lang, Lou, 205, 212 Larsen, Nils, 182-183 Lassar, Scott, 28 Letterman, David, x, 226 Levine, Stuart, 96, 99, 104, 1o6, 1o8-11o, 114, 121, 129; drug addiction of, 97; and FBI, 111-112; guilty plea of, 155; indictment of, 113, 154; and kickback money, 98; and Mercy Hospital kickback scheme, 102-103 
Libby, Lewis 'Scooter,' 12 Lincoln, Abraham, 39 Lipinski, William, 105 
Madigan, Lisa, 116, 123, 134, 150, 172, 175; Rod Blagojevich, political disability of, charge of, 192 
243 
Index 
Madigan, Mike, 125, 131, 146, 155, 181, 191, 205, 209, 213, 229; as arrogant, accusations of, 117; background of, 116; Rod Blagojevich, relationship with, as dysfunctional, 115, 117-118, 148-150; criticism of, 119; as master legislator, 119 
Magoon, Patrick, 183-184 Matteson, Joel Aldrich, 14 The Maverick and the Machine 
(Walker), 23 McCall, Carl, 11o-111 McCarthy, Timothy, 26 Marin, Carol, 198 Matthews, Chris, 202 Mecham, Evan, 219 
 Mell, Deborah, 6o, 66, 218 Mell, Margaret, 131; Rod Blagojevich, trustworthiness, concern over, 135; death of, 136; illness of, 134-135.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                                                                                            See also Patronage system; Pay
to-play politics 
Plame, Valerie, 11-12 Podesta, John, 75 Polales, Dean, 1o Powell, Paul: and patronage system, 15-16 
Presley, Elvis, 40-41, 44 Provena Health, 168 
Quinn, Pat, 125, 190, 192-193, 
195, 236 
Reagan, Ronald, 38, 70 Reid, Harry, 193, 201, 203 Rezko, Antoin 'Tony,' 93-94, 95
-
97, 99, 104, 108-113, 121, 129, 136, 138, 155, 165; guilty verdict against, 114, 161; indictment of, 113, 154; and kickback money, 98; 
and Mercy Hospital kickback scheme, 102-103; and Barack Obama, 91-92; and Peotone airport, 178 
Robert Taylor Homes, 52 Romero, Ray, 69 Roosevelt, Franklin, 37 Roosevelt, Theodore, 42 Rosenberg, Thomas, 112-114 Rostenkowski, Dan, 19, 65-66, 68J7o; conviction of, 21; indictment of, 2o; as skillful politician, 20 
Rostenkowski, Joseph, 19 Royko, Mike, 18 
Rush, Bobby, 199
-
zoc Ryan, George, 8, 2,1, 31, 83, 97, 1o6, 114-115, 124, 147, 157, 159, 16o; clout of, 2,8; conviction of, 3o; death penalty, moratorium on, 28-29; Nobel Peace Prize, nominations for, 29; and political corruption, 28-30, 85-86, 9o-J1 
Ryan, Jim, 85-86, 88, 93, 96, 106-107 
Ryan, Lura Lynn, 30 
Saturday Night Live 
(television show), 225-226 Schakowsky,Jan, 105,168 Schmidt, Frankie, 131-132 Scofield, Doug, 172-174 Scott, Zaldwaynaka, izo-lzl Selig, Glenn, zz3-224 Serbia: bombing campaign against, 74; prisoners of war in, 74, 78 
Service Employees International Union, 122 
 Shakman Decrees, 2,5; challenging of, 2,4; civil v.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Jews Laud Obama's Pick of Rahm Emanuel for Chief of Staff,' Haawtz (Internet edition), November 9, 2008.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                                                                                   'Islamofascism' term of, 148-49 Netanyahu, Benjamin, 230 
Index 
New Deal, 146,222 New Statesman, 208 New World Order, xiv, xvi, 11, 44,60, 176 
NewYorkTimmes, 119,169 New Zealand, 36,222 Nicaragua, 62 
Niger Delta Development Commission, 174 
Nigeria, 94, 153, 158, 168, 183, 260, 276n, 312n 
Islamic insurgency in, 172-74 9/11 Commission, t2-16,17,37,61, 78, 273n, 274n-75n, 280n 
9111 Commission Report, 271n, 274n, 284n, 289n, 290n, 303n 
Nixon, Richard M., 24, 25, 28, 100, 193 
Nixon administration, 30 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), 65, 67, 109, 139, 195, 294n 
Islamic, 169, 171, 172,175,185-86, 295m 306n 
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 39, 61, 64, 66, 73, 84, 92, 93,100,107,125,131
9
143;165, 
185,192,197,202-3,234,278n North Caucasus, 168-70, 183 Northern Alliance, 64, 114, 130, 293n North Ossetia, 168 
nuclear proliferation, 59 Islamists and, 73-74 U.S. India relationship and, 150 
see also weapons of mass destruction Nye, Joseph, 71, 140, 286n, 302n 
Oakley, Phyllis, 39
197-98, 269, 287n, 291n, 293n,
Oakley, Robert, 39-40
318n
Obama, Barak, 152
Predator (UAV), 280n
oil embargo of 1973, 19-20,28-29,
Prodi, Romano, 201
231
proportional response, doctrine of,
Omar, Abdulgarim, 313n
' 74-77,81,82-86,193-94
363 
Omar, Mullah, 69, 110, 253, 281n, 291n, 297n 
O'Neill,John, 279n,280n Operation Enduring Freedom, 102 Organization of American States 
(OAS), 92 organized crime, 59 
Paine, Thomas, 79, 101, 117, 145, 257 legacy of, 99-100 
Pakistan, 36, 38,44,62-63,64, 83, 103,106,124-25,130,150,166, 170,237,256,296n-97n,301n, 320n 
Afghan War and, 111-14,115 ISID of, 111, 171-72, 295n U.S. interests and, 167-68 Palestine, 28, 51 
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), 31-32 
Panama, 128 
Panshjeri, Abu Ubayda al-, 112 Papua-New Guinea, 222 Paul, Ron, 204-5, 215-18 PAnvitt, James, 294n 
Pax Atomica, 77-78, 79, 92 Perle, Richard, 120, 275n Peru, 63 
Peter;, Ralph, 87-88, 189, 295n-96n, 309n 
Pew Trust polls, 83, 155, 207 Phases, Walid, 80 
Philippines, 33,44, 141, 150, 192, 204 Pipes, Richard, 57 
popular culture, 71 
Popular Defense Forces, Sudan, 32 Powell, Colin, 11, 42, 101, 102-3, 
362 
Index 
Index 
Protestant Reformation, 163, 268 Provincial Reconstruction Teams, 108 Pulaski, Casimir, 79 
Putin, Vladimir, 62, 195-96, 230-31 
Qaddafi, Muammar al-, 81, 231, 3007 Qatar, 123 
Rains, Claude, 103 Ramadan, Tariq, 161 Rashid, Madawi al-, 161-63, 3077 Reagan,Ronald, 21,42,43,55,56-57, 75, 80,84, 92, 214, 247, 2837 Cold War and, 5-6 
Reid, Harry, 214 religion, 66, 70, 94, 269 in Europe, 179-80 
U.S. 's roots in, 281n-827 rendition program, 207, 3167-187 Republican Party, U.S., 4, 17, 29, 70-71,72,74,109,139,142,186, 203, 216, 219 
Reuters, 173 
Revolution in MilitaryAffairs (RMA), 87-94,185,2897 
insurgents' weapons and, 88-89 Peters's analysis of, 87-88 targeting of bin Laden and, 90-91 Reyes, Silvester, 2977 Reykjavik Summit, 6 Rice, Condoleezza, 101, 102, 128, 197, 269,2937 
Roberts, Lord Frederick, 110-11, 295n 
Robertson, Pat, 2857 Robinson, Daniel, 27 Rolenz, Michael, 2807   , Roman Catholic Church, 163 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 214, 222, 239 Roosevelt, Theodore, 214 
Rumsfeld, Donald, xiii, 101, 105, 137, 138-39, 197, 238, 269, 2897, 2967 Rushdie, Salman, 156, 234 
Russia, 62,73,98,111,181,230,3167 Chechnya conflict of, xvi, 150, 168-69,207,230 
Islamic NGOs and missionaries in, 169-70 
North Caucasus region of, 168-70 nuclear arsenal of, 169, 259 
see 
also Soviet Union 
Sada Military Academy, 112 Sageman, Marc, 3017-2n Sakharov, Andrei, 79-80 Saladin, 165, 226, 241, 323n Salafi Group for Call and Combat, 135 
Salafism,113,171,178,185 Samaritan's Purse, 184 Santayana, George, 187 Saud family, 71, 261 Saudis (airline), 133 
Saudi Arabia, 1, 10, 13, 15, 17, 23, 28, 31,51-52,53,60,73,74,118, 122, 123, 124, 125, 151, 153,158, 163, 167, 169, 171, 172, 175, 178, 193,205,217,222,232,241,251, 260,274n, 2767, 2827, 2877-887, 2977, 3007, 3017, 3197 
Afghan War and, 111 Gulf War and, 41 
oil embargo of 1973 and, 19-20, 28-29,132,231 
September 11 attacks and, 72 
and spread of militant Islam, 185-86 U.S.'s alliance with, 71-72 
Yom Kippur war and, 24 Sayyaf, Abdur Rasul, 112 Schoenfeld, Gabriel, 219-20 Schwarzkopf, Norman, 42 Scowcroft, Brent, 43 
SEATO (Southeast Asia Treaty Organization), 92 Second Iraq War, 
see 
Iraq War Senate, U.S., 69, 203 
September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, 
-   
xiu, 
xvii, xviii, 19, 21-22, 31, 44, 53, 59, 63,64, 69, 74, 102, 103, 110, 228, 235, 256, 3187, 3237 expected Arab street uprising and, 190-91 
and failure of 9/11 Commission, 12-16 
Muslim world's reaction to, 2937 national security obsession and, 3, 5 Saudi complicity in, 72 
U.S. Israel policy and, 21-22, 24 U.S.response to,194,195-96, 197 
Western unity after, 197-98, 202-3 Serbia, 125 
Shell Oil Co., 174 Sheridan, Philip H., 75 Sherman, William T., 97, 141, 147 Shias, 32, 83, 132, 166, 167, 237, 238, 256,2897 
Sunnis' schism with, 119-21, 130-31,136,262 
signals intelligence (SIGINT), 91, 2817, 2907, 2957 Simon,James 8,211 
Simon, Steven, 142-43, 221, 2837-867 Social Security, 25, 224, 252 
Society for the Revival of the Islamic Heritage, 171 
soft power doctrine, 139, 286n, 3027 in Cold war, 70-71 
in Iraq War, 14041 
in posf-Cold War era, 69-72 So1zhenitsyn,Aleksandr,79-80 Somalia, 32,60,75,109,141,168, 
176-78,183-84,188,192,193, 198, 233, 239, 243, 2787, 3137 Ethiopian invasion of, 177-78,231, 3147-157 
Somali Transitional Federal Government, 177 
Sonthi Boonyamtglin, 175-76 
Soros, George, xiv 
Soviet Union, xv, 2; 5, 6, 22, 55, 56-57, 66, 90, 92, 109, 120, 143, 193, 231,259 
in Afghan conflict, 33, 37-39, 57, 107,133-34,158,2827-837 collapse of, 43-4, 59, 62, 88, 93 see also Russia 
Spain, 201, 222, 228 Stampp, Kenneth M., 210 State Department, U.S., 79, 127, 2867, 3177 
Steele, Michael, 216 Stein, Jeff, 119-21 Stevenson, Adlai, 44 Steyn, Mark, 180,181-82, 286n Strauss, Leo, 2757-767 
Sudan, 17, 32, 35,68, 178, 2787 Darfur conflict of, 65-66,183-84 Khowst complex raid and, 76-77, 3167 
Sudam, Abu Talha al, 3137 Suhail, Abu, 36, 2777 Sulawesi, 153 
Sumtis, xiv, 9, 32, 45, 83, 95, 121, 123-25,132,152,166,167
9
190, 196, 237, 238, 256, 2897, 3227 Shia schism with, 119-21, 130-31, 136,262 
Sun Tzu, 10, 97, 236 Supreme Court, U.S., 211 Syria, 32,43,118,125,131,138,167, 241-42,298n 
Iraq Way and, 123-24 
takfiris, 
3227 
Taliban, 11,40,64,68,69,93-94, 100, 101-2,103,104,107-8,113,114, 115, 128, 130, 156, 166, 171, 192, 194, 230, 233,253, 256, 2747, 
2857, 2867, 2917, 3097 Taney, Roger B., 211 Tanzania, 76 
364 
365 
Index 
Tenet, George, 15, 16-18, 82, 89-91, - 101,104,194,271n-72n,273n, 274n, 284n, 285n, 294n terrorism, 59-60, 89,247 
bin Laden on, 326n Iran and, 297n-98n training camps of, 32-35 see also al-Qaeda; Islamists; war on terror; specific acts 
Thailand, 134, 141, 158, 168; 183, 202 Buddhist-Muslim conflict in, 174-75 Islamic insurgency in, 174-76 
Thaksin Shinawatra, 175, 202 Thanat-Rush Communiqu6 (1962), 176 Thatcher, Margaret, 43, 75 
Third World, 94-95,167 Tocqueville, Alexis de, 223-24,269 Tocqueville and the American 
Experiment (Cook), 223 Tomsen, Peter, 39,279n Treasury Department, U.S., 37 Truman, Harry S., 143 Tunisia, 135, 199 Turkey, 124-25, 183, 241, 254, 301n Turki, Prince, 111, 232, 287n Turner, Ted, 252 
Twetten, Thomas, 39 
Uighur Muslims, 150,230-31,319n Union Oil Company of California (UNOCAL), 68,285n 
United Arab Emirates, 123, 158, 232 United Liberation Front of Assam, 172 United Nations, xiv, 26, 39, 43, 48, 58, 63,64,92,109,139,173,198, 199,247 
Somalia intervention and, 176-77, 178 
United States: 
Afghan-Soviet conflict and, 37-39 al-Qaeda threat and, 78-79 Bangladesh as concern of, 168, 170-72 
bin Laden's declarations of war against, xv-xvi, 53,60,63-64, 212,305n,307n-8n 
Christian roots of, 281n-82n Cold War mindset of, 78-79 congressional war powers issue in, 242-43 
Darfur intervention and, 65-66 democracy and nation-building and, 39-41 
energy dependency of, 19-20, 28-30,31,53,74,217,251-52, 259-61,276n 
 energy policy of, see.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Democratic Congressman Barney Frank criticized president-elect Barack Obama for not being more 'assertive' during the crisis.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

214   BAILOUT NATION 
 Despite his involvement in the debacle, Summers is now director of the National Economic Council for President Barack Obama.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                                                                           See also 
Bush Administration National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), 31 
Nationally recognized statistical rating organizations (NRSROs), 157-158 National Monetary Commission, 19 National Recovery Administration (NRA), 30 
National reserve system, 17 
National Youth Administration (WA), 30 Natural disasters, economic impact of, 18, 218 
Naughty Child Index, 206-207 
Index 
327 
Net capital rules, 143-144, 157, 241 Net Portfolio Maiden Lane LLC, 181 Netscape, 63, 196 
New Century Financial Corporation, 256 
New Deal: 
components of, 23-32 cost of, 3 
public acceptance of, 24-25 New Economy, 79 
New products/product lines, 197 New York Federal Bank, 220 
New York Federal Reserve Bank, 55, 72, 179,223 
New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), 140 
New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), 54-56,66,68,86,241 
Nifty Fifty stocks, 65 NINJA loans, 126,251 Nixon, Richard, 36 Nixon Administration, 37 No-doc (no-documentation) loans, 125 No-money down mortgages, 126, 129, 239 
No-money-down, no-income-check mortgages, 255 
Nomura Securities, 191 Nondepository mortgage originators, 120-121 
Non-farm payroll reports, 91, 278 Nonfeasance, 102, 133-148 Notional value, 114 
Nuclear energy facilities, 292 
Obama, Barack: advice for, 287-296 
 economic recovery strategies, 180 national health insurance, 166-167 Obama Administration.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

            39
8
   
I   
MICHAEL WOLFF 
 Murdoch, for his part, had a simple thought for Obama, which he'd prepared ahead of time.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   J. Simpson deal and, 217-18; The Simpsons, 300 
Fox News, 7, 11, 38, 44, 48, 98, 167, 204, 209, 210, 211, 218, 244, 246, 280, 287, 344, 345--08, 393; Ailes as head of, 41, 282-84; Barack Obama and, 347, 398; birth of, 314; Christmas campaign, 283-84; politics of, 281-84, 341, 398-99; power of, 247; Sunday news show, 220 
Fox Studio, 42,48,93-94,186,187,297, 299--300,319 
Freud, Charlotte (granddaughter), 368 Freud, Matthew (son-in-law), 2, 4, 99-100, 211,250,354,359,567-70,396 
Fried, Frank, Harris, Shriver and Jacobson, 166 Frost, David, 127-29,130-31 
Full Disclosure (Neil), 243 
Gallipoli (film), 63 
Gannett Publications, 171, 178,203 
Gates, Bill, 172 Gavenchak, Genie, 199 GE, 247, 255, 257, 258,286 Geelong Grammar School, 68--69,98, 121, 150 
Geffen, David, 335-36, 395 George magazine, 162 Giddy, Harry, 70 
 Gigot, Paul, 261 Giles, Frank, 240-41 Ginsberg, Gary, 3, 6, 13, 4.4,161-63,166,
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             20, 72, 97, 125, 200, 357, 360, 362 
News 
of the World (London), 96, 123-25, 131, 132, 201, 205-6, 237, 250, 272, 273, 274, 369, 393; Christine Keeler memoirs, 126-29 
Newspapers: advertising, 75,178, 204, 210; afternoon papers end, 152; aspects o£ production, 17; as cash business, 74-75; debt, use of, 76; decline of, 9, 49, 77, 110, 152, 348; elite, 6-7, 57, 84, 137,220-21, 232; families who own, history, 92-95, 123; Fleet Street journalism, 15, 71-72, 123; Harvard journalism mafia, 245; Murdoch and print unions, 191-92; Murdoch as a throwback, 57,152, 257, 389-91; Murdoch family and, 21; Murdoch in Britain and, 121-36; Murdoch's, number of, 17; Murdoch style, 177, 202; newspaper war, 7, 74; Northcliffe formula, 67; NY newspaper strike of 1978, 340; owner-operators, 234--00; running of, 72; second
generation proprietors, 17; single-owner markets, 152; tabloids, 23, 59, 66-67,121, 126, 131, 179,198-220; transformation of content in the 1980s, 230-31; in U.K., 1980s, 173-74; Watergate effect, 203-4 
Newsweek, 
7, 22, 160,178 Newton, Maxwell, 276 
New 
west, 177,189 
New World Communications, 307, 308 New 
Yorker, 
77, 169 
New 
York Herald Tribune, 154 New York Journal 
American, 
154 
New 
York magazine, 9, 10-11, 12, 48, 50, 
153-54, 178,188-89; board of, 154-55; Murdoch purchase, 148,153-60,177, 185,275 
New York Observer, 36 
 New York Post, 5, 8, 10, 13, 29, 45, 48, 51, 92, 176, 177, 363; as American tabloid, 208-9; Business section, 245; divorce of Murdoch announcement in, 326; election of Ed Koch and, 269-70; endorsement of Giuliani, 277; endorsement of Jimmy Carter, 340; endorsement of Obama, 397; fate of, 348; influence of, 7; Langan's bar and, 200; location of, 287; as money-loser, 44-45, 57, 209, 301, 402; Murdoch forced to sell, 189; Murdoch purchase of, 148-53, 177, 185, 275; Murdoch repurchases, 208, 280, 301; newspaper strike of 1978, 340; Newton column in, 276; 'Page Six,' 198-99, 211, 221, 222, 224, 245, 249, 391; paid sources at, 7; Podhoretz column in, 276; Power of, 247-50; reporter Dualeavy, 181, 211-12; report on Murdoch in newsroom, 238; vendetta against Primedia, 11.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              New 
York Sun, 154 
New 
York Times, 20, 22, 47, 49, 137, 152, 231, 232, 258, 263, 339-44; admiration for Murdoch at, 9; anti-Murdoch sentiment at, 6, 8, 340-42; Bloomberg Times deal rumor, 390; Murdoch desire for revenge or acquisition, 7, 339-44, 348, 399, 400-401; as national paper, 343; reporting on Wall Street Journal sale, 378; scandals at, 343; share price, 342; Sulzberger as suimr of 
Wall 
Street Journal, 28, 29, 77; Sulzberger family and, 28; voting trust of Sulzbergers at, 92; as Wall Street Journal rival, 86 
New York 
World-Telegram, 
154 Nightingale-Bamford School, 150 Nixon, Richard, 266-67, 345 Nocera,Joe, 28 
Northcliffe, Lord, 66-67, 71, 132 
Obama, Barack, 347, 397-98 Observer (London), 67, 176 Odey, Crispin, 96 
Oil 
and Honor(Petzinger), 
172 Olbermann, Keith, 247 
444 
I 
INDEX 
O'Neal, Stan, 399 
O'Reilly, Bill, 7, 211, 247, 346, 398 Ottaway Jim, 78 
Outfoxed (documentary), 11 
Oxford University, 69-70, 71, 121, 263, 265 
Packer, Clyde, 74 Packer, Frank, 74 Packer, Jamie, +4,101, 351, 36546, 376 Packer, Kerry, 19-20, 44, 73, 74, 75, 351, 365 Packer family, 73, 75, 159, 179, 264, 352 Page, Larry, 336 
Paley, Bill, 22, 71, 155 Paramount, 308 Parsons, Dick, 36 Patricof, Alan, 155, 157, 158 Patten, Chris, 163, 252 
Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton and Garrison, 146 
Pearl, Danny, 385 
Pearlstine, Norm, 47, 171, 172, 315, 316 Pearson PLC, 28, 192, 255, 286, 310 Perelman,Ronald, 179,182,507 Peretsman, Nancy, 28, 166 
Pergamon Press, 124 Perot, Ross, 279 Petzinger, Thomas, 172 Philadelphia Enquirer, 256 Philip, Prince of England, 134 Phillips, Warren, 171, 258, 316 Phillips Academy, 100 
Pumice, Anna (granddaughter), 99 Pianim, Cornelia (granddaughter), 98 Pianim, Elkin Kwesi, 98-99 
Pianim, Nicholas, 99 
Pickens, T. Boone, 179, 182, 183 Pincher, Chapman, 122 Plame, Valerie, 47, 343 Playford, Sir Thomas, 265 Podhoretz,John, 276 Podhoretz, Norman, 276 
Pop Idol (TV show), 113 PopularPhotogmphy, 183 Posner, Victor, 179 Presley, Elvis, 207-8 Primedia, 11 
Princeton University, 53, 54, 100 Private Eye, 131, 134 Profumo,John, 126-29 Providence Equity Partners, 366 
Pugh, Clifton, 177 Pulitzer, Joseph, 66,203 Purnick, Joyce, 269 Puzq Michael, 384, 385 
 Queensland Newspapers Ltd.,
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                              CULTURE 
of 
CORRUPTION 
CULTURE 
of 
CORRUPTION 
OBAMA AND HIS TEAM OF TAX CHEATS, CROOKS, AND CRONIES 


MICHELLE MALKIN 



s,me 1947 
REGNERY 
PUBLISHING, INC. 
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

               1 
CHAPTER 1: ONWS: 
 Obama Nominee Withdrawal Syndrome .........................
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

        15 
CHAPTER 2: 
 Bitter Half: First Crony Michelle Obama..
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

4 
 An inconvenient aside: For all the hype about the Greatest Transition in World History, Obama failed to beat the pace of the Reagan White House.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

By Day 100, Obama had 65 officials con
 firmed.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Reagan had 73-and the Evil Republicans did it without all the bungles and baggage that the Angels of Obama brought with them 
6 
'Obama's a faster turtle, but he's still a turtle,' tran
 sition analyst Paul Light observed-his voice of reason drowned out amid the media frenzy.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

d   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

 While pundits cooed over Obama's 'Achievatrons' and their unbridled 'star power,' nomination after nomination imploded.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Some you've never heard of because Obama's cheerleaders were too busy glorifying the Greatest Transition in World History.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Heckuva job, Obama vetters!
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Top Obama advisor David Axelrod ran fear-mongering campaigns in Illinois in support of a huge utility rate 
8   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

 hike-and failed to disclose that his ads were funded by Commonwealth Edison in Chicago.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                
 On the Obama-Biden 
Change.gov
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

12   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

 In short: This is a government of the crony, by the lobbyist, and for all the well-heeled, well-connected people Barack Obama spent his entire campaign demonizing.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                 CHAPTER 1 

ONWS 
OBAMA NOMINEE WITHDRAWAL SYNDROME 
As America thrilled to the inauguration o f its 44th president and a new First Lady, the West Wing was filling with a kalei
doscopic army of policy aces, whiz kids, and veteran advis
 ers, all focused on the long-haul, no-drama work to which Barack has called them...'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

'Governor Richardson is uniquely suited for 
20 
 this role as a leading economic diplomat for America,' Obama asserted.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

'As governor of New Mexico, Bill showed how govern
 ment can act as a partner to support our businesses,' said Obama, adding that Richardson would 'bring a leadership style all his own.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

After abandoning his own presidential bid in January 2008, Richardson ditched the Clintons, his old friends and former bosses, to offer a timely endorsement of Obama in March 2008.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

CDR's president also contributed $29,000 to Obama's presidential campaign.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

But only the blessed Barack Obama could have national media outlets describing this fiasco of the first order as a 'cabinet staffing hiccup.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Tom Daschle is the personification of all that Obama professed to detest during his campaign of Hope and Change-a consummate Beltway insider who parlayed his public service (where he earned a $158,000 yearly salary) into a $5.2
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                      CHAPTER 2 

BITTER HALF 
FIRST CRONY MICHELLE OBAMA 






W
 hoopi Goldberg was giddy with laughter in June 2008 as she introduced 'our very special guest co-host, who actu
 ally could be the next first lady of the United States of America, Michelle Obama!'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                   The first question went to Bar
bara Walters, who asked about that day's 
New York Times 
story that Mrs. Obama's appearance on the show was aimed at 'soft
 ening her reputation.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

In January 2008, shortly after 
41 
42 
 Obama was endorsed by the Kennedy clan-Teddy, his son Patrick, and JFK's daughter Caroline-Helena Andrews of Politico invoked the Jacqueline Kennedy comparison: 'Michelle cut the faultless figure of the quintessential president's wife last Saturday in South Carolina-the president, of course, being John E Kennedy and the wife being Jackie.''
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

as our next first lady, Michelle Obama, is bringing a new sense of style to the White House.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Obama follows in the fashion footsteps of first ladies like Jackie Kennedy, who was known for her sophistication and elegance.''
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Obama insisted indignantly that 'these folks should lay off my wife.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Mrs. Obama laughed softly at his side.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

With her savvy fundraising skills, she helped keep Team Obama rolling in dough during the 2008 presidential campaign.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

According to left-wing watchdog Public Citizen, Rogers bundled more than $200,000 for Obama and con
tributed $28,500 to committees supporting her good friend 
 .12
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Indeed, 'it is no coincidence' that Mrs. Obama is now using her perch in the White House to reward wheeler-dealers like 
47 
48 
Desiree Rogers who helped pave her husband's path to power
 and her own.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                 As Daley's deputy chief of staff, Jarrett met Michelle Robin
son (then engaged to Barack Obama) and persuaded her to leave her private law firm for a public-sector stint as Assistant Com
 missioner of Planning and Development.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

According to Obama lore, Michelle didn't take the job until Jarrett agreed to meet Barack for a two-hour 'grilling' in July 1991?' With character
 istic narcissism, Mrs. Obama reportedly told Jarrett: 'My fiance wants to know who is going to be looking out for me and making sure that I thrive.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

               Axelrod's firm recommended 
56 
CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 
Bitter Half: First Crony Michelle Obama   
57 

 'New level of compassion,' indeed.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                            58 
Health Initiative, another related 'South Side Health Collabora
 tive' program created by Mrs. Obama and funded with a federal grant in 2005, and Mrs. Obama's position.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                            Among the requests for information he made in his 11-page, August 29, 2008, letter: 
And regarding Mrs. Obama's position as Vice President of Com
munity and External Relations: '[D]escribe the hiring and selec
tion process for this position, including when the position was created, whether the vacancy was publicly announced, and the cri
 teria for selection.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The Blackwell family, owners of the largest minority-owned consultancy in Chicago, had hired Obama to do legal work for the son's tech business, Electronic Knowledge Interchange (EKI), on an $8,000 per month retainer.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

'Michelle and I have to live in the world and pay taxes and pay for our kids and save for retirement,' Obama shrugged when questioned by Crain's 
68 
Chicago Business 
 magazine about his wife's involvement with TreeHouse while he crusaded for corporate reform.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                   The Senator's wife provides political cover for the university with the com
munity, in return for which the university provides a previously non-existent and prestigious position to the Senator's wife, 
70 
 It was during her first year overseeing the program that Mrs. Obama arranged an eyebrow-raising panel on juvenile justice.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The featured speakers? Barack Obama, newly elected Illinois State Senator and lecturer at the University of Chicago Law School, appeared with friend, neighbor, and unrepentant Weather Under
 ground terrorist Bill Ayers.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

That 
72 
 Like Mrs. Obama's father, Ayers's father was a cog in the Daley political machine.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Mrs. Obama and the elder Ayers's Common
 wealth Edison shared another common bond: David Axelrod.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Just as Mrs. Obama had relied on Axelrod's signature re-branding skills to sell an unpalatable program to Chicago's poor, Com
 monwealth Edison hired Axelrod's same public relations firm, ASK Public Strategies, to repackage a huge utility rate hike.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Who was this vocal sen
 ator opposed to the bankruptcy law changes championed by McCain and Biden? None other than Barack Obama, who would later pick Joe Biden as his running mate.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

100 
 In February 2009, President Obama signed the $787 billion, pork-stuffed 'economic stimulus' package into law.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

During his address to a joint Session of Congress after signing the bill, Obama designated Vice President Biden the stimulus spending watchdog to be perched at a new website-www.recovery.gov
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                 CHAPTER 4 
MEET THE MESS 
INSIDE THE CROOKED CABINET 
 hen asked why they were voting for Barack Obama, young people across the country cited his outsider status.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Internet entrepre
 neurs cranked out Obama t-shirts emblazoned with 'Hope is the New Black' and 'Change is fresh.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

103 
104 
 Without further ado, I have compiled for you a handy guide to Obama's team of moldy oldies, rancid hacks, and rank tax evaders.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Perform an act of public service and share it with your favorite starry-eyed young Obama supporters.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                       million in investment, speaking, and consulting fees since the beginning of 2008, including: 
$56,000 from Merrill Lynch & Co. for two speeches; $28,000 for a speech for Wachovia Corp; 
$28,000 for an honorarium from the Carlyle Group, a private-equity firm whose companies do business with national security bureaucracies within the federal gov
ernment; 
$60,000 in 'Governmental Advisory Fees' from the shipping lobbyists of the Pacific Maritime Association; $130,000 in director's fees from big-time lobbying firm Fleishman Hillard; 
$150,000 in consulting fees from California State Uni
versity, which hosts the Leon & Sylvia Panetta Institute for Public Policy, a nonprofit think tank run by Mr. Panetta and his wife
8
-which, coincidentally enough, 
CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

just happened to publish a survey showing wide sup
port for Obama among college students in spring 2008 and disapproval of rival Republican John McCain and President George W Bush;' 
$125,000 in director fees from BP Corporation North America; 
$93,000 from Blue Shield of California; and 
 $170,000 from Zenith National Insurance (in which he also owns up stock worth up to $350,000).'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Despite his long-known noto
 riety in Washington state as an incompetent manager and obstinate campaign finance law-breaker, President Obama has entrusted Sims to oversee the day-to-day operations of a federal agency with 8,500 employees, a $39 billion yearly budget, and a chronic history of corruption and cronyism.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                        CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

ATTORNEY GENERAL ERIC HOLDER: CRIME-CODDLING CORPORATE LAWYER 
 'Don't go into corporate America,' First Lady Michelle Obama admonished supporters on the campaign trail.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The White House says that Holder will formally recuse himself from charging decisions and prosecutions affecting any of Covington & 
122 
 Burling's clients, but he will have unfettered oversight over Obama's order to close the facility within a year.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Holder, who supports D.C. voting rights along with President Obama, overrode his staff lawyers' ruling-and simply ordered up an alternative opinion that fit the White House agenda .
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

By now, the public was learning that 'right person for the job' was code for tax scofflaw in the age of Obama.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                   139 
CHAPTER 5 
BACKROOM BUDDIES 
DANCING WITH THE CZARS 
T
 here seems to be an unwritten mandate in the Obama White House: If you can't beat 'em, czar 'em.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The nomination process has proved to be a dangerous landmine for one too many Obama picks.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                             GOP Senator James Inhofe questioned whether hearings on Obama's pick to chair the Council on Envi
ronmental Quality, which requires Senate confirmation, were directed at the wrong person: 'I'm quite concerned that the chair's role has been diluted by the addition of former EPA Administra
 tor Carol Browner as White House climate and energy czar.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                  GIBBS: 
Well, 
I 
think-again, 
I 
think the quote says, that when the work is complete, that the bill will be paid, and cer
tainly that would be the expectation 
28 
152 
 Fortunately, the Obama administration's apathy did not infect the Bronx District Attorney's office.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

In 2005, Quadrangle won a $20 million con
 tract from the New Mexico State Investment Council, headed by New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson, later to be a disgraced Obama Commerce Secretary nominee.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Informal Obama economic consultant and fellow Fannie Mae chief Franklin Raines also failed to disclose his 
CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

 arrangements with Countrywide.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Barack Obama did a very fine job of paying lip service to such leadership.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

In his open letter to the public announcing his presidential candidacy, Obama lamented that Washington had become 'so gummed up by money and influence.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

He has since taken every opportunity to separate himself rhetorically from evil industry and greedy capitalists: 
 'I want to be absolutely clear that the reason I'm in public life, the reason I came to Chicago, the reason I started working with unions, the reason I march on picket lines, the reason that I am running for president is because of you, not because of folks who are writing big checks,' Obama declared at an AFL-CIO debate in August 2007.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

 'We don't need these house of cards, these Ponzi schemes, even when they're legal, where a relatively few do spectacularly well while the middle class loses ground,' Obama inveighed.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                       1116 
The McCain campaign seized on Obama's wealth redistribu
tion gospel; the videotaped confrontation between Obama and 
170 
Wurzelbacher went viral on YouTube and was invoked in a pres
 idential debate.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Obama lashed back.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

At a late October 2008 rally in Richmond, Virginia, Obama snacked: 
 A month later, Obama appointed Lawrence Summers-let's call him Larry the Hedge Fund Manager-as director of the White House National Economic Council.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Yes, Obama is 'in cahoots' with a king of Wall Street.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

A week and a half after that, Obama appointed Larry the Hedge Fund Manager to his top economic advisory post-circumventing the Senate confirmation vetting process.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                               Announcing Geithner's nomination as Treasury Secretary on November 
24, 2009, 
President Obama hailed the genius civil ser
vant as uniquely qualified: 'With stellar performances and out
standing results at every stage of his career, Tim has earned the confidence and respect of business, financial and community lead
ers; members of Congress; and political leaders around the world-and I know he will do so once again as America's next 
175 
176 
Treasury Secretary, the chief economic spokesman for my Admin
 istration.''
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                  184 
CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 
 Three months after the Bush-Obama team engineered the first Citi bailout in November 2008, the Obama administration announced it was raising its stake in the failing company from 8 percent to 38 percent.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Two days after Obama tapped Biden as his running mate, Hunter' Biden officially quit the registered lobbying business, but continued working on behalf of medical and academic clients at the corporate law and lobbying firm he co
founded with his father's old campaign treasurer and consum
 mate Democrat influence peddler.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Goolsbee, by the way, is the fifteenth wealthiest member of the Obama administration, with assets valued at between $1,146,000 
186 
 to $2,715,000.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

He bundled between $200,000 and $500,000 for Team Obama and is known as 'The Vacuum Cleaner' and 'The Big 
190 
 Bundler' for his fundraising prowess.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

194 
 And, as we'll see, not only do the titans of Wall Street enrich themselves at the House of Obama, but so do the president's fat-cat union friends, with the added unctuousnesses of claiming to save America's workers while screwing them over.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Recounting his early years as a community organizer, Obama reminded the crowd that he had walked with them before-'I've 
195 
196 
 been there, done that,' he boasted-and he would do it again if he needed to as president.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                      16
 
Obama named two of SEIU's favored candidates to top Cabi
net posts-Kansas Democrat Governor Kathleen Sebelius to head the Department of Health and Human Services and California 
200 
 Democrat Representative Hilda Solis to head the Department of Labor.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                          ' 
202 
Like the Obama White House, SEIU's brass embraces a policy of self-exemption on ethics, transparency, and fiscal responsibil
 ity: Do as they say, not as they do.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Grajeda will now oversee efforts to 'part
 ner with the Obama administration' to secure more public funds for SEIU projects.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                 In her new role, Annelle will expand SEIU's work in the pub
lic sector partnering with the Obama Administration to secure more funds for key infrastructure projects and core public serv
ices including care for the elderly, health care, education and social services 
55 
218 
A separate corruption case in the Bay Area uncovered another SEW double-dipper, James Bryant, who used a nonprofit run out of his home to line his pockets and his family's with extra union
 funded income-while also collecting a salary as a government transit worker.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

She was exactly the kind of downtrodden victim Barack Obama had promised to help if elected.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                  ACORN head Maude Hurd gushed that 
232   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

Obama is the candidate who 'best understands and can affect change on the issues ACORN cares about''
4
 -like ensuring their massive government pipeline to your hard-earned money.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

17-MAY-08
PER DIEM
238 
 The Obama campaign tried to shrug off the false campaign finance filing as a run-of-the-mill clerical error.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

In sworn testimony for a lawsuit filed by the Pennsylvania Republican Party against ACORN, as detailed by Ballotpedia, MonCrief (an Obama supporter) revealed how: 
• ACORN's quality-control efforts were 'minimal or nonexistent'; 
• The quality control policies of ACORN were 'largely window dressing'; 
ACORN knew that most new voter registration forms it had gathered were fraudulent; 
When she was employed by the organization, it was given lists of potential donors by several Democratic presidential campaigns, including that of Barack Obama; 
m In November of 2007, ACORN's Project Vote devel
 opment director Karyn Gillette told her that Gillette had direct contact with the Obama campaign and had obtained their donor lists.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Ms. MonCrief also testified she was given a spreadsheet to use in cultivating Obama donors who had maxed out on donations to the candidate, but who could contribute to voter regis
 tration efforts.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                             '4s 
And on May 29, 2009, constitutional lawyer and former Bush administration offi
cial Kris Kobach entered the race for Kansas Secretary of State, citing Obama's favorite radical left-wing racket as his primary 
 motivation.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                            275 
EPILOGUE 

BIRDS OF A FEATHER 







I
 can't say it any clearer: I will be helping Chris Dodd because he deserves the help,' President Obama told the 
 Boston Globe.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                        278 
Declared Senator Dodd: 'Barack Obama is a 21st century candi
 date who will express the aspirations and hopes of so many.''
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Obama's hope-filled followers should cringe at their president's embrace of one of the most ethically compromised politicians on Capitol Hill.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Alert Michelle Obama).
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Special thanks to Circle K premium coffee, Sonic Mocha Java Chillers, and S-hour Energy, which I highly rec
 ommend to National Economic Council chief Larry 'Sleepy' Summers and President Obama, who was too 'overwhelmed' and tired to give British Prime Minister Gordon Brown a proper welcome in March 2009.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Ed Morrissey and 
291 
292 
 Allahpundit kept hotaincom hot and fresh-and both contributed to this book in untold ways with their trenchant, comprehensive coverage of Team Obama during the election cycle, transition, and flabbergasting first year in office.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Maureen Orth, 'Can Obama's New Team Make Government Cool Again?' Vanity Fair, February 2, 2009; available online at: 
http://www.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Gabriel Schoenfeld, 'Obama's Intelligence Choice,' Wall 
Street 
 Journal, February 25, 2009; available online at: 
http://online.wsj.cony
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Mike Doming, 'Employer: Michelle Obama's raise well-earned,' op cit.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Andrew Longstreth, 'Making History With Obama,' op cit.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

   'Obama's Secretary of Earmarks,' Wall 
Street Journal, 
 December 26, 2008; available online at: 
http://online.wsj.com/article/
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Tom LoBianco, 'Obama climate plan could cost $2 trillion,' 
Washington 
Times, March 18, 2009; available online at: http:// 
 washingtontimes.com/news/2009/mar/l
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

'DC: Obama Meets With Members Of Credit Card Industry At White House,' Getty Images, April 23, 2009; available online at: http:// 
 www.getryimages.com/Search/Search.aspx?Eventld=86168542
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                                                                                       3 Lee, Wen Ho, 21 Lehman Brothers, 168, 171, 285 Leno,Jay, 126-27 
Levine, Stuart, 96-97 Levitt, Arthur, Jr., 174 Lew, Jacob, 183 Lewinsky, Monica, 21, 253 Liddy, Edward, 181 Liebowitz, Anna-Lou ('Annie'), 15, 19 
Light, Paul, 4, 142 
Lily Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, 8 Lippo Group, 109 
Locke, Gary, 7,106-11, 112 Loglisci, David, 156-57 Loop Capital Markets, 191 LoPresti, Marc, 95 
Loren, Steven, 97 Lynn, William, I1 
M 
Madison, George W, 191-92 Madoff, Bernard ('Bernie'), 31, 270 
MarketBeat, 182 Martinez, Matthew, 130 Maryland Bank, National Associa

tion (MBNA), 77-82 McCain, Cindy, 44 McCain, John, 9, 12, 81-82, 106, 119, 132, 161-62,165, 168, 169, 170, 193, 247, 252, 267 McCarthy, Andrew, 71, 125 McCauliffe, Terence ('Terry'), 163 McGraw, Darrell, Jr., 123 McKinsey & Company, 29 Medicare Payment Advisory Com
mittee, 154 
Meet the Press, 
21 Merrill Lynch, 105, 172 Middle East Policy Council, 36, 37 Mineta, Norman ('Norm'), 132, 134 
Moores, John, 23 Morrissey, Ed, 158, 291 
374 

Mother Jones, 23, 24, 284 Mozilo, Angelo, 163, 165, 278-79 Multinational Monitor, the, 172 Mundy, Liza, 43 
Munoz, Cecelia, 11 
N 
Napolitano, Janet, 16 Nation, The, 174 National Education Association, 10 National Group, The, 86, 87 National journal, 183 
National Partnership for Women & Families, 11 
National Public Radio, 45, 107 National Review, 37, 44, 177 Nazareth, Annette, 6, 31 
NBC News, 24, 27, 281 New Republic, The, 156 New York Daily News, 149, 223 New York Times, the, 1, 3, 4, 5, 17, 19, 25, 41, 49, 50, 63, 74, 99, 107, 147, 153, 156, 166, 170, 173, 179, 185, 207, 234, 235, 244, 247, 248, 263 
Newsweek, 3, 72, 259-60 
North American Free Trade Agree
ment, 130 
North Shore Gas, 46 
O 
O'Hanlon, Michael, 105 O'Melveny & Myers, 10, 185 Obama Victory Fund, the, 49 Obama, Barack, 1-13, 15-17, 19, 20, 23, 24-25, 27-29, 32, 35, 49, 52,53,161-63,165,167,210, 277, 278, 289; ACORN and, 227
50; Bill Ayers and, 68-72; corpo
rate America and, 63-69, 168-69, 188; criticism of Michelle Obama and, 44; cronyism and, 59-60, 62, 96; czars and, 141-43; Joe Biden and, 73-74, 82, 84, 85; Joe the Plumber and, 169-70; lobbyists and, 47-48, 82, 87, 106, 111, 153; 
Index 
open government and, 117, 166 pork barrel spending and, 100; unions and, 19S-202 
Obama, Michelle, 5, 11, 39, 41-72, 118, 188, 284 
 OpenSecrets.org,
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Presi
 dent Obama, in pushing for the passage of his first economic stimulus bill, repeatedly sounded the refrain of the need for bold action.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

             REALLY 
THE BUCK STOPS HERE 
137 
 twentieth-century history (a small fraction of the overall population) and they'll tell you they want the courage of FDR, the plain talk of Harry Truman, the optimism of Ronald Reagan, the youthful vigor of John Kennedy, and the transcendent ability of Barack Obama.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

             REALLY 
THE BUCK STOPS HERE 
139 
 As of this writing, Obama-mania hasn't subsided.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

Snagging Spring
 steen tickets remains easier than snagging a government job in the Obama administration.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

Obama's inauguration was JFK's inaugural and Martin Luther King Jr.'s 'I Have a Dream' speech all rolled up into one big celebration.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

Now people see Washington as Obama, and Obama as Wash
 ington, and everybody under age thirty wants to work for him and with him.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                                                             REALLY 
THE BUCK STOPS HERE 
2o08, Obama beat McCain by almost ro percent among Independents
and Democrats all across the country came close to matching his elec
 toral success in state and local races as well.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                                                    The sexually pro
vocative 'Obama Girl' who pined about her crush on the Illinois Demo
 crat was viewed more than ii million times.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                                                         REALLY 
Goo 
HELP Us 
167 
Less than two months later, Obama once again found himself in re
 ligious hot water.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

     REALLY 
GOD HELP US 
169 
 Obama also talked of acting justly and walking humbly.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

246 
 Hearkening back to Obama's convention speech, the phrase 'enough is enough' struck a loud chord with people over fifty.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                         xi, 139 movies, 37-38,193-95,204-5 MSNBC, 61, 142, 144, 146 Murdoch, Rupert, xx-xxi, 187 music, 192-93, 195, 198, 204 MySpace, xxxiii, 
1
45
,
 182, 188, 203, 
20
4
, 
259 
National Council of Churches, 170 national security, 108 
NBC, xxxiii, 61 
NBC 
Nightly 
News with Brian Williams, xxxiii, 51 Netflix,37-38 
Network, xxix,121 New Jersey, 55 Newly Retired group, 219 news, xxxiii, 3
-
4
,1
4
6,1
84
, 
272 
newspapers, 3 New York, 57 New York Mets, 133 
New York Times, 3, 78,130 New York Yankees, 57, iSo-81 Nike, 205 
Noonan,Peggy,139 NPR, xxxiii 
NRA, x69,170 
Obama, Barack, xi-iii, xxix, 31, 65, 67, 84,114, n9-20, 123, 130, r34-47,150,15s, 246 health care and, 230 
religion and, 164-68 Chains Girl, 144 ObamaNation, 146-47 Ohio, 57 
Olbermann, Keith, 139 Olive Garden, 2zon Olympics, 180 one-day-at-a-time mentality, 49 OnStar, 16-17 
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 77 
overweight, 31,171 
Palin,Sarah, 142,162,173-74,2oo parental behaviors, 257-58 PATRIOT Act, 150 
Patterson, John, is Paul, Ron, 1441 PBS, xi 
PCs, 58-59 
peace of mind, zz5-27, 247, 248, 254 Pepsi, xxxii, 3o, 85 
Perot, Ross, 121,153 
personalization, xxviii, 20, 44, 156, 199, 234, 246 personal priorities, 256 
Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life, 160, 259 Pew Research Center, 221 
pharmaceutical companies, 229, 234-37 Phelps, Michael, i8o 
Pickens, T. Boone, 98 Playboy, 41-42,167 Plum Book, 138 politics: 
Generation zozo and, 203, 211 language and, 148-52 
health care and, zz9-3o Internet and, 143-46 religion and, 158,163,164-68,173 retirement and, 226-27 
see also government power of one,z3,6o Psychographic analysis, 70-72 public servants, 128 
Purpose Driven Life, The (Warren), 167 
INDEX 
INDEX 
303 
radio, xxxiii, 3 Raines, Franklin, u2 Ralphs, 209-1o 
Reagan, Ronald, axis, 134,136,138,139,16q,e7o, 179 
RealClea,Politics, 143 real estate, 51, 52, 64-65 Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA), 193 
relationship people, 70 religion, xxx, 70, 157
-
77, 254 discussing, 159,163,164,168,170,172-77 European attitudes about, 16x-62 evangelical/people offaith, 157, 158, 163-64 
happiness and, 16r,254,259,26o McCain and, 168 
Obama and, 264-68 
politics and, 158,163,164-68,173 reestablishing respect for, 259-62 scandals in,170-71 
spirituality and, 70-71, 158, 163-64, z6o survey results on, 283 
top five churches, 167 
young people and, 169-70, 172, 184, 257 Republicans, at, xxi, 125, 130, 131, 134, 135, 136, 139-40,147,149,150,151,152,r69,215 entrepreneurship and, 99 
food and, 29 Medicare and, 237-38 religion and, r63, 164, 173, 174 sexand, 43 
Stevens and 124,126 restaurants, xxxiv, 25, 28, 64, zzon retail stores, xxvii, xxxiii, 92, 264 customer service and, 23, 6o-64, 92 retirement, 225-49, 252, 270 
frequently asked questions about, 224 health care and, 227-59 
 politics and, 226-27 Richard.,
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

They'll keep scrounging around in that bag all throughout the 
MELTDOWN 
 Obama administration.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

Alternatively, the Fed can just print more money for the Obama administration to spend, a process that makes existing money go down in value.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

Barack Obama's tax policy involves raising taxes on wealthier Americans (he is apparently not satisfied with the 68 percent of all in
 come taxes that that the top 10 percent of earners already pay) while lowering them for the less wealthy.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            See business cycle 
Boxer, Barbara, 5 Britain, 77 Brooks, David, 43 Brown, Sherrod, 5 Buchanan, James, 92 Burgess, W. Randolph, 114-15 
Bush, George W., 29; banking system, na
tionalization of and, 52; Emergency Eco
nomic Stabilization Act of 2008 and, 50, 52, 57-58; financial crisis (2008) and, 3; stimulus spending and, 142; 
Bush administration, 4; bailouts and, 50; deregulation and, 29; Emergency Eco
nomic Stabilization Act of 2008 and, 5, 41, 51; financial crisis (2008) and, 1; housing bubble and, 33 
business cycle: Austrian school of eco
nomics and, x, 26,35,72-76, 80, 82, 84, 86, 90-91, 170,5; banking and, 88-94; bankruptcy and, 72; causes of, 25-26, 64, 86; 'cluster of errors' and, 64-65, 72-73; consumer demand and, 64, 65; depression and, 72, 76; deregulation and, 64, 65; dot-corn boom and bust and, 79-82; Federal Reserve and, 3, 9, 66-71, 74; financial crisis (2008) and, 65; free market and, 64, 65-67, 86; gov
ernment and, 25-26, 63-86; history of, 87-107; housing bubble and, 75; inter
est rates and, 67-76, 86; Japan and, 82
85; Keynesians and, 70, 84-85; malinvestment and, 75, 76-77, 80, 82; money and, 3, 26,132,133; Obama ad
ministration and, 65; permanent boom and, 70-74; personal pain and, 63-64; prices and, 77; production and, 80; psy
chological factors and, 85-86; public works spending and, 78-79, 83-84; re
cession and, 72, 84; remedy for, 70; re
sources and, 68, 70, 72-73; stock market and, 63; unemployment and, 63-64, 72, 93; wage controls and, 77 
 busts.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                       See Term Auction Facility 
taxation: Emergency Economic Stabiliza
tion Act of 2008 and, 6; Great Depres
sion and, 100; housing bubble and, 24-25; Obama, Barack and, 142; off
shore tax havens and, 3 
Term Auction Facility (TAF), 55, 152 Term Securities Lending Facility (TSLF), 55 
Thornton, Mark, 172n31 Time magazine, 87 
'too big to fail' mentality, 31-33, 40-41, 47, 56, 168n15 
 trade cycle.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                                                                                                                                                                        
Rising Taxes and Growing Safety Nets for Everyday and Lower-Income Households 
There have already been growing calls among the Democratic Congress and from Barack Obama to raise capital gains taxes and marginal rates on the top 1% to 2% of households (those making over $250,000 annu
ally, who actually pay nearly 40% of federal taxes apart from Social Secu
 rity at the present time).
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                       
Enter Obama 
Although the Barack Obama administration-in-waiting moved quickly following the election by announcing its economic team and various stimulus proposals, it was clear the calamity hadn't subsided nor had 
INTRODUCTION: 
THE FOUNDATION 
CRACKS 
INTRODUCTION: THE FOUNDATION CRACKS 
9 
 Congress finished adding economic incentives of its own.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

Obama's team, consisting of former New York Federal Reserve Bank President Timothy Geithner (Treasury secretary), former Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers (National Economic Council head), and for
 mer Federal Reserve Chairman Paul Volcker (chairman, Economic Recovery Advisory Board), were given immediate marching orders to halt the carnage left from the housing bust.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

No matter how much the Obama recovery program affects the short-term state of the mortgage and housing markets, this transformation will not come easy because the status quo on how to develop, build, and create communities needs to change in profound ways.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                                                                                                                       Nassau County, New York, 51 National Association of Home Build
ers,56,84,88-91,139,160 National Association of Realtors, 164 National Building Museum (in Washington, D.C.), 96 National Civic League, 116 National Economic Council, 8 National Low Income Housing Coalition, 128, 133 
National Shrine of St. Jude (in South Chicago), 126 
Navistar International, 124, 125 
202 
INDEX 
INDEX 
203 
Near West Side 
(in 
Chicago, 
Illinois), 100 
Nebraska, Omaha, 87 Nelson, Arthur, 144-145 Nevada, 24, 49, 51, 135, 164 Henderson, 164, 
Las Vegas, 9, 12, 25, 40, 62, 63, 137, 165, 171 
New American Home, 88-91 Newark, New Jersey, 128 New Jersey, 33, 51, 68, 163 Newark, 128 Radburn, 37, 67 West Orange, 33 New Mexico, 64 Albuquerque, 63 New Orleans, Louisiana, 32, 160 New Urbanism, 72, 119, 138, 156, 158,160,161 
agenda, 144-150 New York 
Buffalo, 87, 147 Forest Hills, 150 Levittown, 30, 37, 150 Long Island, 12 Nassau County, 51 
New York City, 3, 35, 36, 51, 59, 68, 70, 98, 100, 118, 133, 138, 146, 148, 156, 162, 163 Pleasantville, 156 Usonia, 156 Westchester County, 51 White Plains, 148 
New York City, 3, 36, 51, 59, 68, 70, 133, 138, 148, 156, 162, 163 Central Park, 98 
Flatiron Building, 100 Murray Hill, 35 Times Square, 118 West Side Highway, 146 
New Yorker, 
141 
New York Times, 
2,172 NextGen home, 88 Nicholson, Francis, 27-28 
Nixon, Richard, 11 Norfolk, Virginia, 147 Norquist, John, 146-150, 161 North Carolina, 163 
Charlotte, 9, 162, 165 Durham, 165 Greenville, 166 Raleigh, 165 
North Side (in Chicago, Illinois), 128 
(Not) Keeping Up with Our Parents: the Decline of the Professional Middle Class 
(Mooney), 49 
Oakholm (in Hartford, Connecticut), 34 Oak Park, Illinois, 99, 142-143 
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 160 Obama, Barack/Obama administra
tion, 59, 63, 100, 171 stimulus plan, 7 8, 54, 65, 164, 167, 168, 173, 174 
Ocala, Florida, 166 
Office of Federal Housing Enterprise, 164 Ogden, Utah, 162,166 Ohio, 162,164 
Cleveland, 2, 125, 147, 165 Cleveland Heights, 150 Dayton, 125, 147 Marymount, 150 Sandusky, 167 
Oklahoma 
Oklahoma City, 166 Tulsa, 166 
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 166 Old Courthouse (in St. Louis, Missouri), 139 
Olmsted, Frederick Law, 37, 101, 115,139 
Central Park, 98 Jackson Park, 98 Riverside, Illinois, and, 33, 98-99 
World's Columbian Exposition and,97,100 
Olympia Fields, Illinois, 114 Omaha, Nebraska, 87 O'Neill, Paul, 42 
Option of Urbanism, The: Investing in a New American Dream 
(Leinberger), 148 
Orange County Convention Center (in Orlando, Florida), 87-88 Ordinance of1784,32 
Oregon Eugene, 166 Portland, 122, 138, 146,152,163 Springfield, 166 
Oregon, Illinois, 80-86 
Organization Man, The 
(White), 112,115 
Orlando, Florida, 86-87,165 Gaylord Palms, 87-88 National Association of Home 
Builders models in, 88-91 Orange County Convention Cen
ter, 87-88 
Our Lady of Guadalupe Church (in South Chicago), 126 
Panopticon (prison building in England), 87 Parkersburg, West Virginia, 167 Park Forest, Illinois, 110, 120-122, 132_ 147 
Aqua Center, 112 Fannie May, 112 Goldblatt's, 112,116 Marshall Field's, 111-112,114, 116,118 
Legacy Square, 115, 118 Library, 112 
Park Forest Plaza, 111-118 Rich East High School, 115 Sports and Hobbies, 112 traditional suburban lifestyle described, 111-117 
Park Forest Plaza (in Park Forest, Illinois), 111-118 
Passivhaus concept, 80-89 Paulson, Henry, 7 
Pearl District (in Portland, Oregon), 122 Pennsylvania, 162 Fallingwater, 101, 102 Philadelphia, 27, 30, 138, 148, 163,166 
Pittsburgh, 125, 147, 163,166 
Peoria, Illinois, 87 Perot, Ross, 124 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 27, 30, 138, 148, 163, 166 Philbrick, Nathaniel, 31 
Phoenix, Arizona, 9, 12, 25, 52, 62, 63, 68,135, 165 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 125, 147, 163,166 
Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth, 1417-150, 152,156-157 
Pleasantville, New York, 156 Plymouth colony, 31 Pope-Leighey House, 102 Portland, Oregon, 138, 146, 152,163 
Pearl District, 122 Portman,John, 87 Prairie Crossing (in Illinois), 149,155 
Prairie School of Architecture, 89, 100,112 
Wright's examples of, 35, 143,156 
Premier Homes, 107 Princeton University, 94 ProEnergy, 107 
Provo, Utah, 163, 166 Ptolemy, 2 
Pullman, George, 125 Pullman company, 125 Pura Vida home, 81-82 Putnam,Robert, 161 Pythagoras, 2 
204 
Queen Anne style, 34 
Radbum, New Jersey, 37, 67 Raleigh, North Carolina, 165 Raleigh, Sir Walter, 24 Reagan, Ronald/Reagan 
administration, 77, 82, 126 Republic Steel, 125 
Restoration Hardware, 106 Rich East High School (in Park Forest, Illinois), 115 Richmond, Virginia, 166 Ritz-Craft, 106 
River Rouge plant (in Michigan), 140 Riverside California, 165 Riverside, Illinois, 30, 33, 67, 98-99,150 
Riverside County, California, 62, 171 Robie House (in Chicago, 
Illinois), 100 Rockefeller, John D., Jr., 28 Rockford, Illinois, 166 
Rock Island, Illinois, 166 Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 36-37 Roseville, California, 107 
Rotary Club, 115 
Roush's (in Matteson, Illinois), 114 Ruskin, John, 34, 35 
Sacramento, California, 12, IM-108,165 Sacramento Municipal utility District, 107-108 
Salt Lake City, Utah, 163, 166 San Antonio, Texas, 163, 166 San Bernardino, California, 165 San Bernardino County, California, 62,136 
San Diego, California, 41, 68, 70, 148,163,165 
Del Sur, 159 
S&P/Case-Shiller home price index, 9, 164 
Sandusky, Ohio, 167 
INDEX 
San Francisco, California, 9, 23-24,68,70,72,106, 162,163,169 Embarcadero Freeway, 146 Lincoln Park, 118 
San Joaquin, California, 62 San Mateo, California, 137 Sarasota, Florida, 165 Savage, Gus, 125 Savannah, Georgia, 30 Schaumberg, Illinois, 77-78 School of Beaux Arts, 99 Scott, Dred, 139 Scottsdale, Arizona, 153 
Sears, Roebuck, 103, 111, 116, 119 Sears Tower (in Chicago, Illinois), 130 Seaside (in Florida), 150 
Seattle, Washington, 3, 138, 148, 162,163 
Second Empire style, 34 
Shiller, Robert, 9, 39-42, 162, 171-172 Shopper's World, 116 
Silicon Valley (in California), 24, 124,162 
Simon, David, 158 
Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, 130 Smart Home, 100-103 
Smith, John, 30 
 Solar Hemicycle, 156 South Carolina, .51
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

-Frank Herbert 
SAVING FREEDOM 
 Barack Obama became a master of 'victimology' during his 2008 campaign for president.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

In his speech on May 18, 2008, responding to the controversial anti-American sermons of his pas
 tor, Reverend Jeremiah Wright, Obama asked voters to 'build a coalition of white and black, Latino and Asian, rich and poor, young and old [who are] irrevocably bound to a tragic past.'
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

                                                             20 
SAVING FREEDOM 
President Obama obviously understands the intent of the Constitu
 tion ...
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

When Joe the Plumber caught Obama out on his plans to 'spread the wealth around' 
as one of the few bright spots of the McCain cam
 paign.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

Socialists are all for equality, of course, and so is Obama.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

Obama will play the class card and target 'the wealthy'-an elastic cat
egory of anyone who makes more money than he decides makes 
57 
58 
 political sense.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

Higher taxes will fund all the big, new government programs Obama will assure us are necessary to ensure fairness and economic justice.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

To a socialist like Obama that means raid
 ing the earnings of the most productive-you know, the people who actually produce wealth and would normally invest in new businesses and create new jobs-and giving it to dependents of the state.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

               I ought to mention that this was not how Obama 
134   WELCOME TO OBAMALAND 
portrayed the contest himself-he was, to his credit, extraordi
 narily averse to be seen playing the race card.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

But, one way or another, by the final stages of the campaign Obama had morphed into a fully fledged African-American, hallelujah.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

(Her father was a white Scottish soldier, 
WELCOME TO 
OBAMALAND 

 making her Creole, like Obama.)
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

                                                                                                        Once installed in the White House, he promises to: lower taxes; dismantle ex
president Obama's disastrous welfare programs; appoint Rush Limbaugh editor of the 
New York Times 
and Ann Coulter editor of 
Vanity Fair; 
put Mark Steyn in charge of foreign policy; break off all diplomatic relations with socialist old Europe, but forge stronger ties with countries that 'get' the war on terror, like 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
HIS BOOK WOULD NOT EXIST 
without the brilliance of Harry Crocker III, vice president and executive editor of Regnery books, who appeared suddenly and unex
 pectedly in my life, said 'Fiat' and made it so.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

                                                                                                                                                                                                             See also schools 
El Alamein, 119 Elbow, 16 Emanuel, Rahm, 12 Emersonians, 79 Enstrom, James, 201 environment, 31-32, 79, 85-106 Environmental Protection Agency, 100 11equality,' 10, 57, 58, 62, 65, 70, 169, 195,201 
Escalante, Jaime, 127-28 'excellence for all,' 10 Exxon Valdez, 97 
F 
Fahrenheit 
9111, 18, 167 'fairness,' 58, 65, 169, 195, 201 Fascists, 26, 32, 45, 48, 102, 166-67, 181,200 
Flashman, 
172 Fleming, Ian, 202 
INDEX 

Fonda, Jane, 34 
foreign policy, 173-74, 184-85, 189, 196, 204-5 
Forever Changes, 
15 Forster, E. M., 119 Foucault, Michel, 120 
Fox and 
the 
Hound, The, 
73 fox-hunting, 71-83, 134, 158, 203 France, 101, 127,143-44,175 Frank, Barney, 13, 189 
Fraser, George MacDonald, 172 
Frazier, 
88 
freedom, 3, 20, 118, 124-26, 136, 175, 195-96,201-2 
Friends, 
123 
G 
Gallagher, Noel, 177 Garvey, Guy, 17 gays, 13, 29-30 Germanophobia, 60 Gingrich, Newt, 27, 32 Gladstone, William, 160 Glastonbury, 14-24 global warming, 85-106 
Goddess of 
Small Things, 
The, 
154 
Goldberg 
Variations, 
The, 
132 
Gore, AI, 27, 57-58, 79, 90, 96-100, 103, 105 
Gramsci, Antonio, 33 Grant, Ulysses S., 141 Greenpeace, 18, 19, 96-97, 105 Greens, 26, 94-96, 102-3 Guantanamo, 183 
Guardian, 
19,167 Guevera, Che, 182 Gulf Wars, 16, 166, 181-82 
H 
Hamilton, Alexander, 141 Hansen, James, 97, 100, 105 Harrelson, Woodie, 107 'Harry Potter,' 68,111, 131 Hawaii Five-O, 132 
healthcare, 43, 45, 50-53, 57, 60, 63, 67, 169 
Heath, Ted, 136 Hemingway, Ernest, 95 Hendrix, Jimi, 14 Hezbollah, 166, 193 High School Musical III, 41 Hippies, 26-34 Hippocratic Oath, 49 
2D 
History 
of 
the 
English Speaking Peoples Since 
1900, 11 
Hitchens, Christopher, 173 
Hitler, Adolf, 90, 102, 158, 173-76, 180, 182, 193 
'hockey stick curve,' 99-101 Holocaust, 90, 135, 137 homosexuals, 13, 29-30 Honecker, Erich, 38 Honeyford, Ray, 163-64 Hornet' Christopher C., 99 How to 
Be Right, 
7 
Human Events, 113 
Human Rights, 44, 142, 183, 186-87 hunting, 71-83, 134, 158, 203 Huntington, Samuel, 147, 149, 193 Hussein, Saddam, 101, 181, 182 
I 
immigration, 45, 93, 101, 133-37, 141-43,146-48,154-55 
Inconvenient Truth, 
An, 90-92, 103 
Indecent 
Proposal, 107 
India, 61, 74, 109, 128 
Indiana Jones, 
168 Interventionism, 134, 184 
Invasion of the 
Bodysnatchers, 
28 Iranians, 138, 174, 182 
Iraq War, 1, 17, 43, 154, 173, 186-88, 191 
Islamic theocracy, 123 
Islamist threat, 13, 151-70, 174, 183, 186,192-93 
Islamofascists, 102, 167 Islamophobe, 93 
J 
Jackson, Jesse, 148 Jackson, Michael, 130 Jefferson, Thomas, 57, 141 Jenkins, Roy, 159-60 
Jewish people, 13, 90, 134-35, 144, 147, 157, 164, 167, 191 
Joe the Plumber, 57 Johansson, Scarlett, 128 Johnson, Boris, 13 Johnson, Samuel, 27 Jong-11, Kim, 11, 38,108 
Julius 
Caesar, 156 
July 7, 2005 attack, 154-55, 162, 169 
K 
Kabat, Geoffrey, 201 
214 
Kedourie, Elie, 115 Kennedy, Jackie, 179 Kilimanjaro, 95, 99 Killers, The, 15 Kimball, Roger, 115, 166 King Alfred, 141, 158 King Edward 11, 114 King Henry 1, 114 King, Martin Luther, 133 King, Stephen, 158 Kinsey Report, 
The, 
113 Kirk, Russell, 27 Korean War, 19, 78, 173 Kyoto Protocol, 96 
L 
La 
Republique, 
66 Landseeq Edwin, 59 Lee, Robert E., 141 Lenin, Vladimir, 89, 182 Lewis and Clark, 141 Lewis, Carroll, 61 
liberal death wish, 129-49 
liberals, 8, 26-27, 94-96, 102-3, 111-13, 118-23,129-49,167,174-80,189, 199,202 
liberty, 8, 21, 27, 73, 110, 198, 201 Liddle, Rod, 133, 134 
Life 
on Mars, 168 
Limbaugh, Rush, 93, 94, 130, 204 Livingstone, Mayor, 13 Lloyd-Webber, Andrew, 198 Logan's Run, 66 
Lomborg, Bjorn, 96, 97 Longyear, John Munroe, 87 
Lord 
of 
the Rings, 78 
M 
Mad 
Max 11, 15 Magritte, Rene, 105 Major, John, 5, 10 Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, The, 100 Mandelson, Lord, 13 
Manhattan Project, 100 Mann, Horace, 113, 127 Maoists, 102 
Markov, Georgi, 146 Marx, Karl, 98, 167 Marxism, 27, 92, 98 Marxists, 13, 33, 160 Mary, Queen of Scots, 114 Matrix, 
The, 
24, 68 
McCain, John, 23, 32, 57, 133 
McCattney, Paul, 15, 139 McGovern, Chris, 115 Mein Kampf, 113 Michaels, Pat, 104 
Mill, John Stuart, 137 Milton, John, 122, 137 Mitchell, Joni, 14 'Monarch of the Glen, The,' 59 Monbiot, George, 90 Montgomery, Bernard, 119 Moore, Demi, 107 
Moore, Michael, 18,27,57-58,108,130, 147,148 
Morris, Dick, 32 
multiculturalism, 142,144,158-59, 162-63,169,195 
Murray, Douglas, 184 Murtha, John, 13 Mussawi, Hussein, 193 Myers, Kevin, 153 
N 
Nanny State, 3-6, 26, 134, 196-98, 203, 208 
NASA, 97,100 
National Health Service (NHS), 35-48, 52,198 
National Resources Defense Council, 99 Nazis, 90,102,157-58,166,174,176, 191 
Nelson, Lord, 141 
Neoconservatism: Why We 
Need 
It, 184 Neoconservatives, 134, 167, 184 
New York Times, 204 Nightingale, Florence, 140 Norris, Chuck, 32 
North 
by Northwest, 168 North Korea, 38, 182 NBA, 71 
nuclear power, 19, 79, 93, 100-101, 154, 173, 192 
Nugent, Ted, 32, 71 
O 
Obama, Barack, 1-12, 23, 28, 33-37, 43, 57,65,70-71,100,119,133-34,173, 201 
O'Malley, Thomas, 198 On 
Liberty, 
137 O'Rourke, P. J, 202 Orwell, George, 69, 118 
P 
INDEX 
INDEX
215
P. J. Harvey, 15
Roy, Arundhati, 154
Pakistan, 163-64, 197
Rumsfeld, Donald, 173,188
Paltrow, Gwyneth, 33
Russia, 92,101-2, 111
Paradise Lost, 122
Ryan, Meg, 128
patriotism, 141,201-2
Pelosi, Nancy, 9
S
Pentagon, 119
Salisbury Review, The, 163
PETA,19,34,79
Saving Private Ryan, 75
Phillips, Melanie, 117
 schools, 3-4,107-28,140,152,165.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

When you hear that the national debt ceiling was increased seven times during the Bush presidency, or that with President Obama's $787 billion stimulus plan the national debt ceiling was raised to $12.1
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

Anticipating Obama's tax cuts, Bernanke suggested that a broad-based tax cut financed by inflation would almost certainly be effective.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

President Obama, long an ethanol booster (he was after all a senator from corn-growing Illinois and worked hard for his 2008 vic
 tory in the Iowa caucuses), even went a step further.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

                                                                                                                         See entries under 
Gold; Silver Mexican Onza, 161 
Mexican peso ETF (FXM), 225 Midler, Bette, 118 
Monetary policy, defined, 87-88 
245 
246 
Monetizing debt, 72-75 Money 
currency controls, 134-35 functions of, historical view, 43-44 gold, benefits of, 44-50 Gresham's law, 53,141 politicization of, 76 
Money supply 
decrease, and deflation, 90 increase, and inflation, 58-59 Mortgage-backed securities, 145 Mortgages, adjustable, 21-22 Mugabe, Robert, 70 
Mundell, Robert, 111 Munger, Charlie, 181 Mutual funds, bond-based, 220-21 
Al-Naimi, Ali, 182-83 Nationalization banks, 122-23 gold ETFs, 162-63 oil resources, 187 
See also Command economy Nero, emperor of Rome, 61 
New Zealand dollar ETF (BNZ), 225 Nixon, Richard, 55, 96, 98, 116 
and energy independence, 177 
wage and price controls, 124-26,140-41 North, Gary, 233 
Numismatic coins, avoiding, 154-55,163-64 
Obama, Barack 
and economic crisis (2008- ), 6-7, 32 and energy independence, 177, 182 Oil 
China imports, 179-80 demand, future growth, 186-87 domestic production, 178 
and economic crisis (2008), 92 embargo (1973), 180 
energy independence, myth of, 177-82 Middle East imports, 179 
 prices.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

                                                                    THE YEAR Of OBAMA 

How Barack Obama Won the White House 




Edited by 
Larry J. Sabato 
University of Virginia Center for Politics 









Longman 
New York   San Francisco   Boston London Toronto Sydney Tokyo Singapore Madrid Macirn 
r 
 itn   Mnnirh   Paris   Cane Tnmln   unnn vnnn   nnnnr.-i
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                        The Obama-McCain race was 
never 
especially competitive from the summer onwards, nor was the key turning point the 
mid-September 
Wall 
Street melt
 down.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                           In 
16 
Chapter 1 
Political Conventions in 2008 
17 
 mid-February, Obama aides predicted that they would end the season with a pledged-delegate lead of about 100, less than 2.5
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                 Themes and Featured Speakers 
Monday, August 
25: 
Party Unity and Nostalgia Night 
Caroline Bouvier Kennedy, Author and Daughter of John F Kennedy Edward M. Kennedy, Senior U.S. Senator, Massachusetts 
Michelle Obama, Attorney and Wife of Barack Obama 
Nancy Pelost, California, Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives, Convention Chair 
Tuesday, August 26: Domestic Policy Night 
Hillary Rodham Clinton, U.S. Senator, New York, Candidate for the 2008 Nomination Mark Warner, Keynote Speaker, former Virginia Governor and Senate Candidate 
 Wednesday, August 27: Foreign Policy / National Security Night Joe Biden, U.S. Senator, Delaware and Vice-Presidential Nominee Bill Clinton, former Arkansas Governor, former U.S. President.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

After months of attacking Obama for his thin resume, the McCain campaign 
 used the convention to shift the debate and compete with Obama for the mantle of 'change' candidate.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In 2000, Florida had proven how competitive it could be, and as a national microcosm in some ways, Obama's triumph was not stunning.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Remarkably, then, Barack Obama ranks 
third 
 among Democrats in the last century and a half in the size of his popular-vote victory, trailing only FDR and LBJ.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Counting all 38 presidential elections since 1860, Obama secured the sixth highest propor
 tion for a Democratic nominee, after FDR's four wins and LBJ's one.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

As you look down the state-by-state vote totals in Table 1, it becomes immediately apparent that Barack Obama swept ten states with more than 60 percent of the vote: California (61 percent), Connecticut (60.7
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                   The Political Map of the United States, 2008: Obama vs. McCain 
Source: Center for Politics 
So what does the 2008 political map add to our understanding of the pres
idential election? Just compare it to the 2004 Bush-Kerry map, which shows the close division of that election, with Republican and Democratic territory fairly even and regionally polarized-with Ohio as the standout, decisive 
42 
Chapter 2 
The Election of Our Lifetime 
43 
 state.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

By contrast, in 2008, a blue Obama ocean has flooded much of the red GOP terrain.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

A remarkably large 17 percent of the voters who cast a ballot for Bush in 2004 reported switching to Obama, while just 9 percent of the Kerry backers picked McCain this go-round.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Still, many had their doubts (including a young Illinois state senator named Barack Obama), and the deci
 sion to go to war was very controversial from the beginning.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                            Meanwhile, by fielding articulate, 40-something nominees such as 
Clinton and Obama-the latter the first African American nominated by a major party in the nation's history-the Democrats offered candidates who could be readily identified with the present and the futures 
 Yet it is far too soon to be talking of a Democratic 'lock' with any sense of conviction.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                     8
 
Part of Obama's sweeping success was due to the unusual amount of ener
 gy and enthusiasm he was able to generate around his historic candidacy, the record sums of campaign money he was able to attract, and the successful voter registration drives the Democrats conducted, which helped to expand their base in state after state, particularly among youth and minorities.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Meanwhile, the nation's suburbs, which supplied nearly half of all the votes, preferred Obama by a margin of 2 points.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama and the Democrats scored a decisive victory, but not one of landslide proportions.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama's triumph, by a margin of 7 percentage points in the popular vote tally, lay almost equidistant between a nail-biter and a double-digit romp.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                      Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
Alan I. Abramowitz 

 t was one of the most remarkable elections in American history.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

On (November 4, 2008, Barack Obama, the son of a white mother from Kansas and a black father from Kenya, was elected to the nation's highest office.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In addition to being the first African American president, the 47-year-old Obama was the first non-southern Democrat to win the White House since John E Kennedy in 1960 and the youngest candidate to win the presidency since Kennedy.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama's victory was accompanied by major Democratic gains in the congres
 sional elections.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

The estimated turnout of 62 percent of 
92 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
93 
 eligible voters was one of the highest since World War II and the highest since the vote was extended to 18- to 20-year-olds in 1972.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                             94 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
95 
 These disagreements were nothing new, of course.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

But it also meant that he could not raise additional campaign 
 funds from private donors, and in the month of September alone, Barack Obama raised over $150 million.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                             9S 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
99 
 In addition to portraying Obama as an extreme liberal who would raise taxes on the middle class and surrender in Iraq, Republican ads and speeches by John McCain and Sarah Palin on the campaign trail repeatedly sought to suggest that Obama had a hidden radical past by linking him with William Ayers, a one-time member of a radical anti-Vietnam War organization called the Weather Underground, which had carried out a series of bombings during the 1960s and 1970s.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Years later, Ayers had become a distinguished professor in the Department of Education at the University of Illinois campus in Chicago where he served on several local community boards, regularly con
 sulted with prominent political leaders, and came to know Barack Obama.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

But while Obama and Ayers were acquainted, and Ayers had hosted a fundraiser for Obama during his first campaign for the Illinois State Senate, the two were never personal friends and Obama had strongly criticized Ayers's actions as a member of the Weather Underground-actions that took place when Obama was still in grade school.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Despite the strong endorsement of President Bush, initial reactions to the proposed bailout plan from Democratic and Republican leaders on Capitol 
100 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
 Hill were decidedly mixed.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In addition, presidential and vice-presidential 
102 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
103 
 candidates are generally skilled at answering the questions they want to answer during a debate, regardless of what questions they are asked.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

According to data from state exit polls compiled by Nate Silver, the percentage of voters reporting contact by the 
104 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
105 
 Obama campaign exceeded the proportion reporting contact by the McCain campaign in 11 of 12 battleground states.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

The largest gap was in Nevada, where 50 percent of voters reported contact by the Obama campaign versus 29 percent who reported contact by the McCain campaign.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

There were also dou
 ble-digit contact gaps in favor of Obama in Colorado, Indiana, Virginia, Pennsylvania, and Iowa and smaller gaps in favor of Obama in Florida, North Carolina, Missouri, Ohio, and Wisconsin.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

           Among the most popu- 
106 
Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
107 
IOUs 
 states, only President Bush's home state of Texas voted for John McCain.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama's 365 electoral votes came to just over two-thirds of the total number 
of 
538 and included one electoral vote from the state 
of 
 Nebraska.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Since the Obama-Biden ticket carried one of the state's three House districts, the one that includes the city of Omaha, it received one of the state's five electoral votes.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

White support for Barack Obama varied dramatically across regions and states, ranging from a low of around 10 percent in the Deep South to close to 60 percent in parts of the Northeast and West.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In many states outside the South, Obama did substantially better than Kerry among white voters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In many southern and border states, however, Obama did no better, and often worse, than Kerry among white voters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Based on these results, it is hard to avoid the conclu
 sion that racial prejudice was a factor in limiting support for Barack Obama among white voters in the southern and border states.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

But this was not enough to cost Obama the election because his losses among these groups of white voters were offset by gains among white voters in other parts of the country, especially among younger white voters, and by increased turnout and support among African American and Hispanic voters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                      Chapter 4 
How Obama Won and What It Means 
 Figure 1.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

percent of the vote, caused massive trouble for herself by stating on MSNBC's 
Hardball with Chris Matthews 
 that Barack Obama, as well as some members of Congress, may hold anti-American views.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

The 2008 Congressional and Gubernatorial Contests 
3 (CO, NM, VA) 
58 
+7 
0 
41 
125 
126 
 In addition to handily winning in states carried by Obama, Democratic incumbent senators ran well in four states won by McCain.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Susan Collins (R-ME) was the only GOP Senate incumbent to win in a state carried by Obama (although a Coleman victory in Minnesota, a race still undecided as of this writing, would bring the total to two).
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                        A strong can
didate with significant statewide experience as Missouri attorney general, Nixon was likely aided by Obama's competitive showing in Missouri-a 3-per
centage-point improvement over John Kerry's 2004 vote total in the state9
1
 
 Table 5.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

With Senator McCain raising $221 million for the primaries 
149 
150 
 and spending another $85 million of public funds for the general election, the Obama and McCain campaigns combined spent a record-breaking $1 billion on the 2008 presidential race.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                     With Obama now in the 
156 
White House, it will be interesting to see 
if 
 the DNC will be able to match the RNC's fundraising prowess in the years ahead.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                                                             35
 
157 
158 
One particularly aggressive outside organization in 2008 was the American Issues Project (AIP), which spent approximately $3 million to air negative television advertisements linking Senator Obama to former 
 Weather Underground radical Bill Ayres.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         39
 In the final 
159 
160 
weeks before Election Day, the Obama campaign launched an application for the Apple iPhone called 'Obama '08,' which enabled supporters to receive information about local campaign events and volunteer opportunities in their areas directly on their iPhones, complete with GPS maps and driving instruc
 tions.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                       In addition, the Obama campaign made some of its biggest announce
ments via the Internet, including Obama's selection of Senator Joseph Biden to be his running mate, which was unveiled in an e-mail that was sent to mil
 lions of Obama supporters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

By Election Day the Obama campaign had amassed approximately 13 million e-mail addresses, which far surpassed the number of e-mail addresses collected by previous presidential campaigns4
o
 
One key factor that has contributed to the rapid growth of the Internet in presidential politics has been the EEC's deregulatory approach to online activi
 ties.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                                                                 LOOKING AHEAD TO 2012 
Barack Obama's momentous decision to turn down public funds in 2008, not only for his primary campaign but for his general-election campaign as well, has the potential to transform the fundraising strategies of presidential candi- 
162 
Chapter 6 
The Impact of Federal Election Laws on the 2008 Presidential Election 
163 
 dates from both major parties in 2012 and beyond.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama's refusal of public funds laid the groundwork for his campaign to raise approximately $750 mil
 lion for his 2008 candidacy, including over $400 million for the primaries alone.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

If Obama runs for reelection, and Congress does not take decisive leg
 islative action to overhaul the presidential public financing system, all of the top-tier Republican candidates in 2012 will likely plan to join Obama in turning down public funds for the primary and general elections.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

However, any Republican who wishes to run in 2012 must seriously weigh whether he or she is capable of raising the $700 million or more that likely will be need
 ed to compete financially with Obama.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

There was a slight surge in elec
 tion news in July when Obama took a trip to Europe and the Middle East which invigorated coverage in the U.S. and abroad.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Instead, it was con
sidered in relation to the horserace, as speculation focused on how many points ahead in the polls were needed for Obama to win a particular state, or what tactics his campaign might employ to overcome this perceived disad
 vantage.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

During the 2008 campaign, interestingly, Oprah interviewed only 
192 
 Barack Obama, whom she endorsed and campaigned for.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama also appeared live on 
The 
Ellen Degeneres 
Show, The 
Tyra Banks 
Show, 
and 
 The View.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

It was the sur
 name for Barack Obama's family of slogans and titles, of course: 'Vote for Change,' 'Change We Can Believe In,' 'Change for America,' 'Unite for Change,' 'We are the change we've been waiting for.'
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama was of unfamiliar and, to some, controversial heritage: a mixed-race newcomer to elective office who had grown up partly in a Muslim-dominated nation.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Who wouldn't want to attend one of these events? It also shows off Obama's concern and com
mon touch, attributes made explicit in the accompanying texts on the cam
 paign site: 'While a typical political dinner these days consists of officials being wined and dined by Washington lobbyists and bigwigs from special interest PACs, Barack will be sitting down with four regular people from across the country who will share their stories and discuss the issues that matter most to them.'
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

But in June 2008, Barack Obama became the first nominee to decline public money, after saying he would take it if McCain did.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

In announcing his decision, Obama said that the system was broken, that the Republicans rou
 tinely 'gamed' it, and would expend 'millions and millions of dollars in unlimited donations' to defeat him.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                       Within the smart network, organ
izers spread good ideas quickly for replication, as when one noticed in the summer of 2008 that canvassing at gas stations was working well with drivers irate about rising prices 41 
227 
228 

 The Obama campaign welcomed dialogue and dissent but (like CNN and YouTube) did not put things up to a vote.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

The most notable example occurred when the Obama campaign acknowledged a protest of his announcement in June 2008 that he now favored a bill permitting government wiretapping.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Obama proved a remark
 able candidate in terms of his ability to inspire passion among his followers.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

For these reasons and others, the Obama campaign for the Democratic nomination will likely be remembered as one of the great strate
 gic successes in the history of modem American electoral politics.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Later, the 
241 
242 
 fate of the delegates from these two states became a prominent theme in the bickering between Clinton and Obama supporters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

It is also possible, though, that the implications of this decision for the campaign were not as clearly contemplated on the Clinton side as Plouffe suggests they were on the Obama side.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Clinton did quite well toward the end of the contest, especially considering the fact that her chances of winning 
 had already greatly diminished, that party leaders were flocking to Obama, and that she faced constant calls for her withdrawal from the race.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

It is difficult to know how much of this effect, if any, came out of any possible 'buyer's remorse' felt by some Democrats as Obama took on the status of front-runner, or if voters were impacted by the substantial attention paid to issues surrounding Reverend Jeremiah Wright.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

2008 STumulty, 2008 
6
 lt is also true that Obama needed the PLEOs to cross the threshold necessary for victory.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                      2
 The 852
23
 superdelegates quickly became the center of attention of both the Obama and Clinton campaigns when it 
265 
266 
 became evident that Clinton could only secure the nomination by winning a large share of their votes.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                  57
 As reported in the 
271 
272 
 Atlanta Journal Constitution, 'Lewis' announcement [October 2007] that he was backing Clinton, a longtime friend, over Obama, the nation's first truly viable African-American candidate for the presidency, angered many of Georgia's black constituents and numerous civil rights elders who had fought for black voting rights alongside Lewis.'
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

As her show's rat
 ings fell, some analysts attributed the falloff to a drop in white female viewers who were offended that she endorsed Obama over Hillary Clinton.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Access to millions of e-mails also made it easier to mobilize supporters into action (the Obama Action Wire), to rebut negative news stories, to complain about attack ads, or to protest guests on talk shows.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

The successes of the Obama campaign in building a massive voter e-mail-based network and the challenges of keeping it in place as he shifts from candidate to officeholder may prompt Congress to rewrite election-related laws to bring them up to speed in an increasingly high-tech society.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                            5-Feb-08
Missouri
Open Primary
Obama
5-Feb-08
New Jersey
Semi-Open Primary
Clinton
Closed Primary Closed Primary Open Caucus Closed Primary 
Open Primary Semi-Open Primary Closed Primary Closed Caucus/Primary Open Caucus/Primary Closed Caucus Closed Primary Closed Primary 
ary cus ary ary rimary /Caucus ary 
cus ary ary ary rimary rimary ary ary ary ary 
Dnn,mati, 
\\ inner

Clinton Clinton Obama Clinton Clinton Obama Obama Qbama/Qbama 
Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama Obama Clinton Clinton Clinton/Obama Obama Obama Obama Clinton Clinton Obama Clinton Clinton Obama Obama Clinton 
290 Conclusion
Republican
Table 2 continued
Date of Primary
States
Tcpc of 
Primary
\\ inner
3-Jan-08
Iowa
Closed Caucus
Huckbee
5-Jan-08
Wyoming
Closed Caucus
Romney
8-Jan-O8
New Hampshire
Semi-Open Primary
McCain
15-Jan-08
Michigan
Open Primary
Romney
19-Jan-08
Nevada
Closed Caucus
Romney
19-Jan-08
South Carolina
Open Primary
McCain
29-Jan-08
Florida
Closed Primary
McCain
2-Feb-08
Maine
Closed Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
Alabama
Open Primary
Huckbee
5-Feb-08
Alaska
Closed Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
Arizona
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Arkansas
Open Primary
Huckbee
5-Feb-08
California
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Colorado
Closed Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
Connecticut
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Delaware
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Georgia
Open Primary
Huckbee
5-Feb-08
Illinois
Open Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Massachusetts
Semi-Open Primary
Romney
5-Feb-08
Minnesota
Open Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
Missouri
Open Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
Montana
Closed Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
New Jersey
Semi-Open Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
New York
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-08
North Dakota
Open Caucus
Romney
5-Feb-08
Oklahoma
Closed Primary
McCain
5-Feb-O8
Tennessee
Open Primary
Huckbee
5-Feb-08
Utah
Closed Primary
Romney
5-Feb-08
West Virginia*
Closed Caucus
Huckbee
9-Feb-08
Kansas
Closed Caucus
Huckbee
9-Feb-08
Louisiana
Closed Primary
Huckbee
9-Feb-08/19-Feb-O8
Washington
Open Caucus/Primary
McCain
12-Feb-O8
District of Columbia
Closed Primary
McCain
12-Feb-08
Maryland
Closed Primary
McCain
12-Feb-OS
Virginia
Open Primary
McCain
18-May-08
Hawaii
Convention
McCain
19-Feb-08
Wisconsin
Open Primary
McCain
4-Mar-08
Ohio
Open Primary
McCain
Presidential
Election 2008: 
An
Amazing Race, So What's
Next? 
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

This book tries to rewrite some of those old questions into new ones, far more than it can hope to fully answer: How do Americans experience this contemporary version of racism, a kind that can't safely speak its own name, a kind that must deny the accusation (even if it's secretly true)? What tools do people use to uncork traditional racism's bottled-up swagger? And why do we even need to disentangle racism from racial paranoia if we want to chart a productive fu
ture? These are the issues 
Racial Paranoia 
attempts to ex
 plore.
	Racial Paranoia

This emphasis on 'feeling' provides the foundation for hip-hop's inces
 sant spirituality, its ubiquitous invocations of God in songs penned by the likes of DMX, 50 Cent, and R. Kelly (to name just three of the people most criticized for religious hypocrisy).
	Racial Paranoia

Of Course, 1993 and 1994 were well before the nation's reporters had ever head the name Monica Lewinsky (Farnsworth and Lichter 2006a; Sabato et al.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

To the contrary, she renounced the name of her brave Nazi-resisting parents, saying she had 'wanted to forget' her real name since she was four years old because she had been called 'daughter of a traitor' after her parents were arrested.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

The media did-precisely one month before a hard-fought midterm congressional election and one day after the deadline for removing Foley's name from the Florida ballot.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Anybody who has been to a racist group has no right invoking my 
26   ANN COULTER 
 uncle's memory!'' Liberals are now reserving the right to tell us which former presidents we can mention by name.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Some intolerant people make remarks that are hurtful to women who have made the difficult, deeply 
56 
 Next, the artificially inseminated single mother let a post office worker have it for being confused when she gave 'none' as the father's name: 'The clerk at the crowded post office couldn't fathom it.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

His name is not on the reports.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Point to his name on the report, you liar.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Point to his name, you liar.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

This fella here, over here with the yellow shirt, macaca or 
166   
ANN COULTER 
 whatever his name is, he's with my opponent, he's following us around everywhere.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Claiming his Senate campaign was 'one of the most brutal things I've ever been through,' Webb said, 'It's more than the name-calling.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                               Friedman said-again, not sarcastically
'Yup, I gotta confess, that now-famous picture of a U.S. marshal in Miami pointing an automatic weapon toward Donato Dalrymple and or
dering him in the name of the U.S. government to turn over Elian Gon
 zalez warmed my heart.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

My name is Barbara Lee, and this is just the beginning of my story.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

The celebration and parade through the village was not only a high point but was followed by a personally gratifying naming ceremony where I was presented with an African name 'Nana Araba Mboraba,' which means 'born on Tuesday.'
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

    He was a reformer, 
65 
1920 - DAVID PIETRUSZA 

 supporting clean government and slum clearance and making a name for himself doing it.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

His twenty-two-year-old wife Alice died of Bright's disease, just two days after giving birth to their daughter Alice (causing TR to never actually be able to bear hearing the name `Alice').
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Roosevelt's crowd was so disgusted that it had not even placed his name in nomination.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

But you are young and you could live it down for several rea
 sons: first, you bear the name Roosevelt; second, you have a first-rate record of public service .
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

I will be with them and will present the name of Senator Harding to them, and before we get through they will put him over.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

'In the name of security, hundreds of Palestinian homes have been demolished and Palestinians barred from traveling along certain roads in the Occupied Territories.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

'Parents going to the Ministry to obtain a birth certificate and record the child's name in their identity cards are not always aware that the child does not have an identity number,' a joint B'Tselem and HaMoked report points out.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

It is so named not because there are forty such villages-there are far more-but because the association was founded in the fortieth year after the 
nakba, 
1988; the name stems also from the fact that Arabs com
 monly recommemorate a person's death forty days after his passing.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

And yet by 2006, the PA was a 'government' in name only; a government without a state to govern, and without even the prospect of such a state.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

Whether Howe was seduced by the Roosevelt name or simply smitten by the golden boy himself, he was alone in that assessment.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

Following the tradition of picking nonentities for vice president, Cox was convinced that he might win some Progressive Republican votes by selecting as his running mate an energetic young Roosevelt with a golden name and a reputation for independence.*
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

Without it, he would have been like Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., or his own sons James, Elliott, and Franklin junior in later years: the bearer of a famous name and a fierce political ambition but nothing else to set him apart.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                        Howe's secretary LelaStiles, ran up and down Suite 
1702 
singing the song, snapping her fingers, until Howe, groaning, motioned her 
to 
stop, and picked up the phone to rasp to the organ player at the 
convention 
hall to play 'Happy Days 
Io8 
 Are Here Again' when Roosevelt's name was placed in nomination.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

After she began signing her name that way, her son noticed and said: 'Mummy is certainly getting grand.'
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                                                                                                           26)2   JONATHAN ALTER 
newsreels; the press liked it when she overruled the
i
president and in
sisted that the family homestead continue to be known as 'Hyde Park' and not 'Krum Elbow' (the old Dutch name that FDR, in a post
 Inaugural inspiration, inexplicably hoped to resurrect).
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                                                                                                                                                                  75-79, 
88--
95
,
128,'39-56,i69--70,174n, 
2
59,
2
74,336 
election of 1932 and, 88-89, 98, Too, 103
-
4
,
132-33,134,140,146,151, 280 
FDR's role in deepening of, 181-82 foreign causes of, 141-47 
Hoover and, see Hoover, Herbert, Depression and 
New Deal failure in, 327-28, 331-32 origin of name for, 77 
stock market crash and, 2, 76, 94 see also bank crisis; unemployment De Priest, Oscar, 294 
Dem, George, 167 Despres, Leon, 105, 148 Dewson, Molly, 113 Dickerman, Marion, 113-14,321, 3607 Dienhatt, John, 173 
divorce, 44, 113, 114, x68, 247, 260, 307, 3547 
Dodd, Walter E, 1637 Dodd, William E., 1637 Dos Passos, John, 83 Doughton, Robert L, 316, 317 Douglas, Helen Gahagan, 239   ' Douglas, Lewis, 160-6i, 236, 250, 285, 324 
404 
Douglas, Melvyn, 240 
Dow Chemical Company, 247-48 Draper, George, 5-53,55,3
28
 Dun, Bishop Angus, 335 Durant, Will, 63 
 Earhart, Amelia, 116, 261 Early, Steve, 6311, 65, 306 .
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

million that year, the affiliations were in name only.
	Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It

'People deserve to have their name known;' he said.
	Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It

'They consider women equal in value:' 
 I asked if she could name one evangelical woman who she knew was satisfied with her church.
	Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It

WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS ' 
 its emphasis on the market and disdain for activist government, bore little resemblance to the raft of legislative proposals for which Johnson was seeking a name.*
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Its new title and broad mission) in mid-1920 was summed up in its long name: the 'All-Russian Extraordinary Commission for Combatting Counterrevo
 lutiion, Speculation, Sabotage, and Misconduct in Office.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Lenin's highly centralized system of rule was in the name of the 'dictatorship of the proletariat,' but behind all the institutions, the fan
 fare of the congresses, meetings, and the constitution, the Soviet leader was more powerful and autocratic than the mightiest of the tsars.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                    Never
theless, he went along with the unsavory tactics and in the Caucasus worked on Lenin's behalf with another revolutionary with the nom de 
BATTLE FOR 
COMMUNIST 
UTOPIA   
 137 guerre 'Kamo' (real name Simon Ter-Petrosyan), an Armenian friend from his youth in Gori.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                  He continued to use Koba as his first 
138   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
name and only started using his real first name, Joseph, during the Octo
 ber Revolution.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

It was a mas
 terful performance, and all in the name of holding high the sacred body of Leninism.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

All he had to do was mention the well-known name of 'the Jew' Jakob Goldschmidt, an illustrious banker until the crisis of 1931.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

In the short campaign, Hitler used Goldschmidt's name more than a dozen times to convey the anti-Semitic message.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                       He 
382   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 asked Speer to 'draw up a decree in my name ordering full-scale resumption of work on the Berlin buildings.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                        Where the initial act cannot be attrib
uted to the Ukrainian local inhabitants, the local superintendents are to be instructed to name Jewish and Communist inhabitants in the first 
WAR AGAINST THE JEWS: DEATH SQUADS IN THE EAST 
 449 instance.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

I recall the reaction of a Soviet cadre officer, a lieutenant; Miller was his name, of German ancestry, born in Russia in the city of Engels on the Volga.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Solzhenitsyn says that not even the worst serf-owners in tsarist Russia would have killed in such a brutal way, but the Gulag guards 'used to do it at Solovki ' In a footnote to the story he wonders about the guard: 'Who today will seek out his name? And him? Yes, and if one were even to speak to him about it, he would 
ETHNIC CLEANSING IN WARTIME SOVIET UNION   521 
 be astonished: What's he guilty of? He was ordered to do it!
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Military counterintelligence was taken away from the NKVD and given a new name, SMERSH-the acronym for 'Death of Spies.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                        As early as 
530   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
December 
19, 1942, 
the Allied governments had issued a statement say
ing the Germans had used gas in places like Belzec and Chelm-the lat
 ter may have referred to a town by that name or to the death camp at Chelmno.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

       The Soviet Union adopted the ideological mask of collective leader
ship, all in the name of the proletariat and peasants, but the political 
EPILOGUE   
 581 structure put in place by Lenin was especially susceptible to being manipulated by shrewd operators like himself and his successor.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                 This senior official
apparently Rice, one of the few who called Rumsfeld by his first name
 then noted that Bremer would still report to the Defense Department.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

I recalled that in 1989, when a UN team confirmed that Iraq had used chemical weapons against Iran-thus violating the Geneva Protocol, perhaps the most significant multilateral legal convention after the UN Charter itself-the international meeting to address the violation was unable even to agree to a condemning resolution that would name Iraq as the violator.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

In the name of Allah, we call upon every Muslim who believes in God and asks for forgiveness, to abide by God's order 
'ISLAM IS THE ANSWER; JIHAD IS THE WAY' 11 27 
by killing Americans and stealing their money anywhere, 
 anytime, and whenever possible.'
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                      What poured gas on the fire and changed the destiny of the modern Middle East-and the history of the Western world-forever was the 
'ISLAM IS THE ANSWER; JINAR IS TIE WAY' 11 37 rise of an obscure Shia cleric in Iran by the name of Ruhollah Musavi Khomeini, who declared, 'By means of 
Jihad, 
[we] must expose and 
 overthrow tyrannical rulers.'
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

A casual examination of the Qur'an and the hadiths reveals that Muhammad commanded his followers to wage violent holy war in the name of Allah against 
52 // INSIDE THE REVOLUTION 
 infidels, be they Jews, Christians, idol worshipers, apostate Muslims, agnostics, atheists, or others who refused to confess that 'Islam is the answer, and jihad is the way.'
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

And I pray this in Christ's name.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

I'd wake up in the middle of the night sitting up, like you see in Hollywood films, screaming his name, because I was just convinced that he couldn't have died.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

But according to a relative, when Ahmad moved his family to Tehran when Mahmoud was a year old, he decided to change the family name, perhaps to sound less like rural peasants and more intensely reli
 gious.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                             Ahmadinejad, 
the name he chose, is a combination of two Persian words, 
Ahmad 
and 
 Nejad.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

THE ROAD ANEAD 11 105 
 As the investigation unfolded, the police realized that both bomber vests had been detonated by remote control, suggesting that these poor women probably did not even realize what they were doing-or what was being done to them in the name of Allah.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Their children were being recruited for jihad or forced to do unspeakable things in the name of Allah.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

'In the name of the Iraqi peo
 ple, I say to you, Mr. President, and to the glorious American people, thank you, thank you.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

One of his most senior foreign policy advisors is a Moroccan Jew by the name of Andre Azoulay.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                                                                                                                                                                                                *
Hamid is not his real name: it is a pseudonym to protect this Iranian Christian leader, For security reasons, I cannot disclose when or where 1 interviewed him, but I can say it was within the last two years, 
430 11 INSIDE TUE REVOLUTION 
 I have no idea where he actually lives, but I have enjoyed the privilege of staying in touch with him, and I was deeply grateful when he allowed me to interview him for this project.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Hamid's name was on that list.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

He also saw that Jesus told His disciples to 'go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, teach
 ing them to observe all that I commanded you' (Matthew 28:19-20).
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

               Matthew 
5:43-44 
TOE THEOLOGY 
Of 
THE REVIVALISTS 11 400 
 'Blessed are you when men hate you, and ostracize you, and insult you, and scorn your name as evil, for the sake of the Son of Man.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Though Daniel and his friends were 
488 11 INSIDE THE REVOLUTION 
 Jews, they were actually raised in Iraq, had a great love for the people of Iraq, and served the king and people of the Babylonian empire in the name of the God of the Bible.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

They need food, clothing, medical equipment, and other supplies that they can distribute in the name of Jesus to the poor and needy and to victims of war and terrorism.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Author interview with a Sudanese evangelical leader, name and date withheld.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

PDS was similar to BDS, Bush Derangement Syndrome, a mental illness that struck millions of liberals, mainly in places like Manhattan and Hollywood, and left them foaming at the mouth at the mere 
46   A SLOBBERING LOVE AFFAIR 

 mention of the president's name.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

Name two or three conservative ideas you find use
 ful and would be central to your 'post-partisan' political philosophy.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

He is King in everything but name.'
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

That man's name was Nathan Rothschild.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

What scarcely anyone had anticipated was that defaults on subprime mortgages by low-income households in cities like Detroit and Memphis could unleash so much financial 
 * One of which gloried in the name High-Grade Structured Credit Strategies Enhanced Leverage Fund.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

       My transformation to annoying extremist started un
der the influence of a band called The Smiths, which was 
95 
In the Event of My Untimely Demise 
 helmed by an opinionated, seemingly unhappy man who went by the name of Morrissey.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

One moment Doug is your friend, the next moment 
149 
In the Event of My Untimely Demise 
 Doug throws your crayons in the sewer and makes fun of your middle name.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

I'll explain what a typewriter was and how hanging chads drove America in
 sane, and my heart will warm when the name Paris Hilton draws blank stares.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

                               201 
In the Event of My Untimely Demise 
 Though Bertha had every right to be angry and bitter for being saddled with a name like Bertha, it didn't faze her.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

By 'argument' I mean something besides shouting or name calling, though both 
 often are part of the transaction.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Our Declaration of Inde
 pendence, after all, was written in the name of 'a decent respect for the opinion of mankind.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

In 1996, he was elected to the state senate from the South Side, and quickly made a name for himself in 
22   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 Springfield.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

A century after Bacon's Rebellion, the Founders in Philadelphia 
WHO IS A PERSON?   29 
 drafted a Constitution in the name of 'We the People.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

At one point or another, numerous states and the federal government have barred or severely limited, by name or by implication, by statute or treaty: free blacks, Roman Catholics, Chinese, Japanese, Jews, Italians, and Slavs.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

               In the name of preserving America, we have barred, at various times: paypers, polygamists, epilep
tics, imbeciles, beggars, carriers of tuberculosis, anarchists, prostitutes, and pimps-and now, in the post-9/i 
t 
world, persons from certain coun
 tries suspected of terrorist tendencies.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

We are so eager to be hardworking, law-abiding citizens that we left our workplaces and came by car, bus, and trolley to the center of a city that we now demand reflect its name, City of Brotherly Love.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                     We 
were 
set in motion by Christians in the name 
of 
 Christian kings.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

It was government-Mandated community in the name of freedom and opportunity-and a model for much that came later in, say, railroad regulation in the West.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                 Americans have always en
gaged the world in the name of saving souls through Christ or freedom or 
202   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 both.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

They can also lead us to the right war, as they did when Win
 ston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt linked arms as brothers in World War II, summoning their respective national Tribes in the name of what Churchill called a 'great purpose and design.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Even though my name was a thatch, I'd been overruled by the older guys who got first picks.
	The Pursuit of Happyness

His name was Mike Connors, one of the smartest guys at the firm, and he was destined to be one of my best friends, and some
 one with whom I could launch a business one day.
	The Pursuit of Happyness

Nor is there any harm in replacing his name with mine on the door.Thinking
	The Pursuit of Happyness

'My name is Matthew Collins, and I ac
cept-' 
 Splash! Larry's fat virusy hand clasped my forehead and plunged me under the water.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

So, in the name of god, the old hatreds were drilled into 
 I was to imagine myself in a strange city as the evening was coming   `   new generations of schoolchildren, and are still being drilled.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

There seemed nothing fantastic, to these people, in the British police having to de
 fend an Indian-born ex-Muslim citizen from a concerted campaign to take his life in the name of god.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

To accept the spread of cervical cancer in the name of god is no different, morally or intellectually, from sacrificing these women on a stone altar and thanking the deity for giving us the sexual impulse and then condemning it.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Manual sex, oral sex, anal sex, non-missionary position sex: to name it is to discover a fear
 some ban upon it.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Eventually asking what he should read, he was further commanded in the name of a lord who 'created man from a clot of blood.'
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Give me the name of one people among whom incredible prodigies were not per
 formed, especially when few knew how to read and write.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

(In my days as a Fleet Street correspondent, I even read stories in print under my oum name which were not recognizable to me once the sub-editors had finished with them.)
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

His name, John Frum, seems to have been an invention too.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

But even after the last serviceman flew or sailed away after 
1945, 
 the eventual return of the savior From was preached and predicted, and an annual ceremony still bears his name.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

People weep and yell, and collapse in spasms and fits, shrieking their savior's name.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

By the use of Kabbalistic conjury that made his own name the equivalent o£ 'Mosiach' or 'Messiah' when unscrambled from a Hebrew anagram, he may have persuaded himself, 
I7o   GOD IS NOT GREAT 
 and certainly persuaded others, that he was the expected one.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

                                                                                                                                                                 Meanwhile, confronted with undreamed-of vistas 
Tiktaalik, named at the suggestion of the local Nunavut people, joins 
the Archaeopteryx, a transitional form between dinosaurs and birds,   inside our own evolving cortex, in the farthest reaches of the known universe, and in the proteins and acids which constitute our nature, 
 as one of the long-sough[ so-called missing links that are helping us   religion offers either annihilation in the name of god, or else the false to enlighten ourselves about our true nature.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

A full house of up-   anything in this country if you can shove the word 'Reverend' in 
i 
288 
Afterword   
AFTERWORD 289 , 
 front of your name.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Some of these would still be in some danger i£ I were to name them, but I must admit my debt to the late Dr. Israel Shahak, who introduced me to Spinoza; to Salman Rushdie, who bravely witnessed for reason and humor and language in a very dark time; to Ibn Warraq and Irfan Khawaja, who also know something about the price of the ticket; and to Dr. Michael Shermer, the very model of the reformed and 
296 
Acknowledgments 
 recovered Christian fundamentalist.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Name an ethical statement or action, made or performed by a person of faith, that could not have been made or performed by a nonbeliever.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

Preface 
 Blagojevich was building his political power at the same time another young Illinois Democrat was rising through the ranks and making his name known on the national scene.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

He jokingly offered his analysis of the race by showing a reporter his Christmas list-with a question mark next to Rod's name.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Even if he'd had 
 a different name, Jim Ryan couldn't match Blagojevich's energy and charismatic campaign style.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Schmidt had opened a landfill in Joliet with Mell's help, and supposedly had dropped Blagojevich's name, telling 
Pay to Play 
 waste haulers that he had clout with the governor and with Mell, and not to worry-the haulers could dump illegal waste without a problem from regulators.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

While presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton waxed eloquent between 1991 and 9/11 about the New World Order, the positive benefits accruing to all from the progress of globalization, and the irreversible narrowing of differences between peoples of all creeds, cultures, ethnicities, and colors, the United States military was embarrassed by and then driven from Somalia, the World Trade Center was nearly destroyed, two U.S. military facilities were attacked in Saudi Arabia, Osama bin Laden declared war on America in Islam's name, two U.S. embassies were simultaneously destroyed in East Africa, bin Laden declared war on the United States for the second time, U.S. interests and citizens at home and abroad were barely saved when al-Qaeda's millennium-eve plot was foiled, and a billion-dollar U.S. Navy destroyer was nearly sunk in Aden, Yemen.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                     In subsequent speeches bin Laden and al-Zawahiri 
reiterated 
this mes
sage, and over time they designated twenty-three countries by name as 
199 
MARCHING TOWARD HELL 
 allies of the United States in Afghanistan, Iraq, or both.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

In the name of God, the most merciful, the most compassionate.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

'Fo see what others have done in important junctures, and to have both their merits and mistakes analyzed by a competent critic,' wrote a talented citizen-soldier in Mr. Lincoln's armies in words pertinent to the need of today's Ameri
cans to act in their country's defense, 
rouses one's mind to grapple with the problem before it, and begets a gen
 erous determination to rival in one one's sphere of action the brilliant deeds of soldiers who have made a name in other times.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

In the same way, in early 2004, the 9/11 commis
 sioners indicated that they were intending to name an even younger CIA officer as the only individual to be publicly identified for a pre-9/11 failure.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Like the good Republican multiculturalists they are, the Bush team quailed at the 
Notes 
thought of offending Muslim opinion and removed the word justice from its opera
 tional name for the invasion of Afghanistan.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Zippy was the name ofJPMorgan's automated loan processing software.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

Some twenty years after Sir Keith Murdoch's death, his son has made his own name-in Australia, he's almost as famous as his father was-and has now branched out, aggressively and 
16   1   MICHAEL WOLFF 
 noisily, to the United Kingdom.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Then, starstruck, he 
180   
MICHAEL WOLFF 
 bought a talent agency and acquired the name and remnants of Warner Brothers to reconstitute the movie studio.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Her name is Marian Faris Stuntz, otherwise known as Cita--she's a Democrat, working for then New York gov
 ernor Hugh Carey-and she begins to give him a tutorial on New York state government.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

for most of his career, and then will go on to buy a book publishing business that News is sell
ing called Murdoch Books-annoying Murdoch with his contin
 ued use of the name.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

name: Gary Ginsberg, conversation with author, October 10, 2007.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

The kindergarten teacher recognized Robeson's name and refused to play the record.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

The name Timor Timofeyev was self-chosen and meant 'Tim, son of Tim.'
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

I remember clearly that his first name was Lev, because I immediately associated it with Trotsky.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

But the whole experi
 ence caused me to block his second name, and there is no way now for me to retrieve it.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

I accept that characteriza
 tion of it because I believe it to be the people's cause, and I am proud to have my name identified with anything that is their cause.'
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

His dropping of a name that no longer exists in the locale (and hasn't for many years) proves he's lying about it.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies


 I hate these politicians that claim to give straight talk and then can't even name a restaurant in their own back yard.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                                                                 The Chicago 
Sun-Times 
reported this gem of a coincidence: 
On the day Cari's name first surfaced in the federal probe of the state Teachers Retirement System, the former finance chairman for the Democratic National Committee and for the Democratic 
98 
'Honorable guy?' In the midst of his extortion scheme, federal prosecutors quoted Cari telling 
a 
 target: 'This is how things are done in Illinois.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                                                                              If he hadn't pulled out all the stops campaigning for the pres
ident, raising money at lavish celebrity events, and offering his strategic and legal advice-and if Eric Holder had an 'R' by his name instead of a 'D'-he might have served as the perfect poster boy for Mrs. O.'s caustic campaign against white-shoe cor
 porate law.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Forced laughter ensued as 'Smart Power'-the name Mrs. Clinton humbly gave her diplomatic philosophy to restore America's standing in the world-turned into an international bad joke.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

You'll notice that the customer testimonials you see on television in
 creasingly include the name of the person and the city they're from.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

But it does apply to a generation that can still name the Three Stooges even though they've been dead for forty years but can't name three mem
 bers of the Supreme Court.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

We changed our name to the justice Studies Program.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

Thus principles of formal equality, the work of panop
 ticism (Foucault), the forces of rationalization (Weber), division of labor (Durkheim), dialectical materialism (Marx), and Absolute Spirit (Hegel), to name a few, are equated with an abstract machine that produces particular results.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

On the one hand, law provides the tools for challenge in a court of law-an opportunity to be heard, to be able to name an injury in words recognized in law, to introduce evidence, to cross-examine, and to have an enforceable decision applied to injustices.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

'There are undoubtedly times when countries may have to sacrifice legal principles in the name of political prag
 matism, in order to end war or achieve peace' (Newman 2005, 309).
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

A flight nurse gave her this patient ID, the kind you get when you're scooped up from the streets after a terrible accident, you're unable to offer your name, and you don't have any identification.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

Many drive from across America, taking a little turnoff on I-40 and then following a two-lane country road that meanders through the pink sandstone ridges and buttes of the Sangre de Cristo Mountains, whose name means 'blood of Christ.'
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

              When they told 
280 WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVE 
her 
the frightening 
 name of the disease, she burst into tears.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                                                                                                                                                                       See faith 
God Helmet, 158-60 
Golden Gate Bridge jumpers, 101-8 Gonzalez, Laurence, 227, 325 Goodrich Corporation, 126 
Good to Great (Collins), 41-42 gorilla experiment, 186-87, 188 Greer, Steven, 236-37 
Griese, Bob, 268-69 
Griffith, James, 38-39, 40-41 Griffith, Rebecca, 39-40 
378 Index 
Groopman, Jerome, 318 Gruber, Samuel 'Doc,' 238-41 Gulf War, 283 
gut feelings, 192-93, 326 
Hain, Bob, 283 Halpern, Diane, 206-7 Hartsell, Antonio, 224-27 haplogroup H, 97 
Hart, Christian, 40-41 
Harvard Medical School, 4,225-27,285, 318 
Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma, 285 Haynes, AI, 54-57 
Healing 
Invisible Wounds (Mollica), 286 
Healing 
Power 
of 
Faith (Koenig), 317 heart attacks, best place to suffer, 108-10 Helliker, Kevin, 355n 
Helmreich, William, 174-76 
Herald of Free Enterprise, 
46-47 Herrera, Carol, 95 
Herrera, Steve, 94-96 
High Road, and fear, 216-20 Hill, Ken, 229-32 
Hillary, Edmund, 120 Hines, Kevin, 103-7 Hines, Pat, 103 Hirshberg, Caryle, 156-57 'hitting the wall,' 297 Hjelle, Anne, 130-34,150-51 Hjelle, James, 130-31 Hodge, David, 149-50 
holidays, and will to live, 248-51 Holmes, Ken, 102,107 Holocaust, 161-83 
silent secrets of survivors, 176-83 surprising 'success' of survivors, 173-76 survival theories of, 165-73 
hope, as survival tool, 318 hopelessness, 57-59, 236-37 Hound 
of the Baskervilles 
(Doyle), 225 How to Survive on Land and Sea (Smith), 135-36 
Hui, Cho Seung, 271-72 
human impact tolerances, and free falling, 83-84 
hunches, 192-93, 326 hyperventilation, 50-51 hypervigilance, maximum, 159-60 hypothermia, 31, 43, 49-52, 128-29 hysterical blindness, 285 
I Am 
the 
Central Park Jogger (Meili), 235 Immelt, Jeffrey, 268 
immobility, tonic, 62 inattentional blindness, 186-88 Incredulity Response, 36-37 information seekers, 329-30 ingenuity, as survival tool, 214, 324 initials, and death, 272-76 injidents, 202-3 
Injury Severity Scale (ISS), 98-99 instinct, as survival tool, 122-24, 326 intelligence, 175, 311, 323 intercessory prayer, 148-51 intergenerational syndrome, 179 intuition, 192-93, 326 
Iran, 24n Irwin, Steve, 13 isolation, illusion of, 331-33 Israel, 173-74 
'It's All in a Nut' (song), 215-16 
JAT Flight 364, 82-83 Johnson, Daniel A., 62-63 Johnson, Katharine Decker, 85-88 Johnson, LeRoy,290-91 Johnson, Sam, 282 
joke, world's funniest, 189, 189n 
Kamler, Kenneth, 120-24, 127, 243-44 Kaplan, David, 2 
Kennedy, Paul J., 342 Kijek, Emil, 227 
Killer Initials Theory, 272-76 King's Cross fire (1987), 35-37, 48 Klor, Callie, 13-14,26 
Klor, Ellin, 11-15, 25-28 Kim; Hal, 14,26 
Koch, David, 66-68, 74, 76 Koch Industries, 68n 
Koenig, Harold G., 139-42, 144, 317 Koren, Stanley, 158-59 Krauthammer, Charles, 165-66 Kurtz, Robert, 235 
LaBahn, David, 242-43 Lancet, 
The, 
236-37 La Rinconada, 122n laughter, 271 
Lay, Kenneth, 225-26 
Leach, John, 3S-37, 39-40, 44-49 Lebanon,23-25 
LeDoux, Jacob, 219-20 LeDoux,Joseph, 208-10,214,215-20 left-handed people, 205-7 
Levi, Primo, 168 longevity, 251-56, 345 under adversity, 289-90 left-handed people and, 205-7 role of faith in, 139-46 
lost person behavior, 228-32 Lourdes, 1S5-56 
love, as survival tool, 321 
low-pull parachute fatalities, 38-39 Low Road, and fear, 216-20 
luck, 184-207 
accident proneness and, 197-203, 205-7 
defined, 189-90,191 
equation (Luck Formula), 191-94 Holocaust survivors and, 172-73 secrets of Luck School, 203-5 seeing positive side of misfortunes, 194-97 
as state of mind, 184-90, 192 survival formula and, 97-98 luck declaration, 204 
Luck Factor, The (Wiseman), 188, 204 Luck Formula, 191-94 
luck profile, 204 Luck School, 203-5 Lutyens, Tom, 297-98 
McCain, John, 282, 307, 308 McCane, Gary, Jr., 100-101 McCashland, Courtney, 299-303 McGraw, Phil, 257 
MacGyver, Angus, 324 McLean, Mac, 80 Magda, 180-83 magic charms, 246-48 Magic Circle, 189 maltodextrin, 269-70 Marshall, Nora, 73 maximum hypervigilance, 159-60 Maxwell, Jim, 258-60 
mazal, 172 
Meili, Trisha, 233-35, 244-46 Mengele, Josef, 161-62, 163 Merkel, Angela, 172 Methuselah Tree, 287-91 
Index 379 
METS (Multi-place Underwater Egress Trainer), xv-xvi, 6-8 
Miami Dolphins, 268-69 Michaelson, Sabrina, 61 Middlesworth, Mal, 335-36 Milosevic, Slobodan, 225-26 Milton, Sybil, 172-73 mindfulness, 203, 329-30 Miracle in 
the Andes 
(Parrado), 22 miracles, 151-57 
Mr. Positive, 41-42 
Mitchell, Robert, 281-82, 285 Mitchell Center for Prisoner of War Studies, 282-85 modification theory, 205-6 Moffitt, Terrie, 262n 
Mollica, Richard, 285-86 Moore, Cassi, 279-81 Moore, Jeff, 283-8S Morgan, Andy, 269-70 Morris, Mercury, 268-69 Morrison, Jim, 2 
mountain lion attacks, 130-34, 150-51 Mount Everest, 120, 121, 122-24 Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 270-72 MRSA, 97 
Mullan, Fitzhugh, 349n 
Multi-place Underwater Egress Trainer (METS), xv-xvi, 6-8 
name, initials and death, 272-76 National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), 73 
Naval Survival Training Institute (Pensacola, Florida), xvn, 135-36 NBC Universal, 265-69 
negative panic, 62-63 network of luck, 192, 204 neuroticism, 188 
New England Journal o 
f 
Medicine, 109, 206-7,246-48 
 .
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

Leaving aside the question whether an ingredient is truly inactive if it affects the rate at which the active ingredient is absorbed by the body, there is also a question whether a lesser known firm- perhaps in a Third World country- copying a medication developed by an internationally known 
 pharmaceutical company, has the same incentives to maintain production quality standards as the original producer of the drug, for whom billions of dollars' worth of international brand name reputation is at stake, not just for this particular drug but for all its many other drugs, present and future.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

When the ancient Greeks had monumental architecture that is still imitated today and landmark intellectual figures like Plato and Aristotle, illiteracy was common across much of northern Europe and there was not a single building in all of Britain when the Romans invaded in the first century A.D., nor had a single Briton's name yet entered the pages of history.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

(I didn't allow them to use my name, because I didn't want to affiliate myself with a project 
THE PROMISE 
 whose content I couldn't control.)
	The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts

If God's pedagogy is to involve us in his re
 demptive work, is it any wonder his promise to bring a greater good out of our suffering is tied to our action, in his name? When we live charity and love of neighbor, we are taking part in his strategy to heal life's hurts.
	The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts

'Office' was my shortened name for the room that would be used 
MARIE 
OSMOND 
with 
MARCIAWILME 

 for my doll display, crafting, scrapbooking, computer work, rubber stamping, gift wrapping, photo framing, painting, sculpting, quilting, sewing, journal writing, reading, meditating, archiving, storing memorabilia, making private phone calls, getting away, taking a deep breath, collecting myself, and finding some peace.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

(Olive is my true first name, as well.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

Thank heavens I've always gone by Marie, my middle name.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

I hoped it was only the name of the dish...
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

You name the topic and chances were the phone lines would light up with true-life stories that were more compelling than any Hollywood studio could produce.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

We're four people in search of a last name.'
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

         249 
MARIE OSMOND 
with 
MARCIAWILKIE 

 I wanted to burst out laughing and say something like, 'My name is not Mrs. Robinson,' but I was already surprised he knew me at all; I didn't think I could push the point of reference back to 1967.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

She had called me by my name.
	The Last Thing I Remember


289 
 Then, just like that, the name came out of me.
	The Last Thing I Remember

When Roosevelt, with his magnetic charm and famous name, showed himself to be a vote-getter he attracted even more notice and won a larger audience.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                                                         If the name 
Peerless 
reasonably describes both ships, then the parties' use of the term Peerless is ambigu
 ous from an objective standpoint.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

For example, to take a famous contracts case, each party can use the name 
Peerless 
 to refer to one of two different ships bearing the same name.''
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

If you could sign your name, you got credit, because the mantra of this bacchanal was 'home prices only go up.'
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

         Disarming the Colonists 
CHAPTER I 
'The Inhabitants to Be Disarmed' 









A
S BRITISH OCCUPATION TROOPS 
 wereaboutto land in Boston, an anonymous patriot signing his name only as 'A.B.C.'
	The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms

Being required to give one's name to an official and obtain permission to publish one's senti
 ments or to own a firearm would have been considered infringements.
	The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms

He was the youngest of eight chil
 dren, and his parents had given him the Urdu name for pine flower.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

Hoyt had found that hysterical, and since the name was too hard to pronounce, everyone just called him Flower.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

His name was Baseer.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

                                                                         491 
CHAPTER 51 
Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan 
The name of the village they were headed to was Dagar, which in Pashtu meant 
 open space.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

There are too many of you to thank by name, but please know that I appreciate you all so much and love conversing with you online every day.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

                                                     It was cre
ated by the writer/production team responsible for the hit time
travelling, retro-pastiche cop series 
Life on Mars; 
 it had high production values; it had name-actors who'd appeared in classy Jane Austen dramas; it was about a team of groovy archaeologists (archaeology's BIG in Britain.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

Her name is Anna.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

               
Brand Name America 
 just as the costs of the Vietnam War were instrumental in the collapse of the Bretton Woods gold exchange monetary system, Bush's elective war in Iraq will be noted as the straw that broke the dollar standard that has prevailed since 1971.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

According to investigators, Spitzer had paid $4,300 to a $1,000-an
 hour call girl who went by the name Ashley Dupre.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

To this day, we don't know the name of the suicide bomber who drove a van into the Marine barracks in 
 1983.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

Since the 2003 invasion, Iraqi Kurdistan has been governed by the Kurdistan 
Regional Government, a sovereign government in all but name, al
 though it doesn't print its own currency or legally export its oil.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

'My name is Dulayr Surkan.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

Syria fought, at least in name, on the same side as the United States-a decision that paid off in late 1990 with the passage of the 
192 
THE DEVIL WE KNOW 
WINNER TAKE All 
193 
Although Iran never acknowledged its role, it ordered Hezbol
 lah's Hassan Nasrallah to release the hostages.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

Laymen called it 'consumption' and that name spoke to the awfulness of the disease.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

Given his abilities, had he focused on either of those other discoveries, his name would be well known instead of forgotten in the history of science.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

The local paper -listed by name people, exposed to the disease who traveled to Camp Funston only a few days 
456 
The Great Influenza 
457 
 silence would have made it impossible for public health authorities to have any chance either to contain the virus or develop a vaccine before a pandemic exploded across the world.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

Many believed that Election 2008 would be thrown into chaos, much like the 2000 election, because of equipment failures (especially of touch-screen vot- 
283 
284 
 ing machines and some types of optical scan machines), voter suppression (particularly of voting rights of felons and the homeless), voter intimidation, and problems with provisional ballots, to name a few.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Ten times more Americans knew the name of the host of 'Who Wants to be a Millionaire' than knew the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives in 2000.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                            50   
ATTENTION ORFICIT DEMOCRACY 
MESSIANIC DEMOCRACY   
51 
KILLING IN THE NAME OF DEMOCRACY 
 The U.S. government's first experience with forcibly spreading democracy came in the wake of the Spanish-American War.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

Talent made his own priorities clear: 'If our guys want to poke somebody in the chest to get the name of a bomb maker so they can save the lives of Americans, I'm for it.',
	Attention Deficit Democracy

The lists also name entities that are neither at war with nor engaged in terrorism against the United States; for example, the Basque separatist group Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), the Sword of David or American Friends of the United Yeshiva Move
 ment; and the Real Irish Republican Army.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                                 The current 
lee   
ATTENTION ORPICIT DEMOCRACY 
incarnation of the 'democratic peace' is based on the United States alone hav
 ing the right to attack anywhere in the name of democracy.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                                                                                                                                                           25
 One senator had sponsored the event, and thus allowed the coronation to occur in a federal building; however, the Senate Rules and Administration Committee refused to disclose the name of 
214   
ATTENTION OCPICIT DEMOCRACY 
 the sponsoring senator.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                              So also thank you 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
Mickey Kaus Merrill Kinstler Harry Liberman Gary Lawson David Limbaugh Jay Mann 
Gene Meyer Jim Moody Jeremy Rabkin Jon Tukel Angie Saridakis 
 to my soon-to-be-fully-tested editor Sean Desmond, who took over at the page-proof stage, and my copy editor Toni Rachiele.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Beyond possessing a Roosevelt gene for exuberance, FDR did not seem a compelling and formidable figure until much later.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

He invented the concept of the 'gene pool' and suggested that 'one talented and valuable producer could have up to 1,ooo children.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                                                 see 
also futures contracts Spencer, Herbert 351 
spices 127, 130-31, 135 spreads 241, 326 squatters 276-7, 277 squirrel skins z5 
Sri Lanka 134 stagflation 211 Standard and Poor's (S&P) 268 Standard and Poor's 500: 
sterling 
see 
pound sterling Stevenson, George 60 Stewart, Jimmy 247-8 Stiglitz, Joseph 310-13 stockbrokers 153-4 Stockholm 48-9 
stock markets and exchanges: benefits of 341 
bubbles Iz1-4, 154 Chile 2,18 
closure of 300, 301-2 compared with bond markets 124-5 
compared with property market 161-3 
crashes IZI-2, 157-66, 174, 324 
as discipline on companies 120 foreign stock exchanges 293 forward/futures markets 137, 133 
fraud rzi-2 
history of 3, 6, 74, 121-4, 
1
3
1-
3,33
2,
34
1
 
indices 164-5 and inflation Iz3 insurance companies and 196-8 international comparisons Iz5 mechanical selling 165 
and pensions 
see 
pension funds speculators 121 
stock exchanges 3, 74, 131
-
3, 
300,301-2 
and supply of credit 132 total capitalization of the world's 4 
volatility and risks 6, 13, 
INDEX 
120-ZI, 125-6,x36, 159, 167,174,3
21
,3
7
4
-8,
344 war and 125, 136, r69 
and First World War 297, 199-300 
stocks 
see 
shares Stowe House 236-40 Strong, Benjamin 161 `structural adjustment' 309 structured investment vehicles 
(SIVs) 5, 9, 272, 355 Styal 94 
subprime lending 8-9, 264-74, 783, 336 
and black and Latino borrowers 266-7 
responsibility for 766-8, 
2
,
73
-
4,33
6
 
sugar 285 
Sunbelt 255 
Sun Insurance Office 187 swaps 4, 227, 323 Sweden 48-9, 125, 209 Swift, Jonathan 157 Swiss National Bank 57 Switzerland 57, 125, 144 Sword Blade Company 157 Syria z 
tail risk 127, 344 
Taiwan 339 Tanzania 176 tariffs: 
protectionist 303 rising 287 taxes: 
bond markets and 68, 99 

438 
British 2Io-Ir, 257 collection 76, 142, 146 in debtor countries 309 excise 7z 
Florentine 45, 71, 72 
land 230 
 and mortgage payments z5z and property law reform 275 savings discouraged by zrI Taylor, Gene 181 Teamsters Union 755 technological innovation: evolutionary 350 history of 8, 16o, 785-6 and inflation I16 transferability 787 weaponry 785, 797 technology companies 124 Temasek 337n.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Like any other successful and charismatic pol (a certain Arkansan comes to mind), he was born without the gene that produces the emotion of em
 barrassment in the human soul.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                                See 
Hedge funds; Money market funds; Mutual funds Futures exchanges, 140 
Geithner, Timothy, 179, 220-221, 224-225,274,279,296 Gene therapy research, 23 General Electric, 181 
General Motors (GM), 6, 41, 44, 49, 165, 178,225 
GI Bill, 133-134, 289-290 Gilleran, James, 146 Gingrich, Newt, 260 Glaeser, Edward L., 252 Glass-Steagall Act, 30, 135, 137, 212-214, 235, 237, 244 
Global credit/financial meltdown, 245 Global Crossing, 196 
322 
INDEX 
Global economy, 210, 227 Global fund management, 115 Global liquidity, 162 
Going naked, 253 Gold prices, 95 Gold standard, 36, 296 
Goldman Sachs, failure of, 6, 132, 144-145,155,191,199-200,204, 220, 222, 232, 281 
Goldman Sachs Group Inc., 280 Gongol, Brian, 291-292 Goodman, Peter, 138 
Google, 220 Godman, Paul, 37 Gott, Marc, 259 Government-funded Chapter 11, 277 Government guaranteed loans, 40, 44, 294 Government intervention: 
historical perspectives, 10-11 impact of, 4-5 
systemic risk, 5 Government 
policy, 
251 Government regulation, 238 Government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs), 14,113-114,177,180-181,234, 257-258,260 
Granrlich, Ed, 102, 132, 147, 234 Gramm, Phil, 139-140, 232, 235-236 Gramm, Wendy, Dr., 139-140 Gramm-Leach-Bliley Act, 135, 137, 213, 235,237-238 
Great Depression: characteristics of, 11, 185 compared with current economy, 23-32 
housing finance system, 27 Great Depression era, 11 Greed, 4, 199, 209 
Greenberg, Alan 'Ace,' 190,199 Greenberg, Hank, 204 
Greenspan, Alan, 5, 36, 54, 56, 58-62, 64-67,72-73,75,78-79,84-88, 96, 102, 105, 115, 130, 132, 138, 145-147, 151, 153, 162, 226, 
232-234,236-237,247 Greenspan put, 67-68, 72 Gross, Dan, 255 
Gross domestic product (GDP), 6, 28, 91, 94-97,138,265,292-293 Guaranteed investment contracts, 280 Guff states, 227 
Gulf War 11, cost of, 3 
Haefling, Carl, 294 Haughton, Daniel, 35 Hedge funds, 4, 47, 67, 98, 114-115, 131, 136, 165, 185, 187, 227, 233, 249, 278,288 
 Helicopter Ben.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                    See also Castro, Fidel 
Cuddihy, John Murray, 27475 Cusic, Catherine, 342, 344 
452 
• Indee 
Democratic Party Convention (Chicago, 1968),165-68,177 
democratic socialism, 388 Dennis, Eugene ('Gene'), 84, 85 Dennis, Gene, Jr., 84, 204, 287 Dennis, Jackie, 204, 287-89 Dennis, Peggy, 84 Denton,Jeremiah,375-76 Denton,Jim,375-76,404 Destructive Generation (Horowitz), 380-81,394,402,403 
Deutscher, Isaac: death of, 153-54; on future of the Soviet Union, 398; as hero of the New Left, 134; influence on DH, 134, 142-43, 227-28; on War Crimes Tribunal, 147-50 
Demscher, Martin, 143 Deutscher, Tamara, 142, 143, 193 Dewey, John, 148 
Dewey, Tom, 59 Didion, Joan, 164 Dillinger (film), 266 DiMaggio, Joe, 53, 57-58 Dissent magazine, 385, 409 Dixon, Marlene, 189 Dobb, Maurice, 135 Doctorow, E. L., 305 Dodd,Bella,71,400 
Dohm, Bernadine: emergence from hid
ing, 335; radical politics of, 335, 386; as a revolutionary Communist, 177; and Weather Underground, 177, 236, 333, 334, 335, 336 
'Do It' (Collier and Horowitz), 333 Do It (Rubin), 189 
Doce Vita, La (film), 112 Dole, Robert, 443 Domar, E. D., 135 Donahue, Phil, 335 
Do The Right Thing (film), 403 Douglas, William O., 79 Douglass, Frederick, 54 Downriver (Collier), 317 
 drug abuse, 176, 206.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      See Horowitz, Moms 
Hackman, Gene, 333 Hadas, Moses, 304 Haile Selassie, 131 Hall, Gus, 117 
Hall, Stanley, 216 
Halllnan, Vincent, 103 Hampton Bays (New York), 50 Hamrell, Sven, 122, 127, 133 'Hand-Me-Down Marxism and the New 
Left' (Horowitz), 177 Hanoi Hilton (film), 428 Harmony (club), 77 Harper's magazine, 408 Harrington, Michael, 379 Harrington, Walt, 356 Harris, Leslie, 333 
Harvey Milk Gay Democratic Club, 341-42 
Hayden, Tom: as advocate of violent be
havior, 385, 386; affair with Anne Weills, 175; attack on Joan Baez by, 303; autobiography of, 106, 160-61, 381; and Chicago Conspiracy Trial, 189-90, 196, 269, 321; at Chicago Democratic Convention, 165-68; on demise of the Black Panthers, 298; as Democratic Party member, 409; DH's response to, 421; FBI's surveillance of, 160-61; as member of counterculture, 173; as member of Red Family, 195, 196; political and familial background of, 105-6, 176, 382; on 'rice roots' democracy, 200; support for North Vietnam, 196-98, 201, 303-4, 376; surrender to the 'Vietnam Metaphor,' 177-78 
Hayek, Friedrich, 388, 391, 406, 410 Haze, Robert, 125-26 
Healey, Dorothy, 116 Hearst, Patty, 236 Hebrew language, 42 Heller, Isaiah, 41 Hendon, Ezra,300,318 Henson, Larry, 264 Herf, Jeffrey, 377 Heritage Foundation, 396, 404 heroin addiction, 332, 353, 436 herpes virus, 338 
Hersh, Seymour, 189 Hertzberg, Rick, 383-84, 387 Hesburgh, Rev. Theodore, 202 
Heston, Chariton, 429 
Heterodoxy, 
407, 416-17, 421, 422, 427 Hicks, J. R., 135 
Hiestand, Fred, 294 
High School of Music and Art (New York), 77, 81 
Hilliard, David, 222, 234, 321 Hilliard, June, 234 
Hinckle, Warren, 159, 164, 168, 174, 179, 180, 187 
Hiroshima, bombing of, 75, 139 Hiss, Alger, 68, 406 
History 
of 
the Russian Revolution (Trotsky), 134 
Hitchens, Christopher, 378, 382, 383 Hitler, Adolf, 29, 63 
HIV virus, 345 
Ho Chi Minh, 152, 196, 334 Hochschild, Adam, 237-38 Hoffman, Abbie, 167, 187-88, 189, 269, 410 
Holt, Rinehart (publishers), 212, 213 Home 
of 
the Brave (film), 59 Honeymooners, The (television show), 53 Hoover, J. Edgar, 299, 318, 319, 402 Horowitz, Anna (paternal grandmother), 8,9-10,15,17 
Horowitz, Anne (daughter): birth of, 172; education of, 286; effect of parental di
vorce on, 325, 352, 443-44; personal
ity 
of 
205 
Horowitz, Benjamin (son): birth 
of 
145; at birth of Anne, 172; childhood of, 172; education of, 352, 370; marriage of, 411, 412; personality of, 205, 325 Horowitz, Blanche Brown (mother), 1-2; birth of, 13; courtship and marriage of, 12, 25, 27, 28, 29-30, 435; death of, 431-32, 440-41; education of, 27; employment of, 25, 27, 45, 69; health of, 8, 371-72, 430-31; move to Cali
fornia, 370-71; parenting by, 45-46, 47-48, 51; political affiliation and views of, 27, 36, 39-40, 42-44, 62-63, 75-86 passim, 207-6; reac
tion to Student, 116; retirement of, 69; 
trip to Thailand, 213-14; trip to USSR, 27 
Horowitz, David: adolescence of, 61-74 passim; affair with Abby Rockefeller, 281-83; attempted recruitment by So
viets, 141-42; attempted recruitment to Leninist SDS faction, 165; autobio
graphical writings by, 380-81, 422-23, 445; birth of, 32; childhood of, 35-36, 45-60 passim; as 'Christ
ian romantic,' 88-69, 92; collabora
tion with Peter Collier, 191, 198, 210-13,215-16,237-38,259,282, 283-85,315-18,325-26,329,333, 336,337,339,346,353,356-58, 366,402,403-4,419,422-23,443, 445; conversion to conservatism, 346, 348, 349, 351, 356-60, 361; early po
litical affiliation 
of, 
44, 86; early politi
cal projects of, 48; as editor of Ram
parts, 153, 158-65, 168-69, 179-80, 185-87,191,193,215,236-37,300; as editor of Root and Branch, 109, 112-13, 126-27; education of, 45-47, 49-50,77,81-83,86,89-91,93,94, 99-119 passim; employment of, 127-28,153,158,170,172-73, 185-87, 215; in Europe, 120-54 pas
sim; fear of reprisals by, 315, 321-22, 361, 386; fortieth birthday of, 324-25; health of, 53, 146, 366; idols of, 53-54; marriage to Elissa Krauthamer, 92-95,138-39,170-73,203-5,215, 216-17,281,282,283,286-87,289, 290-93; marriage to Sam Moorman, 355-56; marriage to Shay Marlowe, 412-18, 423-27; mental depression of, 286, 287, 289, 308, 324, 354; move to LA, 351-53; music lessons of, 72-73; parenting by, 118-19, 122, 123,137-38,145-46,171,204-7, 246, 287, 308, 325, 351-52; political education of, 49-50, 53-57, 59-60, 87-89, 253-80 passim, 304-7; reli
gious Qewish) education of, 41-42; re
ligious participation of, 413-15; 
456 - 
Inder 
 Horowitz, David (cont.)
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                              2008016203 

Book design and text composition 
by 
L&G McRee 
CONTENTS 
PROLOGUE 
/ Brace for Impact   
xi 
INTRODUCTION / 
The Survivors Club   1 
PART I / What It Takes to Survive   
9 
A Knitting Needle Through the Heart: 
THE THREE RULES OF THE SURVIVORS CLUB   11 
2 The Statues in the Storm: 
WHY SO MANY PEOPLE DIE WHEN THEY SHOULDN'T   
31 
3 
Ninety Seconds to Save Your Life: 
THE WRONG AND RIGHT) THINGS TO DO IN A PLANE CRASH   53 
viii Contents 
A 
The Organ Recital: 
WHO LIVES AND WHO DIES IN THE ER   85 
5 
The Supersonic Man: 
HOW MUCH OF LIFE (AND DEATH DO YOU REALLY CONTROL?   111 
6 
Rescued from the Lion's Jaws: 
PRAYER, MIRACLES, AND THE POWER OF FAITH   130 
7 
The Dancer and the Angel of Death: 
HOW DID ANYONE SURVIVE THE HOLOCAUST?   161 

The Science of Luck: 
WHY GOOD THINGS ALWAYS HAPPEN TO THE SAME PEOPLE   184 
9 
Hug the Monster: 
HOW FEAR CAN SAVE YOUR LIFE   208 
Too Mean to Die: 
DOES THE WILL TO LIVE MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE?   233 
The Resilience Gene: 
WHO BOUNCES BACK AND WHO DOESN'T?   257 
12 What Does Not Kill Me: 
10 
WHY ADVERSITY IS GOOD FOR YOU 277 
PART II / Are You a Survivor?   
293 
13 
The Survivor Profiler: 
DISCOVERING YOUR SURVIVOR PERSONALITY   295 
lA 
Your Survivor IQ: 
WHAT TYPE OF SURVIVOR ARE YOU?   306 
15 Your Survivor Tool Kit: 
WHAT ARE YOUR TOP THREE STRENGTHS?   313 
AFTERWORD 
/ How to Eat an Elephant: 
THE LESSONS OF THE SURVIVORS CLUB   327 
 
www.TheSurvivorsClub.org
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                                                   There a xptions to every r ' 
(#7) (#8) (#9) (#11) (#13) (#18) (#22) (#33) (#37) (#47) (#49) (#54) (#72) (#103) (#114) (#143) 
256   WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVE 
The Resilience Gene 

WHO BOUNCES BACK AND WHO DOESN'T? 


 One moment, she was carefree and cruising an Oklahoma highway in the middle of the night, speeding away on summer vacation.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                 264   WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVE 
that your resilience to life's everyday stresses depends signifi
 cantly on the version of the 5-HTT gene that you inherited.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

               The Resilience Gene   
273 
274   WHAT IT TAKES TO SURVIVE 
Oy* 
v 
C'nutively 
Ty 
Wildupas
l
% 
iii hgQ your 
Ah 
wil 
acci 
000 MY 
e 
ae 
p6ied
I
oVet the dada, L Indeed, wheo,Chris- 
Other 
 §uwrqpmf1Se.;peoptg
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                        : 
ntf~ hary causes 
that 
non

TO, they were 
hk teHer 
61 
per, 
The Resilience Gene   275 
is
,
 
or, 
re 
Z10 
' 
OtIr 
t1o 
e 
souroe 
life-'' 
Sk 
a 
tkds4
'
ed)e 
baggbail 
 behaviors dents.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                                                        See also Resilience Gene 
longevity and, 253 trauma patients and, 97 g-forces, 111-14,124-26 Giesbrechy Gordon, 49-52 Gift 
of 
 Fear, The (de Becker), 326 God.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                                                                                                                   See also faith Profiler, Survivor, 298-305 failure of, 303 
getting started, 305 how it works, 300-302 privacy and accuracy, 302-3 psychological strengths, 313-26 result of, 303-4 
propranolol,219n 
psychological strengths of Survivor Profiler, 313-26 
adaptability, 315 empathy, 322 faith, 317 
flow, 325 hope, 318 ingenuity, 324 instinct, 326 intelligence, 323 love, 321 purpose, 319 resilience, 316 tenacity, 320 
your top three, 313-14 psychometrics, 298-300 psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), 139-40 Psychopathology of Everyday Life (Freud), 199-200 
PTSD (posttraumatic stress disorder), 176-80,277-79,283-85 purpose, 319, 333-34 
random opportunities, and luck, 185-90, 192 
Realist, the, 312 Reality Principle, 46 reference point, maintaining your, 6-7 relativity, 22 
religious faith, 130-60 
Anne Hjelle and, 130-34, 150-51 the Believer, as Survivor Type, 309 benefits for longevity, 139-46 'fear no evil,' 134-36, 214 
God Helmet and, 158-60 
miracles and, 151-57 
Mount Everest and Pasang and, 123-24 Resilience Prescription and, 271 
role of prayers, 146-51 survival formula and, 99-100 as survival tool, 317 
Rescher, Nicholas, 191 
resilience, as survival tool, 182-83, 316 Resilience Gene, 257-72 
environment and, 262 long and short of, 261-65 test for, 262-65 
Resilience Prescription, 269-72 Reynolds, Mark, 134 
Rice, Dean, 11 In right-handed people, 205-7 Robert E. Mitchell Center for Prisoner of War Studies, 282-85 
Roca, Castrate, 152-57 role models, 271 Romonek, Lea, 331, 332 Roosevelt, Teddy, 336 Roper, Cindy, 194-96 Rosen, Paul, 343 Rowland, Adair, 221-24 
sacred shrines, 151-57 Sagan, Carl, 156-57 Samuels, Martin, 225-27 Sanctuario de Chimayo, 151-57 San Francisco, 335 Santaniello, Anna, 156 
scared to death (Baskerville effect), 224-27 Schemmel, Jerry, 53-55, 59-61 Schulman, Edmund, 289-90 
Sears, Tim, 210-15 
seat belts, in planes, 73, 75 self-acceptance, 271 self-healing, 285-86 selfishness, 167-68 selflessness, 168, 333-34 SERE (Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape), 295-98 
serendipity talent, 194, 303-4 serotonin, 263-65 
SGDP Center at the Institute of Psychiatry, 263-65 
Shallow Water Egress Trainer (SWET), xv Shallow Water Initial Memory Mechanical Exit Release (SWIMMER), xiv-xv sharks, 238-39, 238n 
Index 381 
Sherwood, Dorothy, 2 
Sherwood, Karen Kehela, 327-29 Sherwood, Richard, 2, 345 Sherwood, Willham Richard 'Will,' 327-28 
Shula, Don, 268-69 Siebert, Al, 193-94, 303-4 Simons, Daniel J., 186-88 sinister, defined, 205n situational altruism, 61-62 situational awareness, xii, 39, 40-41, 336-37 
skydiving fatalities, 37-41 Sky West Flight 5569, 66-69 smell of fear, 220-24 Smith, Ray, 135-36 
smoke hoods, 75-76 
sneezes (sneezing), 111, 11 In Snyder, Richard, 83-84, 343 Sosa, Sammy, I l In 
Soubirous, Marie-Bernadette, 155-56 Southwick, Steven, 270-71 
Spain, David, 15-16, 94-100 Special Forces, U.S., 269-70 Spencer, Herbert, 315 splitting, 48 
spontaneous remissions, 156-57 squalamine, 239 
Srebenica, 285-86 stakes, and luck, 191-94 Stanford University Medical Center, 13-14, 15-16,26,27,8S-86,94-96 Trauma Survivors Reunion, 88-89 Stanley, Mark, 47 
Still Ignorant After All These Years (FAA report), 65 
Stockdale, James, 41-42, 282 Stockdale Paradox, 41-42, 271 Stovall, Ellen, 349n 
strength in numbers, 334-36 stress inoculation, 295-98 sudden unexpected death (SUD), 227 Suedfeld, Peter, 167 
super livers, 16, 28, 46-17 superstitious rituals, 57 support network, 16-17, 99, 271 Survival, Evasion, Resistance and Escape (SERE), 295-98 
survival formula, 96-101 factor one: you, 97, 107 factor two: circumstances, 97-99, 107 factor three: intangibles, 99-100, 107-8 
382 Index 
survival instinct, 122-24, 326 'survival of the fittest,' 315 Survival Psychology (Leach), 45 Survival Tool Kit, 313-26 adaptability, 315 empathy, 322 faith, 317 
flow, 325 hope, 318 ingenuity, 324 instinct, 326 intelligence, 323 love, 321 purpose, 319 resilience, 316 tenacity, 320 
top three strengths, 313-14 survival training, xi-xvi, 6-8, 295-98, 330 
Surviving the 
Extremes 
(Kamler), 121, 243-44 
survivor 
defined, 16-17 use of term, 18 Survivor Gene, 97 Survivor Personality, 295-96 
Survivor Personality, The (Siebert), 194, 304 
 Survivor Profiler, 298-305 failure of, 303 getting started, 305 how it works, 300-302 privacy and accuracy, 302-3 psychological.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

Gene insists that the situation has gotten much worse in the last ten years.
	What's the Matter with California?: Cultural Rumbles from the Golden State and Why the Rest of Us Should Be Shaking

Mary Caroll Willi and CMPA Research Director Dan Arnund
 son worked with several Media Tenor staffers to ensure that the data were comparable to previous CMPA election studies.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

I don't know what purpose it serves journalistically or in terms of research,' Andrew Kohut, director of the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press, said of Luntz's appearances on NBC (quoted in Owen 2002:128).
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

But it was the Times that announced it was running the story-defying requests not to from the Treasury Secretary John Snow, 9/11 commissioners Tom Kean and Lee Hamilton, Demo
 cratic congressman John Murtha, and Director of National Intelligence John Negroponte.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Danielle LeClaire, my Legislative Director, sounded 
168   ~'   Chapter Nine 
 very upset and told me an airplane had crashed into the World Trade Center in New York City.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                                                                                                         See Classical
Keynesian synthesis framework System Open Market Account (SOMA), 179 
Takahashi, Korekiyo, 121 tax cuts, 47, 78-80 Taylor rule, 151, 155-156 Term Action Facility (TAF), 178 A Term at the Fed (Meyer), 76 Term Securities Lending Facility 
(TSLF),178 Townsend-Greenspan,84 trade-weighted dollar, 33 transparency, 6, 12, 45, 55-58, 141-145 
Trichet, Jean-Claude, 165-166 
unemployment rate, 2, 3 economic growth and, 16, 17 Fed's role in managing, 13-14 
during Great Depression, 113-114 
inflation and, 16-20, 200, 209 inflation targets and, 105, 110-111 
populist view and, 40-41 supply shocks and, 34-35 
Volcker, Paul attacks on, 45-46 challenges faced by, 168 communication style of, 6, 52 Fed policy under, 63 
as inflation fighter, 2, 38, 201 reappointment of, 44 successes of, 64-65 
wages 
inflation adjustment in, 19 rigidity of, during Depression, 118-119 
unemployment rate and, 18 wealth effect, 22, 31 
Woodward, Bob, 2, 53, 62-63, 79, 85, 131 
Yellen, Janet, 74, 98 
About the Author 

 Ethan S. Harris is Managing Director and Chief U.S. Economist at Lehman Brothers in New York.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Muhammad, a civil engineer, is the founder and director of the Association of Forty, an organization campaigning on behalf of the Palestinian 'unrecognized villages' inside Israel.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                        This, the resolution added, has 'significant implications for the future of the church:' 
I interviewed Scott McConnell, associate director for Lifeway Christian Resources, the research division for the 
37 
 Southern Baptist Convention, about what America's largest Protestant denomination was experiencing.
	Quitting Church: Why the Faithful are Fleeing and What to Do about It

Below, Reagan meets with speechwriter Peggy Noonan (second from right) and Communications Director Mari Maseng, herself a former Reagan speechwriter, to discuss his farewell address.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                                  The speechwriters so

licited ideas from a list that included former diplomats (Averell Harriman, George Kennan, Dean Rusk), retired military (CIA director 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
Stansfield Turner-a Naval Academy classmate of Carter's-and re
tired Admiral Elmo Zumwalt), and a novelist (Alex Haley of 
Roots), 
 among others.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                He had sat amiably 
as::she 
laid out her 
vision, 
of the speech- 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
'a sort of Jim Cagney kind of view,' Mari Maseng, back as the commu
 nications director, recalled-but did not like it.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                              This group included many of the most active and outspoken supporters of the new president: Eugene Rostow, director of the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency; Richard Perle, Assistant Sec
retary of Defense; Jeane Kirkpatrick, Reagan's Ambassador to the United Nations; William Bennett, 'drug czar' and later Secretary of Education; Elliott Abrams, Assistant Secretary of State; Frank Gaffney, Deputy Assis
 tant Secretary of Defense; and others.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                                                  I'm 
on the 
NSC:' 
54   WAR AND DECISION 
• White House Chief of Staff Andrew Card • White House Counsel Alberto Gonzales 
Depending on the subject matter of a meeting, other officials would be invited to attend-for example: 
• Attorney General John Ashcroft 
• Secretary of Commerce Don Evans 
• Federal Bureau of Investigation Director Robert Mueller 
 At most meetings, these principal attendees were allowed to bring along one subordinate each, known as a 'plus one.'
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

On October 7, 2002, CIA Director George Tenet released an unclassified letter addressed to the Chairman of the Senate Intelligence Committee, Bob Graham (D-Florida), summarizing the current intelligence reporting on Iraq's relationship with al Qaida.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Sitting right behind Powell, prominently onscreen in the live television broadcast, was CIA Director George Tenet, who had collaborated with Powell on the presentation.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

When Deputy CIA Director John McLaughlin seconded Wolfowitz's suggestion, Vice President Cheney commented, 'The sooner we turn things over to the Iraqis the better.'
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

CMO = civilian-military operations DCI = Director of Central Intelligence DOD = Department of Defense 
DRT = Declassification Review Team ILA = Iraq Liberation Act of 1998 JCS = Joint Chiefs of Staff 
LOCs = lines of communication 
NGOs = nongovernmental organizations PC = Principals Committee 
SecDef= Secretary of Defense 
USDP = Under Secretary of Defense for Policy 
Handwritten note: 
'Briefed to Deputies Lunch on 8/20/02' 
Opposition Force: Useful Addendum, or a Requirement? 
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                Robert C. McFarlane, Former National Security Advisor; Joshua Muravchik, Resident Scholar, Ameri- 
586   ENDNOTES TO PAGES 196-197 
can Enterprise Institute; Robert A. Pastor, Former Special Assistant to President Carter for Inter-American Affairs; Martin Peretz, Editor-in-Chief, The New Repub
lic; Roger Robinson, Former Senior Director of Intemafional Economic Affairs, National Security Council; Peter Rodman, Director of National Security Pro
 grams, Nixon Center for Peace and Freedom; Former Director, Policy Planning Staff, U.S. Department of State; Hon.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Donald Rumsfeld, Former Secretary of Defense; Gary Schmitt, Executive Director, Project for the New American Cen
 tury; Former Executive Director, President's Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board; Max Singer, President, The Potomac Organization; Former President, The Hudson Institute; Hon.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Paul Wolfowitz, Dean, Johns Hopkins SAIS; Former Undersecretary of Defense; David Wurmser, Director, Middle East Program, AEI; Research Fellow, American Enterprise Institute; Dov S. Zakheim, Former Deputy Undersecretary of Defense.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

           That same day, Moham-

617 
618   ENDNOTES TO PAGES 352-355 
 rued El Baradei, Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency, gave the Security Council his assessment of the nuclear-weapons-related portion of the Iraqi weapons declaration.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

MAKING WAY F DR HE MARDI Il 188 
 Michael Eisenstadt, senior fellow and director of security studies at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy, delivered testimony before the House Armed Services Committee on February 1, 2006, entitled, 'Deter and Contain: Dealing with a Nuclear Iran.'
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                                             r 
'4k 
Ak ~§;   Y   S   '4 b 
~ t+5 
CHAPTER THIRTEEN 
THE ROAD AHEAD 
My conversation with the former director of Centrallnte&igence 
IT WAS A BEAUTIFUL SUNDAY MORNING in downtown Bagh
 dad when a boy named Amar entered a crowded polling station without attracting much attention.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

As Morocco's director of Islamic affairs, he was also a man of considerable influence, responsible for over
seeing more than thirty-three thousand Sunni mosques throughout his 331 
332 II INSIDE THE REVOLUTION 
 country.*
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Joining me as part of our delegation were several dear friends, including John Moser, executive   ' director of the Joshua Fund; Fred Schwien from Homeland Security (traveling as a private citizen); and Chip and Larissa Lusko, producers of the 
Epicenter 
documentary film who again had a film crew with them as we compiled material for a future 
Inside the Revolution 
 documentary.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

For example: 
 An aspiring actor desperate for fame, whose mother is a well-known casting director has motivation and luck and really needs no talent.
	In the Event of My Untimely Demise

President Franklin D. Roosevelt authorized FBI director J. Edgar Hoover to wiretap at will anyone he deemed to be a pro-Nazi sympathizer-not to mention other, 
86   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 more routine political enemies.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                              'A clo
sure like that takes a blowtorch to the spider web of social relations in the community,' says Rick Sloan, the communications director for the Inter
 national Association of Machinists.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

The Truthers, you see, believed that the 'foreign power' was probably Pakistan, and that was significant because Mahmoud Ahmad, the chief of the Paki
 stani intelligence agency ISI, was actually in Washington, meeting with Senator Bob Graham and onetime CIA director Porter Goss, on the morning of 9/11.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

He keeps all his promises, telling the film's director in advance what he can and will do and then going out into the auditorium to enact it with absolute convic
 tion.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

But Jim Duffett, execu
 tive director o£ the Campaign for Better Health Care, the advocacy group that helped create the task force, says the governor made a strategic mistake by not taking advantage of the support built up for universal health care by the task force's years o£ work: 'We wish that there would have been more of an attempt by the governor to reach out to House and Senate members and build at least a broader coalition in pushing his proposal.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Following Tusk's departure, John Harris, former budget director for Chicago's Mayor Daley, took over as chief of staff in the governor's office.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Encouraged, Jackson and his communications director Rick Bryant showed up for discussions in the luxurious Four Seasons hotel in Chi
 cago, only to find that they would not be meeting with Blagojevich or his chief of staff...
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

B also, I think, explains much of the 1980s venom that was directed toward DO William J. Casey and Deputy Director for Intelligence Robert Gates as they worked with Mr. Reagan to break the Bolsheviks and their apologists in the U.S. government.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                                                                                        Karen Elliott House, former publisher of the 
Wall Street Journal; 
Edward Jay Epstein, author; David Faber, CNBC chief correspondent; Philip Falcone, senior managing director, Harbinger Capital Partners; Ivan Fallon, chief executive, Independent News and Media UK; Steve Fishman, 
New York 
mag
azine writer; Jonathan Foreman, former 
New York Post 
reporter; Michael Fuchs, former head of HBO; Michael Garin, a founder of Lorimar Telepictures; Stephen Glover, British journalist and one of the founders of the 
Independent; 
Roy Greenslade, media columnist and commentator, the 
Guardian; 
Richard Greenfield, Wall Street media analyst at Pali Research; James C. Goodale, former general counsel and vice chairman of the New York Times Company; James Harding, editor in chief, 
Times 
of London; Bert Hardy, former chief of News International; John Hartigan, chairman and CEO of News Limited; Tony Hendra, author and humorist; Les Hinton, CEO of Dow Jones; Alan Howe, former 
Sunday Herald Sun 
editor; John Huey, editor in chief, Time, Inc.; Arianna Huffington, co-founder and editor in chief of the Huffington Post; Sir Bernard Ingham, Margaret Thatcher's former press secretary; Richard Ingrams, co
founder and former editor of 
Private Eye; 
Jay Itzkowitz, former sen
ior corporate lawyer at Fox Entertainment; Michael Jackson, 
X[V ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
television and news media executive; Sir Simon Jenkins, columnist, the 
Guardian, 
former editor of the 
Times 
of London and the 
Evening Standard; 
 Lon Jacobs, News Corp.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

     general counsel; Michael Jones, former political editor of the 
Sunday Times; 
Peter Kann, for
mer CEO, Dow Jones; Trevor Kavanagh, former political editor of the 
Sun; 
 Sir Chips Keswick, former Murdoch banker at Hambros Bank; Robert Kindler, vice chairman for investment banking at Morgan Stanley; Jonathan Knee, Wall Street banker; Andrew Knight, director of News Corp.;
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                       general counsel; Andrew Ross Sorkin, business reporter for the 
New York Times; 
Roger Smith, Wall Street analyst and former Warner Communi
cations executive; Michael Schrage, former 
Washington Post 
media business reporter; Malcolm Schmidtke, former editor of the 
Sunday Age; 
Stanley Shuman, managing director of Allen and Company LLC; Anne Spackman, editor in chief, Times Online, 
Times 
of London; Patrick Spain, CEO of HighBeam Research; Rob Spatt, attorney for Simpson, Thacher and Bartlett, LLP; Paul Steiger, for
mer managing editor of the 
Wall Street Journal; 
Irwin Stelzer, econ
omist and Murdoch confidant; Cita Stelzer, research associate, Hudson Institute; Andrew Steginsky, fund manager; Peter Stoddard, former editor of the 
Times 
of London; Robert Thomson, editor in chief, the 
Wall 
Street Journal, 
former editor in chief, the 
Times 
of London; Richard Tofel, former Dow 
Jones 
senior executive; Donald Trelford, former editor in chief of the 
Observer; 
Rebekah Wade, editor in chief, the 
Sun; 
Jonathan Wald, senior vice president for business news, CNBC; Lord Wakeham, former British MP; Jann Wenner, founder of 
Rolling Stone; 
Francis Wheen, 
Private Eye; 
Robert Wiesenthal, executive vice president and chief financial offi
cer, Sony Corporation of America; Charlie Wilson, former editor of the 
Times 
of London; Petronella Wyatt, reporter for the 
Daily Mail, 
daughter of Murdoch confidant Woodrow Wyatt; David Yelland, former editor of the 
Sun; 
Richard Zannino, former CEO, Dow Jones; Mortimer Zuckerman, proprietor of the New York 
 Daily News.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                                       deputy CFO; Andrew Neil, former editor in chief, Sunday 
Times; 
Mark Oliver, media consultant, CEO, Oliver and Ohlbaum Associates; Norm Pearlstine, chief content officer at Bloomberg; M. Peter McPherson, former chairman of the board of Dow Jones; David Penberthy, Sydney 
Daily Telegraph 
editor; Chapman Pincher, 
Daily Express 
reporter; Mario Platero, U.S. editor, 11 
Sole 24 Ore; 
Joyce Purnick, reporter for the 
New York Times 
and reporter at the 
New York Post 
at the time of the Murdoch takeover; Jeff Randall, business reporter for the 
Daily Telegraph 
and former edi
tor at the 
Sunday Times; 
Jane Reed, director of Times Newspapers Limited; William Rees-Mogg, former editor of the 
Times 
of 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
I 
xv 
 London; Arthur Siskind, former News Corp.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Eleanor Roosevelt, a director of the City Housing Corporation, which had financed the development, led the procession herself.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

The article was written by Timor Timofeyev, the director of Moscow's Institute of the World Labor Movement.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                                                                But instead of the regular vetting process, Free
man's advocate, Director of National Intelligence Dennis Blair, assigned a special inspector general to probe Freeman's foreign 
38 
 financial ties.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Senator Biden's good friend of thirty years, Joseph Cari, served as Biden's Midwest field director for the 1988 Biden for President campaign.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

'If the era of pay-to-play politics is over, Adolfo Carrion did not get the message,' Melanie Sloan, executive director of CREW, said in a statement.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

And Dick Dadey, executive director of another watchdog group, Citizens Union, challenged Carrion's judgment: 'It is irresponsible for an elected official not to conduct his personal affairs above board and avoid any perceived conflict....
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

HARRIS said they could work out a three-way deal with SEIU and the President-elect where SEIU could help the President-elect with ROD BLAGOJEVICH's appointment of Senate Candidate 1 to the vacant Senate seat, ROD BLAGOJEVICH would obtain a position as the National Director of the Change to Win campaign, and SEIU would get something favorable from the President-elect in the future.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                           Antonio Maria Costa, the 
122 
director of the United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime, in express
 ing concern about the worldwide rise in marijuana use and the drug's increased potency, said, 'Today, the harmful characteristics of cannabis are no longer that different from those of other plant-based drugs such as cocaine and heroin.'
	High Society

It was, critics alleged, a Democratic Party piggy bank, with former 
16 
MELTDOWN 
How 
GOVERNMENT CREATED THE HOUSING BUBBLE   17 
 Clinton budget director Franklin Raines walking away with the grand prize, pocketing $100 trillion in compensation in his brief stint there.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

                                                         52 
Once enrolled in the introductory class taught by the pro
gram's director, Professor George Wolfe, student Mock discov
 ered to his dismay that the class was a recruitment and training course in left-wing politics and antimilitary attitudes.
	Indoctrination U.: The Left's War Against Academic Freedom

A corner of the lounge was set aside for my meeting with the director, the executive producer, and the main actor.
	The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts

If you have a spiritual director or a friend with whom you can share your spiritual goals, review each point with him on a regular basis and ask for guidance on how to 
 be more faithful to the call of God in the nitty-gritty of life's ups and downs.
	The Promise: God's Purpose and Plan for When Life Hurts

     Governors worried that their states would not get their 'fair share' of federal tax booty, and so they came to Washing
ton, hats in hand, to curry favor with Roosevelt, Harry Hopkins, who became the WPA director, and other New Deal administra
 tors.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                                                                                                                                                                         It was 'nec
essary,' Roosevelt said, 'to eliminate from Federal budget-making during this emergency all new items except such as relate to direct relief of unemployment' That way, Roosevelt concluded, the bud
get would be balanced, federal expenses reduced, and'I hope that it will not be necessary to increase the present scale of taxes'' 
 When Roosevelt took office in March 1933 he did not fill his cabinet with persons pledged to balancing the budget, but he did appoint Lewis Douglas, a four-term congressman from Arizona, as director of the budget.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

So does the fact that its director is a professor of literature, Jane Gaines, whose entire academic output consists of writings about the movies.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                                                            A key 'research question' that students are asked to consider is 'What are the ways that Native nations, communities and 
Socialist Feminism: The Women's Studies Department 
Feminist Theories   Women's 
Studies 
305
36
 
INSTRUCTOR: Kari McBride, Associate Professor of Women's Studies and the Undergraduate Director for the Women's Studies Department 
A typical assignment in Associate Professor Kari McBride's 'Femi
nist Theories' course instructs students to read 'An Introduction to Marxism'-an uncritical account of Marxist thought written by McBride herself-and 'two excerpts from Karl Marx's 
Wage Labour and Capital: 
'What Are Wages?' and 'The Nature and Growth of 
138   
ONE-PARTY CLASSROOM 
 Capital.'''
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                                                                                                                                   174   
ONE-PARTY CLASSROOM 
Professor Stephen Zelnick, a former vice provost at Temple and former chairman of its English Department, testified at Pennsylvania's aca
demic freedom hearings about the stunning lack of intellectual diver
 sity at his school: 'As director of two undergraduate programs, I have had many opportunities to sit in and watch instructors.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                 Shlay, Professor of Sociology, undergraduate director of the sociology program 
In its description this course repudiates ideology in principle only to promote it in practice: 
186   
ONE-PARTY CLASSROOM 
 In the U.S., we think we know race and ethnicity because we can see different skin colors, hear different languages, and have been told that our 'people' came from either here or there.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

       238 
CHAPTER Z3 
 Dr. Kevin Boyle, Medical Director for the CARE Kabul hospital, was an amiable, balding, five-foot-ten general surgeon from Omaha, Nebraska.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

                                                                                                                                                                                                                      In addition to my current and former staff at the B. Kenneth 
254 
Simon Center for American Studies-my assistant director, Joseph Postell, along with Julia Shaw, Spencer Anderson, and Carolyn Raney
I must thank a series of research interns for their work: Laura Arnold (University of Texas at Arlington), Kevin Brooks (University of Notre Dame), Caitlin Carroll (Berry College), Benjamin Cole (Baylor Univer
sity), Lianne Cottrell (Villanova University), Sandra Czelusniak (Cornell University), Suzanne Fagan (University of Dallas), Shauneen Garrahan (Amherst College), Ruth Bailey Grandy (Hillsdale College), Jonathan Green (Northwestern University), Kathleen Hunker (Hofstra Univer
sity), Jaron Janson (Utah State University), Nathan Jerauld (Hillsdale College), Nicola Karras (Yale University), Kevin Kearns (Ashland Uni
versity), Verlan Lewis (Brigham Young University), Caitlin Poling (Ash
 land University), Charles Quigg (Amherst College), Elizabeth Thatches (Hillsdale College), and Jonathan Walker (Hillsdale College).
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                              See also 
'Brutus' 
About the Author 
M
atthew Spalding is director of the B. Kenneth Simon Cen
 ter for American Studies at The Heritage Foundation, where he also is the project leader of the First Principles Initiative.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

But they did not plan to have what Rufus Cole, the hospital's first director, all but forced upon them.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

The only civilian government research institution, the Public Health Service's Hygienic Laboratory and its director George McCoy joined in.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                   On July 
28, 1918, 
Blue rejected a request from George McCoy, 
The Great Influenza 
 director of the Hygienic Laboratory, for $10,000 for pneumonia research designed to complement the efforts of the Rockefeller Institute.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                       SABATO 
Director, Center for Politics University of Virginia r„*„„„„ 
~nno 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
Chapter 1 
Political Conventions in 2008 
The Contemporary Significance of a Great American Institution 
 I was very fortunate to work with a superb team on this book.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

They are more chatter about old threats, which were the subject of a press conference by Attorney General Ashcroft and Director 
Mueller 
 six weeks ago.'v
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                                                                                     56
 Mackenzie, who was 
IBB   
ATTENTION ORFICIT OSMOCRACY 
the staff director of a National Academy of Public Administration study on trust in government, declared, 'There was a 
silver lining to the dark cloud of September 11th, 
that maybe this was one of those cathartic moments in his
tory' that could 'maybe establish a bond of faith that hadn't been there be
 fore.'
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                                     For Doris Kearns Goodwin 
ALSO 
BY ROBERT KuTTNER 
The Squandering 
of 
America: How the Failure 
of 
Our Politics Undermines Our Prosperity (2007) 
Family Re-Union: Reconnecting Parents and Children in Adulthood (with Sharland Trotter, 2002) 
Everything for Sale: The Virtues and Limits 
of 
Markets (1997) 
The End 
of 
Laissez-Faire: National Purpose and the Global Economy After the Cold War (1991) 
The Life 
of 
the Party: Democratic Prospects in 1988 and Beyond (1987) 
The Economic Illusion: False Choices Between Prosperity and Social Justice (1984) 
Revolt 
of 
the Haves: Tax Rebellions and Hard Times (1980) 
 That people can be lifted into their better selves is the secret of transforming leadership ...
	Obama's Challenge

Voters will expect concrete improvements as well as loftier 
 national aspirations.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                   41 
The success of our whole great national program depends, of course, upon the cooperation of the public
 on its intelligent support and use of a reliable system.
	Obama's Challenge

Leadership is more challenging when national problems are not yet critical.
	Obama's Challenge

Finally, 3,000 people would join him to complete the march, their right of peaceful assem
 bly protected by National Guard troops placed under federal command by order of the president of the United States.
	Obama's Challenge

                                           Raising the qualifi
cations and pay of pre-k teachers would be part of a national 
149 
 strategy of universal pre-kindergarten, on a level at least that of public school teachers.
	Obama's Challenge

                                                                                                                                                              




















209 
Index 
Aaron, Henry, 83, 86-87
Clinton, Bill, 3, 6, 20, 21, 24, 34, 57-59,
AFSCME, 150
72, 79, 88, 89,99, 103, 144, 145, 166,
Alinsky, Saul, 33
167,176, 182, 183, 190, 193, 194, 198
Allison, Christine, 181
Clinton, Hillary, 7-8, 14, 16, 24, 106,
American Enterprise Institute, 83,99
192-194
Apollo Alliance, 164-165
Concord Coalition, 81
Atwater, Lee, 191
Cox, Christopher, 137
Cutler, David, 9
Baker, Dean, 80, 178
Bartlett, Bruce, 180-181
Daschle, Tom, 194
Bantus, Max, 10, 188,
Davis-Bacon Act, 149
Bernanke, Ben, 134,135
Dean, Howard, 193
Bernstein,Jared, 10, 83
Debt-deflation, 185-186
Blinder, Alan, 159
Debt, household, 23, 128,185
Blue Dog Caucus, 25, 81, 127, 129, 188,
Debt, national, 22, 30, 80
189
Deficit, federal, 18, 25, 27, 29-30, 33,
Bogle,John, 141
34, 39, 76-87, 114,125-129,177,
Booth, John Wilkes, 63
188-189
Brookings Institution, 25, 81-85
Deficit, trade, 22
Brown, Sherrod, 115
Delay, Tom, 12
Buffett, Warren, 32
Democratic Leadership Council, 88, 113
Burns, James MacGregor, v, 7, 35, 57, 60,
Democratic Party, 20-21, 24, 33, 34, 57,
67, 72 , 190, 201
94,107-114,145,187-189,191-193
Bush, George H. W, 76, 114, 180
Demos, 90, 92, 113, 202, 203, 215
Bush, George W, 1, 6, 10, 13, 20, 30, 69,
Denmark: labor-market policy, 154-158,
70, 72, 74, 76, 79, 82, 88, 96, 105, 110,
175
114,115, 127, 128, 129, 133, 134, 180,
Deposit insurance, 36, 39, 40, 135
184, 188, 189, 190, 196, 199
Depression, Great, 1, 17-18, 20, 21,
Butler, Stuart, 81, 82, 83, 86
35-44,55,112,115,124,126,127,
129,175,185-186
Carter, Jimmy, 6, 34, 5557, 72, 87, 99,
DeWine, Mike, 115
144, 193, 194, 197
Dionne, E. J. Jr., 102
Carville, James, 110-111
Dirksen, Everett McKinley, 48
Cato Institute, 99
Dollar, US, 18,22-24
Chaney, James, 49
Douthat, Ross, 183-184, 195
Chase, Salmon P., 62
Dowd, Maureen, 15
Cheney, Dick, 70
Dukakis, Michael, 21
Churchill, Winston, 65,67
Citizenship, 195-199
Earned Income Tax Credit, 59, 95
Civilian Conservation Corps, 38
Eastland, James, 48
Civil rights, 8, 33, 45-54,187
Eccles, Martinet, 38
Civil Rights Act of 1964, 46-49
Economic recovery, 2, 15, 21-29, 33, 34,
Civil War, 33, 49, 60-64
76,114-120,123,124,127,160,166,
Clean Air Act, 162
177-178,182
210 
Edwads, John, 7-8, 14 Eisenhower, Dwight, 6, 44, 69, 99 Employment policy, 27-29, 142-159, 182 Energy policy, 6, 14, 24, 26, 27, 31, 
55, 56, 92, 117, 118, 121, 123, 127, 159-166,184,186,187 
Engle, Clair, 49, 105 Etzioni, Amitai, 180 
Fannie Mae, 10, 29, 74, 122, 129, 130, 133, 134, 137 
Famon,Jonathan, 79 
Federal Reserve, 2, 23, 37, 133-135, 142, 185 
Feingold, Ross, 111-112 
Financial crisis of 2007-08, 18, 21-24, 31-32,93,114,121-122,125,132
141,185,187 
Financial regulation, 21, 31-32, 101, 102,118-119,130,132-141,174,177 Fisher, Irving, 185 
Frank, Barney, 102-102 
Freddie Mac, 29, 72, 74, 122, 133, 134 From, David, 70 
Furman, Jason, 9, 25, 83 
Galbraith, James, 10 
Galbraith, John Kenneth, 98-99 Galston, William, 82 
Gam, Marshall, 198 Garner, John Nance, 40 Geithner,'iimothy, 135 Glass, Carter, 39 Glass-Steagall Act, 39-40, 102 Goldstein, Dana, 193 Goodman, Andrew, 49 
Goodwin, Doris Kearns, iii, 2, 3, 15-16, 32, 36, 62, 65, 72,201 
Goolsbee, Austan, 9 
Gore, AI, 21, 107, 159,165-166 Grasso, Richard, 30 
Green, Josh, 194 
Greenberg, Stanley, 110-111 Greenspan, Alan, 23, 145 Greenstein, Robert, 83-64, 86-87 
Hacker, Jacob, 103, 178 Halleck, Charles, 48 Hamilton Project, 25 
INDEX 
Health policy, 13, 58, 77, 87, 96, 103-5, 166-172,178,187 
Heller, Walter, 98-99 Helmsley, Leona, 30 Herbert, Bob, l l Heritage Foundation, 81-86, 99, 154 Herndon Group, 103-105 Herrzberg, Hendrik, 11 
Hitler, Adolf, 65-68, 70 Hoffman, Marina, 156 Home Owners Loan Corporation, 130 Hoover, Herbert, 6, 36, 38, 43, 55, 77 Housing crisis, 18, 23, 26, 102, 114, 120, 
124-125,128-130,189 Human services, 146-154 
Ickes, Harold Jr., 192 
Iraq, 10, 11, 18, 19, 27, 29, 69, 70 
Johnson, Jim, 15 
Johnson, Lyndon Baines, 1, 3, 5, 6, 33, 34, 44-54, 58, 63, 64, 72, 95, 108, 109, 184, 187, 188, 190, 195, 197, 199 Jordan, Hamilton, 55 
Kammen, Daniel, 164-165 Kennedy, Edward M., 105 Kennedy, John E, 7, 32, 34, 44-47, 72, 92, 98, 99, 109, 164, 184 
Kennedy, Robert E, 45-46 
Kerry, John, 21, 109, 176, 191-192 Key, V O. Jr., 71, 190 
King, Martin Luther Jr., 47, 49, 182 Klein, Ezra, 193 
Knox, Frank, 66-67 Kristol, William, 58 
Labor movement, 8, 143-146, 156-158 Lakoff, George, 107,109 
 Landrieu, Mary, 188 Leuchtenburg, William, 38, 43.
	Obama's Challenge

               Four years after it 
30 
RACIAL PARANOIA 
What Dave Chappelle Can Teach Us   
31 
 became a national law, Wisconsin's supreme court justice, Abraham Smith, tried to declare the 1850 Fugitive Slave Act (requiring that free states return runaways to their slave masters) unconstitutional.
	Racial Paranoia

America's long history of religiously validating political claims foreshadows the Religious Right's recent scale tip
 ping in electoral politics-or even our current fears of 'fundamentalist Islam' as a threat to national security.I
	Racial Paranoia

                                                                                                                                                                                                           Of course, killing someone is al
ways illegal, but killing someone (or well short of that) 
solely because of the victim's identity-especially if that victim is a member of a traditionally marginalized social group and attempting, say, to cast his or her vote in a local or national election-has been deemed a distinctively hei
 nous and punishable offense.
	Racial Paranoia

PARANOIA 
 combination of National Guardsmen, State Troopers, and local law-enforcement officers.
	Racial Paranoia

And they have now morphed into a different kind of media event as we relive their canonized moments through popular foot
age of marches and protests, of water hoses and national 
185 
~~LI,III
 
„'II
 
II
I 
V
 
I
I 
~
   
'ii 
186   RACIAL PARANOIA 
 guardsmen, of Angela Davis's Afro and George Wallace's gruffly barked defiance.
	Racial Paranoia

Newspapers, even when part of a national company, tended to be much more localized in their coverage and did not provide a pervasive national message comparable to that offered by radio networks, by the newsreels, and by the television networks that came subsequently (Postman 1985; Schudson 1978; C. Smith 1977).
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

were the first to provide identical messages from coast to coast 
18 
CHAPTER I 
U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS   19 
 through broadcast networks and through national distribution in motion picture theaters.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

        Network news, with its national reach, offers the opportunity for a shared national 'schema,' or shared orientation toward a particular sub
ject (Graber 1988)-or at least network news did offer that opportunity for a shared perspective before parts of its audience moved away in the di- 
22 
CHAPTER 1 
U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS   23 
rection of die much wider range of information and perspectives pro
 vided by such media as talk radio, cable news channels, and the Internet (Davis arid Owen 1998; Owen 1996).
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

Despite polls showing a close race between the presidential candidates, the national 
 newscasts initially portrayed Gore's prospects for winning as far more promising than those of Bush.1)urisig
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

The than was dragged behind a pickup truck until his body broke apart, a horrific image that generated national media coverage of the murder and the passage of a hate-crimes law in Texas.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

Los Angeles Times political reporter Robert Shogan (2001:171) reported that Richard N. Bond, a former Republican Party national chairman, said that GOP attacks on the news media were designed to be like coaches yelling at umpires, 'in the hope, as Bond put it, that `maybe the ref will cut you a little slack on the next one.''
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                            NBC was cen
sured by the National Council of Public Polls for using Republican poll
 ster Frank Luntz as an allegedly objective public opinion analyst (Owen 2002:128).
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

During the 1996 general election, for example, CMPA analyzed 2,360 news and editorial items from a wide range of television and print news outlets, including local as well as national news.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                         The powerful cynicism most voters have toward the national government most of the time-to
gether with America's Constitutional traditions to keep the news media as far away froru government control as possible-are highly effective barri
 ers to government intervention even in the volume of news programming provided, regardless of how low the quality of those programs may sink.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                                                                                                                    W, 21,34,39,41,43,70; media 6atning of, 99, 101-2; presiden
tial campaign (1988),51-52,125; presi
dential campaign (1992),59-60,86-87; tone of coverage, 115, 121, 123,130, 132,178-79 
Bush, George W, 3, 34, 62, 70; campaign airtime, 83,84; candidate viability, 65; drunk driving arrest, 13, 54; media cov
erage, amount of, 48,50; media fronting of, 99; media savvy, 104-5; National Guard controversy, 138-39; sound bites and, 89-90; talk show campaigning, 183; tone of coverage, 88-89,111,118-19, 120-21,130,130 
Butterfield, Fox, 86 butterfly ballots, 143 
 cable television 
news: audience, 24, 50-51, 64; Internet web sites, 50-5 I; as political resource, 26, 56, 64.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                                                                                                 201 Barstow, David, 143 
Bartels, Larry, 37,38,39,41-42,97-98,150 Bash,Jeremy B., 148 
Bauer, Gary, 50, 102-3 Baum, Geraldine, 102 Bennett, Dick, 62 Bennett, W. Lance, 95,96 Bernstein,Carl, 113 Blumenthal, Ralph, 13,138 Bode, Ken, 52 
American National Elections Study (1984), 97-98 
American Research Group, Inc., 40, 62, 72 Anderson, john, 114 
Arterton, Christopher, 121 AtlantaJoyrnal-Cowlitution, 147 AuCoin, Don, 15 
Auletta, Ken, 89 Axelrod, jinn, 28 
236 
INDEX 
INDEX 
Bond, Richard N., 122 Boot, William, 52 
BowlingAlone 
(Putnmn), 152-53 Rozell, L. Brent, I t 7 
Bradley, Bill, 62; media coverage, 48, 50, 68-69; tone of coverage, 88, 127, 128 Braestrup, Peter, 19 
Broder, David, 79, 80, 154 Broh, C. Anthony, 51 Brokaw,Tun,15,23,146 Brown, Aaron, 25 
firown, Jerry 100-101,127; media fraining of, 98-99, 100 
Buchanan,Bruce,210 
Buchanan, Pat, 80, 135, 136; media cover
age,anumntof,42,50,63;tone ofcover
age,69,130,131-32,135,180 
Buglinsi, Vincent, 3,148 Buhr, 9anti, 72 Bullock, David, 51 Butniller, Elisabeth, 65, 137 Burden, Barry C, 39, 40, 41, 47, 201 Burger, Timothy J., 13,54 
Burns, Janres MacGregor, 93, 94 Busch,Andrew, 20,34,39,63,65,99,106, 142,148,180 
 Bush, George 11.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                                                                                       See also CNBC; MSNBC; television net
work news 
ABC Nightly 
News: horse race vs. substantive focus, 168, 1619, 171, 172; National Council 
of 
Public Polls censure, 66, 141; tone 
of 
coverage, 176, 177,178 
Nelson, Michael, 3, 29, 48, 62, 63, 144 Neunran, Russell, 151 
Neustadt, Richard E., 54,112 
New I Ianrpshire prinmry, 12, 20,38,46-47, 71-72; focus 
of 
media coverage, 169-70 New Mexico, 147 
news hole, 164 N
ew
sHour(PBS),9,30,134,164-66,165, 195; campaign news coverage, amount of, 164, 170, 186-87n1; horse race vs. substantive focus, 164, 167, 168,169, 171; tone 
of 
average, 164,176, 177, 178 
news media: citizens' evaluation of, 7-8,56, 104, 109,192-93; competitive environ
nreat,13-14,21-22;democracy arid, 1, 189-90; presidential election missteps (2000),15,29,112,144117,149-50; transformation 
of 
 environment, 22-24; trivial focus, 198.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                                     See also cable television news 
Mudd, Roger, 194 Mueller John E., 19 Muskie, Edmund, 38,70 Mussolini, Bonito, 17 Mutz, Diana, 21,35 
Nailer, Ralph, 89, 183-84; campaign airtime, 83, 84-85; media coverage, 42 Nagourney,Adam, 13,138 
National Council on Public Polls, 66,141 National Enquirer, 134 
Nazis, 17 
NBC, 26,3O,64,75,172,173,205; campaign news coverage, 44; presiden
 tial election missteps (2000), 144, 146.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                                                                                                    See 
citizens voter turnout, 15,154 
Wade, Steven M.,38 Waldman, Paul, 3 Wall Strvet)ournal, 30; horse race vs. sub
stantive focus, 167, 168, 169,171; tone of coverage, 177, 178 
Wall 
Sheet 
Week (PBS), 25 'War of the Worlds', 17 
Washington 
Post, 30, 148, 178 Watergate scandal, 112-13 Wayne, Stephen J., 9, 43 Weaver, David, 174 
Welles, Orson, 17 Wertheimer, Fred, 28 West, Darrell M., 65, 86, 200 Whitaker, Bill, 66 
White, Theodore H., 34, 57 Wildavsky,Aaron, 1,201,202 Wilgoren,Jodi, 13, 137, 138 Witcover, Jules, 59 
Wlezien, Christopher, 148 WMUR (television station), 169 Woodruf,Judy,144 Woodward,Bob, 105,112,113,114 
Zahn,Paula, 63-64 Zernike, Kate, 65, 137, 138 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS 





Stephen J. Farnsworth is associate professor of political science and inter
 national affairs at the University of Mary Washington in Fredericksburg, Virginia, and a former newspaper journalist.
	The Nightly News Nightmare: TELEVISION'S COVERAGE OF U.S. PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS, 1988-2004

                   Because the only source has been the National En
quirer we have decided not to cover the rumors or salacious specu- 
156   ANN COULTER 
 lations.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                                                                                                                        158   
ANN COULTER 
Edwards had no explanation for why his national finance chair, Texas trial lawyer Fred Baron, was paying his mistress-allegedly about $15,000 a month-and was also paying Andrew Young, the Ed
 wards aide who bravely claimed to be the father of the love child.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

When Clinton was caught doling out Lincoln bedroom sleepovers, White House coffees, and dinners to big campaign contributors based on lists of political donors on file at the Democratic National Committee,' the Clinton White House denied that the database was being used for campaign purposes, explaining that it was the presi
 dent's Christmas card list.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                        Too Bad He's Not Running for President of the Ivy League 
CIII III 
I 
ii
4
l~
i
l i I 
i 
218   ANN COULTER 
Reagan may have been 18 points ahead in the national polls, but Mondale showed surprising strength among uniformly Democratic vot
ing blocs, people who showed up at his rallies, and members o£ his im
 mediate family.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

N
o
  conservatives protested the Democratic National Convention.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

                                                                                   At the 2008 Republican National Convention, for ex
ample, liberal protesters were arrested for smashing police cars, slashing tires, breaking store windows, and possessing Molotov cock
 tails, napalm bombs, and assorted firearms.''
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

See also sped person Republican National Committee, 110 Republican National Conventions, 17, 138, 173,177-80,192,233,256 Republicans: Christians as, 133; as converts, 111-35; sex scandals involving, 159-61, 180; Stockholm syndrome of, 15, 16.
	Guilty: Liberal 'Victims' and their Assault on America

Many medical and public health organizations including the National Academy of Sciences' Institute of Medicine have criticized the fed
 eral government's investment of hundreds of millions of dollars in the programs as 'poor fiscal and public health policy.'
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

I urge you to demand that the United States reorder its national priorities, that we follow a principled and effective foreign policy that is rooted in the respect for law and the effective use of multilateral and bilateral diplomacy; that we eschew war and 
76   +   Chapter Four 
violence as the means of 'getting our way' in the world; and that we respect cultural, religious, and political differences, and we in
 sist on democratic principles and the respect for internationally recognized human rights.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  See 
also Global Gag rule 
Middle East, 35, 68 
Mills College, 45, 151; black history, as curriculum at, 149-50; endowed chair at, 148-49; nurturing atmosphere in, 147, 148; student body, diversity of, 148; and women's causes, 150 
Mink, Patsy, 97 Mitchell, Clarence, 81 Mitchell, John, 59 
Index ti 217 
Montgomery Bus Boycott, 96 Moore, Dennis, 168 
Moore, Michael, 159 Moore, Stephanie, 168 Mordecai, 99-100n1 Morse, Wayne, 176 Motley, Constance Baker, 95 Mubarak, Mohammed Hosni, 194 Muhammad, Elijah, 58 
Mulford, David Donald, 53 Mullins, Fran, 88 
Muskie, Edmund, 88 
Nadler, Jerrold, 174 Nation of Islam, 58 National Association for the 
Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), 83 National Black Church Arts Program, 33 
National Domestic Violence Hotline, 142, 143 
National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), 72 
National Security Agency (NSA), 193 
Native Americans, 78 Negroponte, John, 71 Newark (New Jersey), 54 New Haven (Connecticut), 54 New Orleans (Louisiana), 79 Newton, Huey, 46, 47, 53-54, 56-58, 88; apartment of, 48; death of, 63; description of, 48, 
218 - Index 
49; discrediting of, 55; exile of, 61; and police, 52; surveillance of, 59 
New York (state) 175 
New York (New York), 54, 55, 122-23n1 
Nicaragua, 153; Contra rebels in, 171 
Nightline (television program), 191 
Ninth District, xiii, 4, 166 Nixon administration, 151, 152 Nixon, Richard, 48, 152; 
impeachment of, 151; resignation of, 151 Noonan, Peggy, 181 Northern California Young Democrats, 159 
 North Korea, 74.
	Renegade for Peace and Justice: Congresswoman Barbara Lee Speaks for Me

                                                                                  Harding's loyalty, his oratorical skills, and 
75 
1920 • DAvm 
PrETauszA 
:pe 
his sheer availability when few others wanted the job, led Taft to tvHarding to nominate him at the 1912 Republican National Con
 .t.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

1920 • DAvR) 
PIETRuszA 
 He seemed more tractable two days later, when he conferred with Democratic national chairman Homer Cummings.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                           (Library of Congress) 
New York's Charles Evans Hughes, the 1916 Republican Presidential nominee, and Indiana's Will Hays, the 1920 Republican National 
Ohio's Harry M. Daugherty-Warren Harding's deft, but somewhat sus
 pect, campaign manager.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Wood had handled delicate situations with skill (and did the same in late October, commanding troops in West Virginia's coal-mining regions), but was soon employing a heated rhetoric regarding the national situation, becoming not so much the heir to Roosevelt as the proverbial man on horseback, threatening to settle every labor dispute at bayonet-point, to 
171
,
 
1920 • DAVID PIE71iU9ZA 
 restore law-and-order at gunpoint.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

At 11:30 on Tuesday morning, June 8, Republican national chairman 
203 
1920 • DAVID PIE1RUSZA 
 Will H. Hays gaveled the convention to order.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Hays worked his way up-from precinct committeeman and city attorney to Indiana state chairman and to national chairman in June 1918.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                            They quoted Daugherty as saying: 
207 
1920 - DAVID PIEETRLISZA 
At the proper time after the Republican National Convention meets, some fifteen men, bleary[-]eyed with loss of sleep and per
 spiring profusely with the excessive heat, will sit down in seclusion around a big table.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

We believe that all this can be done without the compromise of national independence, without depriving the people of the United States in advance of the right to determine for themselves what is just and fair when the occasion arises, and without 
1920 • DAVID PIETRUSZA 
involving them as participants and not as peacemakers in a multi
 tude o£ quarrels, the merits of which they are unable to judge.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

'A deep-toned bell rang out once,' gushed the Socialist 
New 
 York Call, 'once, twice, and the national Socialist convention laid aside its deliberations ...
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

As the teens began, neither issue seemed poised for national victory.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

National suffrage would have to wait until 1921-after the presidential election.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                                                                such victory being threatened from an opposite quarter by discontent among Republicans who are convinced that national 
323 
1920 • 
DAviD 
PIHTRUSZA 
honor and duty call for the League; now, therefore, I, Warren G. Harding, feel it necessary to declare that provided I am allowed to keep Hiram Johnson quiet till election day, and provided that I am allowed to reject the League of Nations formulated under a Demo
 cratic Administration, I will, when elected President, be perfectly open to reason on this subject of the League.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                             The National Committee 
337 
1920 - DAVID 
PiETaoszA 
possessed nowhere near enough resources to fund FDR's 8,000-mile jaunt, so Franklin 
kicked 
 in $5,000 of his own.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                   379 
1920 • DAVID PIETRUSZA 
 If Cox and the national Democrats were not involved, who was? It's clear that Chancellor had closely coordinated his activities with the racist Ohio State Democratic committee.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

The letter was simultane
 ously being sent to Republican editors nationwide, as FDR put it, 'from the same address and in the same type of envelope as used in sending out propaganda by the Republican National Committee.'
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Democratic national chairman White blasted Rexall as pro-Republican.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

    National 
409 
1920 * DAviD 
P'UszA 
 Chairman White surrendered.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                           Meanwhile, Warren Harding's presidency was proceeding apace: dis
armament treaties signed, taxes' lowered, the national debt reduced by $26 billion, unemployment reduced from 12 percent to 3 percent, the 
423 
1920 - DAVID PIETRUSZA 
 steel industry's twelve-hour day abolished, the Bureau of the Budget implemented, the first federal conference on unemployment, the first federal social welfare law, and the first federal highway program.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                                                                            see also Harding, Warren G., as African American 
visits Wilson, 332-334 
Crane, Winthrop Murray, 103, 206, 211, 318-319,320-321 
Crauford-Stuart, Charles, 19, 49 Creel, George, 26, 44, 109, 141, 190 Cummings, Homer, 198, 199, 245, 246, 247 
D 
Daniels, Josephus, 2, 63, 70, 127-128, 135, 136-137,141,160,243,387,390,441 Das Kapital (Marx), 264, 265 
Daugherty, Harry Micajah, 2, 75, 77, 84, 182, 207-208, 208-210, 209, 222, 231, 238, 419, 431,441 
Dearbom 
Independent (Henry Ford's newspaper), 164-165,285 
Debs, Eugene, 2, 141, 262-263, 265-266, 430, 442 accepts nomination, 275-277 
antiwar activities, 267-270 attested, 263-264, 269-272 as national hero, 264-265 petition, for his release, 280 runs for president, 265-266, 272-275, 278-279,279-281,399-400,410-411 sentence commuted, 424 
 serves sentence, 271-272, 278-280 speaks, before sentencing, 269-271 and Woodrow Wilson, 277-278 Deb.,
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

Kate Metzel (Eugene's wife), 262-263 Democratic National Convention, 1920, 242-261 ballots, 254-255, 256-257 
candidates nominated, 247 gambling odds, on candidates, 253 platform, 251-252 venue,242,243 
Depew, Chauncey, 61, 125, 238 Dixon, Thomas, Jr., The Clansman, 161 Drew, Timothy, 358 
Du Buis, W. E. B., 67, 355, 361-362, 442 Crisis, 361 
Darhmater: 
Prices from Within the Veit, 361-362 
E Economic Cotsroyuerices 
of 
 the Peace (Keynes), 111 Edwards, Edward 1.,
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                         2, 358, 359-361, 443 George, David Lloyd, 29, 31, 34, 70 
Gerher, Julius, 275, 281 
Germany, post World War 1, 34-35 Ginger, Ray, 263, 410-411 
Glass, Caner, 192, 198, 249, 251 Goldman, Emma, 147 Gompers, Samuel, 100, 282 Grayson, Cary, 3, 18, 31, 32,47,199-200,421,443 Great Depression, 433, 434, 435-438 
Great Gats6y, The (Fitzgerald), 166 Griffith, D. W, 162, 190, 365 Groton School, 123,132 
H 
Haiti, 132-133, 339-341 
Hamon, Jake L., 209, 418-419, 443 
Harding, Florence (formerly Kling), 3, 51, 73, 74,75,212-213,227,237-238,241,382-383 and Carrie Phillips, 319 
on election day, 402, 404, 409, 410 as First Lady, 421 
at Republican National Convention, 233-234 Harding, Warren G., 3, 40, 51, 72-89, 160, 172, 183,186 
as African American, 369, 370-385, 422 
546 
INDEX 
and African Americans, 362, 363-365 ' after election, 418-419 
blackmailed, 88-89, 317-318 campaign media, 315, 327 death, 426, 427-428 
elected president, 408-409, 411-412 extramarital relationships, 74, 75, 76-77,10-84, 
83,87-89
,203,225,317-318,319--320, 
: 'Front-porch' campaign, 314-315, 316-f(7, 321-323,327,328 
and Haiti, 339--340 
on League of Nations, 323-325 marriage to Florence, 73 nominated for
 .
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                                                                                     loses nomination, 236-237 
nominated for president, 214-215 Johnson-Reed Act, 422 
Jolson, AI, 321-322, 322-323 
K 
Kelley, Helen, 280,292 Keynes, John Maynard,III King, John T, 4, 68, 172-174,445 Knox, Philander, 203,224 
Ku Klux Klan, 162-164, 422, 430, 451 
547 
INDEX 
Lippman, Walter, 172, 331 
Literary Digest, 86, 198, 319, 397, 446 
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 4,37-38, 39,182, 186, 446 on election results, 416 
endorses Coolidge, 97 on Herbert Hoover, 109 proposes Treaty amendments, 47-48, 49, 50 at Republican National Convention, 210, 224, 235 on Woodrow Wilson, 210 
Long, Huey, 179 
Longworth, Alice Roosevelt, 4, 40, 50-51, 146, 446 Longworth, Nick, 50-51, 76,146, 446 
Los Angeles Times, 203, 343, 375 Louimdle CourterJournal, 15, 336 Lowden, Frank Orren, 4, 86, 175-177, 180, 181, 183,184,184-185,186,230-231,446 
loses nomination, 224 nominated for president, 214 lynching, 356, 403, 424 
M 
Makino, Nobuaki, 30 
Malone, Dudley Field, 5, 283, 285, 287, 297, 414,447 
and women's suffrage movement, 295-296 
Manchester 
(New Hampshire) Union, 180, 336 Marion Daily Star, 72-73,73-74, 335, 404 Marshall, Thomas R., 17, 23, 47, 70 
Marx, Karl, Das Kapital, 264, 265 
McAdoo, Eleanor Wilson (Wilson's daughter), 20, 189-190 
McAdoo, William Gibbs, 5, 19-20, 21, 160, 186, 187-188,197,429-430,447 
 and the Ku Klux Klan, 430 marries Nell Wilson, 189-190 as presidential candidate, 190.192,
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                  see also prohibition; prohibition 
National Women's Party, 37, 291 nativism, 193-194, 326-327, 422 New 
Republic, 
 113, 282, 312 New York Call, 51, 274, 275, 375 New York Evening Mail, 66, 206 New lbrk Evening Post, 209, 323-324 New York School of Social Work, 291 New York Sun, 38, 212.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                   see racism primary elections, Democrat, 194, 197-198 primary elections, Republican, 180-186 Princeton University, 9, 10, 11, 12-13 Principles 
of 
Mining (Hoover), 107 
Private Soldiers and Sailors League, 284 Procter and Gamble Company, 12 Procter, William Cooper, 6,12,173-174 Progressive Party, 60, 177-180, 299 prohibition, 158-161, 197, 250 
Cox on, 344-345 
on Democratic platform, 250-251 ends, 422 
National Prohibition Act, 160-161 On socialist coalition platform, 287 supporters, 246 
violations, 244, 322-323, 386 
Pmloeols 
of 
the Learned Elders 
of 
Zion, 165 Providence Journal, 135, 336, 386 Putnam, George Haven, 165 
R 
race riots, 171-172, 357-358 
 racism, prejudice, 67,133,179, 286,369--372.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                                                                           see Newport naval base scandal 
Covenant amended, 48, 49-50
mill
s
, 
Ogden Livingston, 216
defeated, 50-51, 54
Monroe Doctrine, 34
opposition m, 179-180, 210-211, 224, 324
Moornh American Science Temple, 358
Senate debates, 40-41, 49-50
Morgalo, J. E, 129
support for, 336
Morrow, Dwight W, 98, 205-206
Wilson tours for support of, 41-42, 43-45
Moso George, 51, 208, 297
LeHand, Marguerite Alice 'Missy', 337, 418,
movipp, popular; 155-156
430, 433,446
Murphy, Charles Francis, 126, 197, 245, 249,
20,258-259 
Murphy, Lawrence R., 391-392 
N 
NAACP (National Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People), 67, 133, 212, 339-340 
Nation of Islam, 358 Nation, The, 133, 331, 362 National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), 291 
National Origins Act of 1921, 422 
 National Prohibition Act (Volstead Act), 160-161.
	1920: The Year of the Six Presidents

                           In figure 
6-3 
the shaded areas mark 
GREENSPAN,AN ENVIABLE RECORD   
67 
68 
BERNANKE'SBENCHMARK FIGURE 6-3 
Industrial production and recessions 
0 
O 
r e 
 Source: Federal Reserve; National Bureau of Economic Research.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

This growing psychological connection was important because it meant that 
90   
BERNANKE'S BENCHMARK 
 these markets were more likely to rise and fall together, creating greater risk of an economic shock of national significance.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

            Clearly, if we want to understand 
114   
BERNANKE'S BELIEFS 
FIGURE 9-1 
Unemployment rate during the Great Depression 
20 - 
15
10
5
04 
 1929 1931 1933 1935 1937 1939 1941 Source: National Bureau of Economic Research.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                        
FIGURE 9-2 
The price level during the Great Depression 
 Source: National Bureau of Economic Research.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                                                                             Under the current cir
cumstances, greater cooperation for a time between the Bank of Japan and the fiscal authorities is in no way incon
 sistent with the independence of the central bank, any more than cooperation between two independent nations in pursuit of a common objective is inconsistent with the principle of national sovereignty.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

                                                                                                                              See nonaccelerating infla
tion rate of unemployment (NAIRU) 
National Commission on Social Se
curity Reform, 61-62 Newman, Frank, 49 
'New Paradigm' economy, 64 New Zealand, 98 
nonaccelerating inflation rate of un
employment (NAIRU), 16-20, 41 
Norman, Sir Montague, 52 
oil prices, 34, 67, 185-186 Okun's Law, 16 
O'Neill, Paul, 77 
Open Market Desk, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, 25, 130 opportunistic disinflation, 66-67, 75 optimal long-run inflation rate (OLIR), 102-104, 108 
Patman, Wright, 44 Paul, Ron, 45 Paulson, Henry, 166 Phelps, Ned, 18 Phillips, Bill, 17 Phillips Curve, 17-20, 110, 200 policy directives, 56-57 
policy rules 
versus discretion, 95-97 inflation targets, 97-100 money supply growth targets, 96-97 
political pressure on the Federal Re
serve, 12, 39-50, 75-77, 195-196 
populist views of monetary policy, 40-41,197,199 Posen,Adam, 182 
potential output growth, 16 
presidential elections, economy and, 39-40 
Primary Dealer Credit Facility (PDCF), 178 productivity growth, 66 historical averages, 83 
of mid-1990s, 82-83, 84, 88 put contracts, 71 
Reagan administration, 47 recessions, 2 
assault on Fed during, 45-47 balancing risk of, with inflation, 193-194 
under Bernanke, 169-171 under gold standard, 101 under Greenspan, 67, 101 Reed, James A., 29 
regional reserve bank boards, 37-38 Reinhart, Vincent, 134 
Reis, Ricardo, 2 
risk management, 159-164, 177-179,207 
Roach, Stephen, 189 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 121 Rosenberg, David, 182 Rubin, Robert, 2, 49, 79-80 Russian financial crisis, 70 
Schwartz, Anna, 116-117 
The Secrets of the Temple (Greider), 27,82 
Senior Lending Officer's Survey, 23-24,130 
Shiller, Robert, 153, 182 Social Security, 209 stagflation, 169-171 Stern, Gary, 207 Stiglitz, Joseph, 21 
stock market boom, 88, 89 stock market crash, 69 
subprime mortgage market, 171, 176, 177 
Summers, Lawrence, 2 supply shocks, 34-35, 65-66 Survey of Professional Forecasters, 187 
 synthesis framework.
	Ben Bernanke's Fed: The Federal Reserve After Greenspan

Palestinians are not members of the Jewish nation, and hence, even if some Palestinians have citizenship in the State of Israel, they are denied the benefits that accrue only to the members of the nation (and are handled by officially designated 'national institutions' like the Jewish National Fund).
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
OCCUPATION BY THE NUMBERS 
Number of roadblocks and checkpoints in West Bank as of January 2007:528 
Number Israel pledged to remove that month as a humanitarian gesture: 44 
Number of those 44 that actually existed, according to Israeli army source: 0 
Number of fixed roadblocks and checkpoints in West Bank as of April 2007: 537 
Number of fixed roadblocks and checkpoints in West Bank as of October 2007: 561 
Number of roadblocks Israel offered to remove in November 2007 as a humanitarian gesture: 22 
Number of those that did not exist, according to Israeli human rights group Machsom Watch: 17 
Number of those physically removed but where Palestinian traffic is still banned: 2 
Number of those genuinely removed, allowing Palestinians to cir
culate: 2 
Number remaining: 559 
Number of flying checkpoints in West Bank, October 2007: 69 
Outsides 
Number of Israeli search/arrest raids in West Bank, first 
six 
months of 2007: 3,144 
Number of Palestinians captured and detained, same period: 3,101 Number of Palestinians on secret Israeli travel ban list: 180,000 Number who have been officially informed of this fact: 0 Number of licensed private cars in West Bank: 46,166 
Number permitted to circulate in the territory as of July 2004: 3,412 
Annual cost of such a permit: $454 
Projected per capita gross national disposable income in occupied territories: $1,200 
Number of Palestinian villages 'severely affected' by movement restrictions: 112 
Population of those villages: 180,000 
 Nowhere is the nature of the Israeli project to assert total territorial control of the external spaces in the West Bank more evident than in and around Jerusalem.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                          Another audit, by the Inter- 
86 
national Monetary Fund in 2003, discovered that Arafat had diverted $900 million in supposedly public funds to an account under his per
 sonal control, which he could disburse without any accountability.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

Americans' support for Israel is explained by shared val
ues, argues Victor Davis Hanson in the 
 National Review.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

As early as 11 January 1948, Joseph Weitz, the Jewish National Fund executive and a tireless advocate of transfer, asked, 'is not now the time to be rid of them? Why continue to keep in our midst these thorns at a time when they pose a danger to us?' The next month he said, 'It is possible that now is the time to implement our original plan: to transfer them.'
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

'It is not to sanction the murder of civilians to observe that such violence occurs, sooner or later, in most situations in which a people's drive for national self-determination is frustrated by an occupying power,' as the former head of the American Jewish Congress Henry Siegman points out.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

Given that a Palestinian state requires both a real government and continuous territory, and that the basis for both is being steadily undermined by Israel's own policies, he writes, 'they believe the only long-term way to end the conflict will be to abandon the idea of dividing the land, and, instead, simply insist on the civil, political and national rights of the two peoples, Jews and Arabs, who populate the land, in one State.'
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

Israel will maintain control over the security zones, the Jewish settlement blocs, and those places which have supreme national importance to the Jewish people.'
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

If the Palestinians 'abandon the path of terror,' he added, 'they can receive national independence in a Palestinian state with temporary borders, even before all the complicated issues connected to a final agree
 ment are resolved.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

In order to ensure the existence of a Jewish national homeland, we will not be able 
296 
to continue ruling over the territories in which the majority of the Pales
 tinian population lives.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

National Archives, CAB 24/24).
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                                                                                                                   Aaraj, Raliik Ibrahim el-, 25 
Abbas, Mahmoud, 81, 87, 263, 265, 272, 276-77 
Abdel-Shaft, Haidar, 265 Abdullah, King of Jordan, 249 Abrams, Elliot, 165, 275-76 'absentee landholders,' 9-32, 67, 68, 231-33,257-59 
Absentee Property Law (1950), 68, 257 Abu Dis, 71, 76, 87 
Abu El Ajeen, 66 Abunimah, Ali, 294 Adalah (Legal 
Center 
for Arab Minority Rights in Israel), 283-85 Addameer,79 
Adh Dhahiriya, 30, 112 
Advisory Opinion of the 
International 
Court of Justice (2004), 15, 20, 28, 83-84,119,274,294 
African 
Americans, 
290, 291 
Agreement 
on Movement and Access (AMA) (2005), 165-66,275-76 agriculture, 15-32, 33, 44-47, 57, 58-61, 65, 68, 71-72, 87, 104, 110, 113, 
123,138-39,136,166,169,194, 195-96,198,199-200,202-3,229, 233, 236, 238, 244, 246, 258 Aharoni, Nati, 180 
Ahmed, 260 'Ajjul, 49 AI'Agaba, 105 al-Agsa Hospital, 28 Al-Agsa Mosque, 89 al-Athamah family, 176-77, 266 AI Auja, 55-56 
AI Awda Hospital, 156 Alawna, Majdi, 190 
AI Badhan checkpoint, 31 AI Baqa', 112 
al-Bireh, 1-3, 5, 65 
AI Brazil Quarter (Rafah), 67 
Alexandroni 
Brigade, Israeli, 201 Alfe 
Menashe, 
201, 202 Algeria, 292 
AI Hadidiya, 105 Alian, Yasser, 34-36 al-Ittihad Hospital, 193 Aliyan, Samira, 95, 97-99, 100 
346 
't 
al-Jinan clinic, 42,-43 AI Kasaba, 56-57 At Khadr, 30 
Allenby Bridge, 3-4, 115, 154, 155-56 Allen, Yigal, 77-78, 81, 83, 224, 252, 278 Allen Plan (1967), 77-78, 81, 83, 92, 120, 224,278 
All that Remains 
(Khalidi), 223 At Lubban ash Sharqiya, 31, 105 al-Makassed Hospital, 72, 75 Alon, Haggai, 29 
al-Quds University, 76 At Ram, 55,71-72 al-Ras, 21 
al-Sawahrah al-Shargiyah, 41 al-Watani Hospital, 51-52 al-Zaitun checkpoint, 41-42, 43 Amana, 128 
ambulances, 32, 72-76, 183, 192-93 America Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC), 276 
Amleh, Amal al-, 3-4 
Amnesty International, 6, 8, 109-10, 172-73, 183 
Anata checkpoint, 66, 73 An Nabi, 67 
Annan, Kofi, 183 
Annapolis 
summit (2007), 64, 277-78, 292 anti-Semitism, 237, 239, 285-87, 290 Aeon, Michel, 269 
Arabs, 49 
Arab Center for Applied Social Research, 283 
Arab el-Swahrah neighborhood (Jerusa
lem), 106 
Arab Higher Committee, 246 Arabic language, 46, 48, 51, 97, 135, 137-38,180,185,188-90,223,251, 267 
Arab-Israeli War (1948), 63, 136, 148, 160,198,201,221-36,243,248-55, 286-87,283,289-90,294 
Arab-Israeli War (1967), 10, 16, 18, 64, 131-32,133,161,286,294 
Arab League, 176 
Arab Legion, 249, 252-53 'Arab Sector,' 229 
Arafat, Yasser, 80, 81, 85-86, 87, 88, 130, 265 
Index 
Area A, 83, 85, 117, 119, 211 Area B, 83, 85, 211 
Area C, 83, 85, 104, 211 Argentina, 237 
Ariel, 31, 34 Ariel, Uri, 147 Ariel, Yisrael, 132-33 Arieh, Shaul, 203 Armistice Line (1949), 16, 198-99, 202, 274,295 
Arroub refugee camp, 59-61 artists' colonies, 230-33 Arun, Naseer, 90-91, 223 Ashdod, 166, 169 Ashdod-Ashkelon road, 260 Asira ash Shamaliya, 66 Association for Civil Rights, 84 Association of Forty, 232 Atara checkpoint, 67 
Atfaluna Society for Deaf Children, 167 Augusta Victoria Hospital, 72, 73-75 Auschwitz concentration camp, 286 automobile permits, 37-38, 45-47, 63, 191 
Avraham Avinu settlement, 141-42, 218 Awarta checkpoint, 47 
Awiwi, Nidal al-, 217-IS Ayn Hawd al-Jadida, 230-33 Azun Arms, 15-16, 22-23, 27-28, 65 
Bab al-Zawiyah market, 212-14, 216, 220 back-to-back transportation, 53, 58-61, 60 
Bahour, Abeer, 2-3, 5-6, 12 Bahour, Sam, 1-3, 11 
Balata refugee camp, 177-78 Balfour, Arthur James, 238, 239, 241, 242,290 
Balfour Declaration (1917), 238, 290 'bantustans,' 157, 291, 296 
Barak, Ehud, 87, 294 Baran, Ze'ev, 106 Barghouti, Mustafa, 260, 265 Bar-Ilan University, 133 Basic Land Law (1960), 257 Basic Laws, Israeli, 148, 263 Baskin, Gershon, 292-93 Basleh, Ismail, 169 
Bassam (ambulance driver), 73, 75 
Index 
Beach refugee camp, 160-61 Bedouin, 224, 236, 257 Beersheba, 257 
Begin, 
Menachem, 120,246 
Beilin, 
Yossi, 287-88 Beirut, Lebanon, xiii, 234 Beita, 31 
Beit El settlement, 1, 3, 73 Beit Furik, 49, 104 
Beit Hadassah, 140-41 
Beit Hanina neighborhood (Jerusalem), 106 Beit Hannon, 176-77 
Beit Iba checkpoint, 49, 56, 66 Beit Iksa, 65 
Beit Jala, 194 
Beit fibrin, 135-36 Beit Kahil, 33 
Brit Safafa neighborhood (Jerusalem), 106, 118 
Beit Sahour, 65, 104, 126, 194 Beit Stra, 33 
Beit Ta'amir, 33 Ben-Gurion, Amos, 244 
Ben-Gurion, 
David, 100, 235-36, 243-44, 246,252-53,255 
Benvenisti, Meron, 65, 104, 119, 156, 223,252,254,239-60,285 Berlin Wall, 200 
Bernadotte, Folke, 255-56 Bethlehem, 5, 33, 56, 65, 71, 76, 104, 126, 127, 194-95,195, 196 Bible, 11, 16, 131-32, 295 
Bil'in, 293 Binyamin, Rav, 130 Bit Nabala, 71 
Birth of 
Israel, The 
(Flapan), 223 
Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 
The 
(Morris), 223 
Bir Zeit, 67 
Birzeit University, 118-19, 197, 282 Blake, William, v, xiv 
Boim, Ze'ev, 64 Bophuthatswana, 296 Border Police, Israeli, 41-43, 48-50, 56, 
5
7
,
67,72-76,97,118,191-92 B'Tselem, 4, 18, 37, 38, 39, 4819, 57, 97, 114, 115, 122, 123, 134, 168, 174, 175, 180-81, 186, 193-94, 212, 216-17,285 
347 
bulldozers, 24, 66, 67, 90, 107-11, 182-86,233,259 
Burke, Edmund, 291 
Bush, George W, 90, 91, 165 
bypass roads, 12-13, 32, 33-34, 35, 37, 37, 38, 50, 59, 85, 87, 201-2, 212, 229, 232, 337 
Campbell, Mrstie, 157 
Camp David meeting (2000), 87-89, 92, 278,294 
Canaan, 160 
Carmel, Moshe, 251-52 Carmeli Brigade, Israeli, 251-52 Carter, Jimmy, 88, 274, 275 Carter Center, 273 
Case for Israel, The 
(Dershowitz), 248 Chagos Islanders, 262 
checkpoint 300, 191-92 
checkpoints, 3-4, 12, 27, 30-32, 33, 39, 41-63, 42, 44, 45, 46, 53, 60, 66-68, 72-77,85,119,133-60,161,162, 163,166-67,170-71,172,191-95, 205,277 
Cheshin, Amir, 103 Chirac, Jacques, 278-79 cholera, 112 
Christians, 8-9, 56, 77, 126, 138, 196, 210-11,238,239,269 
Church of the Holy Sepulchre, 69 Ciskei, 296 
citizenship, 9, 11-12, 17, 77-78, 101-2, 112,116-17,118,143-30,230,238, 239,278,281-84 
citrus trees, 25, 66 
civilian casualties, 8, 50, 79, 80, 82, 88, 90, 130, 172-73, 175-77, 182-94, 196,219,265-69,270 
Civil War, U.S., 291 Clinton, Bill, 87, 88 Coca-Cola, 3 collective punishment, 8, 111, 175-76, 189 
Collin, Steig, 156 
Collusion Across the Jordan 
(Shlaim), 223 colonialism, 238-43, 287, 297 Committee of Arab Mayors in Israel, 283 'concentration points,' 230 Constitution, U.S., 144, 150 
348 
corruption, political, 85-86 Crane, Charles, 240-41 Crystal Hotel (Nablus), 192-93 curfews, 12, 30-31, 66, 79, 85, 161, 185-94,196,213,216,217 -18 
Daba'a, 26, 201, 202 Dadaism, 230-31 Dahar, Anan Abu, 180 Dahiyat al Bareed, 55 Dahlan, Muhammad, 275, 276, 281 D'ana, Najah, 138-39 
Danin, Ezra, 254 
Dark 
Hope: 
Working for 
Peace 
in Israel and 
Palestine 
(Shulman), 135-36 Darwish, Mahmoud, 77 
Davar, 133 
Dayan, Moshe, 131-32, 259 day care, 206 
Dead Sea, xiii 
Debray, Regis, 86, 278-79 Declaration of Independence, 144 Deir El Balah, 66 
Deir Qaddis, 30 
Deir Sharaf checkpoint, 50-52 democracy, 80-81, 265, 270, 273-74, 279,282,283-85,292 Democratic Constitution, 
The, 
283-85 'demographic problem,' 9-14, 103-4, 111-12,113,119-27,203,287 88, 292,295-97 
dense inert metal explosive (DIME), 174-75 
'de-Palestinization,' 100 Dershowitz, Alan, 248 Dhahiyyeh, 60 
Dheer, Ala'a Abu, 185-86 Diego Garcia bomber base, 262 disease rates, 112, 157, 166, 186 District Coordination Office (DCO), 36, 45, 52, 67, 190 
divestment, 297-98 Dobkin, Eliahu, 245 Dome of the Rock, 69, 89 donkeys, 60 
Drobles, Mattiyahu, 120, 124 Drobles Plan (1978), 120-23, 124 Dromi, Uri, 295 
Duchamp, Marcel, 230 
Index 
Dugard, John, 29, 64, 100, 101, 163-64, 170,177,264,266,267-68,297, 298 
dunums, 18, 65, 66, 139, 277-78 Dwairy, Marwan, 283 
earth mounds, 31, 194-95, 199 East Jerusalem, 63-77 
boundaries of, 63-64, 68, 70-71, 76-77 building permits in, 105-7, 110, 111 checkpoints for, 66, 68-70, 72-76, 82, 205 
economic situation in, 71-72, 105-7 entry permits for, 68, 72-77, 166, 205 food supplies in, 71-72 
home demolitions in, 105-7, 110, 111 housing situation in, 99, 101, 105-7, 110,111-12,278 
identity cards for, 54, 55, 56, 69-70, 95-100 
infrastructure of, 65, 105-6, 112 Israeli depopulation efforts for, 9
5
-119 Israeli occupation of, 1-2, 8, 10, 19, 
20, 24, 28, 30, 57, 63-77, 82, 91, 103-20,133,205,274,294 
Israeli settlements in, 6, 12, 30, 64-65, 103-20,125-27,133,137,161,220, 27278,280 
Jordanian control of, 63 
land appropriations in, 64-65, 103-19 medical facilities in, 72-76 municipal plan for, 103-19 occupation of, 
see 
Occupation 
as Palestinian capital, 80-81, 87, 273 Palestinian population of, 63-77, 82, 105-7,264 
as part of West Bank, 64-65, 68-72, 76,S0-8I,205 
residence permits for, 65, 68-69, 93-102,111,115-18 
schools in, 205 
sewage system for, 112 unemployment rate in, 71 villages around, 5, 24, 41-43, 55, 
64-65,68-72,76,87,205,278 Wall (Separation Barrier) near, 24, 68-72, 69, 70, 74, 75, 101 
East Jerusalem Hospital Network, 55 Economist, 100 
Index 
Ecumenical Accompaniment Program in Palestine and Israel (EAPPI), 210-11 
education, 2, 12, 26, 27, 31, 34-37, 57-58, 65, 76, 97, 99, 109, 118-19, 129-30, 30,138, 148, 150-51, 165, 167, 196,197,203,204-7,209-12,216, 229-30,232,295 
Egypt, 153, 158-60, 164-65, 166, 277 Ein Hod, 230-33 
Eitam, Effie, 11 el-Arish, 159 elections, Palestinian (2006), 84, 264, 265,271-76 
electric fences, 201-2 
electric power, 97, 98, 100, 156, 175-76, 200,204 
Electronic Intifada, 294 
Eli settlement, 105, 128-29, 130 Eton March settlement, 131 Emanuel settlement, 128 English language, 81, 89, 185 Erekat, Saeb, 277 
Erez, 67, 154-55, 163, 164, 168, 170 Erez Industrial Zone, 67 
Essential Drugs List, 171 
ethnic cleansing, 250-51, 260-61, 288-90 Ethnic Cleansing 
of 
Palestine, 
The 
(Papp€), 223 
European Union (EU), 90, 273, 274 Expulsion 
of 
the 
Palestinians (Masalha), 223 
'facilitated' categories, 55 Fatah, Ghazi, 259 
Falk, Richard, 88 
family life, 1-6, 21-22, 34, 61, 71, 78, 97-99, 101, 102, 106-9,113-19, 137-38, 162, 166-67, 170, 172-74, 
177-86,197,205-6,217-18,226-28 Farata, 33 
Farjun, Yair, 260-61 
Farra, Mona el-, 153-56, 158, 164 Farsoun, Samih, 90-91, 223 Fasayel, 66 
Fateh, 85, 86, 89, 167, 263-65, 269, 271, 273,275-77,278,280 
Fattouh, Tabard, 186-87 Fayyad, Salem, 276 
349 
'Filastin al-Muhtalla' (Occupied Pal
estine), xiii-xiv, see also Occupied Territories 
Financial Times, 91-92 
Firas (ambulance driver), 184-85, 186 first intifada (1987), 79-81, 118, 162, 266 First Zionist Congress (1897), 237 Fishbach, Michael, 256-57, 259 Fishman, Alex, 172 
Flapan, Simha, 223, 249, 252-53 flying checkpoints, 62, 205 Forward, 149 
450th Battalion, Israeli, 191 
Fourth Geneva Convention (1949), 7-8, 19, 64, 110, 183 
France, 240, 241, 273 
French Hill settlement (Jerusalem), 126, 128 
Future Vision 
of 
the 
Palestinian Arabs in Israel, 
The, 
283 
Galilee, 224-28, 243, 252, 257, 258 Ganim, 36 
Gaza, 153-77 
agriculture in, 110, 156, 166, 169 air raids against (sonic booms), 173-74,204 
air space of, 164, 173-74, 204 artillery attacks against, 172-77, 204 building permits in, 110 
businesses in, 169-70 
checkpoints for, 153-60, 161, 162, 163, 166-67, 170-71, 172, 277 children in, 161, 170, 172-74, 204, 277 
civilian casualties in, 172-73, 176-77 closure of, 59, 82, 101-2, 115, 153-57, 161-71,196,204-5,264,268-69, 273,288-89,291 
coast of, 164, 168-69 curfews in, 161 economy of, 7, 59, 78-79, 156-57, 160, 161-63, 164, 165, 168-70, 171, 175,204,264,274-73,277 Egyptian border of, 153, 158-60, 164-65,166,277 
electric power in, 156, 175-76, 204 as enclave, 107-11, 153-60, 198, 204, 243, 260, 264, 291, 296 
350 
Index 
Gaza 
(continued) 
exit permits for, 153-60, 162, 163, 197 family life in, 162, 166-67, 170, 172-74,197 
fishing industry of, 156, 168-69, 170 food supplies in, 59, 156, 157, 164, 168-70,171,175,204 
fuel supplies for, 164, 204 governmental authority in, 264, 265, 271-76,280-81 
gross domestic product (GDP) of, 162 
Harass support in, 263-81 
house demolitions in, 107-10, 172, 176-77 
humanitarian aid for, 162, 164, 170, 171 
human rights violations in, 166-77, 205,288-89 
infrastructure of, 156, 161, 174-76, 204 
international consensus on, 167, 172-73,268-69,273-76 
Israeli military operations in, 107-11, 153-57,161,163-77,178,182,194, 204,220-21,266-67 
Israeli occupation of, 1-2, 8, 10, 64, 90, 92, 107-11,133,153-77, 220-21,264-65,272-76,291,295 Israeli redeployment from, 92, 153, 156, 163-65, 260, 272-76, 288-69, 342 
Israeli settlements in, 92, 133, 161, 163-64,173,287 
labor force of, 157, 161-63, 164, 165, 169-70 
maps of, zviii, 342 
medical care in, 75, 153, 156, 158, 164,165,166,167-68,171,175, 176 
occupation of, see Occupation OCHA weekly updates on, 163, 170-71 
in Palestinian state, 80-81, 84-86 population of, 82, 119, 160-61, 170, 235,295-97 
population registry of, 119 
poverty rate in, 7, 59, 156-57, 168-70, 171,175,204,264,274-75 
refugee camps in, 107-11, 160-61, 204,260 
residence permits for, 84, 99, 101-2, 117, 119, 156 
roadblocks in, 161 
sanctions against, 167, 273-76 schools in, 109, 165, 167, 197, 204-5, 206 
'security zones' in, 161 sewage system for, 175, 176 statistics on, 163, 166,169 -71 unemployment rate in, 157, 162, 165, 277 
U.S. policy on, 154, 156, 165, 177, 268-69 
water supplies for, 161, 175 
West Bank compared with, 78, 84, 99, 101-2, 119, 156, 166, 168, 177, 178, 182,197,206,263-64 
work permits for, 164, 165 
see 
also 
specific towns 
and villages Gaza City, 79, 160-61 
Gaza Community Mental Health Pro
gramme, 173-74 'Gazafication,' 198 
General Assembly, U.N., 10, 88, 177, 223, 253, 262, 297 
General Security Service (GSS), Israeli, 38-41 
Geneva conventions, 7-8, 19-20, 25, 39, 64, 79, 81, 110, 183, 294 genocide, 250-51, 260-61, 288-90 Germany, 287 
Ghalia, Huda, 172-73, 266 Ghanem, Alam, 190-91 Ghazi Hospital, 192 
Gilo, 56, 123, 126 Ging, John, 204 Givat Ze'eg 70 Glubb, John Bagot, 249 Golan Heights, 295 Golani Brigade, Israeli, 178-79, 227 Goldmann, Nahum, 254 Goldstein, Baruch, 82, 219 Greenberg, Gershom, 132 
Great Britain, 17-18, 20, 122-23, 127, 238-41,243,248,249,262,273, 
290,291 Great Powers, 273 
Index 
Green Area, 127 Greenberg, Aaron, 223-27 Green Line (1949), 16, 198-99, 202, 274, 295 
gross domestic product (GDP), 162 Gush Dan, 128 
Gush Emunim (Bloc of the Faithful), 120, 132-33 
Gush Etzion, 30 Gush Katif, 260 Gush Shalom, 285 
H1 area (Hebron), 211, 213, 218,343 H2 area (Hebron), 211-12, 213, 216, 220,343 
Ha'aretz, 
91, 165, 260, 265, 277, 289, 292 Habibi, Emile, 221-22,230 
Habla, 26, 201, 202 
Haddad, Laila el-, 158-60, 164-65 Haganah, 201, 234, 248, 250, 251 Hague Convention Respecting the Laws 
and Customs of War on Land, 19 Haifa, 23, 78, 235, 251, 252, 253, 256, 257,286-87 
Haifa 
Covenant, 283 Halhul-Sa'ir junction, 105 Halper, Jeff, 285 
Halutz, Dan, 266 Hamad, Yusuf Abu, 107 Hamas, 84, 86, 89, 167, 263-61 HaMoked, 114, 154-55 Hanani, Muhammad, 49 Hanson, Victor Davis, 144 Haram al-Sharif, 89 
Har Homa settlement, 64, 126-29, 126, 278 
Hass, Amira, 76-77, 220-21 
Hayja, Muhammad Abu al-, 232-33 health care, 26-28, 32, 36-37, 42-43, 49-52,55,57-58,65,72-76,153, 156, 158, 164, 165, 166, 167 68, 171,175,176,183-87,192-93 Hebrew language, 27, 45, 48, 73, 97, 193, 223 
Hebron, 30, 33, 56, 57, 60, 67, 76, 78, 82, 112-13,135-42,195,197,209-21, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 343 
Hebron Civil Administration, 60 Hebron massacre (1994), 82, 219 
351 
Hedges, Chris, 266-67 Herzl, Theodor, 236-37 High Court of Justice, Israeli, 12, 29, 79, 84, 90, 105, 117, 123, 146, 263 Hinnom Valley, 110 
Hizballah, 269-70 Hizma, 55, 73 Holocaust, 285-86 holy sites, 56-57, 69, 86, 89, 102, 110, 195, 196, 218, 219 
housing permits, 101, 105-7, 111 humanitarian aid, 55, 56, 62, 135-36, 142, 162, 164, 170, 171, 183, 209-12,279,280,281 
Human Rights Council, 177 Human Rights Watch, 182 'human shields,' 180-81, 183 Huwwara checkpoint, 44-117, 46, 49, 66, 67,104 
Ibrahimi Mosque, 57, 212, 219 
identity cards, 2, 5, 35-36, 40, 43, 45, 47, 51,33-54,55,36,69-70,95-102, 114, 117, 119, 181, 189-90, 191, 219 Idhna, 137 
imperialism, 238-43, 287, 297 import taxes, 71 
income levels, 61, 63, 102, 162 infant mortality rate, 102 informers, 38-41, 76-77, 79, 164 intelligentsia, 206-7, 286 International Convention on the Elimina
tion of All Forms of Racial Discrimi
nation, 282-83 
International Court of Justice (ICJ), 8, 15,20,28,83-84,119,274,294 International Monetary Fund (IMF), 85-86 
interrogations, 38-41, 76-77, 79, 164, 181,183 
intifada, first (1987), 79-81, 118, 162, 266 intifada, second (2000), 7, 8, 89-91, 107, 109-10,166-67,265-66 Iran-Contra affair, 165, 275 
Iraq, 133 
Ireland, 153, 154, 155-56 
'iron wall,' 13-14, 223, 243, 288 
'Iron Wall, The' (Jabotinsky), 13-14, 288 Iron Wall, The (Shlaim), 223 
352 
Index 
Iskaka, 30-31 Islam: fundamentalist, 289 
holy sites of, 56-57, 69, 86, 89, 102, 212,219,231,234 
political influence of, 271-72, 273, 289 
religious observances of, 56-57, 219 Shia, 269, 270 
Sunni, 269 Israel: 
agriculture in, 229, 233, 236, 244 air force of, 67, 68, 173-74 
army of, 30-32, 49, 56, 57, 65, 66-68, 104-5, 112-13, 186, 201, 220, 249, 250-51 
borders of, xiii-xiv, 3-4, 23, 28, 91-92, 120,143,154,155-56,203,225-26, 238,239-40,274,289,295 
British support for, 238-39, 240, 246, 249, 273, 290 
children in, 138, 143, 150, 209-12, 295 
citizenship of, 9, 11-12, 17, 77-78, 101-2, 112, 116-17, 118, 143-50, 230,238,239,278,281-84 
civilian casualties in, 8, 80, 82, 88, 90, 130,172,175-76,177,194,265-66, 268-69,270 
constitution for, 283-85 
defense force of, 30-32, 49, 56, 57, 65,66-68,104-5,112-13,186,201, 220,249,250-51 
as democracy, 116, 143-45, 150, 241, 265,270,273-74,279,282,283-85, 290,292-97 
'demographic problem' of, 9-14, 103-4, 111-12, 113, 119-27, 203, 287-88,292,295-97 
divestment movement against, 297-98 economy of, 78-79, 102, 144, 161, 162 
electric power in, 229-30, 232, 234 flag of, 199, 223 
founding of, 10, 18, 63, 68, 80, 82, 145,201,221-34,274 government of, 10-11, 28-29, 61, 80, 91-92, 100-101, 102, 106, 111, 116,120,125-27,133-34,143-50, 
163-64,203,206,253 -57, 274-75, 284, 292, 297 
historical analysis of, xiii-xvi, 221-28, 246-50,290,295 
independence declared by (1948), 224,227,234-36,248-49,250,251, 274 
infant mortality rate in, 102 international recognition of, 80, 274 Jewish immigration to, 11, 12, 17, 99-101,116,127-29,162,224,235, 236,245-46,255,285-86 
Jewish population of, 97, 99-119, 239, 263,279-80,295-97 
as Jewish state, 9-14, 77-78, 99-101, 113-14,116-17,132-33,143-50, 228,234-47,254,281-98 
labor market in, 21-22, 56, 78, 101, 161-63,198 
Land of (Eretz Israel), 10-12, 131-33, 134,246 
Law of Return for, 12, 17, 100-101, 116, 129, 148, 150 
legal system of, 11, 12, 13, 16-19, 53-54,64,68,79,84,100-101, 113-17,127,129,132-35,143-50 marriage in, 148-49 
as multicultural state, 293-98 nationality in, 11-12, 77-78, 101-2, 112,116-17,118,143-50,230,278, 281-84 
national security of, 7, 13, 16, 22-23, 28, 52, 80, 82, 88, 90, 136, 194, 262, 296 
navy of, 168-69 
occupied territories of, 
see 
Occupied Territories 
official maps of, 21, 81, 92-93, 228-30 
Palestinian population of, 9-14, 77-78,98-127,132-34,143-48, 150, 160, 203, 227 49,258-59, 261-62, 263, 264, 278, 281-98, 
see also 
Palestinians 
parliament of (Knesset), 11, 100, 116, 147,284 
peace movement in, 135-36, 142, 
285-90,293,297-98 per capita income of, 102 
Index 
police forces of, 41-43, 48-50, 56, 57, 67, 72-76, 96, 97, 118, 135, 137, 142,191-92,211,232 
poverty rate in, 102 
pre-1967 borders of, 9, 10, 16, 63-64, 91,93,131-32,133,280,283,287, 295 
religious laws in, 132-33, 148-50 schools in, 129-30, 138, 150-51, 206, 229-30,232,293 
social services in, 125, 203, 206, 274-75,284 
state identity numbers in, 113-14 tourism in, 56, 196 'unrecognized' villages in, 221-36 U.S. support for, 63, 86, 87-91, 
143-44, 149-50, 154, 156, 165, 177, 183,268-69,271,273-76,281 water supplies in, 229-30, 232, 234, 236 Israeli Population Administration, 116 Israel Land Administration (ILA), 146-47,233,236 
lzbat Jalud, 15-16, 22, 23 
Jabal Abu Ghneim, 64, 126-27,126 Jabali, Muhammad, 49 
Jabalia refugee camp, 79 Jabbour, Ayman al-, 169 Jabel al-Mukaber clinic, 43 Jabotinsky, Vladimir, 13-14, 242-43, 246, 288,289 
Jaffa, 78, 234-36, 235, 237, 243, 246, 257, 260, 285 
Jaljoulia checkpoint, 30 
Jalud, Mohammad, 15-16, 17, 22-23, 24, 25,57,38-59 
Janco, Marcel, 230-31 Jawila, Amal Abu, 117 Jawila, Mirfat Abu, 117 Jayyus, 25 
Jefferson, Thomas, 144 
Jenin, 57, 90, 182-84, 190-91, 194, 205-6,230 
Jericho, 55, 57 Jerusalem, 98-119 boundaries of, 24, 63-64, 68-71, 125-26 
British mandate for, 243 Damascus Gate of, 95 
353 
demographics of, 103-4, 111-12, 113 East, 
see 
East Jerusalem 
expansion of, 63-64, 68 holy sites of, 56-57, 69 housing units in, 64, 111-12 as Israeli capital, 63, 64, 100-101, 103,246 
Jewish population of, 97, 99-119 map of, 339 
 Master Plan for (1978), 103-4 municipal plans for, 64-65, 92, 103-19, 12.27
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Old City of, 63, 126 
Palestinian population of, 24, 63-77, 82,9&-119,155,160 
resident permits for, 65, 68-69, 70, 95-102,111,115-18 
suburbs of, 55, 87, 99, 117 tourism in, 110 'unification' of, 103-4 West, 92, 97, 100-101, 112 Jerusalem Media and Communications Center, 265 
Jerusalem Post, 
150, 288 Jesus Christ, 126, 138, 196 Jewish Agency, 145, 146, 245 Jewish National Fund (JNF), 12, 145-47, 228, 233, 250, 254, 284 
Jewish State, The 
(Heal), 236-37 Jews: 
assimilation of, 238-39 
beliefs of, 97, 99, 128, 132-33, 148-50,241,257 conversions of, 149-50 Diaspora of, 12, 262 European, 237, 239, 285-86 holidays of, 209 
holy sites of, 56, 102, 110, 218, 219 Mizrahim, 235 
Orthodox, 148-50 
prejudice against, 237, 239, 285-87, 290 
Russian, 11, 12, 17, 99, 100, 162, 224 Sephardim,235 
as settlers, 
see 
settlements, Israeli U.S., 127-28, 149-50, 276 
Jim Crow laws, 290, 291 Jinba, 134 
Jinsafut, 104 
354 
Index 
Jit checkpoint, 49 Johansson, Tove, 211 Johnson, Samuel, xv Jordan: 
in Arab-Israeli War (1948), 224, 225, 227,249 
border of, 3-4, 115, 154, 155-56, 240 Palestinians in, 3-4, 97-98, 99, 114-15,261,272 
West Bank administered by, 18, 20, 63 Jordan River, 3, 87, 155 
Jordan Valley, 55, 57, 77, 92, 101, 120 Joseph, Dov, 245 
Jubara,26 
Jubran, Ahmed, 100 
Judaism, 97, 99, 110, 128, 132-33, 148-50,241,237 
Judea, 11, 16, 131-32, 295 
Kadim,36 
Kaf, Daoud Abu, 106-7 Kafr ad Dik, 32 
Kafr Aqab, 70-71 Kafriat tunnel, 66 Kafr Qaddum, 67 Kafr Saba, 201 
Kafr Sur, 66 Kahana, Talyah, 130 Kalub, Anwar, 108 Kanafani, Ghassan, 286-87 Kaplan, Eliezer, 245 Kaplinsky, Moshe, 16-17 Karim, Abu, 212-20 Karmel, 66 
Kanni Tzur settlement, 105 Karni, 163, 164, 166, 170, 171 Kasrils, Ronnie, 291 
Katzir, 146 
Katznelson, Avraham, 245 Kedumim,51 Kedumim-Shavey Shomron bypass road, 50 Kefar Sava, 201 
Kerem Shalom, 163, 164, 165, 171 Kfar Thulth, 33 
Khalidi, Rashid, 223 
Khalidi, Walid, 223, 228, 246,256 Khamis, Abdallah, 47-48 
Khan Younis, 266-67 Kheiri, Mohammad, 50-52 
Khirbet al-Salman, 25 Khirbet Jbara, 66 Khleifi, Michel, 223-28 Khouri, Zahi, 3 Kibbutz Fared, 223-24 kibbutzim, 223-24,245,226 Kidron Stream, 110 Kimchi, Israel, 103 Kimmerling, Baruch, 13 King, Henry, 240-41 King-Crane Commission, 240-41, 289-90 King's Valley, 110 
Kiryat Arba settlement, 78, 105, 138-39, 219 
Knesset, 100, 116, 147, 284 Kollek, Teddy, 104,112 Kuttab, Daoud, 96-97 
labor market, 21-22, 41, 56, 78, 101, 157, 161-63,164,169-70,198 
Labor Office, Israeli, 164 
 Labor party, 11, 120, 130, 132, 133 land ownership, 6, 9-32, 33, 57, 65, 68, 77-78,91-93,105-11,119-27, 135-40,145-48,19&-203,231-33.
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   257-59,277-80,281 
Latif, Abdel, 26 Lavi, Shlomo, 245 Law of Retum, Israeli, 12, 17, 100-101, 116, 129, 148, 150 
League of Nations, 240 Lebanon: 
in Arab-Israeli War (1948), 224, 227 author's childhood in, xiii, xv, 234 borders of, 221, 240 
Israeli invasion of, xiii-xiv, 269-70 Palestinians in, 261, 270, 272 Leitersdorf, Thomas, 120 
Levi, Shabtai, 251 Levy, Gideon, 138, 260 Lieberman, Avigdor, 11, 134, 287 Lifshits, Naftali, 256 
Likud party, 11, 120, 242 livestock, 135-37 
living standards, 1-3, 7, 8-9, 21-22, 56, 58-62,63,78,101,102,156-57, 161-63,168-70,171,175,187,192, 
198,204,274-75 Livneh, Eliezer, 133 
Loubieh, 227 
Lobbed, Bushra, 167-68 Lulu, Eliahu, 245 
Loth (medic), 177-78 Luz, Jalal Abu, 108-9 Lydda,252-53 
Ma'ale Adumim, 70, 120, 131, 278 Ma'ariv, 133 
Index 
MRI scans, 168 Muhalad, Jihad, 187-88 Muhsen, Tha'ir, 49 Muhtaseb, Marzuk, 142 municipal taxes, 97, 99, 100 Musallam, Omar, 205-6 Muslims, see Islam 
Nablus, 7, 31, 44-47, 45, 46, 49, 50-52, 
355 
Machsom Watch, 62, 285
57-58, 66, 67, 76, 78, 90, 101, 104,
McMahon, Henry, 239
103,131,177-94,285
Madrid conference (1991), 81, 126
Nahal Oz, 164
Mahabareh, Ahmad al-, 72-73
Nahr el-Bared refugee camp, 261
Mahmud, Shadi, 49
nakba (1948 dispossession), 228-29, 232,
Makdisi, Ussama, xiii-xiv
283
Maklef, Mordechai, 251
Naqab Desert, 230-34, 236, 243, 257
Malhi, Ahmed, 205
Nasn, Muhammad, 190-91
Mapai party, 133, 245
Nasser, Ahlam, 73-75
Mapam party, 253
Nasser Hospital, 167-68
maps, xviii, 21, 81, 83, 92-93, 121,
'national institutions,' 146-48
228-30, 247, 336, 337, 338, 339,
National Insurance Institute, 98
340, 341, 342, 343
nationalism, xv-xvi, 13-14, 77-78, 81-92,
Marir, Yasser Abu, 117-18
261-62,264,270-76,280,286-93
Markowitz Commission, 229-30
National Union, 10-11, 147
marriages, 97, 113-19, 148-49
national unity government, Palestinian,
Masalha, Nor, 132, 223, 245, 250
276-77,280-81
Masango, Duduzile, 210-11
Natsheh, Maryam al-, 139-40
Mazie, Steven, 149
nature reserves, 93, 123, 137, 279
Mearsheimer, John, 143-44
Nature Reserves and Parks Authority, 137
Mecca negotiations (2007), 275, 276
Nazareth, 78, 118, 119, 285, 295
Meir, Golda, 78, 253
Nemrin, 227
Meshaal, Khaled, 272
Netanyahu, Benjamin, 133-34
middle class, 1-3, 8-9
New Israel Fund, 29
Milstein, Uri, 251
Nicaragua, 165, 275
Ministry of Construction and Housing,
Ni'lin, 55
Israeli, 124
Nissim, Moshe, 183-84
Ministry of Education, Palestinian, 
log
'Notification of Live Birth,' 114
Ministry of Health, Palestinian, 171
Nu'man, 65
Ministry of the Interior, Israeli, 65,
95-100,107,113-16,149 mini lands, 17-18, 23, 200 Mizrahim Jews, 235 
Moldova, 17, 99, 
loo 
Moledet, 10-11, 147,287 Molotov cocktails, 30-31, 33 Montagu, Edwin, 238-39, 290 Morris, Benny, 223, 243, 244, 249-50, 251,255,289 
mosques, 57, 89, 212, 219, 231, 234 
Occupation: 
bureaucracy of, 1-6, 19-20, 95-100, 106,113-15,122-23 
enclaves created by, 6-7, 62, 85, 92-93,107-11,153-60,172,204, 212-21,264,279-80,290-92,296, 340 
family unification prevented by, 1-6, 21-22, 78, 97-99, 101, 102, 113-19, 182-86,205-6,217-18,226-28 
356 
Index 
Occupation (continued) fragmentation as result of, 6-7, 9, 15-32,57-61,62,71-72,85,92-93, 101-2,156,198-203,211-21, 279-80,290-92,340 
historical analysis of, 222-28, 246-60, 290,295 
international law violated by, 6-7, 19-20, 28, 39, 64, 69, 73, 80, 81, 83-84, 88, 91, 101, 119-20, 123-24, 128, 135, 166, 168-69, 170, 180-83, 189,193-94,205,250-51,266,270, 274,277,279,294-95 
language of, xiv-xv, 5, 68, 81, 86-87, 89,101,102,103,119,124-25,127, 134, 137, 143, 150, 172, 194, 211, 271-72 
legal justifications for, 12, 13, 16-19, 53-54, 64, 68, 79, 84, 101, 113-17, 127,134 -35, 35,143 
media coverage of, 88-89, 172-73, 223,268-70 
military enforcement of, 6, 8, 13, 28-32,33,34-36,41-63,65-70,79, 84,90,104-13,118-19,123-25, 134-38,142,143,184-86,209-12, 214,215,220-21,288-90 
OCHA weekly updates on, 30-32, 33, 54-57,65-68,104-5,112-13,163, 170-71,277-78 
political opposition to, 79-61, 84, 85, 86,89,167,194,263-81 randomness as factor in, 6, 22-23 U.N. resolutions on, 10, 19-20, 223, 253,262,273,274,294 
violent resistance to, 7, 8, 30-31, 79-81, 88, 89-91, 107, 109-10, 118, 162,166-67,263-66,274 
Wall (Separation Barrier) for, xiv, 14, 15-32, 16, 55, 58, 61, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 74, 75, 86, 91, 93, 101, 136-37, 194-96,197, 198-203, 199, 200, 
202, 205, 274, 275, 336
security services in, 38-41, 76-77,
war crimes and policies in, 175-76,
122,123 -24
182-83,250-51,260-61,266-68,
soldiers deployed in, 52-54, 67,
288-90
69-70, 73-75, 84, 172, 173, 177-82,
Zionist agenda of, 13-14, 128, 147-48
186-94,209-12,214,215,266-67
see also East Jerusalem; Gaza; West
statistics on, 23-24, 30-32, 33, 54-57,
Bank
65-68,102,104-5,112-13,142-43,
Occupied Territories: 
apartheid compared with, 116-17, 290-93,296,297-98 
author's visits to, xiii-xvi, 184-86 checkpoints for, 3-4, 12, 27, 30-32, 33, 39, 41-63, 42, 44, 45, 46, 53, 60, 66-68, 72-77, 85, 119, 153-60, 161, 162, 163, 166-67, 170-71, 172, 191-95, 205, 277 
curfews imposed in, 12, 30-31, 66, 79,85,161,185-94,196,213,216, 217-18 
destroyed villages in, 227-36 house demolitions in, 8, 67-68, 90, 105-13,172,176-77 
human rights violated by, xv-xvi, 4, 7-6, 10, 19-20, 21, 28-30, 48-50, 77,79,83-84,116-17,122,166-77, 180-83,189,193 -94, 205, 281, 284, 288-89,294-98 
international consensus on, 100, 133-34,138,167,172-73,223, 268-70,273-79,292-93,297-98 Israeli settlements in, see settlements, Israeli 
land appropriations in, 6, 9-32, 33, 57, 65, 68, 77-78, 91-93, 105-11, 119-27,135-40,145-48,19&-203, 231-33,257-59,277-80,281 maps of, zviii, 83, 336, 337, 338, 339, 340, 341, 342, 343 
permits issued for, 1-7, 11, 24, 25, 26, 37-41,45-47,52,54-58,60,63,65, 6&-69,70,72-77,95-102,105-7, 110, 111, 112, 115-18, 153-60, 162, 163,164,165,191,197,202-3,205, 226 
roadblocks in, 22-23, 36-37, 41, 50, 58-61, 60, 62, 85, 161, 194-95, 205 
'seam zone' of, 16-17, 21, 22-23, 24, 26,57,58,101,202-3 
Index 
357 
15C-51,187,196-97,203,205,206, 216,233-34,236,277 -78, 78,295 Odeh, Abdel-Latif, 25 
Odeh, Ahmad, 114-15 Odeh, Ghazi Bani, 188 Odeh, Hala, 114-15 Ofra settlement, 49 
'Old Man Travelling' (Wordsworth), 207 olive groves, 21, 23, 24, 25, 28, 33, 66, 104, 128, 138, 139, 194, 227, 233 Olmert,Ehud,9,11,112,264,277,288, 292, 295, 296 
Omar, Mu atasem, 26-28 Omer, 236 
One Country (Abunimah), 294 one-state solution, 281-98 One-State Solution, The (Tilley), 294 Operation Autumn Clouds, 174, 176-77 Operation Ben-Ami, 252 
Operation Defensive Shield, 182-84, 186 
Operation Determined Path, 182-84 Operation Matate, 224-27, 252 Operation Summer Rains, 174-76 Operation Yiftach, 224, 252 
Oranit, 22 
Oslo Peace Accords (1993-1995), 2, 20, 77, 81-87, 83, 88, 89, 92, 119, 162, 198, 205, 211, 213, 261, 264, 265, 
271-72,280,281,287 Ottoman Empire, 17, 18, 20, 239 Ottoman Land Code (1858), 17, 18, 20 Oz, Amos, 285-86, 287, 288 
Palestine, 221-62 
agriculture in, 68, 203, 229, 233, 236, 244,246,258 
Arab-Israeli War in (1948), 63, 136, 148,160,198,201,221-36,243, 248-53,286-87,289-90,294 Arab population of, 9-14, 119-27, 203,236-49,251,238-59,261-62, 281, 287-90, 292, 295-97, see also Palestinians 
borders of, 238, 239-40, 243 British mandate for, 17-18, 20, 122-23,127,240-41,243 'demographic problem' of, 9-14, 119-27,203,287--88,292,295-97 
Green Line in (1949), 16, 198-99, 202,274,295 
Jewish colonization of, 13-14, 128, 147-48,230,234,236-49,250,251, 255,257-62,281,282,284,286-87, 288,289-98 
land transfers in, 9-11, 68, 203, 221-62,286-90 
Occupied (Filastin al-Muhtalla), see Occupied Territories 
population transfers in, 9-11, 68, 203, 231-33,243-47,249-59 
refugees from, 8-11, 59-61, 68, 78, 79, 81-62, 91-92, 99, 107-11, 133, 135-37,148,160-61,168,177-78, 182-84,203,204,206,226,230-33, 237-62,268,272,273,280,282, 283,293-94 
right of return to, 148, 225, 234-36, 249-50,253-54,261-62,273,280, 283,293-94 
U.N. Partition Plan for (1947), 223, 243,245-48,247,250,253,274 see also specific towns and villages Palestine: Peace Not Apartheid (Carter), 88 Palestine and the Palestinians (Farsoun and Arun),223 
Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), 80, 265, 272 
Palestine National Council (PNC), 80 Palestinian Authority (PA), 1, 12, 80-81, 84-89,90,167,171,203,263-63, 269,271,273,274-77,278,280-82 Palestinian Centre for Human Rights in Gaza, 110 
Palestinian Identity (Khalidi), 223 Palestinian Legislative Council, 264, 271-76,281 
Palestinian Medical Services, 192-93 Palestinian National Initiative, 265 Palestinian Petrol Authority, 113 Palestinians: 
as 'absentee landholders,' 9-32, 67, 68,231-33,257-59 
agriculture of, 15-62, 33, 44-47, 57, 58-61, 65, 68, 71-72, 87, 104, 110, 113,123,138-39,156,166,169, 194,195-96,198,199-200,202-3, 229,233,236,238,244,246,258 
358 
Palestinians (continued) 
as Arabs, 77-78, 98-127, 132-34, 143-48,150,160,227-49,258-59, 261-62,263,264,278,281-98 arrests of, 25, 48, 63, 66, 118, 136-37, 142, 143, 166-67, 168, 177-82, 189, 190-92,205,232,277 assassinations of, 266, 286 automobiles owned by, 37-38, 45-47, 63,191 
beatings of, 47-49, 79, 183 birth certificates for, 95, 98, 101, 113-15,117 
births of, 49-50, 95, 98, 101, 102, 113-15,117,186-87 businesses owned by, 2-3, 26, 34, 36-37,43,44-47,71-72,169-70, 196, 198, 212-20, 214, 215 'center of life' established by, 100 children of, 34-36, 45-47, 80, 95, 97, 108-9, 143, 161, 170, 172-74, 179, 181-82,185-87,191,192,196,204, 205-6,209-12,220,266-67,277 as Christians, 8-9, 56, 77 
civilian casualties of, 50, 79, 80, 90, 172-73, 176-77, 182-94, 196, 219, 266-68 
collective punishment of, 8, 111, 175-76,189 
criminal elements of, 96, 97 curfews for, 12, 30-31, 66, 79, 85, 161, 185-94, 196, 213, 216, 217-18 declaration of independence by (1988),80-81 
democratic traditions and, 80-81, 265, 270,273-74,279,282,283-83,292 demolished homes of, 8, 67-68, 90, 105-13,172,176-77 
deportations of, 119, 238 dispossession of, 15-32, 33, 57, 65, 68,77-78,99,105-11,133,135-37, 145-48,177-82,198-203,204,206, 212,221-62,273,277-80,283, 293-94 
economic situation of, 1-3, 5, 7, 8-9, 10, 21-22, 26, 29, 34, 36-47, 56, 58-62, 63, 71-72, 78-79, 82, 85, 89, 101,102,106-7,125,156-57,160, 161-63,164,165,168-70,171,175, 
Index 
187, 189, 192, 194, 196, 198, 203, 204,206,212-20,238,264,274-75, 277, 280, 284 
education of, 2, 12, 26, 27, 31, 34-37, 57-58, 65, 76, 97, 99, 109, 118-19, 148,150-51,165,167,196,197, 203,204-7,209-12,216 
elections of (2006), 84, 264, 265, 271-76 
emigration of, 8-9, 10, 89, 99, 133, 206 
exile of, 8-9, 10, 78, 81-82, 89, 99, 119,133,168,206,261-62,282 families of, 1-6, 21-22, 34, 61, 71, 78,97-99,101,102,106-9,113-19, 137-38,162,166-67,170,172-74, 177-86,197,205-6,217 -18, 226-28 
flag of, 31, 79 
food supplies of, 58-61, 157, 168-70, 171, 175, 187, 192, 204 
government of (Palestinian Authority), 1, 12, 80-81, 84-89, 90, 167, 171, 203,263-65,269,271,273,274-77, 278,280-82 
health care of, 26-28, 32, 36-37, 42-43,49-52,55,57-58,65,72-76, 153, 156, 158, 164, 165, 166, 167-68,171,175,176,183-87, 192-93 
housing permits for, 101, 105-7, 111 humanitarian aid for, 55, 56, 62, 135-36,142,162,164,170,171, 183,209-12,279,280,281 identity cards for, 2, 5, 35-36, 40, 43, 45,47,51,53-54,55,56,69-70, 95-102,114,117,119,181,189-90, 191,219 
imprisonment of, 25, 38-41, 48, 63, 66,79,118,136-37,142,143,153, 166-67,168,177-82,183,189, 190-92,205,232,277 
income levels of, 61, 63, 102, 162 infant mortality rate of, 102 
as informers, 38-41, 76-77, 79, 164 'inside' vs. 'outside' for, xv, 68, 101, 102,103,119,124-25,127,134, 
137, 143, 150, 194, 211 intelligentsia of, 206-7, 286 
Index 
interrogations of, 38111, 76-77, 79, 164, 181, 183 
Israeli government spending on, 125, 203,206,274-75,284 
in Jordan, 3-4, 97-98, 99, 114-I5, 261,272 
in labor market, 21-22, 41, 56, 78, 101,157,161-63,164,169-70,198 land ownership by, 6, 9-32, 33, 57, 65, 68, 77-78, 91-93, 105-11, 119-27, 135-40,145-48,198-203,231-33, 257-59,277-80,281 
leadership of, 80-81, 84, 85-89, 90, 167,263-81 
in Lebanon, 261, 270, 272 
limited autonomy of, 77-78, 83-84 living standards of, 1-3, 7, 8-9, 21-22, 56, 58-62, 63, 78, 101, 102, 156-57, 161-63, 168-70, 171, 175, 187, 192, 198,204,274-75 
marriages of, 97, 113-19, 148-49 in middle class, 1-3, 8-9 
as Muslims, 56-57, 69, 77, 86, 102, 219,271-72,273,289 
nationalism of, xv-xvi, 13-14, 77-78, 81-92,261-62,264,270-76,280, 286-93 
national unity government of, 276-77, 280-81 
parliament-in-exile of, 81 passports of, 2-4, 55, 56, 205, 219 permits needed by, 1-7, 11, 24, 25, 26,37-41,43-47,52,54-58,60,63, 
133-37,148,160-61,168,177-78, 182-84,203,204,206,226,230-33, 237-62,268,272,273,280,282, 283,293-94 
right of return for, 1-3, 148, 225, 234-36,249-50,253-54,261-62, 273,280,283,293-94 
search and seizure of, 63, 66, 177-82, 190-92 
as second-class citizens, 77-78, 101-2, 112, 116-17, 118, 143-50, 230, 278, 281-84 
state identity numbers of, 113-15 taxation of, 12, 17, 20, 71, 84, 97, 99, 100,125,264,274-75 unemployment rate for, 38-41, 56, 61, 71, 85, 157, 162, 165, 277 'voluntary transfer' of, 9-11, 203 women as, 45-50, 113-15, 137-38, 151, 153, 179, 181-82, 186-87, 207 
Palmach, 224-27 Paltel, 3 
Papp€, Ilan, 223, 250, 251, 285 
Paris Peace Conference (1919), 239-41 parliament-in-exile, Palestinian, 81 passports, 2-4, 55, 56, 205, 219 
patrol boats, 168-69 Peace Now, 18 
peace process, Israeli-Palestinian, 81-92 Annapolis summit on (2007), 64, 277-78,292 
apartheid as concept in, 116-17, 
59 
65,68-69,70,72-77,84,95-102,
290-93,296,297-98
105-7,110,111, 112, 115-18, 119,
Camp David meeting on (2000),
133-60,162,163,164,165,191,
87-89,92,278,294
197,202-3,205,226
'demographic problem' in, 9-14,
political factions of, 79-81, 84, 85, 86,
103-4,111-12,113,119-27,203,
89,167,194,263-81
287-88,292,295-97
population of, 2-3, 9-14, 22, 63,
final status of, 86, 87-88, 281-98
77-78,82,85,98-127,132-34,
Israeli peace movement and, 135-66,
143-48,150,160-61,170,198,203,
142,285-90,293,297-98
220-21,227-49,258-59,261-62,
land appropriations as issue in, 9-11,
263,264,278,279-98
68,70,91-93,203,221-62,286-90
Poverty rate of, 7, 58-62, 102, 156-57,
language of, 68, 81, 86-87, 89,
168-70,171,175,187,192,204,
271-72
274-75
Madrid conference on (1991), 81, 126
as refugees, 8-11, 59-61, 68, 71, 78,
Mecca negotiations on (2007), 275,
79, 81-82, 91-92, 99, 107-11, 133,
276
360 
peace process, Israeli-Palestinian (con
tinued) 
media coverage of, 88-89 national liberation as concept in, 271-72,287-90 
one-state solution for, 281-98 
Oslo Accords for (1993), 2, 20, 77,
65, 67, 68, 78, 104, 197, 198-203,
81-447, 83, 88, 89, 92, 119, 162,
199, 200, 202
198, 205, 211, 213, 261, 264, 265,
Qaryut, 31
271-72,280,281,287
Qassam rockets, 172, 175-76, 177, 194,
Quartet participation in, 90, 273-74,
266
276
Qedumim settlement, 67
right of return in, 148, 225, 234-36,
Quartet, 90, 273-74, 276
249-50,253-54,261-62,273,280,
Question of Palestine, The (Said), 241
283,293-94
Qurie, Ahmed, 86
Road Map for, 86, 90-91, 264, 272
Qurini, Ahmed al-, 192-93
self-determination in, 13-14, 77-78,
Qurtuba Elementary School, 209-12
81-92,261-62,264,270-76,280,
Qusin checkpoint, 56
286-93
settlements as issue in, 19-20, 81, 84,
rabbis, 148-50, 237
87,91-93,126,27'0
Rabin, Ytzhak, 80, 84, 131, 132
two-state solution for, 80, 81-90,
Rachel's Tomb, 196
264-65,271-72,273,279,280,
Rafah, 67-68, 90, 108, 153, 158-60, 163,
281-82,285-90,292
164-65,166,170,277
U.S. role in, 86, 87-91, 154, 156, 165,
Rahat, 236
177,183,268-69,271,273-76,281
Ramallah, 5, 30, 39, 54, 55-56, 70, 73,
Peel, William Wellesley, Lord, 243-44
76-77, 78, 117, 118-19, 205-6,
Peel Plan (1937), 243-44, 246
285
Peled, Mike, 293
Ramat Eshkol, 126,128
Peres, Shimon, 131, 132
Ramin,49,50
permits, 1-7, 11, 24, 25, 26, 37-41,
Ramleh, 252, 253, 257
45-47,52,54-58,60,63,65,68-69,
Ras al-Ain neighborhood (Nablus),
70,72-77,84,95-102,105-7,110,
185-86
111,112,115-18,119,153-60,162,
Ras al-Amud neighborhood (Jemsalem),
163, 164, 165, 191, 197, 202-3, 205,
106-7
226
Ras Atiya, 25, 201, 202
Philip Morris, 3
Rashi, 132-33
Pisgat Ze'ev settlement, 106, 126
Rasmi, Captain, 39-41
Plan Dalet (Plan D), 250-51
Ras Taa, 202
Planning and Building Committee,
Reagan, Ronald, 275
Israeli, 107
Reconstruction, 291
Popper, Nathaniel, 149
Red Crescent, 73
poverty rate, 7, 58-62, 102, 156-57,
Red Cross, 36, 109, 142, 183, 266
168-70,171,175,187,192,204,
Red House, 250
274-75
'Reform and Change' electoral list, 273
Prelude, The (Wordsworth), xiv
refugees, 8-11, 59-61, 68, 71, 78, 79,
'present absentees,' 68, 231-33,
81-82, 91-92, 99, 107-11, 133,
257-59
135-37,148,160-61,168,177-78,
Procter & Gamble, 3
182-84,203,204,206,226,230-33,
Index 
public transportation, 37, 41-42 'public use' land, 127 
Qa'adan family, 146 
Qalandia, 44, 53, 54-55, 69, 76 Qalqilya, 15, 16, 21, 24-25, 26, 28, 33, 
Index 
237-62,268,272,273,280,282, 283,293-94 
RE/MAX Real Estate, 128 Remnick, David, 269-70 rental contracts, 98 Retroactive Transfer: A Scbeme for the Solu
tion of the Arab Question in the State of Israel, 254 
Returning to Haifa (Kanafani), 286-87 Revisionist Zionism, 13, 242-43 Rice, Condoleezza, 64 
right of return, 1-3, 148, 225, 234-36, 249-50,253-54,261-62,273,280, 283,293-94 
Road 1, 106 
Road 60, 30, 31, 104, 105, 122 Road 90, 66 
Road 317, 30 Road 505, 67 Road Map to Peace, 86, 90-91, 264, 272 
road networks, 6, 12-13, 22-23, 30, 31, 32-41, 35, 37, 38, 50, 59, 66, 85, 87, 93,104,194,199,201-2,212,229, 232,337 
Roi settlement, 105 
Roman Orthodox Housing Complex, 104 Rosen, Nit, 293-94 
Ross, Dennis, 88 
Rothschild, Lionel Walter, 238, 290 Route 181: Fragments of a journey in Palestine-Israel, 223-28 
Russia, 11, 12, 17, 90, 99, 100, 162, 224, 273 
Rotten, Tim, 143-44 
Sabra and Shatila massacres (1982), 268 Sabras (native-born Israelis), 130 Sacred Landscape (Benvenisti), 223 Safad, 257 
Said, Edward, 241, 242, 296-97 St. John Eye Hospital, 7576 Salah Ed-Din road, 67 
Salfit, 30-31, 34 Salim, Ma'an, 25 Salim, Mohammad, 25 Samaria, 11, 16, 131-32, 295 Samiramees, 71 
Samuh, Fadel al-, 140-41 
361 
'sanitary margins,' 32 Sanniriya, 65 
Sarraj, Eyad el-, 173 
'seam zone,' 16-17, 21, 22-23, 24, 26, 57,58,101,202-3 
search and seizure, 63, 66, 177-82, 190-92 
second intifada (2000), 7, 8, 89-91, 107, 109-10,166-67,265-66 
Secret Life of Sated, the III-Fated Pessopti
mist, The (Habibi), 221-22, 230 'security' blocks, 39-41 
Security Council, U.N., 7, 8, 80, 88, 177, 273, 274, 294 
Segal, Rafi, 120, 124 Senator, Werner David, 245 Sephardim Jews, 235 settlements, Israeli, 119113 Allon Plan for (1967), 77-78, 81, 83, 92, 120, 224, 278 
as colonization program, 12-13, 18, 19-20,77 -78,81,83,91-93,99, 105,119-43,224,278 
in Gaza, 92, 133, 161, 163-64, 173, 287 
government support for, 102, 106, 12527, 133-34 
houses invaded by, 140112 
housing units for, xiv-xv, 64, 106-12, 119-29,277-78 
illegal outposts of, 105 
international law violated by, 19-20, 128,135,145-46,275 international opposition to, 133-34, 138 
Israeli Master Plan for, 122-23 for Jewish immigrants, 99, 127-29 land appropriations by, 18, 78, 135-40, 145-48,227-36,279-80,281 
legal rationalization for, 132-35, 143, 145-48 
military support for, 134-38, 141, 142, 266-67 
Palestinians attacked by, 134, 135-42 Palestinian villages replaced by, 227-36 
in peace process, 19-20, 81, 84, 87, 91-93,126,278-80 
population of, 99, 119-29, 279-60 
362 
Index 
settlements, Israeli (continued) 
real estate brochures for, 127-29 religious rationale for, 132-33 
road network for (bypass roads), 12-13, 32, 33-34, 35, 37, 37, 38, 50, 59, 85, 87,201-2,212,229,232,337 territorial surveillance by, 123-25 vigilantes in, 134, 135-36, 138 
in West Bank, xiv-xv, 6, 12-13, 18, 19-20, 28, 29, 32, 41, 81, 84, 87, 91-93,105 -11,119-27,121,125, 126,133,156-57,161,194-96, 209-21, 213, 214, 215, 217, 218, 275,277-80,283,287 
see also specific settlements Shahak, Israel, 260 Shajara, 226-28, 229 Shamir, Yitzhak, 80, 256 Sharett, Moshe, 244-45, 254, 255 Sharon, Ariel, 9, 89, 91, 92, 130, 157, 260, 264, 266, 288 
Shartabi, Tareq al-, 141-42 Shatareh, Shadi, 49 
Shati, Mujahid al-, 73-75 
Shave Shomron checkpoint, 31-32 Shavit, Ari, 289 
Shehadeh, Salah, 266 Sheikh Saad, 41-43, 72-73 Sherif Hussein of Mecca, 239 Shetrit, Uri, 110 
Shia Muslims, 269,270 Shiloah, Tzvi, 133 
Shin Bet, 76-77, 89, 164 Shlaim, Avi, 223, 238, 249, 250 Shomron,129,130 
Shqeirat, Laila, 41-43, 72 
Shu'afat neighborhood (Jerusalem), 106 
Shu'fat refugee camp, 70 Shulman, David, 13
5
-36 Siegman, Henry, 92, 156-57, 270, 279, 281 
Silwan neighborhood (Jerusalem), 110 Sivan, Eyal, 223-28 
slavery, 290 
Sma'aneh, Abroad, 192-93 Smedley, Lord justice, 262 Sobhi (vegetable vendor), 71-72 Sofer, Amon, 9-10, 288-89 
Songs 
of 
Innocence and 
Experience 
(Blake), xiv 
sonic booms, 173-74, 204 
Soto, Alvaro de, 271, 273-74, 281-82, 285,290 
souks, 212-20 
South Africa, 116-17, 272, 290-93, 296 special planning committees, 123-24 state identity numbers, 113-15 
'state land,' 18, 33, 37, 146-47 Steinberg, Mati, 89-90 
Stem Gang, 256 
stone throwing, 66, 80, 188, 191, 210 Subuh, Farid, 44-47 
Sufa, 163, 164 
suicide bombings, 80, 82, 90, 265-66, 268-69 
Suleiman, Fathiya, 184 Sunni Muslims, 269 Supreme Court, U.S., 146 Sur Baher, 118 
Sweden, 176 
Sykes-Picot Agreement (1916), 239 Syria, 133, 224, 225, 227, 240, 241, 261, 272 
Ta'ayush, 135-36, 285 Tabs, Mahmoud Abu, 168 Taha, Mithqal Abu, 108 Talmud, 132-33 
tanks, 66, 67, 108, 176, 185, 186, 188 Tarqumiya checkpoint, 33, 113 taxation, 12, 17, 20, 71, 84, 97, 99, 100, 
125,264,274-75 Taybeh, 56 
Tehilla, 127-29 
Tel Aviv, 63, 154, 201, 234 
Tel Rumeida, 57, 138, 209-12 Temporary International Presence in Hebron (TIPH), 142, 210 'territorial cells,' 172 
terrorism, xv, 13, 16, 80, 82, 90, 123-24, 130,182,265-70,296 
textiles industry, 169 Three Wise Men, 126 Tiananmen Square massacre (1989), 133 
Tiberias, 257 Tilley, Virginia, 294 
Times (London), 78 
Tomb of the Patriarchs, 56, 218, 219 Torah, 132-33 
torture, 8, 79, 183 tourism, 56, 110, 196 Tovah (Jewish settler), 129-31 Transfer Committee, 254-55 Trans-Israel Highway, 201 Transkei, 296 
Tubas, 105 
Tulkarm, 26, 27, 50, 51, 57, 198 tunnels, 37, 37, 66, 201-2 
Tur 
an, 226, 227 Turki, Ahmad al-, 192 Tutu, Desmond, 177, 291, 297 Twaneh, 134 
two-state solution, 80, 81-90, 264-65, 271-72,273,279,280,281-82, 285-90,292 
unemployment rate, 38-41, 56, 61, 71, 85, 157, 162, 165, 277 
 United Nations (U.N.),
	Palestine Inside Out: An Everyday Occupation

                                                                                                                                                                                                I was in the theater in Prague in 
1989 
as Vaclav Havel an
nounced that the Czech Communist Party had fallen from power; I rode around in a small bus with Bill Clinton in 
1992 
and with John Mc
Cain in 
2ooo 
as each defined himself for a national audience in just a ' few weeks in New Hampshire; I stood five feet from George W Bush at a smoldering Ground Zero as he vowed through a bullhorn to retaliate for the attacks of September 
 1,1, 2001.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                                        S   
PROLOGUE 
the National Recovery Administration and in 
1937 
 try to pack the Supreme Court.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

As the convention opened, the would-be candidate was busy standing on 
too 
JONATHAN ALTER 
THE ASCENT: 
1932 
tog 
 a pedestal in the crowded lobby of the First National Bank of Chicago pleading with a surging crowd of anxious depositors not to withdraw all of their money.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

The center
 piece of the new law was the National Recovery Administration (NRA), which for several months after the Hundred Days became the biggest news in the country.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

Hugh Johnson's omnibus bill-the National Industrial Recovery Act-established, an important new principle: Washington would em
brace a peacetl   'industrial policy' to fight'the Depression by directly vaa' ~:~at
,
 
302   
JONATHAN ALTER 
 supervising the economy and putting millions to work.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                     337 
-- APPENDIX - 


Inaugural Address, March 
4, 
1933 
 This is a day of national consecration.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

Diane Lobb-Boyce of the National Park Service gave me a private tour of FDR's Hyde Park study and bedroom, and a great tip about an attic find that revealed how much Ogden Mills despised Roosevelt.
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                                                                                                                                                                                      271 
Nixon, Frank, tin Nixon, Hannah, 16n Nixon, Richard, 21n, 78n, 9o, 286 Norris, George, 140,146,287, 288 North Sea, mining operation in, 43 Noye, Philippe de la, 13 
Ochs, Adolph, 52 
O'Con or, Basil, 53, 96, i081110,326 old-age pensions, 8r, 166, 309-17 O'Neal, Edward A., 280 
Osborne, Thomas Mutt, 351n-521 
Ralmer, A. Mitchell, 45 Parker, Dorothy, 77 Parks, Lillian Rogers, 222n, 373n patronage jobs, 167, 237 Patron, George S., 122 
Peabody, George Foster, 59-60 
on FDR, 34
-
35, 4
1-
42, 63-64, 67-68, 7
2,2
66,272-73,324 
FDR's governorship and, 71, 72, 81 
as secretary of labor, 165-66, 214, 293, 3
01,
3
0
4
,
3
10-1
5,324 
Social Security and, 310-15,383n Phillips, William, 162 
Pierce, Franklin, 111, 134 Pierce, Jane, 195n Pinchot, Gifford, zoo Pinkerton, Jim, 372n-73n Pittman, Key, 97, 163, 165 Pittsburgh speech (1932), 131-32, 161, 275,276 
Polio, xiv, 17,22,48-66,7o, 143, 255-56, 326-8, 353n, 354n 
election of 1932 and, 83-87, 93-94, 97
-
98,120,129 
FDR's respect for common man and, 11, 62, 64, 65 
FDR's 'walking',' and, 62-63, 70-71, 83
-
84,94,214,215,219,327 
as national metaphor, 8, 66, 327-28 newsreel and photo prohibition and, 63, 83, 94, 256, 327 
onset of, 49
-
51, 128, 204, 207 treatment for, 60-62, 70, 225, 289-90, 328 
Porcellian Club, 27 Posner, Richard, 374n Post, Bob, 257 
Powell, Jim, 331-32, 384n Presidential Power (Neustadt), 234 presidential transition, 139-w4, 208 assassination attempt and, 167-77 bank crisis and, 149-55, 157, 178-62, 189-g1, 197-204 
Cabinet selection and, 144, 158-67 Progressive movement, progressives, 37, 81, 91, 92, 98, 124n, 165, 166, r67, 204, 230, 236, 
2
73, 302 Prohibition, 56, 82, 180, 271, 276, 277, 373n 
election of 1932 and, 89, too, 105, 132 Proskauer, Joseph M., 100, 354n Protestants, 70, 125, 164 
'Psyche' (Moore), 44 
Public Works Administration (PWA), 292, 305 
INDEX 
INDEX 
Optimism Of, 25, 54
-
55, 6o, 129, 165 Political instincts and genius of, xiii xiv, 8, ri-r2, 143-47, 220-21 pragmatism of, 7, 29, 286, 291-92, 
304
-
5 
presidential ambition of, 
1 
r, 18, 32, 36, 37, 55, 64, 67, 81 
 Press coverage of, 3, 41, 46-47 49, 52, 58, 6o, 68, 80-61, 85, 90; 91, 97, 99, 1o1,105-6,1x6,126,134,145,168, 169, 172, 173,.218,
	The Defining Moment: FDR's Hundred Days and the Triumph of Hope

                          Instead 'the assumption is that he is only 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
speaking words put in his mouth by someone else, and the question tan
 talizing the capitol [sic] is: Who really put them there? One suspect is Meade Alcorn, Republican national chairman.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

In 1916, Warren Harding, speaking to the Republican National Convention, had said: 'we must have a citizenship less.concerned
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

It implies, I believe, the kind of world which is emerging before our eyes-the world produced by the revolution of national independence which has today, and has been since 1945, sweeping across the face of the world.'
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Less than three hours later, the governor stood aside for Deputy Attorney 
General Nicholas Katzenbach, who had the commander of the just- 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
 federalized Alabama National Guard at his side.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

'Worse, he felt this false perception could lead to a weakening of America's national will.'
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

The idea lay dormant until Ford convened a national summit conference on inflation on September 27, at which the' financial writer Sylvia Porter made a speech calling for a nationwide campaign of recycling and vol
 untary energy conservation measures.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                            WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
On October 25, a Saturday, Ford summoned Rumsfeld and Henry ICssinger, who held both the positions of Secretary of State and na
 tional security adviser, to the Oval Office and told them of sweeping changes he planned for the administration: James Schlesinger would be fired as Secretary of Defense, to be replaced by Rumsfeld; William Colby would resign as head of the CIA, to be replaced by former House member George H. W Bush; and Mssinger would give up the National Security Council, with his deputy, Brent Scowcroft, succeeding him.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

As statements of administration policy, such speeches would become a focus of clashes between the hawkish, traditional Cold Warrior Zbigniew Brzezinski, the president's national security adviser, and the more moderate Secre
 tary of State, Cyrus Vance.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

The national security adviser would often cut the Secretary of State out of the editing and approval process.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

When the irate Hertzberg went to Brzezinksi's office to complain personally about the situation, he found the national security adviser and his team sipping champagne and some Russian vodka that had been a gift from Soviet foreign minister Andrei Gromyko.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Reagan had decided to break with tradition and be sworn in on the Capitol's west front steps-facing the Washington Monument, with the 
Lincoln 
and Jefferson memorials ar- 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS - 
rayed beyond it, and in the distance Arlington National Cemetery
 rather than the east front.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                               He 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
was mollified, however, by a telegram from the woman who had intro
 duced himi apologizing for the national president's comments.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Or: Deaver planned to use clips from the speech at the Republican National Convention in August.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

'The job of the speechwriters, es
 pecially on the domestic side, but also on the foreign policy side, was to try to establish what the main theme was and give him then the freedom to tiff,' National Security Council speechwriter Tony Blinken Said.*
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Would Congress even allow the president to come to the Capitol to give the speech? White House staffers briefly looked into other settings in which he could give the address, including the National Archives.'
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

Cheney's office quickly filled 
up: 
national security ad
 viser Condoleezza Rice; White House deputy chief of staff Josh Bolten; I. Lewis 'Scooter' Libby, Cheney's chief of staff; and Richard Clarke, the National Security Council's counterterrorism coordinator.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

The president would be speaking at the National Cathedral in two days at a day of prayer and remembrance.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                 And while Frum's 'axis of hatred' fo
cused on Iraq and terrorist groups, national security adviser Con
doleezza Rice worriO,that singling the country out might tip the 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
administration's hand concerning the war planning that was already se
 cretly under way.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

        The following day, the CIA sent a three-and-a-half-page, single
spaced, twenty-two-point reply to Gerson, deputy national security ad- 
WHITE HOUSE GHOSTS 
viser Stephen Hadley, and others, pointing out places where the asser
 tions against Iraq could be made tougher.
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                                                                                                                                as vice president, 318, 331, 348, 359, 361,364 
Bush, George W, 456-94 
advisers of, 465n, 466,467,468-69,472, 473-74,477-78,480-86,488 aircraft carrier speech of (2003), 487-88 'Axis of Evil' speech (2002), 475-79 Bush Doctrine of, 479 
Columbia disaster speech of (2003), 486 congressional address of (2001), 465-72 editorial rev
i
sions by, 458-59,465-74 extemporaneous remarks of, 481 foreign policy of, 464-65,474-86,490-92 George H. W Bush as adviser to, 467,   - 472,474,488 
as governor of Texas, 423, 461 gubernatorial campaign of (1994), 423 Iraq War policy of, 474-89, 491 National Cathedral speech of (2001), 460,463-64 
oratorical skills of, 408n, 459-60 presidential campaign of (2000), 455, 474 presidential campaign of (2004), 489 press coverage of, 464,467,470,478-79, 
480,483,487-88,490,491-92,493 second inaugural address of (2005), 489, 490-92 
September l lth Oval Office speech of, 26,456-60,467,469,486 speechwriters of, 26, 32n, 456-94 State of the Union addresses of, 42n, 96n,474-79,483-86 
style of, 408n, 461-62, 465-74, 487-89, 491-92 
television broadcasts of, 459-60, 481, 487-88 
'Troika' speechwriting team of, 460-65, 476-77,478,480,488-89,492-94 UN Security Council speech o(• (2002), 479-83 
'weapons of mass destruction' warning of, 474-86 
Bush, Laura, 470-71 Butler, London, 297 Butler, Patrick, 249-50, 253, 258-59, 264, 265-66 
Butterfield, Alexander, 218, 223 Buzhardt, Fred, 227 
Byrd, Robert, 187 
Caddell, Pat, 283n, 294, 302, 305, 308, 310 Caffrey, Mary, 80 
Califano, Joseph, 164--65, 166,169,177-78, 183-84,434n 
Cambodia, 209,210-11, 219, 247,409 Cannon,James,254 
Cannon,Lou, 315,350,351,361 Caplan, Tommy, 403 Carte, Hugh, 271, 303 Carlucci, Frank, 366 Carpenter, 
Liz, 
145,146, 177 Can, Albert Z. 'Bob,' 54 Carter, Billy, 272,292 Carter, Cliff, 145 
Carter, Jimmy, 268-311 
advisers of, 270,274,281-82,287-93, 299-304,308-9,410 
approval ratings of, 298, 305, 395 'Beloved Community' phrase of, 283-84 cabinet appointments of, 164, 270, 274, 305 
Camp David Accords of (1978), 291-93 Clinton compared with, 405 Democratic National Convention 
speech of (1980), 309 
domestic policies of, 273-74, 277-80, 282-84,293-96,298-305 economic policies of, 294-95, 298 editorial revisions by, 268-73, 274, 284, 288-89,297 
energy policy of, 273-74, 277-80, 294-95,298,299-305 European tour of (1977),281-82 extemporaneous remarks of, 277-79, 285-86,309 
farewell address of (1981), 310-11 'fireside chats' of, 273-74,285, 299 foreign 
policy 
of, 274-77, 278, 281-82, 
284-93,298-99,310-11,320,410 , 'Georgia mafla' of, 272, 282-83 gubernatorial campaign of (1966), 271 inaugural address of (1977), 269-70 'inordinate fear' quote of, 275-76 
in Iran hostage crisis, 307, 308-9, 375 Los Angeles Bar Association speech of (1978),286-87 
'malaise' speech of, 301-5 memoirs of, 288 
'moral equivalent of war' phrase of, 279 Naval Academy speech of (1978),   - 287-90,302 
'New Foundation' phrase of, 293-96 'New Spirit' phrase of, 284 
Notre Dame speech of (1977),274-77, 278,288 
nuclear 
policy 
of, 278, 289,298-99, 310-11,320 
oratorical skills of, 271, 277-79, 284, 285-86,30314,309 
Index 
personality of, 268-69, 272-73, 461 presidential campaign of (1976), 257, 261, 263, 264, 266-67, 280, 304 presidential campaign of (1980), 298, 306,307-10,312,317 
press coverage of, 270, 272, 273, 274, 275,276,277,278,279-80,289, 290,292,294,296,297,300,301, 305 
religious convictions of, 261,461 Soviet policy of, 274-77, 278, 288-90, 298-99,307 
speechwriters of, 267, 268-311,405-6, 410,493 
State of the Union addresses of, 282-84, 293-97,310 
style of, 268-73, 277-80, 284,285-87, 297,298,302-5,309,310-11 television broadcasts of, 273-74, 279-80,299-300,302-5 
at V emra summit, 298-99 
Wake Forest speech of (1978), 288 Washington Press Club speech of (1977), 272-73 
Carter, Rosalynn, 261, 285,289 Casey, William, 317 
Casserly, Jack, 235-36,248, 250, 251, 253 Castro, Fidel, 114-15,122 
Cater, Douglass,154,155,167,187 Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), 122, 123,126,227,252,480-83,487 Chambers, Whitraker, 318, 325 Chase, Smart, 6 
Cheney, Dick, 245,250,251,252-53,256, 264, 266, 267, 352, 456, 463, 465n, 470, 481, 493 
Chew, David, 343 Chiang I{ai-shek, 156 China, 66, 72, 118n, 130, 156, 183, 253-54, 452 
Christian, George, 164,183 
Churchill, Winston S., 22, 24, 33, 73-74, 75,182,326;382 
Cicconi, James, 370,373 
civil rights movement, 87-88, 89, 90, 96, 102-3,110-11,132,134-38,157-62, 187 
Civil War, U.S., 2,466 Cizik, Richard, 327 Clark, Ramsey, 187 Clark, William, 325, 331 Clarke, Richard, 456 Clay, Lucius, 139 Clifford, Clark, 4, 33-34, 36, 37, 38143, 44, 45,46,47,48-49,51,56,57,58,59, 
60,61,63-65,67,71,97,149,169, 184-85,267,301 
Clines, Francis X., 329 Clinton, 
Bill, 
402-55 advisers of,402-11,412,417-19,421-33, 437-39,445,447,448,450,451-55 American University speech of (1993), 410-11 
approval ratings of, 423 Balkans policy of, 450-54 Carter compared with, 405-6 as centrist ('New Democrat'), 402, 405,418,423-25,428,430,431, 438-41 
D-Day anniversary speech of (1994), 419-21 
Democratic National Convention speech of (2000), 454-55 domestic policies of, 404-9,412-17, 421-35,438-41,443 
economic policies of, 404-9, 413, 424-25,443 
editorial revisions by, 402-4, 407, 410-11,424,427,450,451,454-55 'era of big government' phrase of, 438141 extemporaneous remarks of, 407-8, 410-11,425-26,429,432,441-42 FDR memorial speech of (1995),433-34 foreign policy of, 408,409-11, 450-54, 465,474 
as governor of Arkansas, 405,406, 421 health care program of, 412-15,422 impeachment of, 447,449-50,461 inaugural address of (1993), 402-4 Lewinsky scandal and, 442-50,454 memoirs of, 413, 416-17 
Memphis speech of, 415-17,420 'New Covenant' phrase of, 428 Oklahoma City bombing speech of (1995), 435-37 
oratorical skills of, 404, 405-I1, 413, 428-29,446,450 
Oval Office speech of (1993),404-7 'Pile of Vetoes' speech of, 431, 432-33, 438 
polls used by, 417, 424, 426, 429, 430-31,438,441 
presidential campaign of (1992), 394, 399,405, 418 
presidential campaign of (1996), 431, 440,441142 
press coverage of, 404,406,407, 414, 428,433,434-36,439-41,444,446, 447,450,453,461 
'putting people first' slogan of, 405 
Index 
Index 
 Clinton, Bill (coat.)
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                             of, 236-39, 254-55 presidential campaign of (1976), 249-50,252,253,254,257-59,261, 262,263-67,285 
press coverage of, 231, 234-35, 238, 239-40,242,247,251,261,263,265 Republican National Convention speech of (1976), 232, 249, 262, 263-64,267 
as Republican P   leader, 232, 241, 249,252,253,256-57,262 Southern Baptist Convention speech of (1976), 260-61 
speechwriters of, 230-67, 314, 317, 319, 323,338,352,367n 
State of the Union addresses of, 243, 245-47,253-56 
Index 
 - Ford, Gerald R (root.)
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                                                                                                    Kennedy, Jacqueline, 109, 145, 146 
idential campaign of (1964),152n,   - Kennedy, John E, 100-144 
advisers of, 105-11, 109, 114-29, 163, 267 
Alliance for Progress policy of, 117-18, 119,152 
American University speech of (1963), 130-34,135,140,411 
America's Cup speech of (1962),112n anticommunism of, 115,117-18, 133, 138-41 
'ask not' passage of, 105-9 assassination of, 141, 145-48, 306-7 Bay of Pigs invasion ordered by (1961), 
114-15,120,122,123,223 Berlin speech 
of 
(1963),138-41, 191-92,345,354 
bureaucracy circumvented by, 115-16, 120-11,129,131-32 
cabinet appointments of, 65, 106, 116, 123,126-27,132 
as Catholic, 101, 103, 118,261 
civil rights movement supported by, 110-11,132,134-38 corespondenceof, 124-25, 130,133 in Cuban Missile Crisis (1962), 122-29 Cuban policy of,114-15, 120, 122-29 Democratic National Convention speech of (1960), 108 
domestic policies of, 110-11, 116, 123, 129,134-38 
editorial revisions by, 102,109-10, 113-14,116,119,121,141-44, 202n,427n 
extemporaneous remarks of, 136-41 FDR compared with, 13,105, 110, 114, 121,142 
foreign policy of, 98-99, 100, 111, 117-18,119,120-34,138-41 'Ich bin ein Berliner' phrase of, 139-41, 191-92,345 
inaugural address of (1961), 100, 104-13,122,131,141n,142-43, 188,189-90,269,427n,491 
Latin American policy of, 117-18, 119, 120, 121, 127 
LBJ compared with, 150, 155, 159, 175-76,180 
liberalism of, 101-2, 103, 119, 134-35 'missile gap' allegations of, 98-99 New Frontier policies of, 108, 151, 208, 283,293 
Nixon compared with, 111, 141-42, 188,189-92,197,223 
nuclear 
policy 
of, 122-34 
P 
155,156-57,183,187,188 press conferences of, 168, 180-81 press coverage of, 152, 153, 161, 163, 167,168,171-74,176,179,180-81, 187 
'role of four' of, 166 
second tern declined by (1968),181-87, 191,257n 
space program of, 171-73 speechwriters of, 142,145-87,279,406, 437 
State of the Union addresses of, 148, 157,168-69,171,181-87 
style of, 146,148,150--51,154-5S, 159-62,165,166,175-83 swearing-in ceremony of (1963), 145, 146 
television broadcasts of, 151, 170, 179-81 
as Texas politician, 147, 150, 154, 162-63,166,178-81 
Truman compared with, 179,183-84 University of Kentucky speech of (1965), 157 
University of Michigan speech of (1964),152-53 
as vice president, 111, 123,139,145-46 Vietnam policy of, 152n, 156-57, 167-71,183-87 
 .
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                        Magnmon, Warren, 109 Maguire, Charles, 175, 175,179,187 Malenkov, Georgi, 73, 77 Malinowski, Tom, 421, 451-54,46748, , 471 
Mansfield, Mike, 187,198 Marsh, Jack,232,237,261,264 Marshall, Burke, 136 
Marshall, George C., 53, 83, 96 Marshall Plan, 60-63, 129,263 
Index 
Martin, Christina, 399 Martin, Jack, 84   - Martin, Louis, 110-11 Marx, Karl, 326 Maseng,Mari, 316, 322, 326, 332-33, 335, 336,360,367 
Matthews, Chris, 309-10,434 Mead, Bob, 243 
Meany, George, 214 Meese, Ed, 341 
'Men behind the Guns, The' (Rooney), 368 
Mencken, H. L., 3,95 Merino, Thomas, 418 Meyer, Karl, l I8 
Mice,' 343, 346-47, 349, 361 Michel, Bob, 99, 235 
Middle East, 116,291-92, 381, 394, 474, 489,491 
Middleton, Harry, 175, 177, 178 Milbank, Dana, 464 
Milford, James, 372-73 Miller, Emma Guffey, 52 Miller, William Lee, 102 Milosevic, Slobodan, 452-54 Mitchell, George, 376, 379 Mitchell, John, 222 
Mizell, Wilmer 'Vinegar Bend,' 249 Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, shah of Iran, 298,307 
Moley, Raymond, 6-7, 8, 9-12, 14-16,17, 18,21;23n,71,89,110 
Molotov, Vyacheslav, 75 
Mondale, Walter, 292, 293-94, 299, 301, 302,341,402,409 
Monnet, Jean, 25 Montgomery, Robert, 76-77 Moore, Dick, 2
-
11 
Moore, Henson, 396,397 Moos, Malcolm, 85n, 91,95-97 Moran, Robert, 457 
Morison, Samuel Eliot, 63 
Morris, Dick, 421-33, 436x, 438, 439,440, 441 
Morrow, Frederic, 91-92, 93, 94, 161 Morse, Brad, 99 
Morse, Wayne, 40 
Moyers, Bill, 145-46,149,152-53,154, 159-60,162,163-64,165,168-69, 175,176,293 
Moynihan, Daniel Patrick, 188, 276, 295n Mudd, Roger, 307 
Muir, William, 322, 336 
Murphy, Charles, 41,47-49,51, 54, 56, 63, 64-65,68,71 
Murphy, Daniel, 331 Murphy, George, 231 Mutual Contempt (Shesol), 444 
Nader, Ralph, 270,309 
National Security Council (NSC), 114-15, 123-29,192,210-11,217,252,281, 282,308,319-20,324,325,328,339, 
346-47, 357, 381, 382, 409-10, 411, 419,421,456,464-65,480 Nazism, 19-20,32,343, 381, 475, 476 Nesmith, Achsah, 270n, 271, 277, 284, 307-8 
Nessen, Ron, 235n, 243, 244, 245 Neusner, Noam, 472   - Neustadt, Richard, 41, 65 
'New Deal for America, A' (Chase), 6 Nix, Michele, 395 
Nixon, Richard M., 188-234 advisers of, 188-92, 204,410 Air Force Academy speech of (1969), 195-99 
Canadian Parliament speech of (1972), 217-18 
 'Checkers speech' of (1952), 192 conservatism of, 194-99, 201-5, 214, 219-20 .
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         416 
Nugent, Luci Johnson, 185-86 
O'Brien, Larry, 148, 186 O'Donnell, Kenneth, 139 O'Neill, Paul, 238,254 
Index 
Orben,Robert, 230-31,235,239-40,246-49, 253,256,257,258,264-65,267 Ordeal of Power, The (Hughes), 89-90 Osborne,John, 197-98,241 
Pace, Frank, 66 Paine, Thomas, 255 Panama, 149,263,278,281,284-86,378-79 Panetta, Leon, 405, 430, 431 
Parsons, Al, 257 Parvin,Landon,318,319n,322-23,334, 342,351-53 
'Passionless Presidency, The' (Fallows), 297 Pataki, George, 470-71 
Peale, Norman Vincent, 199 
Pearl Harbor attack (1941), 26-27, 39, 125, 126,392-93 
Penn, Mark, 438 Penny, Don, 263-64 Pericles, 105, 106 Perot, H. Ross, 399 Persons, Wilton J., 85 Pierce, Samuel, 365 Podesta, John, 445 Podhoretz,John,396 Poindexter, John, 348 Poland, 19-20,326,369,370-71,374,487n Polk, James K, 2, 134 
Polke,James, 139 Pollack, John, 455 Porter, Roger, 396 Powell, Colin, 352, 356n, 357, 451, 465n, 468,471,481,484,485 
Powell, Jody 271, 280, 287, 297, 300, 301, 308 Price, Raymond, 188,192, 188,192,193, 194,195, 197',199-200,205-8,209,210,211, 213,215,219,220-23,226-29 Prince,Jonathan,408n,430n,435,436, 437,438,442,446 
Profiles in Courage (Kennedy), 102, 110, 202n 
Provost, Steve, 398-400 Pucinski, Roman, 187 Pullen, Frances 'Kaye,' 236, 250, 253 Pulliam,Eugene, 187 
Qaddafi, Muammar al-, 320-21 Quayle, Dan, 462,463, 479 Quigg, Philip, 210 
Quinn, Jack, 430 Quinn, Sally, 232-33 
Rackleff, Robert, 293 
Rafshoon, Gerald, 269, 273, 283n, 287; 290,294-98,299,300,301,302 
Rather, Dan, 226,336 Rayburn, Sam, 40,52 Reagan,Nancy, 27n,315,324,336,351-52, 353 
Reagan, Ronald, 312-61 
advisers of, 312, 317-25, 328, 334-53 'America is back' phrase of, 347, 348 anticommunism of, 276, 313, 317-30, 343-48,354-59 
assassination attempt against (1981), 316-17,320,351 
Berlin Wall speech of (1987), 354-58 big government opposed by, 313, 314 Bitburg Cemetery speech of (1985), 343 British Parliament addressed by (1982), 324-26,327,346 
Challenger disaster speech of (1986), 348,486 
conservative support for, 276, 313, 314, 317-30,341-48,350,355-57, 360-61 
D-Day anniversary ('Pointe du Hoc') speech of (1984), 337-40, 391, 419, 420 
diary of, 315n, 320-21, 324, 333-34, 351,353 
domestic policies of, 313, 314,315-16, 319,322,328-29,330,333,342,380, 404n,406 
economic policies of, 315-16,322, 330, 342,380,404n,406 
editorial revisions by, 312-15, 325, 353 European Parliament speech of (1985), 343-46 
'Evil Empire' speech of (1982),325-30, 344 
extemporaneous remarks of, 333-34 farewell speech of (1989), 359-60 foreign policy of, 318-21, 324-47, 351-58 
as former actor, 312-13,330,340-41, 361 at Geneva summit (1985),346-47 George H. W Bush compared with, 
363, 364, 365, 367, 373, 380, 381, 382,391 
as GE spokesman, 312-13 'Gipper' quote of, 340141 as governor of California, 313 
as 'Great Communicator,' 360-61 gubernatorial campaign of (1966), 321 inaugural address of (1981), 312-15 in Iran-Contra scandal, 351-53, 445 'message of the day' approach of, 265 Moscow University speech of (1988), 358-59 
Index 
National Press Club speech of (1981), 319-21 
nuclear policy of, 320-21, 330-32, 353-54 
oratorical skills of, 312-15, 340-41, 360-61,364,408n 
pragmatist support for, 318-19, 324-25, 328-29,361 
presidential campaign of (1976), 252, 253,257,258,259,263,285,321 presidential campaign of (1980), 308, 309-10,312,317,318,322 presidential campaign of (1984), 324, 338,340,341 
press coverage of, 265, 321, 326, 329-30,333-36,345,347,348,350 at Reykjavik summit (1986), 353-54 Soviet policy of, 320-21, 324-32, 337, 339,343-48,353-54 
speech cards used by, 312-13, 364 'The Speech' of, 312-13, 316, 317 speechwriters of, 137n, 265, 312-61, 
365,367n,380,381,395,418,491 'Star Wars' program of, 330-32, 353 State of the Union addresses of, 323-24, 347,349-50,445 
style of, 13, 27n, 180, 265, 312-16, 323-24,340-48,351-61,363,364, 408n, 418, 487 
symbolism used by, 27n, 313-15, 323-24,354-58,487 
television broadcasts of, 327, 331-32, 340,353 
at Vienna summit (1985), 353 
Reed, Bruce, 407, 424, 428, 431, 437, 438, 443-44,494 
Regan, Donald, 341-42, 343, 345, 347-48, 349-50,351,361 
Reich, Robert, 405 Reinsch, Leonard, 36 Republican Looks at His Parry, A (Larson), 86 
Republican National Committee (RNC), 285 
Republican national conventions, 3, 88-89, 
9
5,108,195,262,263-64,313,338 Reynaud, Paul, 21 
Rice, Condoleezza, 371, 456, 458, 465,466, 468,470,477-78,481,482,483 Richardson, Elliott, 225 
Richberg, Donald, 13, 18, 21 
Rich Nations and the Poor Nations, The (Ward), 153 
Ridgway, Matthew, 67 Robinson, Claude, 77 
Robinson, Peter, 322, 342, 354-57, 361 Rockefeller, Nelson, 190, 252 
Rogers, William, 217 
Rohmbacher, Dana, 318,319n, 340-41, 342,350,353,355 
Rooney, John Jerome, 368 Roosevelt, Eleanor, 5, 12, 27, 119 Roosevelt, Elfott, 5 
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 5-30 advisers of, 21-30 
annual congressional message of (1934), 16n 
annual congressional message of (1936), 16 
'arsenal of democracy' phrase of, 25 'Brains Trust' of, 6, 7, 13 
death of, 28, 31, 433-34 Democratic National Convention speech of (1932), 5-9 Democratic National Convention speech of (1936),17-18 
as Democratic Party leader, 9-10, 21 editorial revisions by, 4, 10-12, 15-19, 24,25-27,38,110,121,427 
'fear itself'quote of, 12 
'fireside chats' of, 14, 20, 25, 29, 36, 90, 92-93,114,213,273-74 firstinaugunl address of (1933),10-12, 14,188 
'Four Freedoms' speech of (1941),25-26 Great Depression policies of, 9-10, 14, 15, 16-19, 27, 151-52, 394 gubernatorial campaign of (1928), 5-6, 7 infamy' quote of, 26-27 
 LBJ compared with, 151, 155 legacy of, 433-34,441   - .new
	White House Ghosts: Presidents and Their Speechwriters

                                                                                 NEW YORK 2007 
CONTENTS 

Abbreviations and Glossary 
xi 
Note on Russian Spelling and Dates xv Maps 
xvi 
Introduction 3 

PART ONE: LENIN'S COMMUNIST DICTATORSHIP 
r The First World War and the Russian Revolution z r z On the Way to Communist Dictatorship 41 
3 Civil Wars in the Soviet Union 62 

PART TWO: THE RISE OF GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALISM 
4 Nazism and the Threat of Bolshevism 
81 
g First Nazi Attempt to Seize Power 1 oz 6 Hitler Starts Over 117 
PART THREE: STALIN TRIUMPHS OVER POLITICAL RIVALS 
Battle for Communist Utopia 131 
8 Lenin's Passing, Stalin's Victory 141 9 Stalin's New Initiatives 16o 
0 
Stalin Solidifies His Grip 173 
CONTENTS 
CONTENTS 
PART FOUR: GERMANS MAKE A PACT WITH HITLER 
29 War Against the Jews: Death Squads in the East 
441 
30 The 'Final Solution' and Death Camps 
452 
i 1 
Nazi Party as Social Movement 
185 
12 Nazism Exploits Economic Distress 
198 
13 'All Power' for Hitler 
211 
PART NINE: HITLER'S DEFEAT AND STALIN'S AGENDA 
PART FIVE: STALIN'S REIGN OF TERROR 
14 Fight Against the Countryside 
227 
15 Terror as Political Practice 
240 
16 'Mass Operations' 
253 
17 'Cleansing' the Soviet Elite 
267 
31 Greatest Crisis in Stalin's Career 
471 
32 Between Surrender and Defiance 
482 
33 Soviets Hold On, Hitler Grows Vicious 
498 
34 Ethnic Cleansing in Wartime Soviet Union 
511 

PART TEN: FINAL STRUGGLE 
PART SIX: HITLER'S WAR AGAINST DEMOCRACY 
35 From Stalingrad to Berlin   
525 
36 Stalin Takes the Upper Hand 
543 
3^7 End of the Third Reich   
56o 
18 Winning Over the Nation 
285 
19 Dictatorship by Consent 
298 
20 Persecution of the Jews in the Prewar Years 
315 
21 'Cleansing' the German Body Politic 
331 
Epilogue 579 
Notes 595 
PART SEVEN: STALIN AND HITLER: INTO THE SOCIAL CATASTROPHE 
22 Rival Visions of World Conquest 
345 
23 German Racial Persecution Begins in Poland 
36o 
24 Hitler and Western Europe 
375 
25 The Soviet Response 
384 
26 The War Spreads 
397 

PART EIGHT: HITLER'S WAR ON 'JEWISH BOLSHEVISM' 
27 War of Extermination as Nazi Crusade 
413 
28 War Against the Communists: Operation Barbarossa 
429 
Acknowledgments 
671 
Index 
673 
Photographic Credits 
697 
ABBREVIATIONS AND GLOSSARY 
ABBREVIATIONS AND GLOSSARY 
Kadets
Russian Constitutional Democratic Party
(liberals)
kolkhoz
 (pl.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

With Hitler's idea of Soviet Communism as yet another Jewish plot to destroy the nation, Nazi ideology soon overreached the national dimensions of a country fretting over the lost war and despised Ver
 sailles Treaty.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                           The Duma, Rus
sia's national assembly, dissolved itself to symbolize the country's sup
 port of the government.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                             PART TWO 
THE RISE OF GERMAN NATIONAL SOCIALISM 
4 
NAZISM AND THE THREAT OF BOLSHEVISM 




A
  dolf Hitler was born in Brannan am Inn, Austria-Hungary, and grew up in Linz.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Later, when trying to establish a National Socialist identity for himself, he claimed he had talked about politics with like-minded people.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                         They had become soft as a nation and made them
selves vulnerable to the machinations of the Jews, who allegedly had played on the 'higher' values of the Germans-religion, Socialism, 
94 
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
NAZISM AND THE THREAT OF BOLSHEVISM 

PARTY PLATFORM 
The German Workers' Party (DAP) was changed into the National 
f
ocialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) as of February 
 1, 1920.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

He felt the Bavarian masses would rally round him: 'Our program is that of a national dictatorship.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

After reviewing the options, he said, 'We National Socialists must not flinch from our aim in foreign policy, namely, to secure for the Ger
 man people the land and soil to which they are entitled.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

The 'soil' was in the east, specifically in Russia, and it was going to be the 'duty' of the National Socialists to get it or else Germany was 'doomed to destruc
 tion.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Our task, the mission of the National Socialist movement, is to bring our own people to such political awareness that they will not see their goal for the future in the breath-taking terms of a new Alexander's conquest, but in the industrious work of the German plow, to which the sword need only give soil 
 .1115
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Applause greeted Stalin's speech, which concluded: 'We are in the process of moving from the restoration of industry and agriculture to the reconstruction of the entire national economy on a new technical foundation, at a time when the building of Socialism is no longer simply r6o 
STALIN'S NEW INITIATIVES   IGI 
 a prospect but a living, practical matter, which calls for the overcoming of massive internal and external difficulties.''
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                185 
Y86   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
SELF-FINANCING AS A STEERING DEVICE 
 Headquarters in Munich covered most expenses for national offices but was not in a position to subsidize local branches, which had to come up with their own funds, such as by charging admission for speeches and rallies.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Newer ones included the Union for National Socialist Lawyers, the National Socialist Doctors' Union, the Union of National Socialist Teachers, and the League of Struggle for German Culture.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Hitler's March 7, 1930, speech setting forth the new program for farmers ended on a high-sounding note: the 'crisis of the agricultural population is one part of the crisis that involves the whole population, and the National Socialist movement is fighting to free the whole country.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Abel assumed some respon
 dents said nothing 'because membership in the National Socialist party implied that they opposed the Jews.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Blomberg concluded that with the support of the people, Hitler could do for the German army what Stalin did for his, namely turn it into a national institution.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

His predisposition in favor of National Socialism was influenced by his divi
 sional chaplain, Joseph Miiller, and his (then) chief of staff, Reichenau.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                      Hindenburg said that 'after initial reservation, he had in Herr Hitler come to know a man of the 
290   LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
most honorable national will and he was now quite happy that the leader of this great movement was working with him and the other groups of the right '
9 
The officer corps as a whole responded warmly to Hitler's appoint
 ment.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

They were pleased that a 'military-friendly' gov
 ernment would be in power and concentrate 'all national elements.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

'National' to the military had meant 'standing on the right,' and with an extreme right-winger in power they were bound to be sympathetic.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

There was near-universal agreement on dealing with the great national issue plaguing the country since 19 i9, namely the Treaty of Versailles.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

The powers of the national government were extended over the states.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

      He summed up the enormous 
300   LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 support for Hitler and National Socialism as: 'The people want it!' On the afternoon of March 6, he met with Hitler to work out details for his ministry, one of the few new ones added in the Third Reich.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Women joined the National Socialist Women's Group (NS- 
DICTATORSHIP BY CONSENT   
 305 Frauenschaft), which was more of an elite organization.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                           4
 
322   LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
FIRST 'NATIONAL OPERATION' 
By 
1938 
harassment had caused many Jews to leave, but approximately 
36o,ooo 
 remained.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

He did not call for violence, but gave every sign he wanted Jews out 
3s 
324   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 A national SD report for that month alleged that some Jews were being 'rude in public' in hopes of fueling international tensions as a way to focus the world's attention on their plight.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

         The Socialists concluded that 'according to our general observa
tions,' the attempt to kill Hitler led 'to a strengthening' of national 
I 
HITLER AND WESTERN EUROPE   
 377 'determination' to go forward with the war, and 'we recognize by that fact once more that there is only one possibility' of getting rid of Hitler, and that was 'the convincing military defeat of the Reich.''
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

That event was seared into Hitler's conscious
 ness as the day of the ultimate national humiliation.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Under all circumstances we have to ensure that a national Russia does not take the place of Bolshevik Russia, because history proves that in the final analysis it would also be anti-German.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

One witness quoted Globocnik as boasting among a group of SS men at Belzec, par

i 
464   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 ticularly when someone suggested it might be wise to cover up the crime: 'Gentlemen, if there were ever, after us, a generation so cowardly and soft that they could not understand our work which is so good, so necessary, then, gentlemen, all of National Socialism will have been in vain.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

The tight-lipped Friedrich Werner Graf von der Schulenburg arrived with a note saying that in dealing with the Soviet Union, Germany had put aside the 'grave objections arising out of the contradiction between National Socialism 
471 
472   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 and Bolshevism.'
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

But if it did not, he speculated, 'and the fiihrer were to find an honorable death in Berlin and Europe were to become Bolshevik, in five years at the lat- 
576   
LENIN, STALIN, AND HITLER 
 est the fiihrer would be a legendary personality and National Socialism a myth.
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        (Stalin), 157 Trotskyists, 154,239; show trials of so
called,268,273-5 
Truman, Harry S., 592 T-34tanks, 475,477,551 Tukhachevsky, Marshal Mikhail N., 75,275 
Turkey,422 
Turks, 515; slaughter of Armenians by, 329 
Ukhta concentration camps, 59 Ukraine, 43,358,385,388,409,422, 423, 483; civil war in, 591; deporta
tions of anti-Soviet elements from, 395-6; ethnic cleansing in, 3867; expulsion of ethnic Germans from, 535; famine in,76,228-30,232-5; German invasion of, 430, 432, 434, 445; liberation of, 557; mass killings of Jews in, 448-51; NEP in, 161; NKVD of, 245, 261, 391; pogroms in, 69; purges in,278-79;religious persecution in, 250; revolt against Bolsheviks in, 57,66; in Russian Federal Republic, 148; shortages in, 167; in World War I, 63-4 
ULTRA (code-breaking machine), 407 
Ulyanov, Alexander, 24 
Union for National Socialist Lawyers, 195 
Union for the Defense of the Con
stituent Assembly, 45
-
6,48 
Union of National Socialist Teachers, 195 
United Nations, 550,557 United Press, I12 
United States, 
28
9,3
2
9,347,349,355, 455,494,531,564,568
-
70,592;in advance on Germany, 554,568; agricultural production in, 16o; ambassador to Soviet Union of, 346; Army, 485,548; atomic bomb devel
oped by, 559; in Berlin Olympics, 319; in Battle of the Bulge, 560-61; Civil War, 350; Communist Party in, 76,358,359,472; concentration camps liberated by, 565; Congress, 
2
56,485; entry into World War II of, 14,382,439
-
40,486; eugenics in, 331
-
4; factories in Soviet Union built by firms from, 163-4; famine relief from, 76; German declaration of war on, 439,457; and German invasion of Soviet Union, 402, 407, 529; Gulag condemned in, 257; immigration policies of, 197,350; intervention against Bolsheviks by, 66; interviews with Hitler published in, iog-io, 196; isolationism Of, 394, 485; Israel and, 593,594;Japanese attack on, 416,439; and Jewish refugees, 323,447; Jews blamed for anti-German attitude of, 458; lend
lease program of, 485-7; loans to Germany from, zoo; Nazi propa
ganda against, 321; in negotiations with Britain and USSR, 544-50, 552
-
9,589; in North African cam
paign, 509,525; Office of Strategic Services, 569; POWs from, 480; presidential powers in, 125; repara- 
INDEX 
695 
tions and, 1 A,196; suicide rate in, 202; Supreme Court, 331; uncondi
tional surrender of Germany to, 526, 589; unemployment in, 204; Victory Program of, 544; in World War 1, 350, 386 
Ustage,398 
Vannikov, Boris, 265 
Vasilevsky, Marshal Aleksandr M., 499,507 
Verkhovsky,Alexander, 36 Versailles Treaty, x1,14, 94,105,109, 111, 202, 214, 291, 295, 3o6, 311-13, 349, 351, 405 
Victor Emmanuel, King of Italy, lo3 Viereck, George Sylvester,1o9-1o Vietnam, 594 
Vikzhel (railway union), 44 
Virgin Soil Upturned 
(Sholokhov), 234 
V6lkischer Beobachter, 
99,124 Volkogonov, General Dmitri, 403, 475,496,499 
Volkswagen, 294 Volodarsky-Goldstein, Moisei, 52 Volunteer Regiment Reinhard, 87 
V-1 
flying bombs, 551 
Voroshilov, Marshal Kliment E., 64, 65,268,273,278,280,386,393,401, 473,474 
Voznesensky, Nikolai A., 492 V-2 rockets, 551 
Vyshinsky, Andrei Y.,162, 255, 269, 
2
70,272,273,394 
Waffen-SS, 415, 574 Wagner, Gauleiter, 459 Wagner, Quartermaster General Eduard, 369, 371, 421, 436 Wagner, Richard, 187 
Wagner, Winifred,187 Wagner cult, I I I 
war crimes trials, 548-9, 555-6 Warlimont, General Walter, 509,531 Warsaw ghetto uprising, 535
-
8 Warsaw uprising (1944),551-4 
Washington Post, 
584 
Warthegau, mass killings in, 367, 461, 464 
Webb, Sidney and Beatrice, 26o Welder, Hans-Ulrich, 305 Wehrmacht, 3o8, 401, 415-16, 46o, 5
6
5
,
5
6
9,57
0
,574; in France, 38o, 561; General Staff of, 422,425; in Greece, 300,398; High Command of (OKW)
,
353,354,362,363,372,376, 379,399,421, 4
2
3,425,427,445; officer corps, support for Hitler in, 289-92; in Poland, 362-5,367,371, 373,537; in Soviet Union, 410, 4
21-2
7
,
43
0
-34,436
-
42,445-50,472, 473
,
47
8
,4
8
7,498,499,502,506-8, 5
1
3,514,519,525,530 
Weigand, Karl Henry von, 196-7 Weimar Republic, 1o8,112,118,185, 196,200,2o6,2I3,214,2i8,293,307, 314 
Wels, Otto, 301 
Werth, Alexander, 477,503,505-6, 553,572 
Werth, Nicolas, 235 
Weseriibung (Weser Exercise), 379 Wessel, Colonel, 362 
Weyler y Nicolau, General Valeriano, 55 
What Is To Be Done? 
	Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe

Our first in-depth look at the inside of the Bush administration's national security top leadership from one who was there.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

As Under Secretary of Defense for Pol
 icy, I reported to the Secretary of Defense, Donald Rumsfeld, advising him on national security policy and defense strategy.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

They consider it their job to educate the President about U.S. interests in the world; they rarely accept contradiction-even from the President or his National Security Council-without resistance.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Rumsfeld favored restating a 'broad national strategy' that would aim to persuade states and individuals to drop their support for ter
 rorists.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

He wanted that effort undertaken not just by the Defense Department but by the whole govern
 ment, guided by the National Security Council.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

            Kar- 
145 
WAR AND DECISION 
 zai did not try to ruin his warlord rival and Pacha Khan eventually joined the political process: In the September 2005 national elections, he won a seat in the Afghan parliament.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                                                                                                                                                       147 
148 
On another randomly selected day that month (January 28), the corresponding list included planning for continuity of U.S. government operations in the event of a national catastrophe, preparing Rumsfeld 
 for a National Security Council meeting on war-on-terrorism detainees, negotiating offensive arms reductions with Russia, briefing Wolfowitz for a meeting with China's Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs, and managing U.S. relations with Australia, India, NATO, Romania, Saudi Arabia, and South Korea.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Karzai expounded on the importance of the army's having a 'national charac
 ter'-with a unified command, troops from all regions of the country, and commanders who do not function as regional warlords.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

It was, rather, because of the suspicion and antagonism he excited in key parts of the U.S. national security establishment, as well as within the Arab world.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                                                         As many as 
100 
Kurds associated with the Iraqi National Congress, funded by the CIA, reportedly have been executed by Iraqi secret 
192   WAR AND DECISION 
 were exposed....
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

President Bush's national security team had to reconsider how willing the United States should be to abide threats-or how active it should be to end them.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Libya and Syria, for example, had curtailed support for terrorism in response to inter
 national pressure in the past.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

But over the decades, the United 
234 
 States tended to increase its support for pro-democracy activists when our national security was directly at stake.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

The contending camps on the National Security Council did not divide as prowar and antiwar.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

After becoming National Security Adviser, she often commented that if the differing views of National Security 
250 
 Council members could not be resolved through combining elements of each-if the President were required to choose one member's policy option over another's-that would represent a failure on her part.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

President Bush wondered, at this National Security Council meeting, whether we had made our reason
 ing clear to the American people and the world.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

National Security Adviser Rice highlighted the key point of the IIA: that some ministries would come 
404 
 under Iraqi control right away, while others 'would be held for a while' by the U.S. led coalition.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

     His opening comment dealt with the need to ensure noninterfer
ence from Khalilzad, who was also a Presidential Envoy: 
442 
The private lunch was followed by a National Security Council meet
 ing.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

Rumsfeld's view was that this additional mission was important for the future of U.S. national security policy.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

U.S. Government national security organization: Key members of top committees 
U.S. Role in the Gardez Situation Memo, May 6, 2002 
6 Msy, 3002 
3 00PM 
U.S. Role in the Cards Situation 
Scene Setting: 
 -   Gardez and Khwost remain a tangle of inua-Pashtun fighting.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                        APPENDIX 6 
Transitional Authority in Iraq 
Joint Staff Briefing, October 2002 
 These charts were part of a briefing given to the President at a National Security Council meeting.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                       alaing m aid and govaaoee in 
the pat-Libaaiaa pwiod 
DRT = Declassification Review Team 
OSD/SP/NESA = Office of the Secretary of Defense/Special Plans/Near East South Asia 
APPENDIX 9 
Iraq Interim Authority Implementation Plan 
Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy Memo, April 29, 2003 
DRAFT/ FOR 
OFFICIAL 
USE ONLY 
Iraqi Interim Authority (11A) Implementation Plan 
ME, Policy 29 
Alan 
2003 
soopmEn 
IAA Overview 
 The Iraqi Interim Authority (IAA) would serve as the instrument of Iraqi national leadership in the period before the ratification of a new Iraqi Constitution and the free election of a new Iraqi government.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                                                                              570   ENDNOTES TO 
PAGES 
44-52 
44 cut off support for al Qaida: In an August 24, 2001, memo from my office to Wolfowitz, we summarized our thoughts on Afghanistan as follows: 
The Taliban regime presents several threats to US national interests in the Middle East, South Asia, Central Asia and beyond: 
• Harboring and supporting Usama bin Laden; • Sponsoring insurgency in Uzbekistan; 
• Opium production and trafficking; 
• Condoning or perpetuating widespread human, ethnic, reli
gious and gender abuses; 
• Serving as a model for discontented populations of other Islamic states; and 
 • Impeding the advancement of a negotiated settlement to Afghanistan's own civil war.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                       National Intelligence Council, Princi
pal Challenges in 
Post-Saddam 
Iraq, January 2003, p. 20 (reprinted as Appendix B of SSCI Report on Prewar 
Intelligence 
 on Postwar Iraq, May 2007).
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

That there should be an open dialogue with all national political groups to bring them into the process.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                         642 
447 holding national elections would take two years: Chris Straub Memo to Wil
 liam Luti, 'Coalition Provisional Authority's (CPA's) Plans for Iraqi Governance,' June 2, 2003 (FOUO).
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                          Afghanistan reconstruction and, 148-149 Afghanistan war and, 84, 88, 107, 119, 122, 134,136 
bin Laden capture and, 15 Breinerand, 441-442 CIA attitrrd, toward, 80 civilian reserve corps and, 451, 512 decision making by, 144, 526 detainees and, 160, 164, 165 
HA and, 375, 402, 404, 406-408, 435, 436, 439, 440, 459, 496, 516, 544, 552 
India and, 129 
Iraq-al Qaida relationship and, 324-325 Iraqi military and, 368 
Iraqi opposition groups and, 369-370 Iraqi WMD and, 301, 331, 341-343, 355 Iraq interim constitution and, 465 
Iraq liberation vs, occupation and, 279, 516 Iraq policy and, 209, 212 
Iraq regime change and, 15, 221, 224, 280-281, 283, 300, 354 
Iraq war plan and, 219, 246, 358-360 Karzai government and, 140 
Kay Report and, 475 Middle East and, 170n, 207 
national security and, 70 
9/11 response and, 3, 6, 12-17, 21, 47, 58, 168, 214,507 
as NSC member, 53 ORHA and, 519 post-9/11 speech to Congress, 67-68 postwar planning office and, 317, 347 Powell and, 247-248 
in presidential elections, 42, 511 
rationale for war, 233, 474-477, 491-493, 504, 508, 514-515, 520-522, 526-527 
sectarian violence and, 482-483 
State of the Union address (2002), 167, 230-231, 232, 234, 287n 
on status of enemy captives, 38 Tenet and, 78 
thought process of, 60, 62 troop surge and, 498 ultimaturn to Saddam Hussein, 391-392 UN and, 134, 359 
UN Iraq Resolutions and, 200, 313-315, 336 UN speech on Iraq, 274, 303, 309-313, 354, 358 U.S.-Russia relations and, 1, 2 
war on terror and, 9-10, 511 
 Bush Administration (George W).
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                                                                                                              See also specific departments 
Chalabi and, 490 de-Baathification and, 419, 431 democracy promotion by, 234, 236, 288 IIA and, 374-375, 409, 423, 436 information leaks during, 25(Y-252,321 Iraqi civil disorder and, 415 
Iraqi military and, 366 
Iraqi opposition groups and, 206,239-245, 372, 379 
Iraqi WMD and, 228, 238, 332, 339, 347, 474-477,491,514-515 
Iraq occupation and, 277-279, 516 
Iraq policy, of, 14, 199, 213, 260, 272-273, 277, 307 
Iraq war plans and, 274, 335, 345, 389-390 Iraq war rationale of, 221-222, 224, 345-346 media criticism of, 124-126, 356-357 national security policy of, 147, 515, 524, 525-526 
overthrow of foreign governments by, 295-298 post-Taliban Afghanistan and, 137, 138, 140, 153,157-159,167 
postwar planning by, 275-276, 347-350 Russia policy of, 1 
strategic communications by, 320-322, 521-522 Turkey and, 395 
ultimatum strategy of, 303-305 UN diplomacy and, 343, 350, 359 mulateralistcharges against, 90, 91, 134, 303, 303n 
war on terror and, 18-19, 118, 167, 176-177, 507-514,523-524 
Byrd, Harry, 27 
INDEX 
Cambone, Stephen, 73 
Campaign Planning Committee (CAPCOM), 73, 74, 74n, l l4, 229, 36(1, 365 
 Camp David, 47, 52 Canada, 90, 384, 396 CAPCOM.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

                                                                               See 
also Arab-Israeli conflict Bush Administration and, 170n, 207 force buildup in, 66 
Saddam Hussein's ambitions in, 514-515 
666 
Middle East (Continued):   National Public Radio (NPR), 4111 
U.S. policy on, 41142, 304, 492, 524-525   National Security Advise,, 53 
war in (1973), 30   National Security Council (NSC): 
Mill, John Stuart, 69   during Afghanistan war, 96, 98, 119, 120 
 Miller.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

               Franklin (Frank), 23711, 276, 348, 398-399,   coalition building and, 90, 91 de-Baathification and, 427 on detainees, 161, 162 
Feith on staff of, 32 
function of, 20-21, 53, 147, 519, 526 interagency process and, 87, 249-250 Iraq policy and, 213, 221, 246, 289, 316 Iraq sovereignty and, 465 
Iraq war plan and, 334, 339, 342, 343, 347, 36011 
personality clashes on, 62 
post-9/11 meetings of, 13, 17, 18,47-49, 59 post-Saddam Iraq and, 367, 368, 375, 40811, 415,440 
National security organization chart, 531 National Security Presidential Directive, 348, 511,512 
 nation-building, 101-102, 134, 138, 149 NATO.
	War and Decision: Inside the Pentagon at the Dawn of the War on Terrorism

On Saturday, November 3, President Carter went fishing up at Camp David, apparently oblivious to the enormous damage that was about to be done to America's 'national honor.'
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Nor did they understand why President Carter looked so weak in the face of such a serious threat to U.S. national security.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Rather, he spent much of his first fifteen years as Supreme Leader building the domestic political base that he sorely lacked when he came to power, and he built critical new international alliances-notably with nuclear powers Russia, China, and North Korea-that he believed would eventually help Iran accomplish its national objectives.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

In 2006 he became the first Muslim monarch to address the National Prayer Breakfast in Washington, D.C., speaking on the importance of Muslim-Christian relations before two thousand evangelicals from all over the world.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

We had forged strong, albeit covert, relationships with national 258 
t 
-, 
254 11 INSIDE THE HEV01HTION 
 leaders, tribal chieftains, and well-educated young people eager to reclaim and rebuild their nation.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                       MEET JALAL ULA®ANI II 967 
To Bremer and his colleagues, Pachachi seemed like a perfect care
 taker for the fledgling democracy until national elections could be held the following January and the first freely elected Iraqi president could emerge.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

TALASANI'S TEST II 821 
 find ways to encourage religious tolerance at the national level as well as at the local and regional levels.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

Ever since, the king has taken a series of positive steps to boost 
856 II INSIDE THE DEVILDTIDN 
 Morocco's economy and increase national wealth and individual wages.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

See Cesar Soriano, 'Iraqi Leaders: Memo Details al-Qaeda Plans,' 
ENINITES // 588 
USA Today, 
 June 15, 2006; see also 'Officials Give Details on al-Zargawi Strike,' U.S. Multi-National Force Iraq news service, June 18, 2006.
	Inside the Revolution Study Guide: How the Followers of Jihad, Jefferson & Jesus Are Battling to Dominate...

                                                                                      
A few bigots yell something nasty at a McCain or Palin rally and it was national news-the 
New York Times 
 pronounced the Republican candidates guilty of 'race baiting.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

But in reality I feel as horrified as a ghetto Jew watching the rise of National Socialism.'
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

They were also out to prove that they could still move public opinion and effect a national outcome in their favor to prove the New Media is of no consequence.
	A Slobbering Love Affair: The True (And Pathetic) Story of the Torrid Romance Between Barack Obama and the Mainstream Media

                                                                                                                                                    After 
1858, 
the restrictions on joint-stock banking were lifted, paving the way for the emergence of a few big commercial banks: the London & Westminster (founded in 
1833), 
the National Provincial 
(1834), 
the Birmingham & Midland 
(1836), 
Lloyds 
(1884) 
and Barclays 
 (1896).
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

                                                                                It was not until 
1993, 
after the Savings and Loans crisis (see Chapter 5), that the number of national banks fell below 
3,6oo 
 for the first time in nearly a century.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

In Britain, by contrast, employers did not hesitate to slash payrolls in hard times, while people were much more likely to leave elderly parents to the tender mercies of the National Health Service.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Since 
1993 
 Social Security has been more expensive than National Security.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

                                                                                                                                                             According to the Bank for Inter
national Settlements, the total notional amounts outstanding of OTC derivative contracts - arranged on an ad hoc basis between two parties - reached a staggering $596 trillion in December 
2007, 
 with a gross market value of just over $14.5
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

When capital sums did flow across national borders, they would go from government to government, like the Marshall 
305 
THE ASCENT OF MONEY 
 Aid* that helped revive devastated Western Europe between.1948
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

That night, having been given something of a browbeating at the leader writers' morning conference with the editor, I went to the English National Opera, to hear Verdi's 
 The Force of Destiny.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

insurance 187, 199 national unity movements 91 property and land investments 131 
Reichsbank 57 
reparations 102-4, 159, 303 reunification costs 317 royal finance 75 
and subprime mortgages 8 
thaler 
15 
Weimar Republic 102-4,113 welfare system Zoo-2oz 
 and First World War Tor, 301, 304.
	The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World

Then there is 'national security.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Yet those same rugged mountains are home to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, a leading center for advanced science, and to two nuclear power plants that operate on the physics venerated there.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

By far the most important, and controversial, was a Department of Justice investigation into the question of who fur
nished information to the Times for a December 
2005 
 story that revealed the existence of a secret government wiretap surveillance program run by the National Security Agency.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

        But the paper could be, and was, accused of making on its own a deci
sion in which the government also had a legitimate interest: the release of 
WHAT CAN WE KNOW AND SAY?   77 
 Classified national-security information.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

We tolerate limits on speech and inquiry-for libel, sedition, treason, national security-and may 
78   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 have to accede to more.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                  The first great highway, the National Road-built be- 
THE LIMITS OF INDIVIDUALISM   105 
tween 
1811 
and 
1839 
and stretching from Cumberland, Maryland, to Vandalia, Illinois-was the product of one of the first great regulatory ef
 forts in the nation's history.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Each president swears at inauguration to 'preserve, protect, and defend' not people, government, or democracy, but the very words that are our national Holy Writ.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

But how do we know that our currency will remain preeminent, given the colossal debts that we are carrying on our national balance sheet? 'We don't,' he said.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Ever since, in one way or another, we have debated whether money should be 'easy' or 'hard,' paper or metals-backed, silver or gold, local or national.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

At the Louisiana Superdome, a National Guard offi
 cer explained to Williams that a federal agency had the con.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                               LOCAL V NATIONAL AUTHORITY 
Brian Williams had covered his share of disasters as a reporter, but he could not believe what he was seeing and hearing as he prepared to anchor the NBC 
Nightly News 
 from New Orleans.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   143 
 Williams saw the results.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Lincoln spoke of our nation at Gettysburg, Roosevelt at his first inauguration, George W. Bush at the National Cathedral after 
 9/11.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   145 
 Commerce reinforced local identity, within states and between them.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

In Massachusetts, a delegate to the common- 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   147 
 wealth's convention declared, 'These lawyers, and men of learning, and moneyed men ...
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

In Pennsylvania or New York or Illinois, the local citizens tend not to think 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   149 
 of themselves as Pennsylvanians or New Yorkers or Illinoisans.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Bush liked country music; Atwater made sure that country- 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   151 
 music stars were in the entourage.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Bush liked to fish; Atwater made sure that the vice president paid more than one visit to the bass fishing outlet in Springfield, Missouri, a town that had the added benefit of being the national center for the Assemblies of God Church, one of the Southern evangelical denominations.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

All the syrupy Texan-ness notwithstanding, the Bush who came to the 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   153 
 presidency was not a 'states'-rights' man.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                            The proposal, which the Republican-controlled Con
gress enacted in 
2001, 
called not only for setting national test standards, but for a regulatory regime to oversee what had been a state responsibil
 ity: elementary and secondary education.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                         The 
9/11 
attacks, combined with concern over a flood of illegal immi- 
v 
154   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 grants, added urgency to the effort to create an official 'national identity card.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

With federal funding for stem-cell research blocked, states eager to attract top-level talent and investment rushed to establish stem-cell programs of 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   155 
 their own.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                           That was the first time, and 
LOCAL V. NATIONAL AUTHORITY   157 
essentially the last, that Vermonters were for what we now call 'big gov
 ernment.'
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

One explanation is that war, and rumors of war, and a national crisis that can be 
defined 
 as war, stir yearning for a leader to master the situation, a commander in chief.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Nixon went on to elaborate, in ways that echo down through the years to today, 'If the president, for example, approves something because of the national security, or ...
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                     Modern national cam
paigns had become insatiable vacuums of money; more than a billion dol- 
A FAIR, 'MORE PERFECT' UNION   237 
 lars would be spent on that year's election.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

But all of the national candidates he had ever worked for in a serious way-Kennedy, Mondale, Hart, Gephardt, Brown, and Dean- 
240   THE THIRTEEN AMERICAN ARGUMENTS 
 had lost.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

256   NOTES 
 National Conference of State Legislatures.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                180, 228, 229, z3o 
and elections of 2004, 67, 214 and elections of 2008, 73 and environment, 220-21 and evolution, 73 
and faith-based politics, 59, 67, 72-73 and foreign relations, 175, 
1
94
-
97, 202, 208, 2og-11 
Fort Campbell speech of, 174-75 funding of presidential campaigns of, 228,229 
and 
Hamdan 
case, t to 
and Hurricane Katrina, 143 and immigration, 50,52 
and impediments to argument, 16 and importance of argument, 15 and Iraq war, 15, 67 
Israel trip of, 195-96 
judicial nominations of, 73, 108, tog, 
110, 
122, 123 
and local vs. federal authority, 143, 144, 
1
53, 
1
54 
National Cathedral address of, 210-1 t and national security, c6 
personal background of, 152, 194-95 and presidential power, 88, 89, 167, 
1
74
-
75,176
-
77 
role models for, 196, 2m secrecy of, 16, 77, 86-87 and stem-cell research, 59, 73 tactics of, 225 
and taxes, 107 
and terrorism, 34, 208, 210 
as Texas governor, 194-97, 230 
and Texas legal system, 118, 119-20 and who is a person, 34 
and wiretaps, 86-89 Bush, Jeb, tog 
 Barh v.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                    as American Argument, 7, 125-40 and Federal Reserve System, 125-26 
foreign nations as holders of, 125, 136, 
1
3
8
,
 1
39+ 
1
4
0 
and globalization, 136-39 Hollings views about, 135-36 and Reagan administration, 134-35 and relationship of monetary and fiscal decisions, 133-34 
size of, 127-28 and state debt, 131 and trade, 127, 132, 138, 182 and war, 243 
and world leadership, 125, 243 Declaration of Independence 
as at core of Thirteen American Arguments, 7 
and failing to argue, 16 and immigration, 42 legal language of, 
10, 
115 Lincoln's views about, 29-30 and local vs. federal authority, 146, 156 and presidential powers, 164 
and religion, 61 
and who is a person, 26, 27, 29-30 Declaration of Rights (French), 202 'Deep Throat,' 69 
Defense Department, U.S., 39, 153, 176, 177,198 
defense spending, 139, 198 DeLay, Tom, 67 democracy 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 
2
3
0
,
 2
3
1
,
 2
33 
direct, 6 
and economic issues, 128, 129, 131-32 and foreign relations, 198, 208, 209-10 and free speech, 78 
and importance of argument, 19 Jacksonian,56,118,131-32 and presidential power, 162, 166 and primary elections, 16 Democratic National Conventions, 23-24, 15o,161,236 
Democrats 
and abortion, 25 
and campaign financing, 24r characteristics of, 14 
control of Congress/Senate by, 61, jog, 117, 159 
divisions among, 236-37 and economic issues, 134-35 and environment, 217, 218, 219 
INDEX 
291 
and faith-based politics, 68 and gun-control, 105 
and immigration, 49, 5
0
,5
2
 
and impediments to argument, 16 and Iraq War, 209 
and Jews, 206 
and judicial nominations, 123, 124 
and local vs. federal authority, 150, 154 and presidential power, 159, 174, 176 and radio evangelism, 236 
and South, 691-70 
and Texas legal system, 119 and trade, 185, 189, 190, 192 transformation of, 241 worker base of, 178 
See also 
Democratic National Conventions; elections; 
specie person 
Dent, Harry, 70, 71 
Denton, Jeremiah, 72 
Detroit, Michigan, wiretap case in, 88-89 Dionne, E. J., 16 
disaster recovery, 155 Discovery Institute, 73 divine right, 7, 232, 233 Dobbs, Lou, 41 
Dobson, James, 60, 72, 122, 123, 124 Dole, Bob, 104 
dollar, U.S. 
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                                                                           See also presidential power 
Exxon, 119,224 
fair trade, 185 
fairness, 93-94, 99, 
2
3
0-
4
1 
faith 
as American Argument, 7, 56-74 
and foreign relations, 198, 201-4, 207-8, 210-11 
in future, 
2
43
-
45 
and importance of argument, zg loss of, 242-43 
optimism as national, 242 See also churches; religion Falwell, Jerry, 62, 70-71, 72, 73 Farrakhan, Louis, 61 
FBI (Federal Bureau of Investigation), 69, 85, 87, 153, 158 
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), 142 
Federal Reserve System, 
125, 
126,127, 
12
9
-
3
0
,
1
33
-
34 34,
1
39 
federalism 
and characteristics of political parties, 14 and 'checks and balances,' 146 
and Civil War, 144,148 
and Constitution, 144, 147, 157 and Founders, 144, 146-48, 155 and Hurricane Katrina, 141-43 and importance of argument, 6, 7 local authority versus, 141-58 and presidential power, 165, 166 and states' rights, 144, 
1
49, 
1
54, 
1
55 See also Federalists 
Federalist 
Papers, 
10, 
80, 112-13, 146, 232 Federalists, 80, 82, 83, 84, 85, 116, 146, 147, 
166,2
44
 
Feingold, Russ, 230 
 FEMA.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                      Senate), 
208 
Fort Campbell, Bush (George W.) speech at, 
1
74
-
75 
Founders 
and birth of free inquiry, 
9 
and colonial models, 
12 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 
2
33,
2
35 
drafting of constitution by, to, 
64 
and economic issues, 
130-31 
and free speech, 
8o, 81, 82 
and freedom of the press, 
77 
and habeas corpus, 
167 
and importance of debate, 
245 
and individualism, 
97-99 
and lack of attention paid to colonial America, 
8 
and legal system, 
111-13, 118 
and local vs. federal authority, 
144, 
1
46
-
'4
8
,155 
and 'more perfect union,' 
7 
and presidential power, 
163, 165-66, 167, 170 
and religion, 
63, 64, 74 
and science, to 
and Thirteen American Arguments, 
7 
and trade, 
181 
and who is a person, 
24, 27, 28-29 
See also speczfrc person 
Founding 
Wives, 
24 
Fourteenth Amendment, 
121 
Fourth Amendment, 
80-81 
Fox, Vicente, 
206 
France, 
82, 83, 183, 184, 200, 202, 204 
Franklin, Benjamin, 
10, 41, 44, 53, 146 
free flow of information, 
9 
free inquiry, birth of, 
8-9 
free speech 
as American Argument, 
9, 16, 75-91 
in colonial America, 
79-81 
and Constitution, 
80-81 
and Founders, 
80, 81, 82 
and government secrecy, 
81-82,86-89 
294 
INDEX 
free speech 
(cont'd): 
and Internet, 78-79, So, 86 and Igbal case, 89-91 
and judicial appointments, 124 limits on, 77 7
8
,
82-86 
and national security, 75, 77 
Supreme Court decisions about, 75, 81, 84, 85, 86 
and technology, 84, 86-89 and terrorism, 86--91 travel as form of, 78 
in wartime, 82-86, 89-91 
and wiretaps, 76-77, 85, 86-89 
free trade, 181, 182, 185, 188, 189, 190, 193 freedom 
and balance of forces for domination, 18 
See also type 
offreedom 
Freemasons, 235 
French Revolution, 82-83, 202 Friedman, Milton, 
101, 102, 
103, 107, 126-27 
Frist, William, 56-661, 175 
frontier, western, 6, 7, 55, 5
8
, 
6
7, 98, too, 131, 132, 165, 166, 215, 245 
Frost, David, 171 Fulbright, William, 189 Farley, Benjamin, 45 
Gadsden Purchase, 51 Gandhi, Mahatma, 40 Garwood, William, 119 Gates, Bill, 99 
 General Motors Corporation, 178,180 genetics, 15-16, 25, 32, 42.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                                                                                              51, 5
2-
53,
1
53
-
54 
importance of, 13 
and language, 43, 47, 50, 51 
and local vs. federal authority, 153-54 Love Park rally about, 52-53 
and national security, 44, 51 
and open doors/borders, 41, 42, 44, 48 and optimism about future, 244 
and race, 38-41, 43, 44, 45, 4
6
, 47, 50, 52 'reform' of, 52 
and religion, 45 
restrictions on, 43
-
44, 45
-
46, 47, 48, 2o6 and restrictive residency requirement, 55 and sense of perspective, 18 
and terrorism, 44, 45 Immigration Restriction League, 46 impeachment, 170,174 
individual freedom, 15,63 individual privacy, 30, 77,81 individual rights, 30, 32 individualism 
in colonial America, 97-99, too 
and communal thinking, too, 
Io[, 
1o6 and Constitution, 98 
economic, 98-101, 106-7 and fairness, 93
-
94, 99 and Founders, 97-99 and frontier, 215 government as empowering, 104-5 limits of, 92-107 
Supreme Court decisions about, 99 and taxes, 98, 99, tot, 102-3, 104, 107 Industrial Workers of the World (I W W) 'Wobblier,' 187 
inflation, 126-27, 128, 134 information, free flow of, 9 Intelligence Committee, U.S. House, 87 intelligent design, 6o, 73-74 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, U.N., 225 
International Association of Machinists, 182 
International Monetary Fund (IMF), 
1
3(-39 
Internet 
and campaign reform, 237, 239,240 as divisive, 6 
and free speech, 78-79, 8o, 86, 87 
296 
INDEX 
Internet 
(cont'd): 
fundraising on, 237, 239 and immigrants, 44, 45, 54 and impediments to argument, 16 and involvement in argument, 17 judicial decisions about, 124 
See also Web/websites 
Interstate Commerce Commission, U.S., 235 
Interstate Highway system, 149 investments in U.S., foreign, 138 Iowa 
elections of 1988 in, 185-88 elections of 2ooo in, 32, 33 
elections of 2008 in, 25, 73, 74, 97, 
10
5
 
Iqbal, laved, 8931 
Iran, 161 Iraq War casualties in, 242 and Dean campaign, 239 
and decision to go to war, 15, 197, 208-9 and local vs. federal authority, 156 
and 9/11, 139 
and presidential powers, 174 as questionable war, 201 and religion, 67 
spending for, 139, 242 
and U.S. role in global leadership, 243 Irish, 13, 46, 47, 66, 236 
Iroquois Nations, 28, 164 Israel, 195-96, zo6, zo8, 214 
Jackson, Andrew, 6, 118, 131-32, 167, 168, 
20
4
,2
45
 
Jackson, Jesse 111, 35, 36-37 Jackson, Jesse Jr., 35-36, 37, 65, 94 Jacksonian Democracy, 56, 118, 13132 Jacksonians, 201 
Jamieson, Kathleen Hall, 16, 17, 220 Japan,182,244 
Japanese Americans, 45, 86 Jaspers, James M., 78 
Jay Treaty (1795), zoo 
Jefferson County (Kentucky) Commission on Obscenity and Community Standards, 68-69 
Jefferson, Thomas 
and economic issues, 131, 184 and elections of 1800, 84 and environment, 214 
and foreign relations, zoo-201, 202, 204,205 
and France, 82-83, zoz, 
zoo 
and free speech, 82-83, 84 and Jay Treaty, zoo 
and Lewis and Clark expedition, 55 and local vs. federal authority, 147 and media, 172 
and presidential/executive power, 164, 166,167 
and religion, 64-65 as scientist, io 
as secretary of state, 200, zoz and who is a person, 26, 29 Jeffersonians, 8z-83, 116, 184, 185, 200, 201, 202, 208, 244 
Jews, 13, 45, 47
-
4
8
, 
6
5, 198, 2o6, 236, 244 J.1. Case factory, 187 
Jim Crow laws, 116, 149, 235 
Johnson, Lyndon B., 61, 86, 95, 
100, 101, 
1
34
,1
53 
Johnson, Paul, 
11, 
62, 63 judges 
appointment of, 
111, 
112, 118-19 basis for decisions of, 113-16 election of, 
r11, 
118 
'judicial activism' of, 115-16, 120 selection of, 
111, 
112, 122 trusting, 113-14 
See 
also 
specific person 
 judiciary Committee (U.S.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                    See clergy; speck person presidential power 
as American Argument, 7, 159-77 and commander in chief role, 34, 88, 89, 163, 165, 166, 16g-7o, 174, 175, 176,177 
and commerce, 166 
and Congress, 159-60, 162, 163, 166, 167, 168, 169, 17o, 173-74, 
1
7
6
-77 
and Constitution, 162, 163, 165, 166, 168, 176,177 
and federalism, 165 
and foreign relations, 165, 166-67, 16q, 170,175 
and Founders, 163, 165-66, 167, 170 and habeas corpus, 167-68, 176 historians' views about, 167, 168 and Hurricane Katrina, 143 
and impeachment, 170, 174 
limits on, 170 
and local vs. federal authority, 143, 
1
54 and national security, 170, 171 
and Supreme Court decisions, 162, 167, t68,170,176 
and Supreme Court nominations, coq, 
11o, 
116 
and territorial expansion, 166, 168-69 and trust, 162, 171 
and 'unitary executive,' 176-77 and veto, 165 
and war, 163-64, 166, 167-68, 16q, 170, ,74,,75,176,,77 See also executive powers; 
specific 
president 
presidents 
books about, 171 characteristics of great, 244-45 historians views about, 167, 168, 171 and judicial system, 113 
and media, 171-73 
as national obsession, 171 secrecy of, 18 
selection of, 16   - 
See also presidential power; speck 
president 
press, freedom of the, 75-77, 85, 86 primaries, election, 16 
privacy 
and who is a person, 30 See also individual privacy pro-life movement, 15, 31, 32, 33 Progressive Movement, 
100, 
149 protectionism, r81, 182, 185 Protestants, 46, 62, 65, 66, 2o2 Puritans, 12, 45, 65, 145 
Putin, Vladimir, 243 Putnam, Robert, 99 
Quakers, 45 
Rabin, Yitzhak, 195 race 
and creation of a 'more perfect union,' 238,239 
and immigration, 38-41, 43, 44, 45, 4
6
, 47, 50, 52 
and importance of Thirteen American Arguments, 4 
INDEX 
301 
and local vs. federal authority, 147, 149 and optimism about future, 245 
and political reform, 239 
Supreme Court decisions about, 116 and Trippi, 238,239 
and who is a person, 21-23, 27, 28 See also speck race 
radio, 14, 235-36 railroads, 99, 234-35 Rand, Ayn, 
101, 
102, 103, 126, 219 Rawls, John, 93-94, 107 
Reagan, Nancy, 59 Reagan, Ronald 
and abortion, 3
2-
33, 7
1
 antilabor policies of, 35 appeal of, r88 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 236 
Duberstein as chief of staff for, 117 and economic issues, 134 
and elections of 1976, 71 
and elections of 1980, 71-72, 161-62 and elections of 1984, 24 
and environment, 219 
and faith-based politics, 67, 71-72 as governor, 71 
as great president, 245 and immigration, 49 and individualism, 102, 107 and O'Neill, 172, 173 
Schultz as secretary of state for, 196 Southern strategy of, 15o 
and Soviet Union, 32, 72, 134, 2o6 Supreme Court nominations of, 117 and taxes, 245 
and who is a person, 32-33 recession, 126, 134, 243 Reciprocal Tariff Act (1934), 181 Reed, Bruce, 1o6 
reform 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 227-41 
as Edwards' theme, 240-41 Regan, Donald, 135 Rehnquist, William, tog religion 
and abortion, 67, 68, 70, 72 authority in, 8 
and colonial America, 62-63 
and Constitution, 61, 62, 63-64, 74 and evolution, 56, 58, 6o, 62, 68, 73-74 
and founding of America, 62-64,74 and immigration, 45 
and local vs. federal authority, 146 and politics, 65-74 
and reason, 62 
and school prayer, 67-68, 69, 70, 71, 72 and science, 56-6t, 66, 70, 72, 73 
and social welfare, 65, 73 state-supported, 63-65, 73 Supreme Court decisions about, 58, 6o, 67,68 
and who is a person, 27 
See also churches; evangelicalism; speck denomination 
 Religious Right, 67, 68, 245 reproductive rights, 30-32.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                                         See also abortion 
Republican National Committee, 66,7o republicanism, 231 
Republicans 
and abortion, 25, 32-33 
and Allen's 'macaca' incident, 38, 40 characteristics of, 14 
control of Congress/Senate by, t6, 59, 96, 109, 134, 153 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 236 
and economic issues, 134-35 and environment, 218, 225 faith-based, 59, 6o, 67, 68, 70, 71, 73
-
74122 
and health care, 97 
and immigration, 49, 50, 52 and individualism, 103,104 and judicial nominations, 124 and local vs. federal authority, t5o, 
1
54, 
1
5
6 
and presidential power, 
1
74, 
1
7
6 
rise of, 244 
and South, 69-70, 150, 151 and Texas legal system, u9 and trade, 185, 189, 192 
and who is a person, 25, 32-33 
See also elections; Republican National Convention; specific person Revelle, Roger, 223 
Rice, Condoleezza, 36, 194, 196, 197 Richards, Ann, 23-24, 25-26 Richardson, Bill, 52 
right-to-life movement, 31, 33 Roberts, John G. Jr., ro8-lo, 123, 124 
302 
INDEX 
Robertson, Pat, 72, 73 
Roe 
 v.
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

                                                                                  and abortion, 15, 25, 30, 31, 68 creation of, 112-13 
and elections of 2000, 118, 120-21 foreign-born justics on, 42 
and free speech, 75, 81, 84, 85, 86 and individualism, 99, 105 
lifetime appointment of justices to, 
111, 
112 
nominations to, 108-10,117-18, 122, 123 
and presidential power, 116, 162, 167, 168, 170, 176 
race decisions of, 116 
religious decisions by, 58, 6o, 67, 68 Roosevelt's 'packing' of, 116 
and slavery, 26,3r,121 and terrorists, 34-35 Thomas nomination to, 75 and unconstitutionality of acts of Congress, 115-16 
and who is a person, 25, 26, 30, 31, 34
-
35 
See also specific justice or decision 
Taft, William Howard, 16g,205 Taliban, 18,175,,97,210,21T Taney, Roger B., 31, 
1 
16, 168 
304 
INDEX 
tariffs, trade, 184-85, 189, 192, 193 taxes 
in colonial America, 130 
and creation of 'more perfect union,' 235 
and economic issues, 126, 127, 128, 130, 132,
,
34,
1
35
-
3
6
,
,
3
8
 
Edwards' views about, 240 and immigration, 43, 5
1
 
and individualism, 98, 99, 
101, 
102-3, 
10
4,
10
7
 
and presidential power, 166 
and Reagan administration, 134, 
1
35,
2
45 
and religion, 72 and trade, 184 
and U.S. role in global leadership, 243 Taylor, Anna Diggs, 88-89 
technology, 84, 86-89, 207, 221, 239 Tennessee 
federal versus local authority in, 7 as frontier, 6 
religion and science in, 56, 57-58 Scopes trial in, 56, 58 
Tennessee Valley Authority, 
100 
Tenth Amendment, 147 
territorial expansion, 166, 168-69, 204 terrorism 
and Bush (George W.) administration, 34, 208, 211 
and environment, 220-21 
and foreign relations, 208, 211 and free speech, 86-91 
and freedom of the press, 76-77 and immigration, 44, 45 
and local vs. federal authority, 157-58 and military tribunals, t to 
and optimism, 242 
and presidential power, 176 racial, 149 
and Supreme Court nominations, tog and U.S. role in global leadership, 243 and who is a person, 26, 34-35 
See also national security Texas 
Bible Belt of, 72 Bush roots in, 152-53 legal system in, u8-20 Thirteen American Arguments and attitudes toward role of government, 14 
Declaration of Independence as origin of, 7 
importance of, 4-5 
and sense of perspective, 17-18 what are the, 7 
See also spec argument Thomas, Clarence, 75, 117-18, 124 Thompson, Fred, 108, 
1 
to, 123, 175 Thompson, Gordon, 19r-92,193 Thomson, Meldrim, Jr., 103 Thoreau, Henry David, 214,216-17 Thurmond,Strom,136 
Tillman, Benjamin R. 'Pitchfork Ben,' 235 Time magazine, 16g 
Tocqueville, Alexis de, 19, 28, 78, 99, 167 trade 
and American Revolution, 184 
as an American Argument, 7, 178-93 in beaver pelts, 183 
 China-U.S.,
	The Thirteen American Arguments: Enduring Debates That Define and Inspire Our Country

Our national politics was doomed because voters were no longer debating one another using a commonly accepted set of facts.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

the national media, etc.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

In the body America the most visible symptoms of the national derangement are in the extremities, the huge sections of the population gone far off the farm into distrust and paranoia, the bitter and disgust-ridden electoral contests, the violent rejection.of
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

Besides, where would I go? Back to Washington? The whole purpose of that exercise had been to see exactly how little our national politicians gave a shit about the People, a group whom I presumably felt sympa
 thy for.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

Instead, for the biggest issue of the election season, for a national vote that for most people is their only political decision in years, the Democrats avoided taking any stance at all, essentially saying, 'We'll wait to see the conclusions of a random independent group of academics, and then we'll make our own decision.'
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

                                                                                                                                            The people who really run America don't send the likes of George Bush and Dick Cheney to the White House to cook up boat-rocking, maniacal world-domination plans and commit 
massive criminal conspiracies on live national television; they send them there to repeal PUHCA and dole out funds for the F-22 and pass energy bills with $14 billion tax breaks and slash fuel-efficiency standards and do all the other shit that never makes the papers but keeps Wall Street and the country's cor- 
215 
216 
 porate boardrooms happy.
	The Great Derangement: A Terrifying True Story of War, Politics, and Religion

So, just how big was the party? It is dif
 ficult to illustrate the national real estate market and the wild lending practices that supported it with just one example.
	Greenspan's Bubbles: The Age of Ignorance at the Federal Reserve

                   
THUS, THOSE WHO INVOKE 
'
SECULAR
'
 TYRANNY 
 In contrast to religion are hoping that we will forget two things: the connection between the Christian churches and fascism, and the capitulation of the churches to National Socialism.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

                                                                       It is to the credit of many secular Christians and Jews, 
and many atheist and agnostic militants of the African National Congress, that South African society was saved from complete bar
 barism and implosion.
	God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Everything

                                                             Pay to Play 


How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption into a National Sideshow 


Elizabeth Brackett 







IVAN R. DEE Chicago 
2009 
 PAY TO PLAY Copyright C 2oo9 by Elizabeth Brackett.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                   13
Senate Seat for Sale
167
14
Quid Pro Quo
180
15
Fallout:A New Senator
188
16
Impeached
204
1-7 
Removal
215
18 
Final Curtain
228
Epilogue
235
Index
237
Pay to Play 
Preface 


WHEN 
 Rod Blagojevich was catapulted into the national consciousness it was for far different reasons than he could ever have imagined.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

He had long dreamed of achieving national prominence as President of the United States, not as a man who had become a national sideshow.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Cari joined a prominent downtown Chicago law firm but kept his hand in national Democratic politics.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Wilhelm too thought Blagojevich had possibilities as a presidential candidate, and he wanted Cari to help them lay out a national fund-raising strategy.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

But he turned down their pleas for help with national fund-raising for Blagojevich.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                      
Pay to Play 
The 
Way It's 
Done in Illinois 
From January to March 
2004 
 Rezko, Levine, and Kelly continue to wine and dine Can, hoping to persuade him to come aboard as their national fund-raiser.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

It will set a bottom line for the kind of national health-care reform Congress ultimately enacts.'
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Republicans at both the state and national levels were salivating at the possibil
 ity of picking up not just a Republican seat but the seat of the incoming Democratic president.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

For weeks a mop-haired Blagojevich look-alike 
225 
Pay to Play 
 opened the show, confirming that the governor of Illinois had become a national punch line.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                                                                  
Index 
Abbinanti, Robert 'Bobby the boxer,' 56 
Abraham Lincoln National Airport, 177 
ACS State and Local Solutions, 158 
Adam, Sam, Jr., 194, 196
-
197, 2o6,211,220,222-224 Adam, Sam, Sr., 194 Adequate Health Care Task Force, 145, 146 
Agency Efficiency Initiatives, 210 Alamanseer, Imad, 99, 102-103 Alaska, 43 
Aleksander, Ivanovic, 37 All Kids program, 139, 229 America's Agenda, 149 Arya, Bob, 162-164, 226-227 Ascaridis, Michael, 35, 41, 45, 120 
Ata, Ali, 92-95, 114, 213 Atta, Mohamed, 92 Axelrod, David, 
11, 
69-70, 82-83 
Bahr, Rica, 1o6-107 Balanof, Tom, 174-176 Bahnoral Race Track, 185 Bauler, Paddy, 17 Beatles, 40 
Beavers, William, 26 Beck, Thomas, 102-103 Behar, joy, 225 Bennett, Mary, 137 Berger, Sandy, 75 Biden,Joe, 1o5-1o6 Bin Laden, Osama, 9 Blagojevich, Amy, 4, 69, 74, 120, 133, 189 
Blagojevich, Anne, 4, 133, 189 
237 
Index 
Blagojevich, Millie, 33
-
34, 39
-
40, 53, 57
-
 58; death of, 74; Politics of, 37-38.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                   See also Patti Blagojevich 
Mell, Dick, ix, 59-61, 65-67, 70, 72, 79, 81, 84, 88
-
89, 93, 189; Patti Blagojevich, defense of, 118; Patti Blagojevich, estrangement from, 3-4, 133
-
134, 136-137; Rod Blagojevich, relationship with, 129-133, 137-138; and Chicago politics, 62-64; Chris Kelly, 
244 
accusation against, 134; as liability, 129; patronage, use of, 63 
Mell, Richard, Jr., 66 Mendoza, Susana, 184, 214 Mercy Hospital, 103; and pay

to-play politics, 1o1-1o2 Meyer Davis, Pamela, 98-for Miller, Judith, 11 
Miller, Rich, 185 Milosevic, Slobodan, 74-75, 77
-
79 
Mondale, Walter, toy-1o6 Monk, Alonzo 'Lon,' 47-48, 83, 93, 1z9, 183, 185-186, 235 
Moseley Braun, Carol, 7, 201 Murphy, Matt, 195, 233 
Narcissistic personalities, 226-227 
National Legal and Policy Center, 186 
National Organization for Women (NOW), 71 Navy Pier, 95 
Nayak, Raghuveer, 178-179 Ness, Eliot, 7 
New Mexico, 141 New York, 141 Nikitovic, Desko, 79 9/11, 92 
9/11 Commission, 10 Nix, Sheila, 162 
Nixon, Richard M., 37-38, 45
-
47,63,213 
Nolan, Jan, 5, 188 
 Obadele, Bamani, 55.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

She has won a Peabody Award for her political reporting as well as a National Emmy.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

Ms. Brackett is also U.S.A. Triathlon age group national champion and a member of the U.S. national team.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                        See also 
Bamani Obadele 
Tito, Marshal, 37 
Topinka, Judy Baar, 123, 126, 158, 161; background of, 159; political ads against, 16o Tribune Company, 180-181 Tusk, Bradley, 108, 127, 161-163 
Vallas, Paul, 2,4, 81, 84-85 Vermont, 143 
Vietnam War, 41 
Vrdolyak, Edward R., 47, 49, 64; and coffee rebellion, 
46; and cormpton charges, 50-51; and Harold Washington, 5o 
Walker, Dan, 2,3-2,4, 83 Walters, Barbara, 225 Washington, Harold, 49, 63-64; 
and Edward Vrdolyak, 50 Watergate hearings, 45 Weinstein, Robert, 161 Wheeler, Charles, 119, 125, 226 
White, Jesse, 121-124, zoo, 202 Wight, Mark, 137 
Wigoda, Paul, 18 
247 
Index 
Wilhelm, David, 1o7-7o8 Williams, Ann, 2,4 
Willis, Scott and Janet, 29 Wilson, Joseph, 
11 
Wisconsin, 143 
World's Columbian Exposition, 17 
Wrigley Field, 180-181, 183 Wyma, John, 77, 108, 129, 137, 168-169,183 
Yang, Fred, 83 Yugoslavia, 37, 76 
Zell, Sam, 180-182 
A NOTE ON THE AUTHOR 
Elizabeth Brackett is a correspondent for PBS's 
The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer, 
 reporting on national politics, finance, the environment, science, and sports.
	Pay to Play: How Rod Blagojevich Turned Political Corruption Into a National Sideshow

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Still, even accepting that our national self-esteem and our politi
cal leaders' political fortunes are most easily protected by maintaining the foreign-policy status quo, this did not seem a satisfactory excuse for what my research suggested was a deepening reluctance to make the protection of U.S. interests and citizens the federal government's top priority, and an almost blase acceptance of war for purposes unconnected to America's 
Introduction 
 national interests.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

First, the inability of the U.S. government to determine with any precision the number or content of the documents stolen from the National Archives by Samuel Berger, President Clinton's last national security adviser, and subsequently destroyed.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

From that position, Mr. Berger could not only strike back at the critics of his crime and his incompe
 tent, derelict performance as national security adviser against al-Qaeda, but also ensure the complete destruction of whatever incriminating documents his felonious scissors missed the fast time around.'
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

This steady and deliberate disinvestment in U.S. national security also encouraged the growth of Islamist militancy by allowing Islamist leaders to demonstrate to their audiences that America was an extraordinary and malignant hyp
ocrite, rhetorically championing democracy and liberty for all peoples, while specializing in the killing and brutal oppression of Muslims, support
 ing Israel in the former and Muslim police states like Saudi Arabia in the latter.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Washington's mindset seemed to be that the United States was vulnerable only to the USSR and that none of the other wars, problems, and threats in the international system would ever reach the status: of endangering national security.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                         The term 
national-security threat, 
for purposes of this book, is defined in the narrow (and I suppose old-fashioned) 
sense 
 of a life-and-death threat to the nation's survival.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

energy-supplying states is a national security threat to the United States, for example, and therefore ending that debilitating dependence is a national interest of the United States.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Establishing U.S. like women's rights regimes abroad, on the other hand, is an admirable ambition, but the lack thereof is not a national security threat to the United States, and by definition, the creation of such regimes overseas cannot be deemed a national interest.'
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                  During that period, 
I 
will argue, the federal government, under both parties, steadily disin
 vested in U.S. national security vis-a-vis the Muslim world, both by the things it did and by those that it did not do.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

   In turn, the term 
national interest is 
 used herein to denote an issue of utmost importance because it involves the survival of the United States.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

'Time was running out on the Clinton administration,' Clarke wrote of the weeks after the attack on the 
Cole, 
33 
 There was going to be one last major national security initiative and it was going to be a final try to achieve an Israeli-Palestinian agreement.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

The bomb deto
 nated over the Pacific, killing one Japanese national.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                                           The reality is that there 
49 
MARCHING TOWARD HELL 
was no sustained Iraqi terrorist campaign against the United States before the cruise-missile strike, and Mr. Clarke's claim is just part of his book
 length apologia for the ineffective Clinton national-security team of which he was a key member.'
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                             52 
53 
CHAPTER 2 
Fighting Islamists with a Blinding Cold War Hangover, 1996-2001 
 The National Commission on Terrorism ...
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

    The gradual emergence of a set of transnational threats to U.S. security
terrorism, narcotics trafficking, organized crime, and nuclear proliferation
 had been recognized even before the Cold War's end, but in that era they were the cats and dogs of America's international concerns, regarded as lethal nuisances not national-security threats.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Kean, Hamilton, and Clarke and so many others failed to see after 1991 was that U.S. national security 
MARCHING TOWARD HELL 
 required a return to the inside-the-box historical thinking that is pertinent to the unpredictable and often uncontainable threats that have dominated human history on either side of the Cold War.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

America was the sole superpower, undefeatable, and was fighting on behalf of the civilized world; the wars would be localized, short, and minimally bloody; precision weapons would intimidate and eliminate a transnational enemy that was not a nation-state, small in number, lacking in popular support, and therefore not a life-and-death national security threat to the United States; most of the fighting and bleeding would be done by U.S. proxies; and liberated popu
 lations would joyously welcome invasion, occupation, and the installation of secular democracy.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                    103 
After the October 12, 2000, al-Qaeda attack 
on 
the USS Cole, the National Security Council ordered the CIA and other appropriate IC com
 ponents to establish and maintain an up-to-date list of Taliban and al-Qaeda targets in Afghanistan that could be struck by the U.S. military if bin Laden again attacked U.S. interests.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                           From a regional geopolitical and national
interests perspective, moreover, Iraq's Sunni neighbors found the idea of creating a second large-population, oil-rich Shia state in the Sunni heart
 land simply intolerable.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

That which cannot be blunted by America, however, either will fall or can be shifted to fall on others and need not be a national-security concern for us.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

As in European countries, the United States will one day have to deal with a Russia whose diplomatic positions and national interests are defined in increasing measure by the demands of its Muslim peoples.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                              With both major national parties now cooperating with the Islamises; a level of corruption that makes the coun
try an ideal base for illicit commercial and financial activities that facilitate Islamist military operations; porous land and sea borders; a rapidly Islam
 icizing educational system; and the steady flow of funding for Islamists from Saudi Arabia and other Arab states, Bangladesh is set to become a regional hub for Islamist activities and a geographical link between groups in South Asia and those in the Far East.'
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                      Not surprisingly, this litany of fail
ures speaks directly to this governing generation's lack of talent, world
liness, historical knowledge, and sadly, concern for genuine national inter
 ests.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

'Me want of national spirit, the rejection of political democracy, and the preference for slave labor were only a few of the many signs of social decadence:' Most of all northerners believed their southern countrymen were antimodern and determined to oppose and block societal progress.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Let me pause here to say, first, that the Israel-fosters' attempts to silence 
221 
MARCHING TOWARD HELL 
criticism by Americans of the manner in which their government conducts the U.S. relationship with Israel are now leading the U.S. lamb to the slaughter; and second, that I have never accepted and will forever reject the idea that to intensely dislike the nature of the relationship the U.S. govern
ment has fabricated with Israel, and to believe that that relationship is not only a, burden but a cancer on America's ability to protect its genuine national 
interests-which 
I do believe--equates to either anti-Semitism or a lack of American patriotism, Indeed, my own view would be that those Americans who are quickest 
to 
wield the debate-silencing anti-Semitism sword are either the most suspect in the realm of loyalty or are 
simply 
res
 olute bars who champion the fantasy of identical U.S. and Israeli national interests.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                     Foreign policy must 
246 
247 
MARCHING TOWARD HELL 
be changed to focus only on genuine national-security interests; nonessen
 tial political, diplomatic, and military intervention abroad.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Americans and their leaders will henceforth have to decide, as did George III and his ministers, whether to continue adventuring about 'in distant Regiouns,' or seek to find national security 'at home in exertions of a new policy.'
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Knowing, in years past, that a son or daughter perished to help protect America from the genuine national security threats posed by Nazism, Japanese barbarism, or Bolshevism would have been difficult enough.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

Energy policy must become a priority national-security issue because iris quite clearly a life-and-death issue 
for 
our economy and lifestyle at home, as 
well 
 as for our ability to conduct a foreign policy of our choosing-one that gives us options-and not one ultimately controlled by foreigners.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                                                                          of the philoso
phers of the Scottish Enlightenment, and the successes and tragedies of the now four-hundred-year-old American national 
 experiment.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

National Interest, no. 72 (Summer 2002).
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

He resigned in November 2004 after nearly two decades of experience in covert action and national-security issues related to Afghanistan, South Asia, and the Middle East.
	Marching Toward Hell: America and Islam After Iraq

                                                    Geopolitical events 
Wars and terrorist threats, speeches by political leaders, natural disas
ters, national elections, international banking, economic crises, nation
alization of corporate assets, the death of a prime minister-all these 
 The Perversity of 'Mr.
	Investing in One Lesson

                                                                                                                                  Market,' 31-47, 58, 62, 122, 142 
Municipal Mortgage & Equity (MMA), 109 
mutual funds, 5, 14, 62-63 My Own Story (Bernard Baruch), 141 
N 
Nasdaq Stock Market, Inc., 28-29 
national mood, 53 
Neill, Humphrey B., 75, 77, 81 net worth, 32, 121 
new economy stocks, 64, 71-72 
new issues, 43, 92-93 New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), 14, 23, 28, 34, 39 
New 
York Times, 99 
Ney, Richard, 73 Nickerson, Bill, 138 
No Experience Necessary: Make $100,000 a Year as a Stockbroker 
(Bruce Eaton), 63 
Novell, 25 

0 
O'Higgins, Michael, 105 
One Up on Wall Street 
(Peter Lynch), 50, 70 
Oracle, 25 Orman, Suze, 145 Overstone, Lord, 12 

P 
Pengrowth Energy Trust 
(PGH), 110 perceived value, 32 
permanent portfolio, 115-25, 144 
Permanent Portfolio Fund, 124 
Personal Finance, 6 portfolio: diversified, 52, 101-3,115-16,122-25, 144; growth of, 118-20; permanent, 115-25, 144; threats to, 121-23 PowerShares High Yield Divi
dend Achievers (PEY), 105 Price, Michael, 76 price/earnings ratio (P/E), 52, 56,71-72 
prime rate funds, 127 privately held stock, 25-27, 37 Provident Energy Trust (PVX), 110 
 publicly traded company, 23-32, 46.
	Investing in One Lesson

             The RPSA authorized the creation of the National Railroad Pas
senger Corporation, a federally funded corporation better known as Amtrak 
 [and what a winner that turned out to be].
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

The Tech Wreck (2000-2003)   77 
B
  y 1999, stock trading had become the national pastime.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

Just as the stock market was topping before the 1929 crash, the National 
City 
 Bank of New York (as it was known then) had become the largest commercial bank in the world.'
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                                                                                                                            See 
also Casino capitalism; Free market system 
Carter Administration, 254 Case-Shiller indexes, 264 Casino capitalism, 24, 226-227, 247, 273-281 
Cayne, Jimmy, 187, 189, 200 CDC', 109 
Center for Responsible Lending, 240 Central bank, 
see 
Federal Reserve System attempted development of, 15-16 dissolution of, 19 
roles of, 169 CEOs/executives: annual compensation, 214 attitudes of, 215 blame/responsibility of, 232 bonuses after bailout, 223, 275 incentive programs, 196-198 listing of bonus/incentive packages, 200-201 
overcompensation of, 196, 198-199 young CEOs, 196 
Chaos, influential factors, 90 Chapter 11 bankruptcy, 200 Chapter 11 reorganization, 41, 276 Chapter 7 bankruptcy, 41, 43 Chartered banks, jurisdiction over, 238 
318 
INDEX 
Cheap money, 94, 98-99, 105 China: 
as bailout lender, 210, 227, 247 economic growth, 102 
U.S. treasuries purchase, 102 China Construction Bank, 218 Chrysler Corporation, 6, 11, 38-44, 53, 
102, 156, 164-165,178 Cisco, 196 
Citadel Investment Group, 187 Citibank, 176 
Citigroup: 
bailout money to, 222-224, 227, 274 collapse of, 6, 12, 167, 178, 181, 211-225,273 
historical perspectives, 212 merger with Travelers Group, 212 structured investment vehicles (SIVs), 215-216 
Citigroup Authorization Act, 213 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), 30 Civil Works Administration (CWA), 30 Clear Channel Communications, 150 Clinton, Bill, 87, 135, 138, 152, 232, 237-238 
CMGI, 196 Coal industry, 23 Cohn, Gary, 200 Collateralized debt obligations (CDOs), 109,111,113-115,135,158, 214-215,224,232,247,264,280 Collateralized loan obligations (CLOs), 109,114 
Collateralized mortgage obligations (CMOs), 109, 114,158 Commercial banking industry, 131, 137, 145, 204, 214, 256 
Commercial mortgages, 178 Commercial Paper Funding Facility LLC (CPFF), 181 
Commercial property lending (CMBs), 109,114 
Commercial real estate loans, 224 Commodities market, 94, 106, 180 Commodity Futures Modernization Act (CFMA), 131, 137-141, 15
5
5-156, 235, 237, 244, 279 
Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC), 131, 140, 237 Communications Act of 1934, 150 Community Reinvestment Act (CRA), 251,253 -257, 257,261 
Compensation systems, 142,196 Competition, benefits of, 10, 22-23 Complexity, 162 
Computer industry, 10, 23 
Computer software, mortgage application evaluation, 124 
Confessional season, 83 Congress: 
bipartisanship, 260 blame/responsibility of, 22, 232, 235, 244-245 
Glass-Steagall Act, repeal of, 213, 237, 244 
National Monetary Commission, 19 Public-Private Investment Program (PPIP) and, 224-225 
Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP), 24,175-176,178 
Conservatorships, 49, 180, 203, 259 Construction industry, 26 Consumer habits, 102, 197, 210 Consumer price index (CPI), 151-153 Consumer spending, 99 
Continental Illinois Bank, 11, 212, 218 Convertible preferred bonds, 275 Corporate governance, 198-199 Corporate welfare, 35, 37 
Correlation vs. causation error, 207 Corrigan, Gerry, 55 
Corruption, 247 
Cost of living adjustment (COLA), 152 Counterfeiting, 17 
Counterparties, 192, 205, 210, 227, 275, 279-280 
Counterparty risk, 168 
Countrywide Financial, 146, 196, 200, 219, 239, 259, 274 
Covel, Michael, 289 
Cox, Christopher, 241-242 Creative destruction, 10, 47-48, 177 Credit crunch, 6, 19, 26, 156, 180, 219, 241 
Index 
319 
Credit default swaps (CDSs), 109, 115, 131, 135,137-138,141-142,156, 166-167,177,192,205-206,237, 264,279-280 
Credit lines, 27, 55, 95, 208, 218 Credit market: 
attempted rescue in 2007, 12 boom-and-bust cycle, 65, 101-103 collapse of, 28, 112-113 
creation of (2003-2007), 114-115 credit bubble, 66, 87, 90, 128-129, 258 
credit cards, 212 
crisis in, 14, 48, 61, 65, 74, 87, 135, 154, 164,181-183,236,264,288 
 frozen, 203, 215 unregulated credit, 32 Creditors, unsecured, 275 Credit rating, 111, 113, 119-120, 204 Credit rating agencies, 158.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

                                                                                                138, 213, 235,237 
Home Mortgage Disclosure Act o£ 1975, 254 
Home Owner's Act of 1933 (HOLA), 27,29 
National Banking Act, 17 National Currency Act, 17 National Industrial Recovery Act 
(NIRA), 29-30 New Deal, 24-26 Patriot Act, 244 Rail Passenger Service Act, 37 
Regional Rail Reorganization Act of 1973,37 
Sarbanes-Oxley, 151 Securities Exchange Act, 31 Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, 150 
Social Security Act, 31 
TARP, 
see 
Troubled Assets Relief Program (TARP) 
Tax Relief Act of 2001, 91 Telecommunications Reform Act of 1996, 150 
Wagner Act, 31 Lehman Brothers: acquisition by Barclays, 219 
failure of, 132, 136-137, 141, 144-145, 154-155,177-178,190,192-193, 200,204,206-208,211,225,232, 239,252-253,255 
Lending standards, 120-121, 131, 145, 147, 207, 243, 252, 268 
'Lend to securitize,' 120-121, 132, 145, 207,244 
Lenzner, Robert, 291 
Leverage, 71, 73, 98, 162, 197, 209, 224, 232,248,252-253,288 
Leveraged buyouts, 69, 189 Levitt, Arthur, 138 
Lewis, Kenneth, 200, 219 
Liability, 4, 6, 136, 156-151, 205, 244 Liar loan, 125-126 
 Liddy, Edward, 200 Life insurance, 278-279 Lincoln, Abraham, 22 Lines of credit.
	Bailout Nation: How Greed and Easy Money Corrupted Wall Street and Shook the World Economy

Indeed, at one time or another he has tried to buy every national news company in the country- 
48   
MICHAEL WOLFF 
 and been rebuffed.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

The paper was able to grab a national audience of business readers because local papers had such weak 
The Man Who Owns the News 1 
171 
 business coverage.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

As early as 1977, after the acquisition of the Post and 
New York, 
 he had the Squadron, Ellenoff lawyers research just what it would take for a foreign national to buy stations in the United States.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                              The Man Who Owns the News 
120
5 
Murdoch's only real deviation in Australia from the single-copy tabloid strategy is the 
Australian, 
the first national newspaper in Australia, a quality broadsheet that he launched in 1964-the only newspaper he'll ever create, as well as the proof positive of his jour
nalistic bona fides that he'll cite over and over again in the battle for the 
 Journal.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                The size of this dream is dis
concertingly huge-to be able to create a national tabloid with the success and impact of the 
Sun 
 on a U.S. scale would be massive.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                  The 
National Enquirer
MOM BOILED HER BABY AND ATE HERI-which sells four million copies a week and is published by the Pope family, with its 
The Mom Who Owns the News 
1207 
 supposed organized-crime connections (Mafia boss Frank Costello is rumored to have put up the money for it), is the height of the form.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                   The Mai Who Owes the News 
12 
1
5
 
Judith Regan, however, is a working-class Irish-Italian from Long Island, who acquired poise at Vassar and then, in some down
wardly mobile twist, went to work for the 
 National Enquirer.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                       Indeed, 
Rolling Stone 
founder and editor Jann Wenner meets Murdoch in 1974 and compliments him on the newly launched 
National Star, 
telling him he's especially impressed by the 
Star's 
 political column and is curious about its writer.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                             The Mai Who Owos the News 1 
343 
The Times' strategy-a doomsday scenario, foreseeing a one
 newspaper nation, a last-man-standing paper-has been to make the paper national.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

It's not only that full color is going to be difficult, but the entire structure of the print process at the 
Journal is 
obtuse and antiquated-designed, in fact, for a busi
 ness newspaper rather than for Murdoch's dream of a national beat-the-Times paper.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

Murdoch might be talking about a national paper covering politics and foreign news, but his editor, Robert Thomson, was hurrying to assure the 
Journals 
readers and advertisers that it would remain a business paper, that there would be no dilution of 
39
2
 
I 
MICHAEL WOLFF 
 its focus.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                            INDEX 



ABC, 21, 22,308 
J Court, Holmes, 179 Addey,John, 128 Advance publishers, 203 Ailes, Roger, 38, 41, 42, 45, 218, 246, 28284, 314,345-48,349,364,393,398 
Al Fayed, Mohamed, 122 
Allan, Col, 5, 8, 51, 101-2, 199, 212-13, 224, 245, 246, 391 
Allen and Company, 28,111, 147, 151, 153, 166 
Alter, Jonathan, 7-8 Altman, Roger, 165 ,4merican Idol (TV show), 113,138 Angelo, Jesse, 245 
Ansett Airline, 142, 34,0 AOL Time Warner, 330 Apple, 315 Ashmead-Bartlett, Ellis, 65 Associated Newspapers, 67, 132, 176 Atlantic Richfield, 176 
Auletta, Ken, 77 
Australia: Channel 10 TV, 185; Cmden Farm, 57-58, 59-60; 'The Dismissal,' 
 266-68; as egalitarian, 68; first tabloid, 67; Gallipoli, 62-63, 65-66,197; Lachlan Murdoch in, 50, 100-102, 352, 364, 365-66; Murdoch airline, 142, 340; Murdoch family in, 21, 57-77, 264, 356-57,360,362,363,365-66; Murdoch's fame in, 15; Murdoch's television station, 21; national newspaper launched, 205, 219; News Corp.
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1-2, 3, 6-7, 8-9, 23-30, 46-53, 53-57, 76-81,85-85,109-19,137-45,161, 165-68,194-95,197-98,214,221-24, 226-30,251-54,284,288-91,348 -49, 377-88, 391-93; restrictions on media ownership, 181, 185, 189, 280; tabloids and Murdoch style media, 151, 202-20; testimony before Senate committee, 340; trade magazines purchased, 183, 184 
IN AUSTRALIA: 
at Adelaide News, 72-73; as bank customer, 75, 147; business model, 204; Cruden Farm, 57-58, 560, 326; early newspaper fights, acquisitions, and mergers, 73-77, 183; Fairfax family and, 62, 73-75, 204; fame, 15; family 
44
2
 
I 
INDEX 
Rupert Murdoch (continued) background, 57-77; first newspaper, 1; Gough Whitlam election and, 266-68; Herald and Weekly Times purchased, 191, 339; national newspaper launched, 205,219; percent of media controlled in, 191, 244; sale of father's legacy, 70-71, 101, 204; television station, 21, 176, 185, 264-65 
IN BRITAIN: 
arrival with family (1968), 
1
5
5--16, 95-96; biggest editorial debacle, 241-42; competitors and, 234-37; as the 'Dirty Digger,' 131, 134, 136; as dominant media outlet, 244; Frost interview, 127-29, 130-31; influence of, 133-34,174, 280-81; kidnapping attempt, 16, 135-36; Lord Beaverbrook and, 71-72, 76; media acquisitions and sales in, 121-56,174-76,195, 361; memoirs o£ Christine Keeler and, 126-29; from 1968 to 1972, 120-36, 174; at Oxford, 69-70, 71, 263, 265; print unions, breaking of, 191-92, 273-74; rejection of cultural Britishness, 129-30; satellite television business, 2, 147, 193, 310, 361, 371; Sky network merger, 147, 193, 361; soccer broadcasts, 305; tabloid models, 205-6; television satellite launch, 310; Times of London, changes in, 230-34; Wapping offices, 191-92, 201, 211 
Murdoch, Sarah O'Hare (daughter-in-law), 97, 100, 101, 104, 351, 362 
Murdoch, Walter (grandson), 105 Murdoch, Wendi Deng (wife), 4, 16, 32-38, 51, 52, 59, 94, 97,101, 104, 109, 163, 219, 296,317-37,541-42,351,394-95,397; Murdoch's prostate cancer and, 331-33; opinion of Murdoch family, 106; politics of, 335, 347, 394, 398; trust-breaking desired by, 45-46, 107; wedding of, 328 Murdoch Books, 302 
Murdock, David, 179 MySpace, 256, 293, 336, 440 
Nallen, John, 116, 288, 289, 380-81 National Enquirer, 151, 206-7, 208, 215 National Star, 19,151,207-8, 267 
NBC, 22, 26, 99,161, 167, 168, 247, 255, 314 NDS company, 310 
Neil, Andrew, 220, 242, 243 Neva, Vivi, 336 Newhouse, Donald, 93-94 Newhouse, S. I., 97-94, 233 News, The (Adelaide), 1, 70, 71, 7273, 75, 183, 202, 204, 264, 362, 389, 393; Stuart campaign, 265 
 News America Digital Publishing, 103 News American (Baltimore), 178 News Corporation, 1-3, 7, 10, 308; acquisition of Fox, 297; airline acquisition, 142; Anna forced off board, 328; approves bid for Wall Street Journal, 141; as Australian company, 54; in Australian media, 191 (see also News Ltd.);
	The Man Who Owns the News: Inside the Secret World of Rupert Murdoch

True to his word, Clinton established a new White House organi- 
26 
 zation, carved out of OPD, called the National Economic Council.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

As Woodward recounts the debate, Clinton wanted to have a bold liberal agenda, but was talked out of it mainly by Bob Rubin, the for
 mer head of Goldman Sachs who had come to Washington to head the National Economic Council.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

During the Clinton years, the percentage of the national workforce employed by the federal government contracted to levels not seen since the New Deal, a remarkable achievement given the new tasks which the government had undertaken in the intervening seventy years (including Social Security, Medicare, and other programs that touched the lives of every American family).
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

Yet we initiated these reductions, not in order to tear down government, but to reaffirm its role-not just in national defense and homeland security, but in pro
 moting technology and education, providing infrastructure, and enhancing security of all kinds, including health and economic security.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            They worried about the cost in 
206 IMPOSTOR 
terms of welfare and other expenditures, and the impact on the culture as the Spanish-speaking population became so large that it no longer needed to assimilate to prosper within the U.S. Liberals were concerned as well about the pressure on jobs and wages, and both liberals and con
 servatives fretted about porous borders being a threat to national security.
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

                                           Sources: 
EU, 
IMF, PricewaterhouseCoopers, and national sources 
VAT RATES IN OECD COUNTRIES ESTABLISHING VATS AFTER 
1975 
APPENDIX V 
(RANKED BY YEAR OF INCEPTION) 
Country
Initial Rate
Year
2005 Rate
% Increase
13
Korea
10
1977
10
0
14
Mexico
10
1980
 16.2
	Impostor: How George W. Bush Bankrupted America and Betrayed the Reagan Legacy

A congressional committee to investigate subversive and un-American activities had been created in the Thirties, and was a permanent fixture of national life.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

Even in its taste for films (that most American of art forms), the radical mind affected a snobbish disdain for the national product.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

Liberation is no longer, and can be no longer, merely a national concern.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

It was a dis
 mal failure by any measure in a period in which 100,000 protesters would not have been unusual at a national demonstration.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

Steel's presentation was an academic discourse on the changing concept of the national interest since World War 11.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

Private Investigations 
 of the National Lawyers Guild, the Communist front organization my mother had worked for in the Fifties.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

But he acquired a public platform as a columnist for 
Playboy 
 and national correspondent for the Los Angeles Times, where his third wife was part of the management team.
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

                                                                                                      23 Burgum, Edwin Berry, 37 Button, Richard, 130 
Cain (graffiti artist), 208 California magazine, 343 California National Guard, 182 Callen, Michael, 338 
Callins, Preston, 419 
Cambodia, U.S. intervention in, 189-90, 195,302-4 
Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, 129,130 
campus speech codes, 428 
capital punishment, opposition to, 115 Captain Midnight (radio program), 53 Carl (Ramparts staffer), 187 Carmichael, Stokeley, 143, 148, 158, 161,227 
Carnegie, Robert, 428 Carnegie Foundation, 211, 408 Camegie Hall, 81 
Carter, AI 'Bunchy,' 225 
Carter, Jimmy, 277, 279, 305, 349, 409 Casals, Pablo, 131 
Castro, Fidel: anti-American propaganda by, 114; assassination plot against, 331; defended by American journal
ists, 149,194-95; documentaries about, 404; as hero of the New Left, 
450 
• 
Index 
 Castro, Fidel (cont.)
	Radical Son: A Journet Through Our Times

These addicts have racked up $rl,ooo,ooo,ooo,ooo in national debt, with your family's share of 
24 
GLENN BECK 
GLENN BECK'S 
COMMON SENSE   25 
 Well, let's make it personal.
	Glenn Beck's Common Sense: The Case Against an Out-of-Control Government, Inspired by Thomas Paine

                                                                                                                                     Additional Reading 
The 5000 Year Leap: A Miracle That 
Changed 
the World, by W. Cleon Skousen (National Center for Constitutional Studies) 
American Progressivism, edited by Ronald J. Pestritto and William J.Atto (Lexington) 
The Real Benjamin Franklin, by Andrew M. Allison, M. Richard Maxfield, and W Cleon Skousen (National Center for Constitu
tional Studies) 
The Forgotten Man: A New History 
of 
the Great Depression, by Amity Shlaes (HarperCollins) 
The Real George Washington, by Andrew M. Allison, Jay A. Parry, and W Cleon Skousen (National Center for Constitutional Studies) 
GLENN BECK'S 
COMMON SENSE 
Lenin, Stalin, and 
Hitler: 
The Age 
of 
Social Catastrophe, by Robert Gellately (Vintage) 
Liberal 
Fascism: The Secret History 
of 
the American Left, from Mus
solini to the Politics 
of 
Meaning, by Jonah Goldberg (Doubleday) 
New Deal or Raw Deal? How FDR's Economic 
Legacy 
Has 
Damaged 
America, by Burton Folsom, Jr. (Threshold Editions) 
The Real Thomas Jefferson, by Andrew M. Allison, K. DeLynn Cook, M. Richard Maxfield, and W. Cleon Skousen (National Center for Constitutional Studies) 
Woodrow Wilson and the Roots 
of Modern Liberalism, 
by Ronald J. Pestritto (Rowman & Littlefield) 
 lions of people, older and wiser than himself, I forbid this or that act of yours to be law.
	Glenn Beck's Common Sense: The Case Against an Out-of-Control Government, Inspired by Thomas Paine

And is that nice point in national policy, in which commerce and protection are united.
	Glenn Beck's Common Sense: The Case Against an Out-of-Control Government, Inspired by Thomas Paine

                                                   Contents 





Acknowledgments
Is
Introduction: Wilson, the Founding, and Historical Thinking
1
I Historicism and Wilson's Critique of the Social Compact
33
2 The Modern Democratic State and the New 
Political 
Science
67
3 Beyond the Separation of Powers: The New Constitutionalism
and the Growth of the American National State
99
 4 Congress as Parliament?
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Another way is to divide power further within the national government itself, so that no one set of hands can exercise the whole power of governing.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                                          One way of doing this is to divide the power of government be
tween different levels of authority-as is the case in the American system of federalism, which divides power between the states and the national govern
 ment.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                                                                                                                      According to Wilson, the problem with Bryce's 
The Ameri
can Commonwealth 
is that a reader might 'get the impression that our civil war, which was a final contest between nationalism and sectionalism, simply confirmed the Union in its old strength, whereas it in reality, of course, con
 firmed it in a new character and strength which it had not at first possessed, but which the steady advance of the national development, and of the national idea thereby begotten, had in effect at length bestowed upon it.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                           In this case, he likened the de
velopment of modern democracy to the building of a house: 
 a national scale, reflecting the unified sentiment of a vast people.'
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                         So not in spite of, 
99 
100   Chapter Three 
Beyond the Separation 
of 
powers   101 
but because of, the great conflicts of American history, America had been uni
 fied into a true national state.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                           Calhoun did not repre
sent the American spirit of national unity, instead fighting against union by re
 fusing to abandon the originalism of fragmented power and weak national government.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Marshall and Webster were uniquely American, Wilson explained, because they had to practice a form of states
manship that formulated broad national policies within the tight framework of 
106 
Chapter Three 
Beyond the Separation of Powers 
107 
 a written constitution.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                    25
 Anyone who wanted to 
108   Chapter Three 
 use the Constitution as a means of reining in national power-which is how Wilson interpreted Jackson-was an enemy to the progressive, pro-union forces.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

The idea of federalism, Wilson contended, is clear from the Constitution, but it is up to the people of each generation to determine the necessary scope of national power.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

In particular, this evolution spawns a national government that can enact policy more efficiently by eliminating 
118   Chapter Three 
Beyond the Separation of powers   119 
such mechanisms as the separation of powers that serve as obstacles to effi
 ciency.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                          That cabinet minister comes under the scrutiny of the entire Parlia
ment, which can simultaneously rely on his expertise and hold him accountable to the broad national sentiment that has been uncovered in the 
148 
Chapter Four 
Congress as Parliament?   149 
course of parliamentary debate-
60
  With regard to the attribute of expertise in financial policyrnaking, Wilson pointed out that the congressional system of budgeting is far too fragmented to create competent financial management.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Under such a system, Wilson believed that members of Congress would act with care-ever mindful that the public would be watching and would hold their party and its leaders accountable 
7° 
 In this way, a national party, which would be accountable to the public will, could coordinate both the legislative and executive powers for an efficient implementation of the public views.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                                                                                                          Wilson contrasted the president's duties as 'legal exec
utive' to his 'political powers,' advocating an emphasis on the latter as a means of using popular opinion to transcend the rigid separation-of-powers structure of the old 'Newtonian' constitutional framework'
6
  As opposed to remaining confined to the constitutionally defined powers and duties of his own branch, the president's role as popular leader means that he must, as the embodiment of the national will, coordinate and move Congress and the other parts of government.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

      Wilson's practice of executive governance, in other words, largely corre
sponded to the doctrine he had developed in his writings, that the political 
172 
arm of government needed strong leadership and that the president, as the em
bodiment of the historically conditioned will of the people, should use his po
 sition to direct a wide range of national political action.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Maryland, 
 which had read into the Constitution the power to charter a national bank.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

We have read into the Constitution of the United States the whole expansion and transformation of our national life that has followed its adoption.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

The explicitly granted powers of the Constitution are what they always were; but the powers drawn from it by implication have grown and multiplied beyond all expectation, and each generation of statesmen looks to the Supreme Court to supply the in
terpretation which will serve the needs of the day 
v1 
The role of the federal judiciary is, as Wilson conceived of it, to grow and mul
tiply the powers of the federal government to meet the demands of national de
 velopment.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

So while Wilson had cast the judiciary as the protector of liberty, liberty itself is understood broadly, just as Wilson had suggested in his interpretation of the Declaration of Independence-that is, it is understood within the context of national development.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                              If the judici
ary adopts too narrow or strict a view of the dividing line between the gov
ernment and the individual, the nation will remain mired in the narrow con
 stitutionalism of the founding and will be held back from the progress that is essential to national life.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

The president, if he is to be a true national leader, perceives the contemporary spirit (and what it requires of government) more clearly than do the people themselves.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Those who make this the scapegoat of all our national grievances have made too superficial an analysis of the abuses about which they so loudly complain 
 .7
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                                                                                                                                               While it is the case that Wilson 
221 
222   Chapter Seven 
Wilson's Science of Administration 
223 
changed his mind on the question of which institution-Congress or the presidency-was to serve as the focus of national political leadership, Wilson consistently maintained that Congress had to abandon its traditional legisla
 tive functions.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                        Instead, Wilson contended that this 
224 
young, educated, apolitical class must focus its energies on 'national admin
 istration.'
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

If the national administration can be reformed it can endure; if it cannot be, it must end.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Wilson, in fact, believed that history had brought America to a point where administration would come to the fore, and he knew that the exercise of administrative powers as he envisioned them did not derive from the Constitution's granting of power to the national government.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

     Particularly revealing is the manner in which several major grants
in-aid programs from the national government to the states were adminis
 tered.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

This conviction manifested itself in several key pieces of regulatory legislation: the Federal Reserve Act (1913), Federal Trade Commission Act (1914), Clayton Antitrust Act (1914), Shipping Act (1916), Keating-Owens Act (1916), Child Labor 
260 
Tax Act (1919), Transportation Act (1920), and Federal Water Power Act (1920)
32
 
 Much of this increased national regulatory power came at the expense of the states.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

In another example, the Smith-Hughes Act of 1917 created the Federal Board for Vocational Education, which was given broad power to establish uniform national standards for vocational education, and to enforce those standards by withholding grant funds from noncomplying states.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

As Walker and Plant summarize, the Wilson agenda initiated 'close national supervision of pro
 gram implementation at the state level ...
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

Once elected and freed of this necessity, Wilson reverted to and pursued policies that flowed quite logically from the large corpus of work on the principles of government that he had developed over the course of thirty years °' 
 In favoring an expansion of national power and in questioning the traditional, limited government constitutionalism of the founding, Wilson was by no means a conservative.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          See also 
Hegelianism of Wilson 
Hegelianism of Wilson, 14-19, 34, 36-37,41-44,55,68-70,75,82,91, 100,102,213-16,225,228-30,233, 240,263 
Heidegger, Martin, 27016 Henry, Nicholas, 251076 Henry, Patrick, 57 
The Historical School, 8, 10-14, 19, 20, 40,50,87 
historical-comparative method, 84-89 historicism, 8, 10, 13-19, 34-45, 50, 101,108,213-16,227-31,240,246 Hour, George Frisbie, 15908 
Hobbes, Thomas, 16, 47, 96052 Hofstadter, Richard, 20, 30088, 95037 Holst, Hermann von, 88, 97073, 129023 Hooker, Richard, 45, 47 
House of Representatives, 140-43, 145-46,158,167,236 
Hume, David, 4 Huxley, Thomas H., 13 
internationalism, 18, 262-66 
Jackson, Andrew, 69,107-9,114, 129024,174-76,187,191,209 Jaffa, Harry V., 2605, 186-87, 196080 James, William, 92 
Jefferson, Thomas, 1-3, 20, 30087, 43, 56-57,104-5,119,123,169, 174-75,186-88,209,218038, 
276 
237-38,253,255-57,260-61, 267n3,268n8,269nl7,270n42 Jellinek, Georg, 239, 251 n67 judiciary, 116-17, 188-91 
Kant, Immanuel, 94, 263, 270n48, 271n48 
Kesler, Charles R., 21, 26n8, 31 n89, 65nl02,97n69,l23,l32n87, 13205,160n39,173,1920, 
19300,218n27,240,242,249n48, 250n60,251n66,268n4 Kirwan,Kent A.,189,197n88,246nl, 24909,250n65,25105,252n83 
LaFollette, Robert, 258 
leadership, 16, 71, 139-41, 149-53, 156-58,168-76,179-82,200-216, 231,236-37 
League of Nations, 166-67, 266 Lee, Richard Henry, 57 
liberty, Wilson's understanding of, 17, 53-58,116,121,255-56 
Lieber, Francis, 9, 28n28, 89, 90 Lincoln, Abraham, 3,260,6509, 104, 109,123,12902,21809,218n42; Wilson's understanding 
of, 
57-58, 209-10 
Link, Arthur S.,20-22,27n15,30n85, 3105,33,37,61n2,620,62M 7, 63n43,94n8,96n59,128n6,130n36, 158nl,159nl6,165,171,185, 192n2,193n31,l93nn34-35, 19608,2170,219n47,220n65, 224,245,2470,24701, 248nnl6-17,25002,25107,253, 257,258,2680,2680, 269nn21-22,26900,27004 Locke,John, 16,26n10,27n16,45, 47-48,243,25100 
Lodge, Henry Cabot, 134 Longaker, Richard P., 193n37 
Macauley, Lord Thomas Babington, 29n44 
Index 
Machiavelli, Niccolo, 27n 16 MacWilliams, Wilson Carey, 196n82 Madison, James, 27n35, 104, 186 Maine, Sir Henry, 9, 13, 20 
Mansfield, Harvey C., Jr., 4, 26nn9-10 Marini, John, 28n33 
Marion, David E., 250n51 Marquardsen, Heinrich, 9, 28n28, 34, 62n4,239 
Marshall, John, 105-6, 191 Martin, Daniel W., 245, 248n 17, 249n41,252n81 
Martine, James E., 170 Marx, Karl, 87, 188, 196n84 Mcllwain, Charles H., 28n23 Miewald,Robert D.,229,234,248n28, 249n41,251n71 
Mill, John Stuart, 12, 29n44 Minor, John B., 63n49 modem presidency debate, 172-76 Montesquieu, Baron de, Charles-Louis de Secondat, 119, 126, 227 Morley, John, 47, 76 
Mosher, Frederick C., 251n75 Mowry, George E., 259, 267n1, 269n31 
Mulder, John M., 20, 27n]9, 30n84, 41, 63n36,63n43,97n65,130n36, 1590,192n5,250n65 
national bank, 107-8, 176 
natural rights, 3-6, 11, 17, 52, 57, 109, 256 
Neumann, Karl Frederich, 28n28 
New Freedom, 1-2,119,122-23,203, 211-12,254-59,262 
New Jersey, Wilson's governorship 
of, 
170-72,184-85,257-58 
New Nationalism, 1-2, 254-55, 258-59 Newton, Sir Isaac, 119, 168 
Nichols, David K., 174 
Nietzsche, Frederich, 27n16, 31n89 Nisbet, Robert, 10, 14, 28n31, 29n53, 63n48 
Nugent,James Richard, 185,196n77 
 oratory.
	Woodrow Wilson and the Roots of Modern Liberalism

million in fees from a New Mexico state financial agency after donating more than $100,000 to Richard
 son's efforts to register Hispanic and American Indian voters and to pay for expenses at the 2004 Democratic National Convention, the news service reported.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

      32 
The Wall 
Street 
 journal noted in the fall of 2008 that Cohen 'helped mold the financial system that is now under assault,' 'helped draft the rules that led to the emergence of powerful national banks, waged the first hostile bank takeover in the U.S.,' 'lobbied ...
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Freeman had served for four years on the board of the China National Offshore Oil Corp, a company owned by the Chinese communist government.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The celebrity-filled cocktail nights and conga lines are a means to end, she explained to National Public Radio: 
46 
Fittingly, Ms. Rogers's personal motto is 
laissez les bon temps rouler: 
 Let the good times roll.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

Cari raised money for the Democratic Party for decades, serving as a key fundraiser for former president Bill Clinton, former vice president AI Gore, the Democratic Senatorial and Congressional Campaign Committees, the Democratic National Committee, and scores of individual candidates.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

But in his first tours of duty as a government lawyer, Holder repeatedly put politics above the national interest.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

According to the National Right to Work Foundation, which successfully represented Canney, SEIU Local 49 union officials 
iI 
I
II
 
i~
 
Il
ll
~
,
if
 
I 
224   CULTURE OF CORRUPTION 

allegedly tricked Canney and his coworkers into signing 'infor
mation flyers' that were later counted as votes favoring union
 ization.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

The National Labor Relations Board intervened, ordering the local to abandon its fraudulent methods.'
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

In June 2008, ACORN national board members Karen Inman and Marcel Reid were appointed to a special committee assigned to investigate the Rathke debacle.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

    'In largest single-day filing ever in California healthcare, care
givers flock to new union and show SEIU the door,' National Union of 
 Healthcare workers, February 2, 2009; available online at: 
http://www.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                                   INDEX 
A 
A Kind and Just Parent: The Chil
dren of Juvenile Court, 70-71 Abbott, Greg, 268 
ABC News, 3, 4, 27, 28, 32, 41, 44, 49, 84, 147 
Abramoff, Jack, 12 Acar, Yusuf, 159 Accredo Health Group Inc., 153 Adams, Angela, 56-7 
Adams, Dontae, 56-7 Albright, Madeline, 146 
Albuquerque journal, 
21 Allen, Paul, 113 Allstate Financial, 46 Alston & Bird, 29 Altman, Roger, 181 America's Clean Water Foundation, 33-5 
American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP), 57 
American International Group, Inc. (AIG), 6, 7, 33, 167, 179-81, 246, 285-6 
American Lawyer, 
the, 88, 89, 118, 119 
American Rights at Work, Amtrak, 74, 98-100, 134 Anderson, Richard, 108 Andrews, Helena, 42 Appelbaum, Binyamin, 51 Aramark, 220 
Area Foundation, 238-9 
B 
Bachmann, Michele, 249 Ballotpedia, 244 
Baltimore 
City Paper, 230 Bansal, Sushil, 159 
Barr Laboratories, 264-5 Barras,Jonetta Rose, 159-60 Bauder, Donald, 22-3 
Bear Steams, 6, 31, 179, 284 Beverly, Louis, 227-8, 230 Biden, Hunter, 11, 77, 80-82, 84-85, 88-89,90-93,99 
Biden, Joseph ('Joe'), 5, 10, 11, 18, 49, 73-101, 134, 177, 198, 200, 271 
Bingaman, Jesse Francis ('Jeff'), 158 
Blackwell Consulting Services, 59, 61-62 
Blackwell, Robert, Sr., 59-62 
369 
Ariel Capital Management, 47 ASK Public Strategies, 56, 72 Association of Community Organiz
ers for Reform Now (ACORN), 12, 227-50,292 
Atkinson, Caroline, 6, 31 
Atlantic Development Group, 150 Austin, Aaron, 21 
Axelrod, David, 7, 55-7, 72 Ayers, Bemardine Dohm, 71 Ayers, William, 69-71, 232 Aziz, King Abdullah bin Abudul, 38 
370 
Index 
Blagojevich, Rodney ('Rod'), 54, 60,96,98,122,135-136,188, 202-9, 223, 278 
Blair, Dennis, 38 Blumenthal, Paul, 192 Boricua College, 150 
Boston 
Globe, 51, 52, 277, 280 Boston Scientific Corporation and Cerner Corporation, 153 Boxer, Barbara, 268, 272 
Brand, Stanley, 264 Brooks, David, 1-3, 5 Brosens, Frank, 6, 32 Brown, Gordon, 291 Browner, Carol, 9, 11, 142-7 Bryant, James, 218 
BTM Development Partners, 150 Bunning, James, 279 
Burger, Anna, 196, 200, 202, 216, 224 
Bush, George H. W., 17 
Bush, George W., 4, 12, 17, 33, 99, 104, 106, 133, 134, 138, 142, 144, 156, 162, 169, 175, 179, 184, 189, 190, 193, 197, 198, 232, 249, 266, 279,281,285 
Byrd, Robert, 141-2 
C 
Cain, Daniel W., 203 Caldera, Louis, 184 Camelot, 42, 45 Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, 11 Canney, Ryan, 223-4 
Cannon, Jonathan, 6,33-5 Cari, Joseph, 96-8 Carlson, Stephen, 43 
Carney, Timothy P., 188, 192-3, 285,292 
Carrion, Adolfo, 9-10, 12, 147-52, 286 
Carter, James ('Jimmy'), 17, 189 Carter, William ('Billy'), 7 Cato Institute, the, 8 
Carron, David, 60-61, 203 Cawley, Charles, 78 
CCMP Capital, 153 Celis, Mauricio, 267-8 Cellini, William, Sr., 135-6 Centex S.A., 173 
Center for Responsive Politics, the, 83, 89, 168, 284, 286, 292 Cerner Corporation, 153, 155 Chagoury Gilbert, 258-9 
Chair, Jonathan, 36 Chevron, 146 
Chicago Business, 
68 
Chicago Daily Law Bulletin, 
88 
Chicago Magazine, 
49 
Chicago Reporter, 
49 
Chicago Sun-Times, 
97, 122, 187 
Chicago Tribune, 
47, 49, 54, 57, 62, 135, 154, 186, 189 
China National Offshore Oil Corp, 36 
Chinagate, 108-9, 253 
Chiquita Brands International, 119
20 
Cbooch, 
157-8 
Chronicle of Philanthropy, 
257 Cincinnatus, 2 
Citadel Investment Group, 168 Citigroup, 168, 171, 179, 182-3, 185, 189, 282, 284, 285 
Citizens Consulting, Inc., 235, 243 Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington (CREW), 152,192 Citizens Union, 152 
Claremont McKenna College, 103 Clay, William, 48 
Clinton administration, the, 2, 30, 49, 80, 104, 108, 109, 118, 119, 124, 143, 144, 146, 148, 153, 170, 173, 174, 181, 183, 186, 188, 250, 261,288 
Clinton Foundation, the, 257-66 Clinton Global Initiative, 257, 264-5 Clinton, William Jefferson III 
('Bill'), 17, 20, 21, 81, 96,104, 108, 124, 163, 173, 188, 189, 222, 250-275,287,288 
Clinton, Chelsea, 64, 254 
Index 
371 
Clinton, Hillary, 7, 18, 20, 45, 64, 67,148,163,197,249-275,277, 285,287 
CNN, 17, 27, 28 Cochran,John, 78-9 Cohen, H. Rodgin, 6, 31-2 Cohn,Jonathan, 156 Commission for a Sustainable World Society, 143 
Commodity Futures Trading Com
mission, 174,190 Commonwealth Edison, 8, 72 Communities Voting Together (CVT), 238, 239,242 
Congel, Robert, 265-6 
Congressional Quarterly, 
185 Consolidated Securities Entities pro
gram, 31 
Consumers Organized for Reliable Electricity (CORE), 72 
Consumers Rights League, 238, 242 Conyers, John, 247 Coren,Jonathan, 149-50 
Corn, David, 123 Corr, William, 11 Council on Foreign Relations, 175 Countrywide Financial, 163-5, 278
83,285,287 
Covington & Burling, 10, 118-22 Craig, Greg, 207-8 
 Crow, Sheryl, 254 C-SPAN, 181 Cucullu, Lt. Col.
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

                                                                                                                                                                       Gordon, 121 
D 
D.E. Shaw, 170-1,174-5, Dadey, Dick, 152 
Daley, Richard J., 43, 48, 50, 53, 72, 133, 135, 188, 210 
Daschle, Thomas, 6, 10, 16-17, 24
30, 39, 127, 153, 192 
Davis, Wright & Tremaine, 110 DaVita Corporation, 153 DeMin, James, 252 
Democratic National Convention, the, 24, 210, 220 
DeParle, Jason, 153, 156 
DeParle, Nancy-Ann Min, 9, 153-6 Despres, Leon, 43 
Dodd, Christopher, 274-89 Dodd, Jackie Clegg, 281, 286 Donahue, Paul, 222 Donilon, Thomas, 185 Donovan,Shaun, 148 Douglass, Linda, 98 Downey, Thomas, 146-7 Dubai Ports World, 146 
Durbin, Richard ('Dick'), 58, 62 
E 
Ebony, 
49 Educap,29 Edwards, Donna, 238-40 Eisenhower, Dwight D., 134, 176 Emanuel, Rahm, 5, 49, 87, 133, 182, 186-9,210 
Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act (EMTALA), 57 Employee Free Choice Act (EFCA), 131,197,224 
Ericcson, Edward, Jr., 230-1 Escobar, Pablo, 242 
F 
Falkoff, Marc, 120-1 
Fannie Mae, 32, 163-5, 184, 185, 187, 282, 283 
Farrakhan, Louis, 70 
Federal Election Commission (FEC), 85, 131, 132, 162, 197, 199, 237, 238,240 
Feinberg, Robert, 281 
Financial Times, 
the, 172 Fitton, Thomas, 288 Fitzgerald, Patrick J., 136 
Foreign Policy, 
18 
FOX News, 27-8,44 Franken, AI, 177, 272 Freddie Mac, 32,186-7, 282-3 Freedom of Information Act, 109, 117,145 
Freeman, Charles, 6, 35-9 
372 

Freeman, Tyrone, 210-16, 223 Fried, Bernard, 94 
Froman, Michael, 183 Froomkin, Daniel, 175 Frye, Jocelyn, 11 Furman, Jason, 183 
G 
Gaffen, David, 182 Gaffney, Frank, 39 Gardner, Stephen, 22 Gaspard, Patrick, 11, 199 Geithner, Timothy, 5, 6, 11, 16, 17, 25,30-2,167,175-82,183,190, 192 
General Electric Co., 146 Gensler, Gary, 190 
George Washington University, 254 Georgetown Day School, 2 
Gerry, Alan, 266 Gibbons, Richard, 155 Gibbs, Robert, 27, 30, 151, 154, 177 
Glamour, 44 Goldberg, Whoopi, 41 Goldman Sachs, 2, 11, 32, 168, 169, 171-3, 179, 185, 188, 190-3 Gongadze, Georgy, 260 
Good Morning America, 4, 44 Goolsbee, Austan, 185 
Gore, Albert, Jr., 96, 108, 143 Gortari, Carlos Salinas de, 172 Grajeda, Annelle, 215-16 Grassley, Charles, 57-9 
Greatest Transition in World History, the, 1, 4, 6 
Greenspan, Alan, 174 Gregg, Judd, 7, 17 Griffin, Kenneth C., 168 Grove Parc Plaza, 51-2 Grupo Televisa, 172 Guantanamo Bay detention facility, 120-1 
Gubert, Alan, 35 
Guidant Corporation, 153 Gupta, Sanjay, 17 
Index 
H 
Habitat Company, the, 51 Hall, Gregory, 245 Hanks, Donna, 227-30 Harmony Palace restaurant, 109 Harnden, Toby, 29 
Harper, James, 8 Harper's magazine, 258 Harris, John, 203-6 
Hartford 
Courant, 286, 287 Harvard, 2, 42, 43, 46, 48, 53, 54, 
148,170-1,280 Hatch, Orrin, 175 Hayes, David, 11 Heidelbaugh, Heather, 245, 247 Hempton, John, 95 
Herbert, Lucas, 152 Hill, Christopher, 18 Hill, 
The, 
156 Hindery, Leo Jr., 26 Hobbs, Byron, 219 Holbrooke, Richard, 163, 279, 287 Holder, Eric, 5, 8, 10, 118-26, 152 Home Depot, 74, 88 
 HotAir.com,
	Culture of Corruption: Obama and His Team of Tax Cheats, Crooks, and Cronies

ISBN-13: 978-1-58648-335-7 ISBN-10: 1-58648-335-8 
First Edition 
10987654321 
 The author is donating all royalties from sales of this book to The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse (CASA) at Columbia University.
	High Society

                                                                                                                            In the appalling po
litical jargon that has framed prior efforts, it's time to stop waging this 'war' with cap pistols and to mobilize all our people and modem sci
 ence behind a national effort capable of defeating this enemy.
	High Society

The DHHS National Household Drug Sur
 vey, the nation's most extensive assessment of drug usage, reports that, from 1979 to 1993, marijuana users dropped by half, and from 1985 to 1992, cocaine users fell from 5.7
	High Society

                                                                                                       192 
SOURCE NOTES 
SOURCE NOTES   
193 
The text and source notes use the following abbreviations: 
AMA   American Medical Association 
BJS   Bureau of Justice Statistics 
CAMY   Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth 
CASA   National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University 
CDC   Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 
DASIS   Drug and Alcohol Services Information System 
DAWN   Drug Abuse Warning Network 
DHHS   U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 
NIAAA   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism 
NHSDA   National Household Survey on Drug Abuse 
NIDA   National Institute on Drug Abuse 
NIH   National Institutes of Health 
NSDUH   National Survey of Drug Use and Health 
OAS   Office of Applied Studies, SAMHSA SAMHSA   Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration 
Treatment Episode Data Set 
Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System 

TEDS YRBS 
PROLOGUE 
 1.
	High Society

                                                                                    OAS, SAMHSA, National Household Survey on Drug Abuse: Main find
ings 1992, DHHS Publication No. SMA 94-3012 (Rockville, MD: DHHS, Public Health Service, 1995); OAS, SAMHSA, Results from the 2004 National Survey 
of 
Drug Use and Health: OAS, SAMHSA, Results from the 2005 National 
IIIIIII~ III
194 SOURCE NOTES
II
I
I
,:
Survey 
of 
 Drug Use and Health: National findings, DHHS Pub.
	High Society

OAS, Results from the 2005 National Survey.
	High Society

National Institutes of Health, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Fact 
book 
 fiscal year 2003, retrieved January 29, 2007, 
http://
	High Society

and The National Center on Ad
 diction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University.
	High Society

Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion.
	High Society

CASA, So help me God: Substance abuse, religion and spirituality (New York: Author, 2001), 1; CASA, National survey of American attitudes on substance abuse Ix: Teen dating practices and sexual activity (New York: Author, 2004), 23; 
 2.40
	High Society

                                            SOURCE NOTES 
CASA, National survey 
of 
American attitudes on substance abuse 7C: Teens and Par
ents (New York: Author, 2005), 26; CASA, National survey 
of 
 American attitudes on substance abuse ?CI: Teens and parents (New York: Author, 2006), 23.
	High Society

                                                                                                                                                The, 54 
Oceans Eleven, Twelve, and Thirteen (movies), 87 
O'Connor, Michael, 85 
Ohio, Master Settlement Agreement and, 158 
ONDCR See White House Office of National Drug Control 
Policy 
258 
INDEX 
INDEX 
259 
One 
Flew 
over the Cuckoo's Nest (Kesey), 21 
On Liberty (Mill), 132 
Opiates, use of, in nineteenth century America, 19 
Opioids, 5, 30, 120 
Opium addiction, cocaine used as treatment for, 20 
Opium trade, in Afghanistan, 172 Opportunity for Success demonstration (CASA),100 
Organized crime, 129 Prohibition and, 18 Osborne, Jack, 6 Osborne, Kelly, 6 Osborne, Ozzy, 6 Osteoporosis, women, smoking and, 138 
Outdoor advertising, alcohol manufacturers and, 56 OxyContin, 5, 27, 29, 30, 74 abuse of, on college campuses, 51 availability of, via the Internet, 40 
Pacheco, Manuel,49,182,183 
 PACs.
	High Society

                                                                                            See also Thinness ideal Weill, Sandy, 72 
Welfare, substance abuse and, 7, 111-113 
WellPoint (California), 72 Wells, Frank, 182 Wentzel, Ashley, 47 
West, Steve, 44 
Westin Hotel chain, smoke-free policy and, 154 
Wetherington, Gerald, 93 'Where's the Weed At?' (Kottonmouth King), 52 White, Aaron, 59, 60 
White Heat (movie), 87 
White House Office of National Drug Control Policy, 69, 124 Whites, in prisons, 86 
Wiener, Michael, 185 Will and Grace, 54 Williams, Robin, 1 Wilson, Erica, 39 
Wine, excise taxes on, 147 Wine coolers, 39, 57 Wine Institute, 145 Wisconsin, Master Settlement 
Agreement and, 157 Without a Trace, 54 
Woman's Christian Temperance Union, 17 
Woman's Day magazine, cigarette advertising in, 14 Woman suffrage, temperance movement and, 17 Women 
alcohol metabolization in men vs., 140 benzodiazepines prescribed for, 21 binge drinking by, 7 
cigarette advertising to, during Roaring Twenties, 11-12 college-age, alcohol consumption among, 50 
drug and alcohol abuse, welfare and, 7 
effects from smoking on, 137-138 
effects from drinking on, 139-140 
effects from prescription drug abuse on, 140-141 
mood-altering pills prescribed for, 3 in prisons, 86 
smoking-related lung cancer rate among, 14 
substance abuse, unisex legacy and, 135-142 
in temperance movement, 16-17 on welfare, substance abuse and, 111-113,117 
Women's magazines, cigarette advertising in, 14 Wood, Alexander, 135 
World Health Organization, 123, 171 Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, 170 
World Series, 57 World War I Eighteenth Amendment to Constitution adopted during, 17 fashionableness of cigarette smoking during, 11 
World War 11 
amphetamines used during, 21 introduction of mind-altering drugs in wake of, 21 
smoking and GI toughness during, 12 
Wright, Jim, 146 Wyeth Laboratories, 21 
Xanax,27,29 
XS Taquilla Sunrise, 58 
Yankee Stadium, 56 40 Year Old Virgin, 53 YMCA, 11 
'Zero tolerance' policies, 44 Zippers, 58, 159 
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 


J
 oseph A. Califano, Jr., was born on May 15, 1931, in Brooklyn, New York, where he grew up.
	High Society

                                                                                                                                                                                                                  From 1977 to 1979, Mr. Califano was U.S. Secretary of Health, Edu
cation, and Welfare and became the first voice to alert the nation to the explosion of health care costs and teenage pregnancy, mounted the first national antismoking campaign, began the computer policing of Medicare and Medicaid to eliminate fraud and abuse, and issued the 
270   
ABOUT THE AUTHOR 
first Surgeon General's Report on Health Promotion and Disease Pre
vention, 
Healthy People, 
 to set health goals for the nation.
	High Society

It is a national im
 perative.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

But if you stayed until the end, it would ask you for your 'sign-in number,' with more digits than the U.S. national debt.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

UPS was in the midst of losing a major national strike, and so I took the opportunity to jump all over this guy for the company's failure to communicate.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

There were real clips of Hillary Clinton singing the national anthem completely off-key and Joe Biden making a derogatory remark about Indians working at convenience stores.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

To be fair, this generation of retirees is better informed 
216 
WHAT AMERICANS REALLY WANT_REALLY 
HOPE 1 DIE BEFORE I GET OLD   
21) 
 about national and international events than their children, and they are more likely to consume more news-even if it is of the old-fashioned paper kind-than their grandchildren.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

                                                                                                  
TOTAL
TOTAL
45%
Liberty
47%
Freedom to Own a Gun
29%
Freedom from Having to Incriminate Yourself
33%
Opportunity
25%
Freedom of the Press
30%
Justice
19%
Freedom from Cruel and Unusual Punishment
17%
Freedom to Peaceably Assemble
28%
Democracy
17%
Freedom to Petition the Government
2
4%
Equality
17%
Freedom to Have a Quick and Speedy Trial by a Jury of Your Peers
14%
Freedom from Unreasonable Search and Seizure
16°%
Pursuit of Happiness
n%
Freedom of Religion
15%
Fairness
1
°
%
Freedom of Speech
9%
Privacy
RELIGION/VALUES
TOTAL 
66°%   Freedom of Speech 
40°%   Freedom of Religion 
20%   Freedom to Own a Gun 
18°%   Freedom from Unreasonable Search and Seizure 
16%   Freedom to Petition the Government 
12%   Freedom of the Press 
12%   Freedom from Cruel and Unusual Punishment 
9%   Freedom to Peaceably Assemble 
5%   Freedom to Have a Quick and Speedy Trial by a Jury of Your Peers 
z%   Freedom from Having to Incriminate Yourself 
TOTAL 
52%   The Bill of Rights 
48%   The Ten Commandments 
TOTAL 
65% Morals 35% Values 
TOTAL 
64% Greed 8% Gluttony 7% Envy 7% Sloth 6% Vanity 5% Rage 4% Lust 
284 
BOSS 
TOTAL 
91°%   The Opportunity to Succeed 
9%   Protection from Failure 
TOTAL 
84%   A Lot Less Money at a job You Love 
16%   A Lot More Money at a job You Hate 
TOTAL 
18%   Less Than a Year 
12%   1 Year 
14%   2 Years 
16%   3 or 4 Years 
15%   5 to 9 Years 
26%   ro Years or More 
TOTAL
9%
$50,000
27%
$75,000
20%
$100,000
1o%
$125,000
15%
$150,000
7%
$200,000
8%
$250,000
3°%
$500,000
APPENDIX 
APPENDIX 
TOTAL 23
0
%
 19% 
2
3% 14% 9% 4°% 9% 
I Have No Savings A 
Month or Less Two-Three Months Six-Nine Months 
A Year 
Two Years 
More Than Two Years 
285 
TOTAL 
43%   Spend Time with Your Family 
32%   Day Trip Somewhere 
25%   Spend Time with Friends 
15%   Reading Books/Magazine 
15%   Clean up the Home 
13%   Catch up on a Hobby 
12%   Do Nothing at All 
10%   Use the Computer 
1o°%   Take a Long Nap 8% Exercise 
6%   Go Shopping 
6%   Go Play Sports 
5°%   Watch Television 
286 
PERSONAL PERCEPTIONS AND BEHAVIOR 
TOTAL 
24% 66% 9% 2% 
TOTAL 
IO% 
51% 35
°
% 4% 
TOTAL 
43%   A Little More Money 
30%   Fewer Day-to-Day Hassles 
17%   A Little More Free Time 
io%   More Choices of the Things You Want 
TOTAL 
46% Rich 
27%   Physically Strong 18% Powerful G% Sexy 
4% Famous 
A Lot More Intelligent A Little More Intelligent A Little Less Intelligent A Lot Less Intelligent 
A Lot More Attractive A Little More Attractive A Little Less Attractive A Lot Less Attractive 
APPENDIX 
APPENDIX 
287 
TOTAL 
79%   Being Put on Hold by a Customer Service Representative 
31%   Waiting to Go Through Security at the Airport 
29%   Waiting at the Supermarket Checkout Line 
29%   Waiting at a Department Store to Pay for Your Items 
25%   Waiting to Make a Left Turn at a Busy Intersection 
5%   Waiting to Check in at a Hotel 
THE FUTURE 
TOTAL 43% 37% 34% 22% 
The Opportunity to Succeed The Good Life 
The Pursuit of Happiness The American Dream 17%   A Fair Shake 
13%   To Be Left Alone 
9%   A Fresh Start 
9%   Everything I Can Get 
8%   A Fighting Chance 
8%   A New Beginning 
288 
TOTAL 
31%   Restoring National Economic Stability 
31%   
Restoring Values and Morality to Society 
29%   Preventing Terrorism 
29%   Improving Schools and Education 
26%   
Ending American Dependence on Foreign Oil 
22%   
Restoring Political Accountability 
22%   
Curing Cancer 
22%   
Lowering the Tax Burden on Working Americans 
13%   
Ending World Poverty 
13%   
Closing the Widening Gap Between Rich and Poor 
12%   
Global Warming 
12%   
Restoring Personal Financial Security 
ro%   Strengthening Social Security and Medicare 
8%   Ending Race and Gender Inequality 
7%   
Restoring Respect for America Around the World 
5%   Ending Racial Inequality 
5%   Fighting Crime and Illegal Drug Use 
3%   
Rebuilding Our Roads, Bridges, and Highways 
f a 
,
number of signifcan 
 :he United States today.
	What Americans Really Want...Really: The Truth About Our Hopes, Dreams, and Fears

Notions o£ human rights, both national and international, are addressed as well as issues concerning environ
 mental and indigenous justice.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

Miller (2001, 246) defines globalization as 'the process by which national political boundaries are eroded in such a way that people's life chances everywhere increasingly depend on the workings of a global market over which states have little control.'
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

Others (Hardt and Negri 2000, 2004) indicate that globalization is two-faced: on the one hand, new hierarchies, divisions, and mechanisms of control are being produced; on the other, new opportunities for cross national contacts, discussions, and sharing o£ diverse peoples have developed, thus 
80 
 potentially producing both an appreciation of difference and a new sense of a global community.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

Sexism exists around the planet and has no essentially national character.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

                                                                          INDEX 
Abelove, Henry, 154 
aboriginal, 109, and dreamtime, 113,117 Abu El-Haj, Thea, 77 
Acorn, Annalist, 63, 65 ACT UP, 170 
actuarial justice, 53-54, 211 Adeola, E C., 96 
African National Congress, 180-181 Agozino, Biko, 122 
Agyeman, Julian, 93, 95, 96, 107 Abroad, Egbal,188 
Aiyer, Ananthakrishman, 85, 88, 89, 90 Al Qaeda, 79 
Albany model, ix Alper, Donald, 175 alternative dispute resolution (ADR), 62-63 
 alternative dispute settlements, 105 Annas, Catherine, 117 antifoundationalists, 132.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

See also Poland Sophocles, vi 
 South Africa and justice movements, 179-184;African National Congress, 180; apartheid, 179-181; colonization, 179; resistance, 180-182; truth and reconciliation commission, 182-183 sovereign, 15, 109; definition of, 110-111.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          R., 15,177 
Zapatistas, 79,19(-198; Chiapas, 196; and defining liberty and democracy, 197; and focus on civil society, 197; horizontal form of revolution, 197; use of Internet, 197;justice as a mirror, 197; leadership philosophy, 219; network struggles, 197; Subcomandant Marcos, 198; Zapatista National Liberation Army (EZLN), 197 Zartman, William, 90 
Zehr, Howard, 55 Zinger, Ivan,53 Zinn, Howard, 162, 164, 165, 168 Zirin, Dave, 164 
ABOUT THE AUTHORS 

LORETTA CAPEHEART's 
 activism focuses on the antiwar movement, union and workers' rights, including immigrants' rights, and the International Socialist Organization.
	Social Justice: Theories, Issues, and Movements

                   -LAURENCE GONZALEZ 
13 

The Survivor Profiler 

DISCOVERING YOUR SURVIVOR PERSONALITY 


 Drive two hours north of Spokane, Washington, and you'll end up in the vast wilderness of the Kaniksu National Forest, not too far from the Canadian border.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

                              
APPENDIX B 
/ The Arithmetic of Dying to Soon 
 This section is based on information from the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control and its 2005 report on Years of Potential Life Lost in the United States.
	The Survivors Club: The Secrets and Science that Could Save Your Life

As economic principles would suggest, the loss of labor relative to land and capital, led not only to an absolute increase of labor's rate of pay but also to a rising share of Ireland's national 
192 
 income going to labor and less going to the rent of land and to the return on capital.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

For a period of 
220 
 seven consecutive years, no white man won the National League's Most Valuable Player award.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Had other teams not followed the lead of the Dodgers in hiring black players, all these MVP stars would have become Dodgers, giving Brooklyn a virtual monopoly of National League pennants and perhaps of world championships.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The booing of the American national anthem before a soccer match against Mexico was noted on page A20 of the April 6, 2002 issue of the 
Washington Post 
 under the title 'Immigrant Invasions.'
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

The large financial costs of treating immigrants in Britains National Health Service were reported on page 20 of the May 23, 2003 issue of the 
Daily Telegraph, 
 in an article titled 'The World's Sick Are Flocking to the NHS- and We're Paying.'
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

That many Southern Europeans tended to speak local dialects, rather than the official languages of their respective countries was discussed on page 58 of 
Southern Europeans in Australia 
 by Charles A. Price, published by the Australian National University, 1979.
	Applied Economics: Thinking Beyond Stage One

Few could imagine that the entire real estate sector could experience a decline all at once, an idea that ran directly counter to the conventional wisdom that real estate was local and not characterized by national swings.
	Meltdown: A Free-Market Look at Why the Stock Market Collapsed, the Economy Tanked, and Government Bailouts Will Make Things Worse

    Other notable reforms and legislation in 1934 included the Farm 
320   
THE GREAT DEPRESSION AHEAD 
Mortgage Refinancing Act to assist farmers in refinancing their mort
gages; the Import-Export Bank to encourage foreign commerce; the Se
 curities Exchange Act to regulate securities transactions; the Corporate Bankruptcy Act to allow reorganization if two-thirds of creditors agreed; and the National Housing Act, which established the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) to insure loans for construction and renovation or repair of homes.
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

The clearest and best policy for dealing with this necessary and protracted period of high unemployment and business/debt restruc- 
328   
THE GREAT DEPRESSION AHEAD 
 turing is for governments at the national, state, and local levels to make the most critical infrastructure investments required for the future while labor is freed up.
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

The paradox here is that the emerging countries are growing the fastest and have the least efficient technologies, which are increasingly con
 tributing the most to pollution and global warming-they cannot afford the cleanest technologies and the environment is not a national priority compared with raising the basic standard of living.
	The Great Depression Ahead: How to Prosper in the Debt Crisis of 2010 - 2012

                                                                                                                                                                                                 International Socialist Organiza
tion, 58 
Iraq war, xii, 2-3, 14
-
15, 18, 52, 57, 73, 106; and freedom, 93-94; Historians Against the War, 43; leaders in, 94; Pal
isades High debate, 
111
-
14
 
Israel: boycott of, 44-46; and Iraq war, 112-14 
Jaschik, Scott, 102 Jefferson, Thomas, 41 Jensen, Robert, 59 Jews: and anti-Semitism, 44-46, 87, 89; in civil rights move
ment, 88-89; and Israeli inter
ests, 112-14 
K-12 education, 104-1o 
Kansas: Board of Regents, 60-64, 66, 68; House of Representa
tives, 6o; universities of, 61-71 Kansas State University, 64; salaries at, 61; Social Work Program, 67-71; Sociology Department, 68; Women's Studies Program, 64-65 
Keyishian u Board of Regents, 
130 King, Martin Luther, Jr., 87-89 Koertge, Noretta, 66 
Kowal, Marlene, 103, 123 
Lappe, Frances Moore, 54 Larkin, Graham, 36-38 Lefkowitz, Mary, 78 legislatures: Colorado, 8-9; Kansas, 6o, 66; Pennsylvania, 18, 72-73, 74 
Lenin, V L, 31, 37 Lowe, Peggy, 
1o 
Magruder, Aaron, 87-88 Malkin, Michelle, 20 Maltz, Albert, 40-41 
ManyAre the 
Crimes (Schrecker), 39 
Mao Zedong, 
11, 
103 
Marxism, 50, 54, 58-59; conse
quences of, 91; at Duke, 91-93; at Temple, 74 75; Zinn, 70-71 mathematics, 106-7, 109-10 McCarthy, Joseph, 
11, 
38-39, 79
-
80, 103 
'McCarthyism,' xv, 6, 
11, 
47, 82, 97, 122 
McClaren, Peter, mg McGovern, Ray, 111-13 
MediaAlatters, 
83 Miller, Arthur, 103 Mitchell, Shawn, 8-9 Mock, Brett, 51-53 Moore, Michael, 53 Muslim Students Association, 52 
Naber, Nadine, 3 
National Association of Scholars, 124 
National Council for Accredita
tion of Teacher Education, 108 National Endowment for the Humanities, 3 
Neal, Anne, too Negri, Antonio, 92 Nelson, Diane, 85-86, 94-95 New History 
of Social Welfare, A 
(Day), 69 
New 
York 
Review of Books, 
82-83 New York Teachers Union, 4o 
NewYorkTimes, 
82 
Norman, Jeff, 
111 
North Korea, 54 Not Out ofAfrica (Lefkowitz), 78 
Olsen-Raylner, Gayle, 108 Orwell, George, 46 Owens, Bill, 8, 9 
Paglia, Camille, 65 Palestinians, 43-44 Palisades High School, 111-14 Patai, Daphne, 66 
Pataki, George, 6 
Peace and 
Conflict 
Studies 
(Barash/Webel), 53
-
57 peace studies, 51-58 PeaceWorkers, 52 
Penn State University, 13-15, 18, 72-73; academic freedom pol
icy, 14-15, 122-23; California University, 72; Center for the Study of Free Institutions and Civic Education, 125-26; Cen
tre 
Daily 
Times, 79-8o; College Democrats protest, 14; speech codes, 79 
Pennsylvania: hearings in, 17-18, 71-8o; House of Representa
tives & Committee on Acade
mic Freedom, 17-18, 42, 6o, 
71, 72-73; 
see also 
Penn State University; Temple University; University of Pennsylvania 
People's 
History of 
the United States, A 
(Zinn), 70 
Index 
157 
Peters, Bob, io9-to Pitts, Beverley, 52-53, 58 Pitzer College, 22 Pomona College, 3 Post, Robert, 15-16 presidentail campaigns, 72, 73 Princeton University, 12; faculty salaries, 35; Institute for Advanced Study, 399-40; Madi
son Center, 124-25; Student Bill of Rights, xiv 
Professing 
Feminism 
(Patai/Koertge), 66 Professors, 
The 
(Horowitz), 81-85, 89-90; Duke protest of, 85-86; and Free Exchange coalition, 102; as McCarthyite witch
hunt, 82, 83-84, 89-90; subtitle controversy, 81-83, 89-9o Progressive era, xi 
al-Qloushi, Ahmad, 118-21 
race theorists, 76 
racial preferences, xii, 21 racism, xv, 3, 21; 'institutional,' 69, 107 
Ramadan, Tariq, 43
-
44 
Reed Magazine, 
33
-
34 Reed University: curriculum, 23, 24; Horowitz debate, 22-34, 95; tuition fee, 24 
religion, 30-31; and Communism, 40; nondiscrimination, 
10, 
38; radical Islam, 2, 44, 59, 87, 90, 91, 113; of utopian politics, xv, 29-30, 127 
reparations (slavery), 
21 
158 
Indoctrination U. 
	Indoctrination U.: The Left's War Against Academic Freedom

                           'CLEAR-SPOKEN, WITTY, AND ERUDITE:' 
-NATIONAL REVIEW 
JACK CASHILL delivers a sucker punch to left coast politics in 
WHAT'S THE MATTER WITH CALIFORNL4? 
	What's the Matter with California?: Cultural Rumbles from the Golden State and Why the Rest of Us Should Be Shaking

These include the descent of the neighborhood associations into NIMBYism (Not In My BackYard-another California neologism) as well as'the almost universal embrace of Earth Day-inspired regulation, national and local.
	What's the Matter with California?: Cultural Rumbles from the Golden State and Why the Rest of Us Should Be Shaking

It took the National Guard, the U.S. Navy, and four thou
 sand volunteers to suppress it.
	What's the Matter with California?: Cultural Rumbles from the Golden State and Why the Rest of Us Should Be Shaking

                  Notable feminists are also on the list: 'Patricia Ireland, a second-waver who was president of the National 
i2o   
open: love, sex, ,~,,/ life 
t, ,, 
open marriage 

Organization for Women from 1991-2001, happily had both a husband and a longtime girlfriend,' reveals Jennifer Baumgardner in 
 Look Both Ways.'
	Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage

National Review, 15 September, www.
	Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage

                                                                                                                                            about the author 


jenny block is a freelance writer 
whose work has appeared in a variety of regional and national publications, including 
American Way, Cosmopolitan 
(Germany), 
Spirit, The Dallas Morning News, Dallas Voice, BeE, bRILLIANT People Newspapers, Where, D, D Home, Dallas CEO, Stone, Pointe, Virginia Living, Style Weekly, 
276 open: love, sex,   ,,,/ life i,, ,, open marriage 

Tango, R Health, 
and 
Richmond 
 magazine.
	Open: Love, Sex and Life in an Open Marriage

If the three of us could handle hosting national television shows, we figured we could certainly handle running a house on our own for ten days.
	Might As Well Laugh About It Now

Jennifer Keenan Harrell did great work for me on 
viii Acknowledgments 
Acknowledgments ix 
 the WPA in the National Archives.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

duced national income:' What some laborers gain by being em
 ployed at high wages, others lose by not getting a job at all in a stagnant economy.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

In March 1939, for example, AIPO asked a national sample, 'Do you think the attitude of the Roosevelt administration toward business is delaying business recovery?' More than twice as many respondents said'yes' as said'no.'
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY 
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library Adolf Berle Diary 
Irving Fisher Papers Harry Hopkins Papers Henry Morgenthau Diary Franklin Roosevelt Papers Samuel Rosenman Papers Rexford Tugwell Diary 
Library of Congress Newton Baker Papers Hugo Black Papers Raymond Clapper Diary William Borah Papers Benjamin Cohen Papers Thomas Corcoran Papers Felix Frankfurter Papers Harold Ickes Diary Harold Ickes Papers Hiram Johnson Papers Frank Knox Papers William G. McAdoo Papers Charles McNary Papers George Norris Papers 
312 Select Bibliography 
Hoover Institution Raymond Moley Diary Mark Sullivan Papers 
Kansas State Historical Society Alfred Landon Papers 
National Archives 
WPA-Political Coercion File-New Jersey 
Newspapers 
Atlanta Constitution Atlanta Journal Baltimore Sun 
Bangor [Maine] Daily News Charleston News and Courier Chicago Tribune 
Daily Kennebec journal 
[Maine] 
Los Angeles Times 
New York Herald Tribune New York Times 
Omaha World-Herald Philadelphia Inquirer Portland [Maine] Press Herald St. Louis Post-Dispatch Washington Post 
INDEX 







Adams, Alva,177 
 Adkins v.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

                                                                                                Shlaes, Amity, 254
National Labor Relations Act, 120
73
Sholtz, David, 100
National Recovery Act (NRA), 43-59,95,
Reuther, Walter, 120
Shugart, William, 82
114,119,134,202, 218
Revenue Act of 1935,131
Shushan, Abraham, 150
318 Index 
Washington Booker T, 207 Washington, George, 236 Waters, Walter, 251 Weaver, Robert C.,185 Wheeler, Burton, 159 Wi
gg
 ina,J.
	New Deal or Raw Deal?: How FDR's Economic Legacy Has Damaged America

The object of this 2nd branch is to controul the democratic branch of the National Legislature.''
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

'2' Hence, whereas representatives were to be elected by the people for two-year terms, senators were to be chosen by state legislatures, to sit for six years, and to be paid from the national treasury so as better to serve as 'the impartial umpires & Guardians of justice and the general Good.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                  158   • Chapter Seven 
THE MEANING OF 'NECESSARY' 
Despite the uniform denials by the Constitution's advocates that the Nec
essary and Proper Clause expanded the powers of the national govern
ment, a national bank was proposed to the Federalist-dominated first Con
 gress by Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                                                                      172 • Chapter Seven 
Madison then both acknowledged the supposedly modern insight that the national economy is interconnected and rejected this as a basis for a latitudinarian interpretation of 'necessary': 
In the great system of political economy, having for its general object the na
tional welfare, 
everything is related immediately or remotely to every other thing; 
 and, consequently, a power over any one thing, if not limited by some obvious and precise affinity, may amount to a power over every other thing.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                                                                                                   186 • Chapter Seven 
Gary Lawson and Patricia Granger made an extensive examination of sources from the founding era and concluded that the following 'jurisdic
tional' meaning of 'proper' covers most instances of its actual use: 
In view of the limited character of the national government under the Constitu
tion, Congress's choice of means to execute federal powers would be constrained in at least three ways: first, an executory law would have to conform to the 'proper' allocation of authority within the federal govern
ment; second, such a law would have to be within the 'proper' scope of the federal government's limited jurisdiction with respect to the retained preroga
tives of the states; and third, the law would have to be within the 'proper' scope of the federal government's limited jurisdiction with respect to the peo
 ple's retained rights.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

206   • Chapter Eight 
 held a national income tax of 2 percent to be unconstitutional on the grounds that it was a 'direct' tax and therefore had to a be apportioned among the states according to population as was required by Article I, Section 8.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                           222 • Chapter Eight 
Responding to the argument that the act was made necessary by the 'grave national crisis,' the court observed: 
 The Constitution established a national government with powers deemed to be adequate, as they have proved to be both in war and peace, but these powers of the national government are limited by the constitutional grants.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

Such legislation has often been sustained with respect to powers, other than the commerce power granted to the national government, when the means chosen, although not themselves within the granted power, were nevertheless deemed appropriate aids to the accomplishment of some pur
 pose within an admitted power of the national government.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                  relevant limitations 
of 
the 
Bill 
of 
Rights')- 
240 •   Chapter Nine 
Madison himself used the Ninth Amendment to check an expansive construction of delegated powers during the debate over the constitution
 ality of the national bank.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

Hamilton is contending here, as he did through
 out his career and as did many others, that the advancement of all these economic activities was the proper goal of national legislation.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

For the rest of his career, Hamilton never wavered in his efforts on behalf of expanding the power of the national government.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                Despite this, when he wrote as Publius in 
The Federalist, 
when he spoke at the New York ratification convention, and in his opinion supporting the constitutionality of a national bank, Hamilton used the word 'com
 merce' in its ordinary narrow sense.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                          316   • Chapter Eleven 
Jefferson in his objections to the constitutionality of the first national bank: 
 To erect a bank, and to regulate commerce, are very different acts.
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Cooley, A 
Treatise 
on Constitutional Limitations 
Which, Rest 
Upon 
the 
Legislative 
Power 
of the 
United States 
of the 
American 
Union 
(Boston: Little, Brown, 
1868 )_ 
324   •   Chapter Twelve 
a justice on the Michigan Supreme Court and the Jay Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, sought to address the question of 'conflict between national and State authority' as well as the question of 'whether the State exceeds its just powers in dealing with the property and re
 straining the actions of individuals.''
	Restoring the Lost Constitution: The Presumption of Liberty

Now more than four hundred sub
 urbs in twenty-four states are economically distressed, showing poverty rates 50 percent or more above the national average.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

The village, twice named an 'All-America City' by the National Civic League, demol
 ished 300,000 square feet of retail space, including the long-abandoned Goldblatt's and Sears buildings.
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                      182 
I again quote McGfnn from 
House 
 Lust while supporting some of his argument with figures from the National Association of Home Builders (www.nahh.org),
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

which prepared customized spreadsheets of high-foreclosure areas; The National Association of Realtors 
192 
 (www.realtor.com);
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                                                                                                                      151 Fannie Mae, 6 
Fannie May (in Park Forest, Illinois), 112 Farallones Institute, 143 Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 173 
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), 7 Federal Housing Administration (FHA), 37, 146, 150 Federal Reserve, 13 
bailouts and, 6-8 
housing and, 4, 7, 8, 11, 20, 41, 43, 46-47,164 
Ferdinand I, king of Castile and of Le6n, 1 
Fisk Street Station (in Chicago, Illinois), 100 
Fitzgerald, F. Scott, 14 Flatiron Building (in New York city), 100 
Florida, 10, 12,14,17-23, 25, 27, 40, 49, 51, 53, 61-62, 135, 151, 164, 172 
Bonita Springs, 17, 20-22, 172 Cape Coral, 22-23 
Coral Gables, 150 Coral Springs, 164 Dade County, 23,165 Fort Myers, 17, 23, 87, 
165,171 Gainesville, 163, 166 Kissimmee, 86 Lakeland, 165 Lehigh Acres, 23 Miami, 2,9,23-25,41, 52, 130,136,138,149-150, 152, 165, 171 
Naples, 17, 19, 21-23, 165 Ocala, 166 
Orlando, 86-91, 165 Sarasota, 165 Seaside in, 150 
St. Petersburg, 87, 165 Tampa, 9, 23, 87, 165 West Palm Beach, 148 Forbes, Steve, 140 Ford, Henry, 36, 93, 97 Ford Motor Co., 8, 126, 140 Forest Hills, New York 150 
138, 
198 
INDEX 
INDEX 
199 
Forest Stewardship Council, 96 Fort Myers, Florida, 17, 23, 87, 138, 165,171 
Fort Worth, Texas, 68, 163, 166 Franklin, Wisconsin, 53 Freddie Mac, 6 
Frontier home model, 118 Fuller, Buckminster, 139, 142 Futura home, 113 
Gainesville, Florida, 163,166 Gary, Indiana, 68 
Gates, Bill, 82 
Gateway Arch (in St. Louis, Missouri), 139 
Gaylord Palms (in Orlando, Florids), 87-88 
Gehry, Frank, 94 Geithner, Timothy, 7 General Electric (GE), 97-98 General Motors (GM), 8 Geoghegan, Thomas, 125 Georgia, 60, 61 
Atlanta, 60, 61, 68, 70, 138, 162, 163,165 
Columbus, 165 Dalton, 166 Savannah, 30 Wilkes County, 124 Gilbert, Arizona, 164 Glennon, Robert, 62 Glidehouse,94,96,103-106 Goldblatt's (in Park Forest, Illinois), 112,116 
Goldman Sachs, 7 Gore, Al, 140 Gothic Revival, 34-35 
Grandview Commons (in Madison, Wisconsin), 157-158 Grayslake, Illinois, 149 
Great Depression of the 1930s, 2, 3, 36-37,46,155 
Greek Revival style, 120 
Green Built Home standards, 157-158 
Greene, Tom, 85 Greensburg, Kansas, 160 Greenspan, Alan, 40 housing and, 4, 20, 41, 43, 47,48 
Greenville, North Carolina, 166 Grundy County, Illinois, 135 Gulfport, Mississippi, 166 Gutierrez, Raymond, 125-126 
Habitat for Humanity, 160 Hacker, Jacob, 44 
Hale, Jonathan, 34, 102 Hannover Principles, 141 Hartford, Connecticut, 34 Harvard University, 56, 135 Hawaii, 169 
Hawken, Paul, 141 Henderson, Hazel, 141 Henderson, Nevada, 164 Hesperia, California, 23 Home Depot, 122 
Home Owners' Loan Corporation (HOLC), 37 
Homestead Act (1862), 35-36 HomeTown (in Aurora, Illinois), 119-121,149 HomeWorks, 89 
Ho-o-Den Temple (in 1893 World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, Illinois), 100 
House 
Lust (McGinn), 18, 55 'Housing Woes in U.S. Spread Around the Globe,' 2 Houston, Texas, 68, 138, 163 Howard, Ebenezer, 37 
Hull House (in Chicago, Illinois), 100 Hurlock, Angela, 126-128,131-132 Hussein 1, king of Jordan, 141 
Idaho, 51 
Illinois, 52-53, 162, 164 Aurora, 118-121,149 
Chicago, 2, 3, 17, 33, 35, 36, 67, 68,70,72,83,85,90,94-99, 105, 111, 113, 119, 121-131, 134-138,147,148,159,163, 165,168 
Chicago Heights, 114,118 Cook County, 117, 134-135 Elgin, 119 
Grayslake, 149 Grundy County, 135 Joliet, 135 
Kendall County, 135 Lake Forest, 150 Matteson, 112-114 Naperville, 119 
Oak Park, 99, 142-143 Olympia Fields, 114 Oregon,80-86 
Park Forest, 110-122,132,147 Peoria, 87 
Prairie Crossing, 149, 155 Riverside, 30,33,67,98-99,150 Rockford, 166 
Rock Island, 166 Schaumberg, 77-78 Waukegan, 125 Will County 135 Illinois Theatre Company, 112 Indiana, 51, 151, 162 Decatur, 104 
Gary, 68 Muncie, 166 Innova Homes, 106 Institute for Local Self-Reliance, 151 Insull, Samuel, 97-98, 100-101 Integral Urban House (in Berkeley, 
California), 143 International Builders' Show, 87-91 
International Harvester Co., 124 Iowa 
Davenport, 166 Des Moines, 166 Irrational 
Exuberance 
(Shiller), 39 
Irvine, California, 164 Isabella I, queen of Castile and of Aragon, 1 Italianate style, 34 
It's a Wonderful Life, 
42 
Jackson Park (in Chicago, Illinois), 98 Jacobs,Jane, 152 
Jacuzzi, 91 
Jamestown, Virginia, 30 
Jefferson, Thomas, 28-29, 39, 67,102, 139,142 x144,152,154-155 Louisiana Purchase, 30-32 Monticello, 27, 29-30, 32, 153 Ordinance of 1784, 32 University of Virginia design work, 32-33 
Jefferson National Expansion Memo
rial (in St. Louis, Missouri), 139 Jenkins, Holman, Jr., 13 
Jenney, William Le Baron, 33 Jewel supermarkets, 114 Jillson, Calvin, 29 
Johnson, Lyndon B./Johnson administration, 137 Joliet, Illinois, 135 Jonesboro, Arkansas, 166 JPMorgan Chase, 6 
Kansas Greensburg,160 Wichita, 166 Kansas City, Missouri, 163, 166 Kaufmann, Kevin, 93-94 Kaufmann, Michelle, 93-94, 108, 139,143 
Glidehouse, 94, 96,103-106 mkSolaire, 95-96 
Smart Home, 100-103 Sunset Breezehouse,96 Kendall County, Illinois, 135 Kennedy, James, 47 Kentlands (in Maryland), 149,150 
200 
Kentucky Lexington, 166 Louisville, 166 Kickapoo Mud Creek Nature Conservancy, 82 Kingma, Hilly, 118 Kirkland, Washington, 148 Kissimmee, Florida, 86 KitchenAid, 90 
Kiwanis Club, 115 Klutznick, Philip, 113 Kmart, 111, 117 Knoxville, Tennessee, 160 Kohler, 90 
E.J. Korvette's, 116 Kotkin, Joel, 163 Kotlowitz, Alex, 129 Kuntsler, James Howard, 56-57 Kurosawa, Akira, f12 
La Follette, Robert, 151 Lake Forest, Illinois, 150 Lakeland, Florida, 165 Lakewood, Colorado, 164 Lancaster, California, 23 Lang, Fritz, 90 
Larsen, Joan, 112, 113, 115 Larsen, Paul, 112, 113 
La Salle, Rene-Robert Cavelier, sieur de, 31 
Las Vegas, Nevada, 9, 12, 25, 40, 62, 63,137,165,171 
Law, John, 31, 39 Lawrence, Kathy, 82-86,93 Lawrence, Kent, 82-86, 93 Leadership in Energy and 
Environmental Design (LEED), 160,168 League of Women Voters, 113 Le Corbusier, 154, 155 
Legacy Square (in Park Forest, Illinois), 115, 118 Lehigh Acres (in Florida), 23 Lehman Brothers, 6 
INDEX 
 Leinberger, Christopher, 148 CEnfant, Pierre-Charles, 30 Lennar Corp.,
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                                        Sumter, 167 
South Central (in Los Angeles, California), 128 
South Chicago (in Chicago, Illinois), 122-132,137,147,159 
Casa Kirk, 131 Millgate, 127-128 National Shrine of St. Jude, 126 Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, 126 
South Works site, 125, 127, 130-131 
Villa Guadalupe Senior Services apartment building, 126 
Southeast Chicago Development Commission, 128 Southeast Side (in Chicago, Illinois), 129 
South Works site (in South Chicago), 125,127,130-131 Spielberg, Steven, 106 
Spokane, Washington, 166 
Sports and Hobbies (in Park Forest, Illinois), 112 
Springfield, Oregon, 166 
 Spring Green, Wisconsin, 15.3-154
	The Cul-de-Sac Syndrome: Turning Around the Unsustainable American Dream

                                                                                                            ONE-PARTY CLASSROOM 
Throughout the entire process, Aptheker's ideological curriculum received the imprimatur of the National Women's Studies Associa
tion (NWSA), which sets standards of discourse, research, and hir
 ing in the field.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                                                      Still, given 
88 
Columbia's weak response even when its faculty's radicalism has gen
 erated national controversy, the school seems destined to be plagued by professors who recklessly pursue political agendas in the classroom.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

Following are the topics discussed in the course: 
 • how options to migrate are socially constituted, and examine [sic) the recent emergence of 'transmigrants' whose lives cut across national boundaries.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

                                                                                                                               That the 
242   
ONE-PARTY CLASSROOM 
course nonetheless advances the theory as conventional wisdom is an example of the kind of political curriculum that the School of Inter
 national Relations regards as appropriate.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

   The fact that this national organization has forsaken its long
standing principles of academic freedom reflects how firmly estab
 lished radicalism and the practice of indoctrination have become in institutions of higher learning across the country.
	One-Party Classroom: How Radical Professors at America's Top Colleges Indoctrinate Students and Undermine Our Democracy

Greedy private doctors who refuse to treat seniors for the pittance paid by Medicare are the reason we need a national government-run, health-care system.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

Few understood as Hayek did that it was precisely this philosophy of centralized power advancing under the banner of National Socialism in Germany that led to World War II: 
SAVING FREEDOM 
 Germany wants to organize Europe which up to now still lacks organization.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

My complaint with the national trial lawyer groups is they constantly work to expand the risks and liabilities of doing business in America, and fight all attempts to develop reasonable reforms.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

Government Spending as a Percent of GDP 





uri 
Historical
tie   g   ,,e   
ti
e   
v°P   
s 
a   
i
s   
'
r
 
 Equally troubling is the growing national debt owed by the American people.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

'In God We Trust' was adopted as our national motto in 1956.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

SAVING FREEDOM 
 I found carved in one marble wall, 'Our National Motto: E Pluribus Unum' (which means 'out of many, one').
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

But this is not our national motto.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

                                                  org

SAVING FREEDOM 
Business Groups 
 National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB): 
www.
	Saving Freedom: We Can Stop America's Slide into Socialism

                                                                                                                                                                                                   definition of, 307 
as 
example 
of colonists' arms, 119 geopolitical considerations of, 174 in New England, 52 
in New 
Jersey 
militia, 135 
in North Carolina militia, 147 of Pennsylvania, 96 
and the Virginia Convention of 
Delegates, 
69 
in the Virginia militia, 129, 140, 190 See also firelocks; muskets 
right against cruel and unusual punishment, 195, 215, 268, 288 
See also Eighth Amendment 
right against quartering of troops, 113, 187, 231, 239, 246 
See also quartering of troops; Third Amendment 
right against self-incrimination, 195 See also Fifth Amendment 
right against unreasonable search and 
seizure 
Samuel Adams's proposal of, 205-7, 210, 263 
in constitutional amendment debates, 195,256 
and English law, 13 
in the federal constitutional debates, 187 and Rhode Island, 288 
and the right to 
keep 
and bear arms, 108 and Sherman, 261 
and the U.S. House of 
Representatives, 
269 
See also Fourth Amendment right of 
freedom 
of religion 
in the Bill of Rights, 252 
controversies 
regarding, 137 and the Declaration of Independence, 113 and the Dissent of the Minority of Pennsylvania, 195, 216 
English Bill of Rights, not recognized in, 252 
and the Federal Farmer, 187 importance of, 236-37 Jefferson on, 217 
judicial protection of, 312 and Maryland, 142, 211 and Massachusetts, 160 
418 
vs. Massachusetts arms rights acceptance, 160 
and Monroe, 251 
as a natural right, 254 in New Hampshire, 213 in New Jersey state constitution, 133 and NewYork State, 153, 239 
and North Carolina, 146, 246 and Pennsylvania, 140 
and Rhode Island, 287 and Sherman, 261 and Virginia, 130, 231 See also First Amendment right of freedom of speech 
in the Bill of Rights, 252 and Congress, 124, 142, 217 and the Declaration of Independence, 113 in Delaware, 142 
demanded by states, 4 
and the Dissent of the Minority of Pennsylvania, 195 
and infringement, 268-69 and Jefferson, 260 judicial protection of, 312 in Maryland, 144 
and Mason, 221 
in Massachusetts, 158 in New Hampshire, 163 and New York State, 154 
in North Carolina's Declaration of Rights, 246 
in Rhode Island's bill of rights ratification, 289 
U.S. Senate debates on, 274-75, 282-83 and the U.S. House of Representatives, 268-69 
and Virginia, 232 
See also First Amendment right of freedom of the press Samuel Adams's proposal of, 205-6, 210, 260,263 
and antifederalists, 182-83 in the Bill of Rights, 252 and Congress, 176, 183, 217 demanded, 228 
and the Dissent of the Minority of Pennsylvania, 195 
in England, 222-23 
and the English Bill of Rights, 252 and the Federal Farmer, 187 
and federalists, 182-83, 254 and Alexander Hamilton, 184 and Patrick Henry, 220 
INDEX 
importance of, 236-37 
and infringement, 266, 268-69 Jefferson on, 217 
and Massachusetts, 158, 160 Monroe on, 218, 251 
as a natural right, 254 opposition to, 215 revolutionaries' support for, 126 and Rhode Island, 288 
and the Tory press, 120-21 
and the U.S. House of Representatives, 268-69 
and the U.S. Senate, 274-76 
and Virginia, 113, 116, 131, 149, 227, 233,282-83 
See also First Amendment right of representation, 13 right of trial by jury, 176, 187 
in civil cases, 204 (see also Seventh Amendment) 
in the Constitution's draft, 176 and the Dissent of the Minority of Pennsylvania, 195 
and federalists, 235 and Patrick Henry, 220 importance of, 236-37 and infringement, 268-69 and Maryland, 143 Monroe on, 218, 251 
and natural rights, 254-55 
and New York State, 153, 239-40 opposition to, 215 
and the U.S. House of Representatives, 268-69 
in Virginia Declaration of Rights, 113 in Virginia Senate, 283 
See also Seventh Amendment; Sixth Amendment 
rights of British subjects claimed by colonists, 2-3,12-13,18,106 
rights of conscience 
Samuel Adams's proposal of, 205-7, 210, 260,263 
in the Bill of Rights, 252-53 and infringement, 268-69 and Madison, 177-78, 221, 251, 292 and militias, 271 
Monroe on, 218, 251 
in New Hampshire, 213 and New York State, 239 and Pennsylvania, 195, 197, 216-18, 231, 291-92 
and Rhode Island, 287 
INDEX 
and Sherman, 261 
and the U.S. House of Representatives, 266,268-69 
and the U.S. Senate, 274 and Virginia, 227,246 
See also conscientious objectors; pacifists; Quakers 
rights regarding grand juries, 232, 239, 269 right to assemble 
in the Bill of Rights, 252 
and the English Bill of Rights, 18 judicial protection of, 312 
and Mason, 221 
in Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, 157-58 
and New York State, 240 
in North Carolina's Declaration of Rights, 146 
in the Pennsylvania convention (1790), 291 
and Rhode Island, 287-89 
and the U.S.Senate, 274,277-78 and Virginia, 231-32 
right to counsel, 261 
right to due process of law, 187, 261 See also Sixth Amendment right to keep and bear arms accepted as an amendment, 280 Samuel Adams on, 4, 20, 205-7, 210, 260 and the American Revolution, 123 analysis of, 323-38 
and antifederalists, 182, 234-35, 273-74 and arms embargoes, 62, 72, 108 
and arms seized by patriots, 116, 121-22 bearing vs. keeping arms, 159-61, 166-67, 207, 221, 271, 326-28, 337 and bill of rights, 191 
and the Bill of Rights, 252-53, 280 and civil rights, vii-viii, 158 
and collective rights, 324 
considered fundamental by colonists, 125-26 
Coxe on, 257, 315 for criminals, 273 dangers inherent in, 19 and the death penalty in Venice, 132 and Delaware, 296-97 
and despotism, 113-14 
and the Dissent of the Minority of Pennsylvania, 195 
and England, 165 
and the English Bill of Rights, 133-34, 252 
419 
English vs. American conceptions of, 311-12 
extended to individuals, 273 
and federalists, 182, 198-99, 234-35 and federal-state balance, 279 
and the First Amendment, 196 in Georgia, 149, 200 
Alexander Hamilton on, 177-78 Patrick Henry on, 225 
and hunting, 93, 273 and infringement, 266 Zachariah Johnson on, 229 and 
Lexington/Concord,82 
Madison on, 177-78, 292 and Mason, 221 
in Massachusetts Declaration of Rights, 156-61 
militia benefited by, 280 and Monroe, 251 
and national defense, 218 
and natural rights, 21, 121, 254 and New England, 166 
in New Hampshire, 163-64 and New York colony, 48, 153 and New York State, 239, 253 and North Carolina, 241, 246, 253 Thomas Paine on, 136 
and Pennsylvania, 46, 140, 291-92 research on, vii-viii 
and the Revolutionary War, 123 
and Rhode island, 42, 103-4, 287-89 and the right against search and seizure, 108 
 as self-defense, 137, 273, 360n.92
	The Founders' Second Amendment: Origins of the Right to Bear Arms

At the top of the circle were two trucks filled with Afghan National Army soldiers, all of them armed with heavy weapons, as well as 7.62mm
	The Apostle: A Thriller

       128 
CHAPTER 13 
Kabul 
 Baba G's Afghan National Police contact, Inspector Ahmad Rashid, had picked a small restaurant in an obscure part of the city that rarely, if ever, saw any white people.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

Add in the fact that gossiping was the Afghan national pastime, and Julia Gallo was all but guaranteed to have caught the attention of the Taliban.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

As it was one of the city's most popular shopping districts, it wasn't unusual to see foreigners walking up and down the street, and as it was only a block away from the headquarters of the Afghan National Police, it also wasn't un
 usual to see high-ranking ANP and even NDS officials doing their shopping here.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

                                                                                                                                                                                   From Peoria to Paris and San Antonio to 
Sao 
Paolo, whether you are a national chain, an independent, an online retailer, a warehouse club, or any other type of bookseller, please know that you have my deepest appreciation for everything that you have done and con
579 
 tinue to do for me.
	The Apostle: A Thriller

              Introduction 
Curiosities in Glass Cases 
N
 ot far from the United States Capitol, just down Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C., is the magnificent building of the National Archives of the United States.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

WE STILL, HOED TtiESE 
TRUTHS 
Introduction   5 
 But while there is much that we have forgotten, this is not simply a case of national amnesia.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                                                                                                                                                                       We 
STILL HOLD THESE TROTHS 
At key moments, under unusual circumstances, the amendment process expands our constitutional discourse beyond the courts and our political institutions to engage the American people in national deliber

 ations about core principles and fundamental questions, and in so doing invokes their sovereign authority, through the extraordinary process of constitutional lawmaking, to settle the issue at hand.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

124 
 'This balance between the National and State governments ought to be dwelt on with peculiar attention, as it is of the utmost importance,' Hamilton argued at the New York state ratifying convention.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

Congress passed, and President Jefferson signed into law, a national prohibition of the slave trade effective January 1, 1808.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                           138 
WE STILT, HOLD THESE TRUTHS 
The Virtues of Self-Government 
139 
 Virtue, it is fair to say, was a primary concern of the Anti-Federalists, the critics of the Constitution who feared that the national government would overwhelm liberty, and who demanded the addition of a Bill of Rights to protect constitutional freedoms.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

While the national government was to do a few very important functions well, the bulk of government powers by design remained at the state and local level, where it could have more discretion and respon
 sibility to, among other things, shape and form civic character through the sanction of civil and criminal law.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                                                                                                               146 
All government is constitutionally limited, and states are still subject to constitutional oversight by courts of law, but while the federal govern
ment is limited to certain core functions-national defense and foreign affairs, protecting rights of citizens, regulating interstate commerce
 state governments historically had much more extensive authority over Americans' daily lives.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

A limited national government was designed to assure the decentralized politics and local governance necessary to encourage a flourishing of civil society's institutions and associations.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                           162 
WE STILL HOLD THESE TRUTHS 
The Command of Our Fortunes   
163 
Independence Day is our greatest national celebration, with bar
 becues, parades, speeches, and fireworks all across the country.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

That's because, while we tend to think of independence mainly as an important historic event that marks our separation from Great Britain, the Found
 ers and subsequent generations had a larger understanding of what was signified by the national independence they were celebrating.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

The concept of idealism rejects the practical reality of particular national interests in favor of a dogmatic moralism, while the concept of realism suggests a narrow, cynical view that completely excludes moral considerations in dealing with other nations.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

That said, there was a core agreement about the nature of America and its national interest in liberty.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

But it was only with the constitutional rule of law that the higher purpose, or true national interest, of America could be realized.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                           All of the patriotic cel
ebrations marking the grand event, 'prompting proud proclamations of the wisdom, foresight, and sense of justice shared by the Framers and reflected in a written document now yellowed with age,' Marshall argued, amounted to 'little more than a blind pilgrimage to the shrine 
187 
188 
 of the original document now stored in a vault in the National Archives.'
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

And there would be a general centralization of politics under the national government, as 'removing control farther away from the ordinary citizen and taxpayer is tanta
 mount to giving the intelligent, far-sighted and public spirited elements in society a longer lever to work with.'
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

In order to bring about social progress and reform, the influence of the institutions of civil society that emphasized moral character and religious conviction-indeed, the very idea of self-government-had to be weakened and overcome, replaced by government-created and government-directed national community.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

Yet it is the job of the national government to assure more and more evolving rights, and provide more benefits and new entitlements to achieve that personal happiness.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

The grand nations of old Europe are stifled by regulated economies, national
ized industries, and socialized health care, ruled more by bureaucrats in 
220 
 Brussels than by their own elected legislatures.
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

                                                                                                       Casey, 208 Pledge of Allegiance, 64 political sovereignty, 55-56 politics, 206 
and religion, 52-55 Polybius, 17 
Pope john Russell, 1 popular, 
economic knowledge, 229;govern
ments, 91, 118-19 
population in 1776 and 1790, 11 poverty, 74 
and scarcity, 78 powers, 
to declare war, 104; to the federal government, 123; of government, 30; granted to Congress, 103; of the national government, 113; of the presidency, 105-7; to tax, 31 preamble, 100 
presidency, the, 96-97,106-7,123; and the Constitution, 106; respon
sibility, 106, 107 
presidential elections, 107 Preston, Levi, 135 primogeniture, 68 procedural political rights, 1-2 Progressives, 
development, 191-92; anti-foun
dational principles, 192-96; view of government, 196-99; theory of rights, 200-3; national commu
nity, 204-8; 'living' constitution, 208-12; foreign policy, 212-13 'Promise of American Life, The,' 205 promise of American renewal, 221-22 property, 
advances democracy, 69; and the Founders, 67-80; property, protec
tion of, 71, 113; rights, 74; in the 
safety and liberty of their person, 71; is secure, 74-75; under the rule of law, 79-80 
prudence,165-67 public, 
affairs, 25; diplomacy, 237; moral
ity, 61; and private opinions, 61 Publicola, Publius Valerius, 17, 97 pure democracy, 118 
Puritans, 13 purpose, 
of the Bill of Rights, 113; of the Constitution, 113; of the Decla
ration of Independence, 164; of education, 149; of limiting govern
ment, 136 
pursuit of happiness, 43, 71-72 
Q 
Queen Elizabeth 1, 55 Queen Mary, 55 
R 
Rabkin, Jeremy, 163 Rakove,Jack,243 Randolph, Edmund, 94-95 ratification, 
of the Bill of Rights, 112; of the Constitution, 96-97 
Reagan, Ronald, 219 reason, 
to protect property, 70; and revela
tion, 58-59 
redistribution of wealth, 77, 204 re-election, 107 
reform Protestantism, 15 regimes, 87 
 Reid,John Phillip, 83 Reign of Terror, 21 Reilly, Robert, 237 .
	We Still Hold These Truths: Rediscovering Our Principles, Reclaiming Our Future

The British National Health Service is the world's largest employer after the Chinese army and the Indian State Railway: any CEO would tell you, this takes you way 
44 
beyond economies of scale into the wilder purlieus of Cloudcuck
 ooland.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

                                                                                                    WELCOME TO OBAMALAND 
In November 2008, the Watts Up With That website reported that nearly 180 places in the United States, from Alaska to Ala
 bama, had just recorded their coldest temperatures or heaviest snowfalls on record, based on figures from the National Climate Data Center.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

If you value national security, then you are better off under a conserva
 tive regime than you are under a liberal one.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

Like, the other night, at dinner, I found myself arguing with a woman who thought my views on our state-run National Health Service were heartless and selfish and bad.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

                                                                                                                                                        See 
Angelou, Maya, 68, 122   National Health Service 
Animal Farm, 58   Brookhiser, Richard, 148 
animal rights, 7, 19, 21, 73, 82-83, 196   Brown, Dan, 4, 15 
Apocalypse Now, 15   Brown, Gordon, 6 
Arafat, Yasser, 157   Brown, John, 60 
Areopagitica, 137   Brown,Yasmin Alibhai, 130 
Aristotle, 120-21   Buckley, Christopher, 28 
Auden, W. H, 61   Burchill, Julie, 181 
Austen, Jane, 77, 168   Bush, George W, 2, 11, 17, 23, 32, 91, 
Ayers, Bill, 119   188 
B   C 
Bamhi, 73   Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, 19 
Baron-Cohen, Simon, 132   Campbell, Alastair, 12 
Baywatch, 
72   capitalism, 3, 7, 22-23, 33-34, 44-46, 
BBC, 89,130,166-69   98,167 
Beavis and 
Butthead, 
123   carbon emissions, 89-92, 99-101, 195 211 
22 

Carson, Rachel, 7, 22 Carter, Jimmy, 174 Carville, James, 13 Case for Socialism, The, 20 Cash, Johnny, 15 
Castro, Fidel, 182 Cats, 198 
Ceausescu, Nicolae, 38 Chamberlain, Neville, 158, 175 Chavez, Hugo, 13 
Cheney, Dick, 32 
China, 93, 100, 109, 128 
Chomsky, Noam, 27, 118, 120, 154 Church of England schools, 152, 165 Churchill, Winston, 6, 97, 160, 172, 175, 177 
Cicero, 120 Citizen 
Kane, 
131 City journal, 163 Clash 
of 
Civilizations and the 
Remaking of 
World Order, The, 193 
climate changes, 85-106 Clinton, Bill, 11, 57 Clinton, Hillary, 133 Clooney, George, 33 
Closing 
of 
the American 
Mind, 
The, 117 Cohen, Nick, 181 
Cold War, 192 collectivism, 27 Communism, 21-22,38,65,113 Communist 
Manifesto, 
The, 113 Communists, 13, 146, 174 Congress, 2, 9, 33, 142 Conservatism, 24, 58, 197-205 Conservative 
Mind, 
The, 27 Copperfield, David, 86 
core culture, 147-49 corrupting young, 107-28 Corruption 
of 
the Curriculum, The, 115 Craig, David, 43 
Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Young, 14 Crow, Sheryl, 33 
Cullingworth, Simon, 186-87 
D 
Da Vinci Code, The, 168 da Vinci, Leonardo, 132 Dalrymple, Theodore, 163 Danes, Clare, 128 
Danish Committees on Scientific Dishon
esty, 96 
Dayan, Moshe, 157 de Bolton, Alain, 69 
INDEX 

Dean, Howard, 37 death wish, 129-49 Deathly Hallows, The, 131 Decatur, Stephen, 141 defense spending, 43, 50, 52, 190-92 DeLay, Tom, 32 
Delingpole, James, 23, 61, 62, 64, 128, 145 
democracy, 3, 133, 136, 174, 182, 185 Democracy 
and Education, 
113 Democrats, 2, 5, 36, 44, 59, 150, 181, 198 
Der Sturmer, 135 Derrida, Jacques, 120 Dewey,John, 113 
Di Caprio, Leonardo, 33, 34, 103 Discovery Channel, 88 
diversity, 151-70 Dowd, Maureen, 130 Drop the Debt, 19 Duke of Clarence, 114 Duke of Wellington, 76 Duke of Wessex, 61 Dworkin, Andrea, 108 Dyke, Greg, 130 
E 
Earl of Rochester, 64 Earth, 89 
'Ebony and Ivory,' 139 Eco Fascists, 26 
 education, 3-4, 43, 65, 107-28, 140-42, 152, 160, 202.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

                                                                 INDEX 
7/7 attack, 154-55, 162, 169   Beckham, David, 4 
9/11 attack, 18, 115, 130, 153-55, 157   
Being 
John Malkovich, 132 
1984, 118   Ben and Jerry, 79 Bernal, Martin, 139 A   Bethell, Tom, 99 
Abu Ghraib, 79, 183   Big Brother, 118-19, 196 
affirmative action, 138, 140, 195   Big Government, 7, 26, 70, 98, 196 
Afghanistan, 1, 7, 154, 165, 173, 188,   bin Laden, Osama, 115 
191   
Black 
Athena, 139 
Ahmadinejad, 173   Black History Month, 139 
AIDS, 5, 28-31, 98, 201   Blaine, David, 86 
Ali, Muhammad, 112   Blair, Cherie, 154 
All Must 
Have 
Prizes, 117   Blair, Tony, 1-12, 17, 23, 28, 58, 154, 
Allen, Woody, 131-32   177,180,188-90 
Allsopp, Luke, 186-87   Bloom, Allan, 117, 121, 123 
al-Qaeda, 93, 183   Bolton, John, 188 
al-Qaradawi, Yusuf, 13   
Bonekickers, 
166-67 
America, believing in, 201-5   Booker, Christopher, 106 
America, envying, 35-55   Bowie, David, 198 
America, future of, 1-8, 195-205   Bremer, Paul, 173 
American Idol, 20   British Labour, 20, 43, 73, 82 
Amin, Idi, 144   British National Health 
 Service.
	Welcome to Obamaland: I Have Seen Your Future and It Doesn't Work

The famous thirteen-digit clock installed in Times Square in 1989 couldn't properly accommodate the higher numbers when the 
16   THE DOLLAR MELTDOWN 
 national debt broke into fourteen-digit territory on September 30.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

If we owe it to ourselves, why is a family of four paying about $6,000 per year in interest on the national debt? In fact the government owes money it has borrowed to specific people.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

It may seem staggering that your personal share of the national debt is about $36,000.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

             Given the comedy that surrounds the subject, one may be for
given for assuming the new appointee's job was to go around the country 
-Voltaire 
58 
 servicing America's unlicked dinner plates! But Professor Alfred Kahn had a better act of his own that he tried out on national television in November 1978.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

And indeed French peasants had a national history that once encouraged them to keep some gold and silver coins on hand to isolate themselves from government inflations.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

Did educated and sophisticated German central bankers and monetary officials really not know what they were doing when they ran the printing presses day and night, or when they saw that shops had to close at lunchtime each day just to re-price their inventories? Did they think the destruction of the German middle class would be a good thing? That chaos and the alien
 ation of people throughout Germany would be without consequences? Were there some who believed the aftermath of the inflation would provide an environment for a desirable political and cultural change? That a big dose of national socialism was a prescription for a healthy and wholesome country? Perhaps some did.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

Point five demands: 
 Centralization of credit in the hands of the State, by means of a national bank with State capital and an exclusive monopoly.
	The Dollar Meltdown: Surviving the Impending Currency Crisis with Gold, Oil, and Other Unconventional Investments

In December 2007, when Iranian President Ahmadinejad crowed that the National Intelligence Estimate-the document that confirmed Iran had stopped building a nuclear bomb-was a 'decla
 ration of surrender,' he had the Gulf in mind.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

                                 246, 259
104,111
213,258
Robespierre, Maximilien de, 84
Mecca Mosque, seizure of, 122
National Iranian Oil Company, 192
suicide bombings by, 156,167,174-175,
Rockets, 96, 101
Medina, 198, 242, 244, 259
National Security Council (Iran), 55,131,
208-211
Roman Britain, 295
Menshevika, 71
171
Pamirs, 295
Roxana, Princess, 296
Mesopotamia, 129
 National Security Council (U.S,),
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

                                                                                                                           in Nablus, 176 
Nasrallah and, 161-163,165,194,196, 199, 203, 255 
secrecy of, 75,106 
suicide bombings and, 212-213,215,217, 218 
Syria and, 187 
U.S. embassy bombings, Beirut (1983 and 1984), 1, 17,35,54,77-78, 80, 161-162,215 
U.S. Marine barracks bombing (1983), 17, 35,54,66, 78, 80, 215 
weapons of, 194 HMX explosives, 101 Hoasein, Sheikh, 62-65,67-69,79,161,165 Husayn, Imam, 38,40, 72, 165, 218, 224, 226, 247, 248, 255 
Hossein, Husayn Kamil, 32 
Hussein, Saddam, 1, 18-21, 27,29, 32, 37, 39,40, 42, 46, 55, 152, 159 execution of, 176,177 
expulsion of Da'ws members by, 70,81 invasion of Kuwait and, 190 
Iran-Iraq War and, 26,69,97-98,120, 233 Kurds and, 115,117 
Palestinians and, 167 
Sadr execution and, 33, 70, 72 
weapons of mass destruction and, 110,147 
Ijtihoz( (exercise of independentjudgment), 196 
Imam Husayn Mosque, Karbala, 47 Imam Khomeini International Airport, Tehran, 10, 72 
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs), 96 
In Smok of 
Zamthustru (Kriwaczek), 235 Incirlik, Turkey, 128 
International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), 246 
International Crisis Group, 90 Internet, 8, 10 
IPI (Iran-Pakistan-India pipeline), 132 IRA (Irish Republican Army), 198 Iran (sx also Hezbollah) 
Afghanistan and, 131, 132, 137, 257-258 
age at marriage in, 8 Azerbaijan and, 132-133 Bahrain and, 148-151,195 Chalabi and, 17-20, 22 economy of, 9,143-144 exiles from, 17-18,24 
governmental authority in, 66, 72-73, 127, 242 
Hamas and, 172-175,177 
hostage crisis (1979), 3, 15, 69, 77,122, 241,243 
Iraq and, 18-22,24,27,30-31,33-37, 39-41,45-50,55,87-93,134-135, 137,152-153,233,245,249,251-252, 257,258 
Israel and, 82,101,109,146-148,156, 157,169,174-176,179,180,192,234, 236 
Jordan and, 178-179 
Kurds and, 114-122,124-126,128-130, 135 
Kuwait Airways Flight 422 (1988) and, 80-84 
Lebanon and, 18, 21,22,43--44,52-57, 59,63-69,74,78-81,86, 88,96, 99-100,161-165,187-189,241,243, 244 
martyrdom concept in, 2-3, 223-226 modernization in, 8-9 
Mosaddeq coup (1953), 238-241 National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) and, 23,104,111 
274 INDEX
INDEX 275
Ian (cont'd)
embargo against, 46
suicide bombings in, 208-211, 214-215,
Koran, 3, 13, 55, 70, 73, 123, 170, 182, 196,
nuclear weapons in, 22, 23,110-111, 147,
exiles from, 17-18, 30, 37, 44-45 '
218,230
197, 203,207, 218, 223, 229
159,179,180,195,243,254
Iran and, 18-22, 24, 27, 30-31, 33-37,
Syria and, 182, 192, 194,195
Korean War, 261
oil and, 24-25, 56, 87-88, 129-135, 137,
39-41,45-50,55,87-93,134-135,
Turk' and,130
Kriwacmk, Paul, 235
138,141-144,242,245,253,257,259
137,152-153,233,245,249,251-252,
UN Resolution 242 and, 246, 248, 258
Kumaila Mosque, Tehran, 10
Pakistan and, 101, 123, 132
257,258
U.S. relations with, 146,164
Kurdish Hezbollah, 116-118,122
Palestinians and, 68-69,147-148,
ban-Iraq War, 1-2, 13, 16, 26, 29-32, 34,
Kurdistan Regional Government, 113-114,
155-156,169-180,245,258
40-41, 46, 53, 69, 71, 81, 82, 89,
Jaafavi, Muhammad, 67
118
police in, 10-11
96-99,120,137,188,212,216,219,
Jackson, A. V. Williams, 236
Kurdistan Workers' Party (PRE), 115-116,
population of, 8, 16
224, 225, 233, 239, 244, 261
Jamn, West Bank, 208-210
122,125,129
prostitution in, 8
Karbala, 33, 44, 46-48, 72, 165, 218, 252,
Japan, 252
punishments in, 11
255
Japanese Red Army, 79
Kurds and Kurdistan, 16,29,56,113-115,
Revolutionary Guards, 18, 34-36, 43, 47,
Kurds, 113-115
Jaradat, Hanadi, 208-211
137, 244, 251, 256, 262
52-54,56,59,62-70,72,79,99,100,
Najaf, 30, 33, 38, 41, 43, 44, 46, 48, 49, 70,
JaraSiat, Semi, 210-211
Kuwait, 92, 141, 190, 251
 102, 104, 106, 115, 118, 122.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

                                       174,
Lawrence of Arabia, 51
Saudi Arabia and, 25-26,137-138,195,
Shia in, 4, 19, 21-22, 24, 29-30, 32-33,
178-179,261,262
Lebanon, 2-4,12,37,151
241,243-244,254
37-39,42-49,69-71,87,89-93,98,
Jund alSham, 166
'Ayn al-Hilwah refugee camp, 166-168
sex-change operations in, 8-9 -
262
Jundallah, 245
Balabakk, 59,62-64,67,118,161,187,191
Shah of, 39, 53,69, 106, 131, 139, 145,
Sunni to,29,37,38,39,42,92
civil war (1975-90), 60,160, 191
146,149,238,239
Supreme Council of the Islamic
Kabul, Afghanistan, 153, 206, 222, 258
Hezbollah in, 41-42,44,55,78-80,86,88,
small-boars incident (2008), 102-105
Revolution in Iraq (SCIRIL 33, 35, 47,
Kamj, Iran, 110
156-157,175,179,186,187,189,191,
Soviet Union and, 128
48, 87, 89, 90
Karbala, Iraq, 33, 37-41, 44,46-48, 72,165,
193-194,199,229,259
Strait of Hormuz and, 102-104,111, 129,
Syria and, 185-186
218, 252, 255
hostage crisis in, 80,127-128,188,240
133-134,137,245,250,253
U.S. invasion and occupation of, 17, 19,
Karbalai, Imam, 40-42, 44, 46 '
Iran and, 18,21,22,43-44,52-57,
suicide bombings and, 205, 211, 216, 219,
26, 27, 30, 40, 49, 50, 89, 91-92, 138,
Kashani, Ayatollah, 7
59, 63-69,74,78-81,86,88,96,
220,227-228,256
167, 168, 182-184, 231
Kashmir, 228
99-100,161-165,187-189,241,243,
Syria and, 50, 59, 64, 130, 151, 183,
Iraqi National Congress, 18
Kbamenei, Ayatollah, 43, 55, 65,66, 73-74,
244
185-195
Iron Age, 235
-
Israel and, 4,12,37,44,51-54,56-58,68,
88,127,149,171-172, 242
television in, 8
Islamic Action Front, 178
Khan, Muhammad,229-231'
74-76, 79, 96, 99-100,105,107,
United Arab Emirates and, 139, 148, 195,
Islamic Aural, 62-63, 65, 67
Kharami, Muhammad, 35, 66, 72
109-110,156,160-164,177,188,
202
Islamic Jihad Organ
i
zation (IJO), 64-66,
Khmer Rouge, 124, 204, 207, 229
191-194,203,213-214,229
U.S. relations with, 3-5, 7-8,11, 15-17,
161,214
Khobar barracks bombing, Saudi Arabia
Nabatiyah,12-14,37,158,214,255
20-24,77-78,126-128,146-148,
Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGG)
(1996), 162, 244
Saudi Arabia and, 195
180,197-198,206,233-235,237-245,
[see Revolutionary Guards (Iran)
Khoei, Ayatollah Abu4Qassim, 43-46
Shia in, 4, 53, 57, 59-63, 65, 71, 74-75,
248-262
Israel, 26, 30, 35, 144, 145
Khoei, Majid, 44-46
91, 152, 161, 187, 213-214, 218, 250,
Venezuela and, 152
communications codes of, 107
Khomeini, Ayatollah Ruhollah, 2-5,14,15,
255
weapons of, 96, 99-102, 104-109, 254
Harms and, 172-174
34, 39, 43, 48,65,68-73, 80, 122, 128,
Syria and, 188-189,191-194
Zorosstrfanism and, 45, 71, 234-236, 248
Hezbollah and, 51,52,75-76,96-97,
131, 161, 170
U.S. embassy bombings, Beirut (1983 and
I.-Contra scandal of 1987, 17, 192, 233
156-157,161-165,255
Arafat's visit to, 68,147
1984), 1, 17, 35, 54, 77-78, 80,
Iran-Iraq War of 1980-88,1-2,13,16,26,
Iran and, 82,101,109,146-148,156,
Iran-Iraq War and, 1, 53, 97, 98, 220
161-162,215
29-32,34,40-41, 46, 53,69, 71, 81,
157,169,174-176,179,180,192,234,
martyrdom and, 220, 226
U.S. Marine barracks bombing (1983), 17,
82,89,96-99,120,137,188,212,216,
236
Khorasan Highway 129
35, 54,66, 78, 80, 215
219,224,225,233,239,244,261
Lebanon and, 4, 12, 37, 44, 51-54, 56-58,
Khorramshahr, Iran, 98
 Lenin, V. 1.,
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

                                             74
Iranian Jews, 71
68,74-76,79,96,99-100,105,107,
Kbomnese Saks, dialect, 235
Levine, Amiram, 163
Iraq
109-110,156,160-164,177,188,
Khuzestan Province, Iran, 53, 97, 98, 233,
Levinson, Robert, 11
Anbar Province, 130, 251, 262
191-194,203,213-214,229
244
Liberation of Khorramshahr celebration, 2
Basm, 87, 89-91, 110, 134, 252, 257
Oslo Accords and, 58, 168-169, 176, 193,
Kimmerians, 235
Lion and the Eagle, 77¢ (Bill), 66
Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA), 20
206,258
Kirkuk, Iraq, 114,135
London, suicide bombings in (2005),
elections of 2005, 19
Palestinian terrorism and, 174-175
Kish Island, 11
227-231
276 INDEX
INDEX 277
Maghreb, 152
Najaf, Iraq, 30,33,38,41,43, 44, 46, 48, 49,
Ossetes, 235
Qatar, 190, 251, 259
Mahdi,236,237,248
70,99,149,160,252
Ottoman Empire, 51, 54, 61, 71, 79, 114,
Quds Force (Jenrsalem Force), 95-97, 68,
Mahdi army, 34, 85, 47, 89
Napoleon, Emperor, 74
128, 198, 261
95,107
Majnoun oil field, Iraq, 88,134
Nasrallah, Hassan, 75, 91, 157, 176, 177
Qum, Iran, 41, 48, 93,148
Makhtoum, Muhammad bin Rashid AI, 199
background of, 160-161
Pakistan, 5, 95, 110, 124, 259
Manifest destiny, 247
Hezbollah and, 161-163,165,194,196,
Iran and, 101, 123,132
Rafsanjani, Ayatollah Akbar Hashemi,
Mantle 
of 
the 
R*hd, 
TM (Mottahedeh),
199,209,255
U.S. relations with, 145, 146, 198, 248
127-128,242,249
297
on 
ljtihad 
(exercise of independent
Palestine National Council, 171, 258
RDX explosives, 101
Mao Tee-rung, 71, 207
judgment), 196
Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ), 85, 17,1, 172,
Reagan, Ronald, 23,58
Maqdah, Munir al-, 166-170
opinions of,158-160,165-166
175, 177, 211, 257, 258
Revolutionary Guards (Iran), 18, 54-86,
Maronite Christians, 61, 160
public opinion of, 26,159
Palestinian Struggle Front, 172
49,47,52-54,56,59,62-70,72,
Martyrdom, concept of, 2-3,13,38-39,212,
release of hostages by, 192
Palestinians, 54, 79,155-159,165-180,
79, 99, 100, 102, 104, 106, 115, 118,
216,218-219,222-226,297
Nasser Carnal Abdel, 182,204
199-200,208-214,261
122, 127, 128, 161, 165,171-173,179,
Martyrs' Foundation, 19
Nasserists, 54
Ir¢n and, 68-69,147-148,155-156,
187,189,196,192-194,212, 224, 249,
Martyrs' Museum, Tehran, 71
Nassif, Muhammad (Abu Wael), 182-186
169-180,245,258
256
Mashad,Iran, 82
Nation-stain system, 127,128
PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization),
Rice, Condoleezm, 109
Maxim's restaurant, Haifa, 208-209, 211
National Intelligence Estimate (NIE), 29,
57-61,68-69,84,157,161,168,171,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 197
 Mecca, 4, 5, 99, 198, 242.
	The Devil We Know: Dealing with the New Iranian Superpower

He became a national figure, first within the profession, then within science, then in the larger world, serving as president or chairman of nineteen different major scientific organizations, including the American Medical Association, the American Association for the Advancement of 
68 
 Science, and the National Academy of Sciences.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

Columbia University president Nicholas Murray Butler, a national leader of the Republican Party, fired faculty critical of the gov
 ernment and observed, 'What had been tolerable became intolerable now.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

There they proposed to establish a National Research Council to direct all war-related scientific work.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

enter into the very fibre of national life.'
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                                                                The experience among the small number of troops in the Mexi
can border, where pneumonia occurred in epidemic form [in 
1916], 
should be a warning of what is likely to happen in our national army when large numbers of susceptible men are brought together during the winter months:' 
 Gorgas's army superiors ignored the advice.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

In July, Cole asked Richard Pearce, a scientist at the National Research Council who was coordinating war-related medical research, to make 'accurate information concerning the influenza prevailing in Europe' a priority, 
174 
The Great influenza 
It Begins 
175 
adding, 'I have inquired several times in Washington at the Surgeon Gen
 eral's office'-referring to civilian Surgeon General Rupert Blue, head of the U.S. Public Health Service, not Gorgas-'but no one seems to have any definite information in regard to the matter.'
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               He 
312 
The Great Influenza 
The Tolling of the Bell   
313 
had taken only two actions: publishing his advice on how to avoid the disease and asking the National Academy of Sciences to identify the pathogen, writing, 'In view of the importance which outbreaks of influenza will have on war production, the Bureau desires to leave noth
 ing undone....
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

When he failed, he formed an ad hoc umbrella organization includ
 ing the state Council of National Defense, the U.S. Public Health Service, state and local public health authorities, and the Red, Cross.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

None of them, of course, is responsible for any errors of commission or omission, whether factual or 
464 
Acknowledgments 
465 
I also want to thank Mark Samels of WGBH's American 
Experience, 
who made available all the material collected for its program on the pan
demic; Janice Goldblum at the National Academy of Sciences, who did 
 more than just her job; Gretchen Worden at the Mutter Museum in Philadelphia; Jeffrey Anderson, then a graduate student at Rutgers, and Gery Gernhart, then a graduate student at American University, both of, whom generously offered me their own research; and Charles Hardy of West Chester University, who gave me oral histories he had collected; and Mitch Yockelson at the National Archives, who gave me the benefit of his knowledge.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                              APS   American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia 
HSP   Historical Society of Philadelphia 
JHU   Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives, the Johns Hopkins University LC   Library of Congress 
NA   National Archives 
NAS   National Academy of Sciences Archives 
NLM   National Library of Medicine 
RG   Record group at National Archives 
RUA   RockefellerUniversity Archives 
SG   Surgeon General William Gorgas 
SLY   Sterling Library, Yale University 
UNC   University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 
WP   Welch papers at JHU 
Notes 
Abbrovialions 
PROLOGUE 
Page ' 
2 the 
 smartest man: Personal communication with Dr. David Aronson, Jan. 31, 2002, and Dr. Robert Shope, Sept. 9, 2Q02.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                                                                         Influenza papers 
Columbia University, 
Butler Library, 
Oral History Research Office A. R. Dochez oral history 
Abraham Fleeter oral history 
Historical Society 
of 
Philadelphia 
The Advisory Committee on Nursing, Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Disease, Report for Feb. 1919 
Council of National Defense papers Benjamin Hoffman collection 
Dr. William Taylor collection Herbert Welsh collection Woman's Advisory Council, Philadelphia General Hospital collection 
Jefferson 
Medical College 
Annual Report, Jefferson Hospital, year 
ended 
May 31, 1919 
Library of 
 Congress   .
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                   Newton Baker papers Ray Stannard Baker papers George Creel papers Joseph Tumulty papers Woodrow Wilson papers 
National 
Academy 
of Sciences 
Executive Committee of Medicine 191(-1917 files Medicine and 
Related 
Sciences, 1918 Activities Summary Committee on Medicine and Hygiene 1918 files Committee on Psychology/Propaganda Projects files Influenza files 
Biographical files for Oswald Avery, Rufus Cole, Alphonse Dochez, Eugene Opie, Thomas Rivers, Hans Zinsser 
National 
Archives Red Cross records U.S. Army Surgeon General records U.S. Navy Surgeon General records U.S. Public Health Service records 
Selected Bibliography 
Selected Bibliography 
National Library of 
Medicine 
Stanhope Bayne-Jones papers and oral history Michael Heidelberger oral history 
Frederick Russell papers Donald Van Slyke oral history Shields Warren oral history   - 
New York City 
Municipal Archives 
 Annual Report of the Department of Health of the City of New York for 1918 Collected Studies of the Bureau of Laboratories of the Department of Health of the City of New York for the Years 1916-1919, v.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                  192, 197-200, 207, 322-24,429,431 
Boston sailors arrived at, 3, 192, 197,200 
British ship arrived at, 2, 178-79 city government in, 198-200, 202, 209, 324, 330 
Council of National Defense in, 323-24 
employers in, 332 
influenza in,3,4,5,178-79,200
201,202-5,208-9,220-27,281, 283,321,324-32,333,343114, 370,372,395,398 
Liberty Loan parade in,205,208-9, 220,225,326 
police in, 330-31 telephone company in, 328 World War I and, 197 Phipps, Henry, 429 
Phipps Institute, 2, 428, 429, 430, 431, 442,444 
542 
 Phoenix, Ariz.,
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                151, 
Index 
typhoid fever, 27,28,69,86,136,146, 147,235,274,353,406 Typhoid Mary, 394-95 
typhus, 276 
Unamuno, Miguel de, 402 undertakers, 223, 327 University of Iowa, 430,431-32,436, 437,439,440,442 
University of Michigan, 45, 58, 66, 70, 83,86,134,401 
University of Pennsylvania, 2, 66, 73,, 82,83,86,401,429,430-31 U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS), 135,183,268,270,308,309 influenza and, 93-95, 174,179, 180, 310-13,314-16,318,319,321, 325, 338-39, 343, 349, 351, 356, 359,374,396,406,407,411 
vaccines and antisera, 69, 70,109, 146, 147,155,260,458 
diphtheria, 70-71, 72, 75, 93-94, 155,266,271,285-86,448 influenza, 110-11,209,256,279, 281,283-87,296,348-49,356
58,359,414;415,428,451-52 in influenza treatment attempts, 353,403 
Park's laboratory and, 273, 274, 275, 279 
pneumonia, 160-61,162-64,165, 211,217-18,269,272,282,294, 296,317,318,319,354,357 
polio, 
2, 264, 282, 283 smallpox, 20,22 
- Vare,Edwin, 198,199,200,202,209, 324,325,326,328,330 
Vare, William, 199 
Vaughan,Victor, 58,66,134-35,136, 139,140,141,147,148-49,165, 188,216,267,401,403 
Blue and, 308 
influenza and, 173,184,189,190, 257,290,312 
on influenza threat, 365,369,461 veins, 244 
venereal disease, 138-39 syphilis, 146 Vesalius,19 VicksVapoRub,338,356 Vietnam War, 140n, 239 Virchow, Rudolf, 28, 38, 45 
viruses, 51, 77, 98-100, 101, 102, 103, 246,264,417 
antibiotics and, 102M 146n filterable, as cause of influenza, 322, 405,415-17,428 
mutations of,105-6, 109-10, 371 passage of, 177-78, 193 
theories of origin of, 99 Volunteer Medical Service, 318-19 Volz, Mary, 350 
Wallace, Robert, 305-6 
Walter Reed Hospital, 356, 378 war: 
disease spread by, 6,135-36,145, 147-48,406 - 
see also World War I 
Ward, Ralph Marshall, 341-42 War of the Worlds (Wells), 369-70 Washington, D.C., 311,346-47 Washington Post, 207 
Watson, James, 425-26 Webster, Robert, 381 Welch, William Henry, 36-44,45
47,48-49,52,54-55,65,66, 67-68,70-71,72,77,80,82,84, 267,270,281,307,323,371, 434 
in Atlantic City, 258-59 Avery compared with, 157 background of, 38--39 
Bellevue courses taught by, 47,48
49,54,55,137 
- Blue and, 308 career of, 36-38,47 chemistry studied by, 40-41 death of, 427 
Dennis and, 54,55 faculty chosen by, 62, 68 Flexner and, 74 
genius of, 61-62 
in Germany, 42-44,56-57 
at Hopkins, 54, 55, 56, 58-63, 64, 75, 86,87,133-34 
influenza contracted by, 257-58, 259,403 
influenza pandemic and, 173,184, 189-91,193,210-13,215,231
32,240,243,245,255,257-59, 288,289-90,312,334,409,418 medical apprenticeship of, 40 at medical school, 41112 
as National Academy of Sciences president, 68, 133 
National Research Council and, 134, 135 
nickname of, 63 Osler and, 389, 390 personality of,39,62-63 physical appearance of, 62 pneumonia board and, 164-65 power and influence of, 68,134 public health goal of, 86-87 relationships and lifestyle of, 55-56, ' 63 
research of, 59, 60, 61, 259 research funding and, 68 Rockefeller Institute and, 72-73 World War I and, 134,135,136-37, 139, 140, 141, 145, 147, 150, 165
66,188 
Yale and, 38-40,41,42 Wells, H. G., 369-70 
West Nile virus, 340 
Whipple, George, 67,164,356,402 White, Andrew D., 33 
White, C. Y, 356 
white blood cells, 59, 107, 108, 246, 248,249,264 
whooping cough, 136,286 Wilbur, Ray, 68 
Wilhelm II, Kaiser, 301, 307, 338 Willard Parker Hospital, 271 Williams, Anna, 71, 259,268,270-74, 
276,279,284,290,291,402,407, 409,411,414,415,417,448 personality and lifestyle of, 272-73 Wilson, Margaret, 382-83 
Wilson, Woodrow,120-29,131,133
34,144,149-50,205,206,300
302,307-8,309,323,381,396 influenza contracted by, 383-87, 388 
in peace negotiations, 382, 383, 384-88,393 
stroke suffered by, 386-87 - Wmslow, Charles-Edward, 242 Winternitz, Milton, 67,252 Wolbach,Burt, 190,191,240,259, 289-90 
Wollstein, Martha, 268, 286, 293, 402, 407,411-12, 
World Health Organization (WHO), 452-53,456-57,458 
World War 1, 6,14, 35, 86,94,119-32, 133-34,136-43,144-45,203, 205-8,300-308,323,339,343, 346 
American Red Cross and, see Amer
ican Red Cross 
army hospitals and, 166, 189, 191 
Index 
dissent and; 124-25,206-7 draft and, 208,301,303,312 end of, 349, 350 German-Americans and, 122,124
25,206,207 
influenza pandemic and, 95, 97, 98, 121,170-75,239,266,302-8,314, 406; see also army camps, influenza in 
Liberty Loan campaign in, 205, 207-9 
morale and patriotism and, 206-7, 333-34,350,396 
peace negotiations following, 381, 382,383,384,385-86,387-88, 393 
Rockefeller Institute and, 139, 140
41,147,149 
science and, 133,134 suicide and, 380 troopships in,304-7,308 U.S. entry into, 120-22,131, 300 venereal disease and, 138-39 
see 
also army camps 
World War 11,130, 418, 434, 457 Wright, Almroth, 69,154, 266 Wright, Sewall, 445 
Yale University, 67, 86 
Sheffield Scientific School at, 34 Welch and, 38-40,41,42 
yellow fever, 57, 86, 94, 137-38, 146, 147,264,312,441,445 
Lewis and, 441-44 Yersin, Alexandre, 69 
Zinsser, Hans, 173 zymes, 50-51 
Photographic Credits 
Figures 1, 2,3: The Alan Mason Chesney Medical Archives of The Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions Figures 4, 5: American Review of the Resp
i
ratory Diseases; Reuben Ramphal, Wemer Fischlschweiger, Joseph W. Shands, Jr., and Parker A. Small, Jr; 'Murine Influenml Tkacheitis: A Model for the Study of Influenza and Tracheal Epithelial Repair'; Vol 120,1979; official journal of the Ameri
 can Thoracic Society; copyright American Lung Association.
	The Great Influenza: The story of the deadliest pandemic in history

This volume is one fulfillment of those aims, as is its National Youth Leadership Initiative-which every two years conducts the country's largest Internet mock election among primary and secondary school students.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

While the pageantry, oratory, and spectacle might be less consequential than the 
2 
Chapter 7 
Political Conventions in 2008 
3 
 deliberative role conventions once performed, the parties and their nominees devote considerable attention (and money) to using their four days in the national spotlight to maximum advantage.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

As a consequence, the national popular vote winners in 1824, 1876, 1888, and 2000 (in order, Andrew Jackson, Samuel Tilden, Grover Cleveland, and A1 Gore, all Democrats) were denied the White House in those years.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                                                                                                                             After President Bush's deft handling of the post
September 11 national security restructuring and his successful war in Afghanistan against the Taliban, Americans were inclined to believe him when he insisted that the United States had to invade Iraq to rid that nation 
52 
Chapter 2 
The Election of Our Lifetime 
53 
 of its weapons of mass destruction (WMDs).
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                                                         On his way to becoming the country's first African American president, the first
term senator from Illinois had to overcome not just racial prejudice, but also persistent rumors that he was a Muslim and concerns about his lack of expe
 rience on the national stage.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

As a result, even with substantial assistance from the Republican National Committee, the McCain campaign found itself being badly outspent during the fall campaign.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Democratic Presidential Vote by Age and Race in 2004 and 2008 

Group   2004 2008 Cbangc 
18-29   54%   66%   + 12% 
30-44   46% 52% +6%


45-64   48%   50%   + 2% 
65   
46a/o 
45% 
o 
White   1   41%   1   43%   + 2% 
African American   88%   95%   + 7% 
Hispanic   53%   67%   + 14%   - 
Other Races   55%   64%   +9% 
Source: 2004 and 2008 National Exit Polls 
 Further evidence of the effects of race can be seen in state exit poll results.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

                                  Nonwhite 
Source: American National Election Studies 
 Since the 1970s the composition of the nonwhite electorate has itself been changing, with Hispanics (who are included here in the nonwhite population although they can be of any race) and Asian Americans comprising a growing share of nonwhite voters.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

While she remained wildly popular among GOP activists and religious conservatives and contin
 ued to draw large and enthusiastic crowds on the campaign trail, by Election Day, according to the national exit poll, only 38 percent of voters viewed her as qualified to serve as president, compared with 66 percent who viewed Joe Biden as qualified.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Circulation increased for a small number of papers, including USA Today, a national newspaper, the 
Wall Street journal, 
whose extensive coverage of economic issues drove readership as the country 
182 
 experienced a financial downturn, and a handful of papers specializing in local community news (MacMillan, 2008).
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

'National tv audience estimates for election night 2008,' 
nielson.com.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

Their front-runner status was fueled by the 
263 
264 
 results of widely publicized national horserace-type polls that began early in 2007.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

But for many Republicans, especially women, she represented something much bigger-a chance for them to brag about diversity on the national GOP ticket for the first time ever.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

had 140 million page views in September alone
75
  As of less than a week away from the election, there had been 728 national polls with head-to-head matchups of the candidates, 215 in October alone.
	The Year of Obama: How Barack Obama Won the White House

A week after the Repub
 lican National Convention, Cheney told a handpicked Iowa audience: 'If we make the wrong choice [on Election Day], then the danger is we'll get hit again and we'll be hit in a way that'll be devastating from the standpoint of the United States.'
	Attention Deficit Democracy

s° In 2002, both the National Democratic Institute and the International Republican Institute were criticized for illegally intervening in Slovak parliamentary elections.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

The Post interviewed ten U.S. national security officials and reported, 'While the U.S. government publicly denounces the use of torture, each of the current national security of
 ficials interviewed for this article defended the use of violence against captives as just and necessary.''
	Attention Deficit Democracy

Thus, since the gross national product had expanded, no criticism of government economic policies deserved a hearing.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

Stagnant government drains national morale.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

Iraq's economy collapsed, with national income falling by more than two-thirds.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

James Schlesinger, 'Trust and the Public Service,' First Annual EOiot Richardson Lecture, American Society for Public Administrators and National Academy of Public Administration, Rutgers University 
272   
ATTENTION OOFICIT DEMOCRACY 
 Newark, New Jersey, March 11, 2001.
	Attention Deficit Democracy

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Mark, 23-24, 145, 267 Danzig, 82 
Darth Vadey 44 Daschle, Tom, 45-446 Davis, Danny, 213 Davis, Tom, 144 Dayton, Mark, 37-38, 87 Declaration of Independence, 144-45 Declaratiry Act of 1766, 200-01 Defactualization, 220 
Defense Intelligence Agency, 142 De-intellectualization, 15 Delay, Tom, 174 
Delli Carpini, Michael Delli, 14, 207 Democracy in America, 14-15, 241 Democracy defined, 10 
Democratic National Committee, 81 Democratic National Convention, 36 Democratic Party, 46, 56-57, 122 DeMott, Benjamin, 161 
Denmark, 200 
Denv~Post, 
139 Dependency vs. Democracy, 182-84 Derthick, Martha, 97 
Despotism, 77 Dictatorship, 164 Digital cameras (illegal torture photos), I I I DiLorenzo, Thomas, 279 
Di Rita, Lawrence, 112, 129, 
204 
ATTENTION DEPICIT OCNOCNACP 
INDEX 
205 
Doctors (interrogation involvement), 127-28, 130 Dogs (torture), 110, 113, 119, 123, 131, 139 Doggy dance, 123 
Dole, Bob, 33, 177 Dole, Elizabeth, 89 Dominican Republic, 51, 54, 193 Donaldson, Sam, 221 
Dowd, Maureen, 44 
Downing Street Memo, 94-95 Drier, David, 174 
Drought, 13 
Drug Enforcement Administration, 221-22, 233 Drug trafficking, 60 
Drugs, war on, 185, 233 Drury, Shadia, 96 
Duarte, Jose Napoleon, 55 Due process, 9, 128 Duclfer, Charles, 20 Dumbing down, 15, Durbin, Richard, 132 Dzurinda, Michael, 62 
East Europe, 57 Eckert, Beverly, 160 
Editor d Poblisher, 
94 Education policy, 28, 99 Edward, Rob, 42-43 Edwards, John, 89-90 Egypt, 72, 140, 193 Eighth Amendment (Bill of Rights), 118 Eisenhower, Ike, 52 
Eldridge, Seba, 12 
Elective 
dictatorship, 6-8 Electoral College, 172-74 Electric shocks, 109, 127, 139, 141 El Salvador, 55 
Eminent domain, 227-28 Emotions, 15-16 Employment Service, U.S., 98 Enemas (interrogation method), 130 Enemy combatants, 6-7, 26, 14415, 178-80 England, 3, 200 
English Civil War, 167, 241 Environmental Protection Agency, 185 Epstein, Richard, 228 
Estanga, Pedro Cumona, 62-63 Estonia, 199 
Ethiopia, 171, 181 
Ethnic cleansing, 82-83, 123 Europe, 3, 12, 61-63, 78, 81-84 
Failed state (torture), 113 
Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, 83 Faith-Based Initiative, 28 
Fallujah, 176,198 Farr, Lynn, 4 Fast, Barbara, 142 Fay, 
George, 
122-24, 126 Fearmongering, 5, 8-9, 32-49 
Federal 
Bureau of Investigation, 27, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 81, 85, 93, 115, 117, 128-29, 132-33, 137,146,152,153-55,157-58,165,236-37 
Federal 
Communications Commission, 152 
Federal 
Emergency Management Agency, 183-84 
Federal Reserve 
Board, 27, 184 
Feeling your pain, 4, 33 Feith, Douglas, 96 Feldman, Noah, 67 Fineman, Howard, 92-93 Fishback,Ian, 142 Fitzwater, Marlin, 59-60 Flashbang grenades, 154 Fleming, Thomas, 51 Florida, 13, 43, 183-84 Florida National Guard, 134-35 Fluoridated water theory of democracy, 25 Folsom, George, 62 
 Ford Foundation, 156 Ford, Gerald, 124 Ford, Greg, 134 Foreign aid, 212-13 Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.
	Attention Deficit Democracy